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l^atbatb College library 

Coattlilcujl V 






APRIL 11, 12, 13 











APRIL 11, 12, 13 












^c)a<A ^IflDO"! 

• v.-.- 

"^ FEB 1S1908" 

(' ' 

ft f- 


Copyright, 1907, by 

The Board of Trustees of 
The Carnegie Institute 


W. N. Frew, President 

S. H. Giurch, Secretary 

Albert J. Barr 

Edward M. Bigelow 

John A Brashear 

William Brand 

Hon. Joseph BufRngton 

John Caldwell 

S. H. Church 

George H. Clapp 

Hon. Josiah Cohen 

W. N. Frew 

Hon. George W. Guthrie 

Durbin Home 

James F. Hudson 

Jdm B. Jackson 

S. C. Jamison 

Rev. A A Lambing 

William McConway 

George A Macbeth 

Robert Pitcaim, Vice President 
James H. Reed, treasurer 

Hon. James R. Macf arlane 

P. A Manion 

Andrew W. Mellon 

C. C. Mellor 

William Metcalf , Jr. 

Dr. M. E. O'Brien 

George T. Oliver 

Robert Pitcaim 

Hon. Henry K. Porter 

Hon. James H. Reed 

W. L. Scaife 

Hon. John D. Shafer 

Charles L. Taylor 

A Bryan Wall 

J. C. Wasson 

Dr. E. R. Walters 

John Werner 

Joseph R. Woodwell 

Anderson H. Hopkins, Ph.B. 

Li^aridM Cantggii Lihrary 

John W. Beatty, AM. W. J. Holland, LL.D. 

Diriet$r $f Fiat Arts Dincfr $f tbi MMstum 

A. A. Hamerschlag, Sc.D. 

Dirict9r Carmgii Technical ScKhIs 


George H. Wilson 


Charles R. Cimningham 


FoRBWoiU) 3 


Address of Mayor Guthrie 32 

The Procession 37 


Scripture Lesson Doctor John Rhfs 47 

Invocation Rev. Doctor E. S. Roberts 49 

Letter from Presideat Roosevelt 52 

Address : Andrew Carnegie 54 

The Popular Significance of the Carnboie In- 
stitute 72 

His Excellency, Theodor von Moellcr 

Address by M. Paul Doumer 77 



Thb Organization of Peace 78 

Baron D'Estoumelles de Constant 

A Review of the Work 89 

Samuel Harden Church 

Announcement of Awards 96 

W. N. Frew 


Program of Concert 100 


Reading of Letters of Congratulation 102 


Address : International Cooperation in Zoology . . 267 

P. Chalmers Mitchell 

French Sculpture of the Middle Ages . . . 279 

Camille Enlart 

Dunfermline's Son 290 

James Currie Macbeth 

TheRelationshipof Pittsburgh andDunfermline 296 

Dr. John Ross 

TheConnection BETWEEN Science andEngineering 303 
Sir William Henry Preece, K.C.B., F.R.S. 

DevelopmentofArchitecturalStyleinGermany 315 

E. von Ihne 

• • • 




Thb Solution of a Great Scientific Difficulty 327 

Sir Robert S. Ball 

The German Military Constitution .... 335 

His Bbccellency Lieutenant-Gcneral Alfred 
von Loewenfeld 

The Mission of an Art Museum 344 

L^once Benedite 

The Next Step Toward International Peace . 351 

William T. Stead 

The Dunfermline Trust 364 

William Robertson 


The Banquet 

Remarks of S. H. Church 371 

Telegram from John D. Rockefeller 372 

Response from Andrew Carnegie 373 

Remarks of W. N. Frew 373 

Hon. James H. Reed 374 

Andrew Camegie 379 

Baron Edmondo Mayor des Planches . • . 387 

General von Loewenfeld 391 

Sir Robert Cranston 394 

"Maarten Maartens" 397 

Poem : The Scottish Guests to Andrew Camegie . . 401 

William Archer 





Presentation of Gifts from the German Emperor . 408 
Remarks of Chancellor Samuel Black McCormick 412 

Conferring of Honorary Degrees 415 

Appendix A 425 

Gifts of His Imperial Majesty the German Emperor 
to the Trustees of the Carnegie Institute 

Appendix B 447 

Thanks to the Gemian Emperor 

Appendix C 449 

Some Jewels Set Together 

Index 453 


The Main Building Frontispieee 

Portrait of Andrew Carnegie fadng page 

Foyer of Auditorium 

Souvenir badge worn at Dedication . . . 

Hall of Music 

Grand Stairway, east entrance 

Gallery of Vertebrate Paleontology . . . 

Camc^e Technical Schools (uncompleted) . 

Maigaret Morrison Carnegie School for 

Children's Departoient in the Library 
Grallery of Painting 

Porch of Sl Gilles, Hall of Architecture . 

Repradnad ftom the Chorch of St. OiDa, it Gnd, Fnocc 

Pittsbu^ Orchestra — Emil Paur, Director 





A Machine-shop in the Technical Schools . facing page lOO 

Hall of Bronzes " 150 

Kitchen— Margaret Morrison Carnegie 

School for Women " 208 

Reference Room in the Library .... " 256 

The Reference Library of the Museum . . " 268 

Hall of Sculpture " 280 

Illuminated Address from the City of Dim- 
f ermline to the Board of Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute ....... " 294 

Engine Room " 304 

Hall of Architecture " 314 

Gallery of Birds " 336 

Hall of Architecture " 344 

Gallery of Ethnology " 350 

Gallery of Mammals '' 364 

Banquet in honor of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew 

Carnegie " 372 

Hotel Schcfiley, Friday ETening, April 12, 1907 

Gifts presented by His Majesty, William II, 

German Elmperor " 408 

Restoration of Diplodocus Camegiei '' 410 

PreUmiiMrily moanted for pmentation to the German Emperor 
and the President of the French Republic 

• • 







APRIL 11, 12, 13 



> t 

> > 

>> -^ ^ 




pHE beautiful building standing at the en- 
^ trance of Schenley Park, which was dedi- 
i cated to a larger public service on April 
/ 1 1, 12, and 13, 1907, is not only a gift, as 
^ the epigraph on the building declares, to 
"The People of Pittsburgh"; it is, indeed, a gift to 
America and the world; and the extraordinary atten- 
tion which the inaugural ceremonies have attracted is 
the best evidence that in the world's opinion it is the 
creation of institutions like this which gives real eleva- 
tion and dignity to any people. 

The original purpose of Mr. Andrew Carnegie was 
to found a great library for the use of the community in 
which his business triumphs had been won. Provision 
was made for a board of trustees, eighteen in number, 
nine of whom were chosen by Mr. Carnegie with the 
power to elect their successors, the other nine being the 
official representatives of the city of Pittsburgh. In 
1890 Mr. Carnegie gave to this Board one million dol- 


lars for the erection of a central building, with branch 
library buildings; and from time to time he has made 
large additions to that simi. The Board proceeded to 
the erection of the central building, which was com- 
pleted and first dedicated on November 5, 1895. After- 
ward branch library buildings were put up, until now 
six of them have been opened. These agencies, with 
others, such as schools, deposit stations, call stations, 
home libraries, reading clubs, and the like, make a total 
of one hundred and seventy centers of activity in li- 
brary work which have been established, all of which 
are maintained in their current operations by the city 
of Pittsburgh. 

On the night of the dedication of the Library, nearly 
twelve years ago, when no other thought than the read- 
ing of books had come into the minds of his auditors, 
Mr. Carnegie announced that he had determined to in- 
augurate in association with the Library a Department 
of Fine Arts, and a Museum, which should find their 
permanent home within the same building; and he 
provided a fund of one million dollars for their sup- 
port. In his speech at that time Mr. Carnegie said : 

The taste for reading is one of the most precious 
possessions of life. I would much rather be instru- 
mental in bringing to the working man or woman this 
taste than mere dollars. When this Library is sup- 
ported by the community, as Pittsburgh is wisely to 
support her Library, all taint of charity is dispelled. 
Every citizen of Pittsburgh, even the very humblest, 
now walks into this, his own Library ; for the poorest 



laborer contributes his mite indirectly to its support. 
The man who enters a library is in the best society 
this world affords; the good and the great welcome 
him, surround him, and humbly ask to be allowed to 
become his servants ; and if he himself, from his own 
earnings, contributes to its support, he is more of a 
man than before. . . . 

The newspaper of my native town recently pub- 
lished a history of the free library in Dunfermline, 
and it is there recorded that the first books gathered 
together and opened to the public were the small col- 
lections of three weavers. Imagine the feelings with 
which I read that one of these three was my honored 
father. He founded the first library in Dunfermline, 
his native town, and his son was privileged to found 
the last. Another privilege is his — to build a li- 
brary for the people, here in the community in which 
he has been so greatly blessed with material success. 
I have never heard of a lineage for which I would 
exchange that of the library-founding weaver. 

We now come to another branch, the Art Grallery 
and Museum, which the city is not to maintain. 
These are to be regarded as wise extravagances, for 
which public revenues should not be given, not as 
necessaries. These are such gifts as a citizen may 
bestow upon a community and endow, so that it will 
cost the city nothing. . . . 

There remains to notice this Hall [the Hall of 
Music] in which we are assembled. You know from 
the public press what has already been arranged, and 
what the masses of the people are to obtain here. 
That this Hall can be and will be so managed as to 
prove a most potent means for refined entertain- 
ments, and instruction for the people and the devel- 



opment of the musical taste of Pittsburgh, I enter- 
tain not the slightest doubt, and Goethe's saying 
should be recalled, that "Straight roads lead from 
music to everything good/' 

For the administration of these new departments 
which he had described as "wise extravagances" Mr. 
Carnegie named a Board consisting of eighteen citizens 
of Pittsburgh, and added to this number all the mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees of the Carnegie Library, 
making a strong and resourceful organization of thirty- 
six representative men, who, after first choosing for 
their designation in 1896 the title of "The Board of 
Trustees of the Carnegie Fine Arts and Museum Col- 
lection Fund," later on, in 1898, exchanged this cum- 
bersome name for that of "The Board of Trustees of 
the Carnegie Institute." In 1903 Mr. Carnegie pro- 
vided additional funds and placed them in the hands 
of this larger Board for the erection, maintenance, and 
control of the Carnegie Technical Schools. Subse- 
quently, he gave it special funds for the operation of 
the Hall of Music and for the maintenance of a Train- 
ing School for Children's Librarians. 

It was not long before the capacity of the original 
building was overtaxed by the rapid growth of its col- 
lections, and as soon as this situation was made known 
to him, Mr. Carnegie gave his trustees, in addition to 
the $1,120,000 for the first building, $5,000,000 for its 
enlargement, and $2,500,000 for the Technical School 
buildings, besides $9,000,000 as an endowment fund 



for the Carnegie Institute, and about $5CX),CXX) for 
branch libraries, making a total expenditure on his 
part, at the moment of the second dedication, not 
counting special sums for exploration and for objects 
purchased for the Art Gallery and the Museum, of 


The whole institution embraces the main Library 
and its branches, under control of the Board of Trus- 
tees of the Carnegie Library and maintained by the city 
of Pittsburgh, and the Department of Fine Arts, the 
Department of the Museum, the Hall of Music, the 
Training School for Children's Librarians, and, in sepa- 
rate buildings, the Carnegie Technical Schools, under 
the control of the Board of Trustees of the Carnegie In- 
stitute, and maintained by Mr. Carnegie's endowments. 
The original building was enlarged expressly in order 
that these departments might have room together for 
their unrestricted growth, and, by Mr. Carnegie's direc- 
tion, perpetual assignment has been given to them 
within the new structure, a fair share of the cost of 
maintenance and operation being paid by the Trustees 
of the Carnegie Institute out of the endowment income. 
The institution comprises, therefore, a noble and har- 
monious group of creations, each one of which seems to 
be the natural associate and supplement of all the 
others, housed (excepting the Technical Schools, which 
are in adjacent halls) , in the building that now stands 
among the world's great pieces of architecture, and all 
administered by the two Boards of Trustees with a 
single purpose of public usefulness. This splendid gift 



with all its stimulating influences seems sure to ex- 
ercise a cumulative force on the mind of the community, 
lifting the people up above the material drudgery of our 
industrial life, here a little and there a little, and each 
year more and more, until the inspirations which flow 
from it will touch the remotest corners of our social body. 

With this benefaction in their hands, Mr. Carnegie's 
trustees felt that the opportunity for doing useful work 
was not confined to their own conununity, but that the 
influence of these institutions of literature, science, art, 
education, and music would be world-wide; and they 
determined to signalize the opening of the enlarged 
building by a conunemoration which should possess in- 
ternational interest and value. 

From the moment of the first inauguration it had 
been the annual custom of the Board of Trustees of 
the Carnegie Institute (embracing the Board of Trustees 
of the Carnegie Library) to celebrate as Founder's Day 
the first Thursday in November, and already ten such 
observances had occurred. The character of the men 
participating in these annual Founder's Day functions, 
including two who had occupied the office of President 
of the United States, and other speakers almost equally 
renowned, had made the Founder's Day celebration 
one of the most notable platform occasions occurring in 
America. It would be difficult indeed to surpass the 
standard already attained in these past years. 

But through the active cooperation of the entire 
membership of the Board of Trustees of the Carnegie 
Institute a celebration was planned which was in- 



tended to be entirely worthy of so important an occa- 
sion; and when the invitations were ready they were 
sent to those men and women who have won the most 
distinction in performing their share of work, repre- 
senting substantial achievements in science, art, litera- 
ture, and statesmanship throughout the world. Partic- 
ular care was taken to include those men who had 
performed signal service in promoting the principles 
of peace by arbitration as against the brutal arbitra- 
ments of war. 

The celebration fell at a time when parliaments and 
universities were in session, when journalists feared 
to leave their papers, when painters were executing 
important conmiissions, when affairs were holding 
other people at their work. In some cases age placed 
its barriers before the feet of those who longed to come, 
and, again, death overtook more than one of those who 
had accepted. Yet the roll of those who did attend is 
representative of the best thought and action of our 
present civilization. The list for America included 
nearly all of her distinguished men and women in 
every rank and profession, but only the names of those 
who were present are given here. A complete list of 
the guests invited from outside the United States is 
given, and those who attended from foreign countries 
are marked with an asterisk : 


Mr. Frank E. Alden, Architect of the Carnegie Institute and 

Mr. Alfred B. Harlow, Architect of the Carnegie Institute 

and Library 


w -., 



Mr. William S. Aldrich, Director Thomas S. Clarkson 
Memorial School of Technology 

Mr. John W. Alexander, Painter 

Dr. F. W. Atkinson, President Brooklyn Polytechnic 

Mr. Herman Balz, Special Correspondent "Cologne Grazette" 

Hon. Richard Bartholdt, Member of Congress 

Hon. James A. Beaver, Elx-Govemor and Justice of the Su- 
perior Court of Pennsylvania 

Dr. Hill McClelland Bell, Vice-Chancellor Drake University 

Mr. James Bertram r^ ; 

Dr. John S. Billings, Director New York Public Library 

Dr. Elmer Ellsworth Brown, Commissioner United States 
Bureau of Exlucation 

Dr. H. C. Bumpus, Director American Museum of Natural -[^^ 


Mr. George W. Cable, Author 

Dr. W. W. Campbell, Director Lick Observatory -fj 

Mr. T. Morris Carnegie, Treasurer Carnegie Foundation for *i::S 

the Advancement of Teaching E G- 

Mr. John H. Chapin, Art Editor "Scribner's Magazine" ^^jfj 

Rear-Admiral Colby M. Chester, United States Navy ^;,^ 

Sir Caspar Purdon Clarke, Director Metropolitan Museum >[)f: 

of Art 

Dr. Edwin B. Craighead, President Tulane University of 

Dr. William H. Crawford, President Allegheny College 

Prof. William Morris Davis, Professor of Geology, Har- 
vard University ^'i"^* 

Dr. George H. Denny, President Washington and Lee :& . ^ 

University ^ ""^ J 

Mr. J. S. Dickerson, Editor "The Standard" ^^^ 

Dr. Henry S. Drinker, President Lehigh University ^ ft 

Brigadier-General William P. Duvall, United States Army j>^^ 

Prof. David Emmert, Jimiata College vn "'^J 

Dr. Edwm A. Engler, President Worcester Polytechnic In- , , "^^< 

StltUtC s "^'^ 





Prof. Thomas C. Evans, Dean Medical Faculty, University 
of Kentucky 

Mr. C. Norman Fay 

Dr. John H. Finley, President College of the City of New 

Mr. William Henry Fox, Director John Herron Art 

Mr. Robert A. Franks 

Mr. W. M. R. French, Director Art Institute of Chicago 

Dr. H. B. Frissell, President Hampton Noraial and Agri- 
cultural Institute 

Mr. J. H. Gcst, Director Cincinnati Museum Association 

Mr. Richard Watson Gilder, Editor "Century Magazine" 

Mr. Benjamin Ives Gilman, Director Boston Museum of 
Fine Arts 

Prof. Frederick A. Goetze, Columbia University, New York 

Dr. William H. Goodyear, Art Director Brookljm Institute 

of Arts and Sciences 

Mr. A. H. Griffith, Director Detroit Museum of Art 

Dr. Arthur T. Hadley, President Yale University 

Dr. G. Stanley Hall, President Clark University 

Dr. Richard D. Harlan, President Lake Forest University 

Dr. I. Minis Hays, Secretary American Philosophical Society 

Miss Helen W. Henderson, Special Correspondent "Phila- 
delphia Inquirer** 

Mr. John G. Heywood, Director Worcester Art Museum 

Mr. Arthur Hoeber, Art Critic and Painter; Special Corre- 
spondent "Boston Transcript** 

Dr. L. E. Holden, President University of Wooster 

Mr. Joseph A. Holmes, United States Geological Survey 

Mr. Franklin W. Hooper, Director Brooklyn Institute of 
Arts and Sciences 

Dr. W. T. Homaday, Director New York Zoological Park 

Mr. Henry Hombostel, Architect Carnegie Technical Schools 

Dr. Charles Sumner Howe, President Case School of Applied 

Dr. E. J. James, President University of Illinois 




Mr. Charles Sears Kates 

Dr. I. C. Ketler, President Grove City College 

Mr. Alexander King 

Dr. Henry C. King, President Oberlin College 

Mr. Theodore W. Koch, Librarian University of Michigan 

Mr. Henry E. Krehbeil, Musical Critic "New York Tribune" 

Mr. Charles M. Kurtz, Director Buffalo Academy of Fine 

Dr. Henry Lefavour, President Simmons College 

Mr. F. A. Lucas, Chief Curator Brookljm Institute of Arts 
and Sciences 

Dr. Flavel S. Luther, President Trinity College 

Mr. Hamilton Wright Mabie, Editor "The Outlook*' 

Mr. S. S. McClure, Editor "McClure's Magazine" 

Dr. Thomas McClelland, President Knox College 

Dr. S. B. McCormick, Chancellor Western University of '^- 

Pennsylvania .^i 

Dr. Henry M. MacCracken, Chancellor New York Uni- ::t 

versity <^ 

Dr. George Grant McCurdy, Professor Ethnology, Yale ': ^^ 

University c^j 

Dr. W J McGce, Director St. Louis Public Museum ^.^ 

Dr. F. W. McNair, President Michigan College of Mines i!«S 

Mr. Gari Melchers, Painter * '--^^ 

Mr. Daniel Merriman, President Worcester Art Museum '-^l 

Mrs. Annie Nathan Meyer, Special Correspondent 
"Harper's Weekly*' 

Dr. James D. Moffat, President Washington and Jefferson ' T^t 

College >>f 

Mr. Thomas L. Montgomery, State Librarian of Pennsyl- ^^^ 

vania ^ 

Mr. Harrison S. Morris, Editor "Lippincott's Magazine" ^5)7 

Mr. F. W. Morton, Editor "Brush and Pencil" ^i- 

Dr. Charles W. Needham, President George Washington jf^ 

Mr. George C. Palmer, Architect Carnegie Technical Schools L ' 

Dr. Samuel Plantz, President Lawrence University 




50. ? 


Mr. Edward Porrit, American Correspondent "Glasgow 

Mr. Frederick B. Pratt, Secretary Pratt Institute 

Mr. David C. Pieyer, Editor "The Collector*' 

Dr. Henry S. Pritchett, President Massachusetts Institute of 

Mr. Edward W. Redfield, Painter 

Dr. George Exlward Reed, President Dickinson College 

Dr. Ira Remsen, President Johns Hopkins University 

Mr. Joseph G. Rosengarten, President Philadelphia Free 

Dr. Nathan C. Schaeffer, Superintendent of Public 
Instruction, Pennsylvania 

Mr. J. G. Schmidlapp, Financier and Philanthropist 

Dr. Jacob G. Schurman, President Cornell University 

Mr. Charles M. Schwab, Manufacturer and Philanthropist 

Dr. S. F. Scovel, late President Wooster University 

Dr. Samuel Sheldon, President American Institute of Elec- 
trical En^neers 
Dr. W. F. Shxnrni, President Colorado College 

Dr. Charles Sprague Smith, Managing Director People's 
Institute, New York 

Mr. Charles Stewart Smith, late President New York Cham- 
ber of Commerce 

Mr. William R. &nith. Superintendent National Botanic 
Gardens, Washington 

Dr. Winthn^ E. Stone, President Purdue University 

Mr. J. F. Thomas 

Prof. Dwinel F. Thompson, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 

Mr. John Thompson, Secretary Carnegie Fund Committee, 

Dn Charles F. Th wing, President Western Reserve University 
Mr. George Vanderhoef 

Mr. G. D. Waetzholdt, Imperial German Consulate 
Dt. Charles D. Walcott, Secretary Smithsonian Institution 

Dr. Booker T. Washington, President Tuskegee Normal and 
Industrial Institute 

Dr. William H. Welch, Johns Hopkins University 





Mr. Grcorge Westing^ouse 

Mr. Joseph Wharton 

Mr. Henry D. Whitfield, Architect 

Mr. Arthur Willert, American Correspondent ''London ^^ 

Times" {:^?^ 

Dr. R. S. Woodward, President Carnegie Institution of -^'^ ^-'-^ 

Washington ri Md 


Dr. Manuel Quintana, President of Argentine Republic ^^-^^'on 

Seiior Don Epif anio Portela, Envoy Elxtraordinary and 

Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States :ra.Foi 

Dr. Florentino Ameghino, Director of the National Museum, 
Buenos Aires 

Mr. Henry C. L. Anderson, Librarian Public Library of New 
South Wales 

Mr. James S. Battye, Librarian Victoria Public Library of :\i:x, 

Western Australia 

•-1 ».N 



Mr. Ladislaus Hegelmiiller von Hengervar, Ambassador Ex- --^' Fe: 

traordinary and Plenipotentiary to the United States 

Count Albert Apponyi, Minister of Public Instruction 

Mr. Albert de Berzeviczy, Member of Hague Court of 

Arbitration :V»: \ 

Dr. Emil Frida ("Jaroslav Vrchlicky*'), Professor of Litera- 
ture, Karl Ferdinand University, Prague 

Dr. Julius Hann, Professor of Physics, University of Vienna 

Privy Councilor Prof. Dr. Hans Hofer, Geologist and 

Dr. Heinrich Lammasch, Professor of Jurisprudence, Uni- 
versity of Vienna 

Dr. Franz Steindachner, Director of the K. K. Naturhistori- ^' -^ 

sches Hof museum, Vienna ^ t: 

Dr. Arminius Vdmbcty, Traveler and Orientalist ^fe 




'Baron Moochcur, Envoy Ejctraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to the United States 

Mr. A. M. F. Beeraaert, Member Hague Court of Arbitration 

Bann Edouard Descamps, Minister of State, Professor of 
Intcmaticmal Law, University of Louvaine 

Banm Lambennont, Member of Hague Court of Arbitration 

Mr. Maurice Maeterlinck, Author 

Mr. Polydore de Paepe, Statesman 

Dr. Max Rooses, Curator of the Plantin-Moretus Museum, 

Mr. Emile Veihaeren, Poet 


Scnor Don Ignacio Calderon, Envoy Extraordinary and Min* 
ister Plenipotentiary to the United States 


Scnor Joaquim Nabuco, Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary to the United States 

Dr. E. M. Goeldi, Director of the Museu Goeldi, Pari 

Dr. Joio B. de Lacerda, Director of the Museo Nacional 

Dr. Manoel Cicero Peregrino da Silva, Director National 


Mr. Stojran Daneff, Member Hague Court of Arbitration 
Mr. Dimitri StancioflF, Member Hague Court of Arbitration 


Earl Grey, Govemor General of Canada 

^Dr. Henry T. Bovey, Dean of Faculty of Applied Science, 
McGill University 

Dr. William Henry Drummond, Poet and Author 

Sir Sandf ord Fleming, Engineer 

Mr. Phineas Gagnon, Bibliographer and Collector of 



*Dt. John Galbraith, Dean of Faculty of Applied Science and 
Engineering, Toronto University 

Mr. Charles H. Gould, Librarian of McGill University 

Sir William Christopher McDonald, Governor of McGill 

♦Dr. William Peterson, Vice-Chancellor McGill University 

Mr. Goldwin Smith, Historian 


Sefior Don Joaquim Walker-Martinez, Envoy Elxtraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States 

Sefior C. Silva Cruz, Minister of Public Instruction 

Don Juan Madrid 


Sir Chentung Liang-Cheng, Envoy Extraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary to the United States 


Sefior Don Diego Mendoza, Envoy Extraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary to the United States 


^Sefior Don Joaquim Bernardo Calvo, Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States 


'^'Sefior Don Gonzalo de Quesada, Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States 


Mr. Constantin Brun, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to the United States 

Prof. Dr. Georg Brandes, Historian and Critic, University 
of Copenhagen 

Prof. Dr. H. Matzen, Statesman, and Member of Hague 
Court of Arbitration 




'^'Sefior Don Emilio C Joubert, Minister Resident in the 
United States 


Senor Don Luis Felipe Carbo, Envoy Ebctraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States 


Mr. J. J. Jusserand, Ambassador Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary to the United States 

Prof. Dr. Antonie Henri Becquerel, Membre de I'Acad&nie 
dcs Sciences; Discoverer of die "Becquerel Rays" 

^Dr. Leonce Benedite, Director Mus^e du Luxembourg 

Prof. Dr. Marcellin Boule, Paleontologist of the Museum of 
Natural History, Jardin des Plantes 

Dr. Leon Victor Auguste Bourgeois, President of the Cham- 
ber of Deputies 

Mr. Paul Bourget, Membre de TAcad^mie Frangaise; Author 
and Critic 

Prof. Dr. Ferdinand Brunetiere, Membre de TAcadAnie 
Fran^aise ; Director of the "Revue des Deux Mondcs'* 

Mr. Jules Claretie, Membre de 1' Academic Frangaise ; Author 

"^Baron d'Estoumelles de Constant, Publicist ; Member of the 
French Senate and of the Hague Court of Arbitration 

Madame Dr. Curie, Physicist and Chemist 

Mr. Th6ophile Delcass6, Late Minister of Foreign Affairs 

*Dr. Paul Doumer, late Governor Greneral of Cochin China 

*Dr. Camille Enlart, Director of the Trocadero Museum 

Mr. Jacques Anatole Thibault France, Membre de TAcadd- 
mie Fran9aise ; Author 

Mr. J. Th. Homolle, Membre de TAcademie des Inscriptions 
ct Belles Lettrcs; Directeur de Tficole du Louvre 

Mr. M. de Laboulaye, Statesman; Member of the Hague 
Court of Arbitration 

Prof. Anatole Le Roy-Beaulieu, College de France 

Mr. J. E. F. Massenet, Composer 



Prof. Henri Moissan, Membre dc Tlnstitut; Professor of 
Chemistry, University of Paris 

♦Mr. Jules Rais, Archivist 

Mr. Louis Renault, Statesman; Membre de I'Academie des 
Sciences Morales et Politiques 

Mr. Auguste Rodin, Sculptor 

Mr. Edmond Rostand, Membre de I'Academie Fran^aise ; 
Dramatist and Author 

Mr. Camille Saint-Saens, Composer 


Baron Speck von Sternberg, Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary to the United States 

*His Excellency Lieutenant-Greneral Alfred von Loewenfeld, 
IX.D., Adjutant-Greneral to his Majesty the Emperor 

♦His Excellency Theodor von Moeller, LL.D., Staatsminister 

*Dr. Friedrich S. Archenhold, Director Treptow Observatory 

Privy Councilor Prof. Dr. Karl L. v. Bar, Jurist and Author 

His Excellency Privy Coimcilor Dr. Wilhelm Bode, 
Director-General of the Royal Museums 

♦Colonel Gustav Dickhuth, LX..D., Lecturer on Military 
Science to the Royal Household 

Privy Councilor Dr. Emil Fischer, Professor of Chemistry, 
University of Berlin 

Mr. M. de Frantzius, Member of Hague Court of Arbitration 

Dr. Amim Graesel, Chief Librarian of the Royal Library, 

Prof. Dr. Adolph Hamack, Director in Chief of the Royal 

Mr. Gerhart Hauptmann, Poet 

Dr. Paul J. L. Heyse, Author and Novelist 

Dr. Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff, Honorary Professor of 
Chemistry, University of Berlin 

♦Dr. Ernst von Ihne, LL.D., Hof-Architekt Sr. Maj. d. 

Privy Councilor Prof. Dr. Robert Koch, Bacteriologist 





"^Dr. Reinhold Koser, LL.D., Principal Director of the 
Prussian State Archives 

Mr. Ferdinand v. M artitz. Member of the Hague Court of 

His Excellency G>unt Posadowsky-Wehner, Staatsminister 

Privy Councilor Prof. Dr. Wilhelm K, Rontgen, Discoverer 
of the Rontgen Rays; Professor of Physics, University of 

Dr. Peter Rosegger, Author 

♦Prof. Dr. Fritz Schaper, Sculptor 

Judgie Dr. Ernst Friedrich Sieveking, Member of the Hague 
Court of Arbitration 

Mr. Herman Sudennann, Author 

Privy Councilor Anton von Werner, Historical Painter; Di- 
rector of the School of Pictorial Arts, Berlin 


Rt. Hon. James Bryce, Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary to the United States 

Mr. Edwin A. Abbey, R.A., Painter 

Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, R. A, Painter 
*Mr. William Archer, Author and Critic 

Major-General Sir John Charles Ardagh, Statesman 

Mr. Alfred Austin, Poet Laureate 

Rt. Hon. Arthur J. Balfour, Statesman 

Lord Balfour of Burleigh, Statesman 
♦Sir Robert S. Ball, Director of Cambridge Observatory 

Mr. James M. Barrie, Author 
♦Dr. C. F. Moberly Bell, Manager "The Times' 

Dr. George Earle Buckle, Editor "The Times' 

Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Statesman 

Lord Hugh R. H. Cecil, Statesman 

Mr. Sidney Colvin, Keeper of Prints and Drawings, British 
*Sir Robert Cranston, late Lord Provost of Edinburgh 

Lord Curzon of Kedleston, Statesman 

Sir George H. Darwin, F.R.S., Astronomer. 



Mr. Spyridon P. Lampros, Author and Historian 

Mr. Denys Stephanos, Member of the Hague Court of 

Mr. George Streit, Member of the Hague Court of 


Sefior Don Jorge Munoz, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to the United States 


Mr. J. N. Leger, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to the United States 


Syed Ameer Ali, Judge of his Majesty's High Court of Judi- 
cature, Fort William, Bengal, 1890-1904; Author and 

Romesch Chunder Dutt, CLE., Lecturer on Indian History, 
University College, London ; Statesman and Author 


♦Baron Edmondo Mayor des Planches, Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary and Plenipotentiary to the United States 

Signor Edmondo de Amicis, Traveler and Author 

Prof. Dr. Guido Biagi, Chief Librarian Biblioteca Riccardi- 
ana, Florence 

Chevalier Giuseppe Biancheri, Statesman ; Member of Hague 
Court of Arbitration 

Signor Giacomo Boni, Archaeologist 

Senator Dr. Domenico Comparetti, Professor in R. Accade- 
mia dei Lincei 

Commander Jean Baptiste Pagano Guamaschelli, Member of 
Hague Court of Arbitration 

Commendatore Rodolf o Lanciani, Archaeologist ; Professor of 
Ancient Topography, University of Rome 



_ r- 




Chevalier Dr. Guglielmo Marconi, Electrical Engineer; In- 
ventor of System of Wireless Telegraphy 

Senator Count Costantino Nigra, Statesman; Member of the 
R. Accademia dei Lincei 

Madame Matilde Serao, Novelist and Journalist 

Signor Giovanni Verga, Novelist and Dramatist 

Count Tomielli Brusati di Vergano, Statesman; Member of 
Hague Court of Arbitration 


Viscount Siuzo Aoki, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to the United States 

Mr. Henry Willard Denison, Member Hague Court of 

Baron Dr. Kentaro Kaneko, Statesman; Member of the 
House of Peers 

Mr. I. Motono, Statesman ; Member of the Hague Court of 

Mr. Kakasu Okakura, Archaeologist ; Director of Nippon 
Bijitsuin, Tokio 

Baron Dr. Kencho Suyematsu, late Minister of Education 
and Interior ; Author 

Mr. Kogoro Takahira, late Envoy Extraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary to the United States 


Seflor Don Joaquin D. Casasus, Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary to the United States 

Sefior Manuel de Aspiroz, Member Hague Court of 

Sefior Alfred Chavero, Publicist 

Sefior Jose M. Gramboa, Statesman ; Member Hague Court of 

Sefior Jose Maria Iglesias, Publicist and Historian 

Sefior Genan Raigosa, Statesman ; Member Hague Court of 

Sefior Justo Sierra, Minister of Public Instruction and Fine 




♦ Jonkheer R. de Marees van Swinderen, Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States 

Prof. Dr. T. M. C. Asser, Professor International Law, Uni- 
versity of Leiden 

Jonkheer G. L. M. H. Ruys de Beerenbrouck, Member 
Hague Court of Arbitration 

Jonkheer A. P. C van Kamebeek, Statesman 

Dr. F. B. Connick Liefstring, Member Hague Court of 

Jonkheer A. F. de Savonini Lohman, Member Hague Court 
of Arbitration 

♦Dr. Joost Marius Willem Van der Poorten-Schwartz 
("Maarten Maartens"), Author 

Prof. Dr. Hugo de Vries, University of Amsterdam 

Prof. Dr. Pieter 2^eman, Physicist, University of Amster- 


♦Sefior Don Luis F. Corea, Diplomatist ; Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States 


Mr. Christian Hauge, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to the United States 

Mr. Samuel Ludwig Annerstedt, Member of Hague Court of 

Mr. Bjomstjeme Bjomson, Poet, Dramatist, Novelist 

Mr. M. G. Gram, Statesman 

Mr. Edward Grieg, Composer 

Mr. George Francis Hagerup, Statesman 

Mr. Fridtjof Nansen, Arctic Explorer 

Dr. Hans H. Reusch, Director of the Geological Survey 


Seiior Don J. Domingo de Obaldia, Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States 



Sefior Don Cecelio Baez, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to the United States 


Greneral M onteza, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to the United States 


Mr. Felipe Pardo, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to the United States 


Count Stanislaus Tamovski, Professor University of Cracow ; 


Viscount de Alte, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to the United States 

Senhor Joaquim Theophilo Braga, Professor of Literature, 
Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisbon 

Senhor Antonio Emilio Correia de Sa Brandao, Publicist 

Senhor Luiz Frederico de Bivas Goma de Costa, Statesman 

Senhor Antonio Ennes, Librarian of the National Library 

Count de Macedo, Professor of Higher Mathematics, Escola 
Polytechnica, Lisbon 

Senhor Fernando Mattoso Santos, Statesman 


Mr. Jean Kalindem, President Academia Romana, 
Bucharest ; Historian 

Mr. Jean N. Lahovari, Member of the Hague Court of 

Mr. Theodore Rosetti, Statesman ; Member of the Hague 
Court of Arbitration 

Mr. Eugene Statesco, Publicist 



Baron Rosen, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipoten- 
tiary to the United States 

Mr. E. V. Frisch, Statesman; Privy Councilor, Member 
Hague Court of Arbitration 

Mr. Frederick de Martens, Privy Councilor; Hon. Professor 
of International Law, University of St. Petersburg 

Mr. Dimitri Ivanovitch Mendeleeff, Scientist. (This illus- 
trious scholar accepted the invitation, but died while mak- 
ing preparations to come to America.) 

Dr. Nikolai Konstantinovitch Mikhailovski, Author and 

Mr. N. V. Muravieff, Statesman ; Minister of Justice 

Mr. M. Ostrogorski, Publicist and Author 

Very Reverend C. P. PobiedonostseflF, Procurator of the Holy 
Synod ; Privy Councilor, Member of the Council of State. 
(Died after accepting.) 

Coimt Leo Tolstoi, Novelist and Social Reformer 


Mr. Glicha Geschitsch, Statesman ; Member of the Hague 
Court of Arbitration 

Dr. Milovan Milovanovitsch, Publicist 

Mr. Greorge Pavlovitch, Statesman 

Dr. Milanki Vesnitch, Member of the Hague Court of 


Mr. Edward Henry Strobel, Professor International Law, 

Harvard College 
Mr. Phya Akharaj Varadhara, Diplomatist 


Seflor Don Bernardo Jacinto de Cologan, Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States 

Seflor Manuel Torres Campos, Statesman 

Seflor Jose Ex:hegaray, Author 

Seflor Bienvenido Oliver, Statesman 



Duke d'Almodovar del Rio, Statesman 
Scfior Armando Palacio Valdes, Author 
Sefior Rominuelo F. Villaverde, Statesman 


Mr. A. Grip, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to the United States 

Prof. Dr. Svante August Arrhenius, Physicist 

Dr. Christopher Per Olaf Aurivillius, Secretary of the Royal 
Swedish Academy of Sciences 

Mr. Vemer von Heidenstam, Poet and Novelist 

Miss Selma Lagerlof, Novelist 

Dr. Gustav de Laval, Engineer and Inventor 

Prof. Dr. N. O. G. Nordenskjold, Antarctic Explorer and 

Mr. S. R. D. K. d'Olivcrona, Statesman 

Mr. Gustav Sundbarg, Statistician and Economist 


Mr. Leo Vogel, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to the United States 

Mr. Charles Hilty, Professor International Law, University 
of Berne 

Mr. Charles Lardy, Member Hague Court of Arbitration 

Dr. George Lunge, Professor of Chemistry in the Polytech- 
nicum, Zurich 

Mr. Emile Rott, Member of the Hague Court of Arbitration 

Dr. Joseph Viktor Widmann, Editor and Author 


Chekib Bey, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to the United States 


Sefior Dr. Eduardo Acevedo Diaz, Publicist 


Sefior Dr. Rafael Garbinas Guzman, Statesman 



When these guests were assembled, the following 
program was arranged for their information and guid- 


9.45 a.m. 

The President of the Board of Trustees, Mr. William N. 
Frew, will welcome the guests in the Founder's Room. 

10.30 a.iii. 

Municipal reception to visiting guests by the Mayor of Pitts- 
burgh, Hon. George W. Guthrie, and Mrs. Guthrie, in the 
Foyer. Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Carnegie will assist. The 
President of the Board of Trustees, assisted by Mrs. Frew, 
will present the guests. This reception will be followed by 
an inspection of the Library, Museum, and Galleries of Fine 
Arts, including the Intemational Annual Exhibition of 

12.00 noon. 

Guests may go to their domiciles for luncheon, and to prepare 
for the later functions of the day. 

1.30 p.m. 

Academic procession from the Hotel Schenley to the Car- 
negie Institute, under escort of the Faculty and Students of 
the Carnegie Technical Schools. Those who are entitled to 
wear academic dress are requested to do so. 

2.00 p.m. 

Dedication of the New Building by exercises in the Hall of 
Music. The President of the Board of Trustees will preside. 

3.00 p.m. 

The Building will be thrown open to the general public, ex- 
cept the Hall of Music and the Foyer, admission to which 
will be by ticket. 



4.00 p.111. 

Upon the conclusion of the exercises in the Hall of Music, 
guests will be invited to spend the time until five o'clock in 
the various halls of the Building. 

5.00 p.m. 

Guests will be given an opportunity to go to their domiciles. 

&15 p.111. 

Concert of the Pittsburg Orchestra, conducted by Mr. Emil 
Paur. Sir Edward Elgar, of London, will be present, and, 
upon invitation of Mr. Paur and the Orchestra Committee, 
will conduct one of his own compositions. 

FRIDAY, APRIL 12, 1907 

9.30 a.o[L 

The members of the Board of Trustees who compose the 
Technical Schools Committee will welcome the guests at the 
Carnegie Technical Schools, and conduct them on a tour of 
the school buildings. 

10.30 a.m. to 12.00 noon. 

Presentation of addresses from universities, colleges, and 
kindred institutions, by their delegates, in the Hall of Music. 
The President of the Board of Trustees will preside. (Note : 
Academic dress.) 

12.00 noon. 

Drive in automobiles throu^ the parks and aroimd the 
boulevards of Pittsburgh. A stop will be made at the Pitts- 
burgh Country Club for luncheon. 

2.00 p.m. 

Addresses by distinguished guests in the Hall of Music, and 
possibly in one or more of the other halls. The President of 
the Board of Trustees will preside. 



4.00 to S.OO p.m. 

Tea for the ladies at the Margaret Morrison Carnegie School 
for Women. 

5.00 p.m. 

Guests may repair to their homes for rest. 

7.00 p.m. 

Banquet at Hotel Schenley by the Trustees in honor of Mr. 
and Mrs. Andrew Carnegie and the invited guests, including 
the ladies of the party. 


10.00 to 11.00 a.m. 

Conferring of honorary degrees on foreign guests by the 
Western University of Pennsylvania, in the Hall of Music. 
The Chancellor of the University will preside. (Note: 
Academic dress.) 

11.30 a.m. 

Leave Hotel Schenley by trolley-cars to Brown's Landing 
(Homestead Bridge), Monongahela River. 

12.00 noon to 5.00 p.m. 

Boat ride on the Monongahela and Ohio Rivers, giving a view 
of "Industrial Pittsburgh." Visit to Homestead Steel Works 
of the Carnegie Steel Company. Luncheon to be served on 
the boat. 


White Ribbon . . signifies Foreign Guest 

Red Ribbon signifies .... American Guest 

Blue Ribbon . . . signifies . , Carnegie Institute 



T ten o'clock on Thursday morning the 
doors of the great building were thrown 
open for the first time, and the trustees, 
together with their American and foreign 
guests, all wearing the souvenir silver 
badge which had been prepared for the occasion, as- 
sembled in the Founder's Room, where the guests 
were presented to Mr. W. N. Frew, the president of 
the Board of Trustees. Immediately afterward the 
trustees escorted their guests to the grand foyer, where 
a thousand electric lights illuminated that beautiful 
apartment with its massive columns of Tinos marble, 
and the gilded roof threw back the lights upon an ani- 
mated scene. At a central point in the foyer stood the 
Honorable George W. Guthrie, mayor of Pittsburgh, 
with Mrs. Guthrie, and beside them were Mr. and Mrs. 
Andrew Carnegie. When all were assembled. Mayor 
Guthrie delivered the following, address of welcome : 


Ladies and Gentlemen: 

It is my very pleasant duty as chief executive of the 
city of Pittsburgh to extend to you a hearty welcome, 
and to give expression to the appreciation by the people 
of this city of your kindness in coming here to assist us 
in the dedication of the enlarged Carnegie Institute, of 
which we are justly proud, and from which we expect 
so much good to all within the reach of its influence. 

It is indeed a great honor to us that you, who have 
already earned honorable recognition for your distin- 
guished public services in the various departments to 
which you have devoted your lives, many of you rep- 
resenting great institutions, some of them venerable 
with age, and all of them loved and honored for their 
services in the uplifting of himianity, should come so 
far to welcome us as fellow-laborers, and wish us God- 
speed in our work. 

It is a very striking expression of the world-wide 
interest in every effort tending toward the elevation 
of man and the improvement of his condition, mentally, 
morally, and physically. It shows the fellowship and 
sympathy which exists between all those of whatever 
country, who are engaged in that work. It is an inspira- 
tion to hope that this feeling will continue, and bring 
all men into closer and closer bonds of friendship and 
appreciation, — 

Till each man sees his own in all men's good. 
And all men work in noble brotherhood. 


Fover of Auditorium 


We hope that when the institution we are now 
founding becomes venerable with years, and honored 
for the lives which have there been trained for great 
and useful works, the remembrance of your graceful 
courtesy in assisting at our dedication shall still remain 
in the minds and hearts of its children. 

Many nations are represented among you by their 
ambassadors or ministers to the United States, and 
some also by special delegations representative of their 
arts and industries. By your presence, you grace our 
ceremonies, show sympathy with our work, and pay 
respect to our founder, who regards his great wealth, 
not as a toy to be used for his own pleasure, but as a 
high trust; who does not make use of it as "a vantage 
ground for winged ambition," but for the benefit of 
humanity, exercising in its disbursement the same labor 
and intelligence he used in its acquisition. 

If our laws and customs permitted it, I know the 
people of Pittsburgh would approve of presenting to 
you the freedom of the city in return for your courtesy, 
but it is not possible. It is not necessary for me to ex- 
plain to our American guests the reason for this ; they 
know why we have no such way of showing special 
honor to visitors whom we esteem. Any one who comes 
in peace and good-will enters our city and dwells there 
of his own free will, and may at any time, when he has 
complied with the requirements of the law, acquire 
citizenship as a right; but citizenship can never be 
given as a favor. I am not willing to tarnish our cere- 
monies by a sham; what I can do, I do sincerely, and 



that is to assure you that you are welcome, and that our 
hearts and homes are open to you. 

It seems proper, however, that I should make some 
special acknowledgment to those of you who, at great 
sacrifice of time and effort, have come from Europe to 
grace our ceremonies with your presence. 

To your Excellency, who, I understand, bears a per- 
sonal message from his Majesty, the Emperor of Ger- 
many, and your associates, I desire to say that the peo- 
ple of the United States have never forgotten how in 
the time of our great need Frederick the Great of Prus- 
sia gave us his sympathy and support in the struggle 
which made us a nation. We remember, too, that in 
every phase of our national life, both in war and in 
peace, the American citizens of German birth or an- 
cestry, have never been surpassed by any others in their 
loyalty and devotion, nor have they ever fallen behind 
in any effort demanded for the defense of the nation, 
or to promote its prosperity. It gives me pleasure to 
say to your Excellency that in this city there are many 
thousands of such citizens who have and deserve the 
respect of all who know them. I have been honored 
with the personal friendship of many of them, and I 
know that, while their first loyalty is to this nation 
where they now make their homes, they still look with 
pride and affection to what they lovingly call "the 
Fatherland," and place their wish for its prosperity and 
happiness second only to that which they have for 


And to you who come from our sister republic of 



France, permit me to say, that the tie which grew up 
between us in 1776, a tie due to common aspirations 
and mutual helpfulness, has never been weakened by 
the intervening years. We acknowledge with gratitude 
the help in war we received from you then, and the 
benefits in the blessings of peace which we have re- 
ceived from you since, in your contributions to art, 
literature, science, and industry. 

We also remember with gratitude the debt which we, 
in common with all free people, owe to the Nether- 
lands. It is to the courage and devotion of the people 
of that country that the world to-day enjoys such a 
large measure of civil and religious liberty. The 
history of the world would have been different had 
Holland yielded under the terrible pressure to 
which she was subjected, and we are glad to have a 
representative from her to honor this occasion with his 

I am beggared in language to express to the repre- 
sentatives of Great Britain the feelings with which we 
welcome them. Down to a certain point in your history 
your past is ours — ^your heroes and statesmen are ours, 
and we share in your glories; our Constitution, laws, 
and jurisprudence rest upon the same foundations and 
are underlaid by the same principles as yours; your 
Magna Charta enshrines the principles of civil liberty 
which are guaranteed to us by our own Constitution. 
Those who laid the foundation of our government drew 
their inspiration largely from the struggles of the Eng- 
lish people, and many of them were trained at English 



institutions of learning, some of which are represented 
here to-day. Your presence renews the ties of kindred, 
of a conmion past, and a common standard of liberty 
and justice. 

In the friendship of the nations represented here to- 
day lies the best assurance of the peace of the civilized 
world. We are glad to believe that your presence 
will tend to promote that mutual knowledge and re- 
spect — that kindly touch of personal interest — that is 
essential to a friendship which has the possibility of 
such great blessings to all mankind. 

The enlargement of the work of this institution, and 
the placing of it upon a solid foundation, which we 
owe entirely to the generosity and wisdom of Mr. An- 
drew Carnegie — a generosity not exceeded in history — 
means much to the people of Pittsburgh; and it is a 
matter of great gratification to them that Mr. Carnegie 
himself is present to receive our thanks and to join with 
them in extending to you a most hearty welcome. [Ap- 

At the conclusion of Mayor Guthrie's speech, all those 
present were introduced first to the Mayor and Mrs. 
Guthrie, and afterward to Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Car- 
negie, who spoke gracious words of welcome to each 
guest in turn. When all had been presented, Mr. and 
Mrs. Carnegie led their guests in a tour of the various 
departments of the Institute, and the trustees explained 
many objects of interest to the little groups as they 
filed through the great halls. When this most inter- 


Souvenir badge worn at Dedication 


csting inspection had been accomplished, the guests re- 
turned to the Hotel Schenley, where informal luncheons 
were served. 


At half past one o'clock, the visiting guests were 
formed in procession by Mr. George H. Wilson, acting 
as Marshal, and were escorted to the new building by 
the Director and Faculty of the Carnegie Technical 
Schools in the following order : 

Dr. Arthur Arton Hamerschlag 

Director Carnegie Technical Schools 

Prof. Alexander J. Wurts, Prof. William E. Gibbs, 

Mr. Clifford B. ConncUcy, 

Head of Apprentices and Journeymen School 

Prof. Henry Hombostel, Prof. Samuel S. Keller, 

Mr. John H. Lcete, 


Prof. George H. Follows, Prof. Willibald Trinks, 

Mr. William P. Field, 


Prof. Allen H. Willett, Prof. Joseph H. James, 

Prof. John S. McLucas, 

Prof. Fred Crabtree, Mr. Henry K. McGoodwin, 

Prof. Walter F. Knox, 


Dr. P. J. Eaton, Dr. James I. Johnston, 

Dr. J. H. Anderson, 



Dr. Herbert F. Sill, Mr. Henry S. Hower, 

Mr. H. Leland Lowe 

Mr. William R. Work, Mr. Horace R. Thayer, 

Mr. Martin Hokanson 

Mr. Percy L. Reed, Mr. Charles C. Leeds, 

Mr. R. S. Tombau^ 

Mr. Oliver L. Bear, Mr. William A. Bassett, 

Mr. William Pfouts 

Mr. J. S. Sproull, Mr. William B. Doyle, 

Mr. Albert Mamatey 

Mr. Charles S. Parsons, Mr. David Bums, 

Mr. John H. Nolen 

Mr. C. W. Howard, Mr. John H. Hill. 

Dr. William J. Holland, Mr. John W. Beatty, 

Director of the Museum Director of Department of Fine Arts 

Mr. Charles Heinroth 


President William N. Frew, Mr. Andrew Carnegie. 



Mr. H. S. Lightcap, Mr. Fred F. Mcintosh, i 

Mr. Enoch George i 




Mr. Anderson H. Hopkins, Mr. Emil Paur, 

Librarian Carnegie Library Director Pittsburgh Orchestra "iy 



His Excellency Lieutenant- 
Gcneral Alfred von Loewen- 
f eld, Germany 

Dr. Ernest S. Roberts, Vice- 
Chancellor of Cambridge 
University, England 

Baron Edmondo Mayor des 
Planches, Italy 

Senator Paul Doumer, France 

Dr. Reinhold Koser, Germany 

Sir Robert Cranston, Scotland 

Colonel Gustav Dickhuth, Ger- 

Mr. Joost Marius Willem 
Van der Poorten-Schwartz 
("Maartcn Maartens"), 

Mr. Camille Enlart, France 

Dr. P. Chalmers Mitchell, 

Sefior Don Joaquin Bernardo 
Calvo, Costa Rica 

Scnor Don E. C. Joubert, 
Dominican Republic 

Jonkheer R. de Marees van 
Swinderen, Netherlands 

Dr. Friederich S. Archenhold, 

Mr. C. F. Moberly Bell, Eng- 

Provost James Currie Mac- 
beth, Scotland 

Mr. William Archer, England 

Baron d'Estouraelles de Con- 
stant, France 

Dr. John Rh^s, Principal of 
Jesus College, Oxford Uni- 
versity, England 

His Excellency Theodor von 
Moeller, Germany 

Sir Robert S. Ball, England 

Baron Moncheur, Belgium 

Mr. Leonce Benedite, France 

Sir William Henry Preece, 

Mr. Emst von Ihne, Germany 

Prof. Fritz Schaper, Germany 
Sir Edward Elgar, England 

Sefior Don L. F. Corea, Nica- 

Sefior Don Gonzalo de Que- 
sada, Cuba 

Sefior Don Epifanio Portela, 
Argentine Republic 

Dr. John Ross, Scotland 

Mr. William T. Stead, Eng- 

Mr. William Robertson, Scot- 

Mr. Jules Rais, France 

Coimt Tcherep Spiridovitch, 

Bishop Canevin, 

Bishop Whitehead 

Mayor George W. Guthrie 



President Robert S. Wood- 
ward, Carnegie Institution, 
Washington, D. C. 

Hon. Elmer Ellsworth Brown, 
Commissioner Bureau of 

Mr. Richard Watson Gilder, 
Editor "Century Magazine" 

Hon. Richard Bartholdt, Con- 

Mr. Joseph Wharton, Phila- 

President Arthur T. Hadley, 
Yale University 

President Jacob G. Schurman, 
Cornell University 

Principal William Peterson, 
McGill University 

President Ira Remsen, Johns 
Hopkins University 

Prof. William H. Welch, 
Johns Hopkins University 

President Flavel S. Luther, 
Trinity College 

President G. Stanley Hall, 
Clark University 

President Charles S. Howe, 
Case School of Applied 

President John H. Finley, Col- 
lege of the City of New 

Chancellor Henry M. Mac- 
Cracken, New York Univer- 

President Samuel Plantz, Law- 
rence University 

Secretary Charles D. Walcott, 
Smithsonian Institution 

President Henry S. Pritchett, 
Massachusetts Institute of 

Mr. George Westinghouse 

Rear-admiral Colby M. Chester 

Mr. J. G. Schmidlapp, Cincin- 

Sir Caspar Purdon Clarke, Di- 
rector Metropolitan Museum 
of Art 

President E. J. James, Uni- 
versity of Illinois 

President Henry S. Drinker, 
Lehigh University 

President Winthrop E. Stone, 
Purdue University 

Prof. William M. Davis, Har- 
vard University 

President Edmund A. Engler, 
Worcester Polytechnic Insti- 

Chancellor S. B. McCormick, 
Western University of Penn- 

President Charles F. Thwing, 
Western Reserve University 

Governor James A. Beaver, 
Acting President Pennsyl- 
vania State College 

President Charles W. Need- 
ham, George Washington 

President Henry C. King, 
Oberlin College 



President Thomas McClelland, 
Knox College 

President George H. Denny, 
Washington and Lee Uni- 

President James D. MoflFatt, 
Washington and Jefferson 

President I. C. Ketler, Grove 
City College 

President Edwin B. Craighead, 
Tulane University of Louisi- 

Director William S. Aldrich, 
Clarkson School of Technol- 

Dean H. T. Bovey, McGill 

Prof. Thomas Evans, Univer- 
sity of Cincinnati 

Mr. Joseph A. Holmes, United 
States Geographical Survey 

President Booker T. Washing- 
ton, Tnskegee Institute 

President Henry D. Lindsay, 
Pennsylvania College for 

Dr. I; Minis Hays, Secretary 
American Philosophical So- 

Director John S. Billings, New 
York Public Library 

Dr. Richard H. Harlan, Lake 
Forest University 

Director W. W. Campbell, 
Lick Observatory 

President F. W. Atkinson, 
Brooklyn Polytechnic Insti- 

President Henry Lefavour, 
Sinunons College 

President George E. Reed, 
Dickinson College 

President William H. Craw- 
ford, Allegheny College 

Vice-chancellor H. M. Bell, 
Drake University 

Dean John Gralbraith, Toronto 

Dean Frederick A. Goetze, 
Columbia University 

Prof. George Grant McCurdy, 
Yale University Museum 

Prof. Dwinel F. Thompson, 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Insti- 

Secretary Frederick B. Pratt, 
Pratt Institute 

Prof. David Emmert, Juniata 

Dr. Nathan C. Schaeffer, Super- 
intendent of Public Instruc- 
tion of Pennsylvania 

Director H. C. Bumpus, Amer- 
ican Musetim of Natural 

Director Exlward Robinson, 
Boston Museum of Fine Arts 

President Samuel Sheldon, 
American Institution of 
Electrical Engineers 



Director Franklin W. Hooper, 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts 
and Sciences 

Director A. H. Griffith, Detroit 
Museum of Art 

Director W. T. Homaday, 
New York 2k>dlogical Park 

Ex-President S. F. Scovel, 
University of Worcester 

Chief Curator F. A. Lucas, 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts 
and Sciences 

Director Benjamin Ives Gil- 
man, Boston Museum of 
Fine Arts 

Director William H. Fox, 
John Herron Art Institute 

Mr- Hamilton Wright Mabie, 
Associate Editor of "Outlook" 

President J. G. Rosengarten, 
Philadelphia Free Library 

Mr. John W. Alexander, 

Mr. Frank E. Alden, 

Mr. Alfred B. Harlow, 

Director W. M. R, French, 
Art Institute of Chicago 

President Daniel Merriman, 
Worcester Art Museum 

Manager John G. Heywood, 
Worcester Art Museum 

Director Charles M. Kurtz, 
Buffalo Academy of Fine 

Managing Director Charles S. 
Smith, People's Institute, 
New York 

Mr. George W. Cable, Author 

Curator William H. Goodyear, 
Brookljm Institute of Arts 
and Sciences 

Director J. H. Gest, Cincin- 
nati Museum Association 

Colonel S. S. McClure, Editor 
of "McClure*s Magazine" 

Mr. Thomas L. Montgomery, 
State Librarian, Pennsyl- 

Mr. Henry Krehbeil, Musical 
Critic and Author 

Mr. Greorge C. Palmer, 


Mr. S. H. Church 


Mr. Robert Pitcaim, 


Hon. James H. Reed 


Mr. C. C. Mellor 



Nf r. John Caldwell, Mr. George A. Macbeth, 

Mr. J. C. Wasson 

Or. John A. Brashear, Mr. William Metcalf, Jr., 

Hon. James R. Macfarlane 

Hon. Joseph BufHngton Hon. John D. Shafer, 

Hon. Josiah G>hen 

Hon. Henry Kirke Porter, Rev. A. A. Lambing, 

Mr. George T. Oliver 

Mr. Albert J. Barr, Mr. James F. Hudson, 

Mr. William Brand 

Mr. W. Lucien Scaife, Mr. Edward M. Bigelow 

Dr. E. R. Walters 

Mr. Charles L. Taylor Mr. Joseph R. Woodwell 

Mr. A. Bryan Wall 

Mr. Durbin Home Dr. M. E. O'Brien 

Mr. P. A. Manion 

Mr. S. C. Jamison Mr. John Werner 

Mr. Andrew W. Mellon 

Mr. William McConway Mr. John B. Jackson 

Mr. George H. Clapp 

Students of the Carnegie Technical Schools 



o'clock was the hour set for the com- 
lencement of the dedication ceremonies 
Q the Hall of Music, and at that time 
very seat in the auditorium was oc- 
cupied, while several thousand persons 
stood outside to witness the approach of the guests in 
procession. The audience represented all sections of 
Pittsburgh society, including the different professional, 
business, social, and labor circles, one hundred men 
chosen from the various mills having seats with their 
wives beside them. The first box was occupied by Mrs. 
Andrew Carnegie and a party of relatives and friends. 
The second box contained Mrs. William N. Frew as 
hostess, and Lady Cranston, Mile. Benedite, Mme. 
Ernst von Ihne, Mme. Fritz Schaper, and Mrs. W. T. 
Stead. In the third box was Mrs. George W. Guthrie 
as hostess, and Mme. Friedrich S. Archenhold, Mrs. 
C. F. Moberly Bell, Mme. Camille Enlart, Miss 
Van der Poorten-Schwartz, and Mrs. P. Chalmers 


Mitchell. The fourth box was occupied by Mrs. S. H. 
Church as hostess, Miss Use Dickhuth, Miss Oliven 
Rh^s, Mrs. Ernest S. Roberts, Mrs. George Westing- 
house, and Mrs. James H. Reed. 

When the audience had been seated, the foreign 
guests were escorted to the platform by Mr. George H. 
Wilson, acting as Marshal ; and as the familiar faces of 
the distinguished men were recognized from time to 
time the audience broke into enthusiastic manifesta- 
tions of welcome. The last to come into view was Mr. 
Andrew Carnegie, who was greeted with such a stirring 
cheer as must have given him a new conception of 
the admiration and affection of his neighbors, and it 
was prolonged for several minutes. With the guests 
seated on the front chairs on the platform and the 
trustees at the center, the speakers then occupied their 
seats in the following order : Dr. John Rh^s, Dr. Ernest 
S. Roberts, Mr. Andrew Carnegie, Mr. W. N. Frew, 
Mr. S. H. Church, Mr. Paul Doumer, his Excellency 
Theodor von Moeller, and Baron d'Estournelles de 
Constant. The military dress of the soldiers and the 
many-colored gowns of the doctors of learning, flanked 
on either side by the women in the boxes, with a gaily 
dressed audience in front and a garden of roses and 
palms at the rear of the platform, made the scene one of 
great animation and splendor. When all had been 
seated, Mr. Charles Heinroth, at the organ, played 
"Ein feste Burg," by Martin Luther, and "Festal Pre- 
lude," by Gaston M. Dethier, and when the last swell- 
ing note had died away. Dr. John Rh^s, Principal of 



Jesus College, Oxford University, stepped forward 
and read a passage of Scripture from the third chapter 
of Proverbs, on the beauty of wisdom- 





Provbrbs m, 9-27 

9 Honor the Lord with thy substance, and with 
the first fruits of all thine increase : 

10 So shall thy bams be filled with plenty, and thy 
presses shall burst out with new wine. 

1 1 My son, despise not the chastening of the Lord ; 
neither be weary of his correction : 

12 For whom the Lord loveth he correcteth; even 
as a father the son in whom he delighteth. 

13 Happy is the man that findeth wisdom, and the 
man that getteth understanding : 

14 For the merchandise of it is better than the 
merchandise of silver, and the gain thereof than fine 

15 She is more precious than rubies: and all the 
things thou canst desire are not to be compared unto 

16 Length of days is in her right hand; and in her 
left hand riches and honor. 



17 Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her 
paths are peace. 

18 She is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon 
her : and happy is every one that retaineth her. 

19 The Lord by wisdom hath founded the earth; 
by understanding hath he established the heavens. 

20 By his knowledge the depths are broken up, 
and the clouds drop down the dew. 

21 My son, let not them depart from thine eyes: 
keep sound wisdom and discretion : 

22 So shall they be life unto thy soul, and grace to 
thy neck. 

23 Then shalt thou walk in thy way safely, and 
thy foot shall not stumble. 

24 When thou liest down, thou shalt not be afraid : 
yea, thou shalt lie down, and thy sleep shall be sweet. 

25 Be not afraid of sudden fear, neither of the 
desolation of the wicked, when it cometh. 

26 For the Lord shall be thy confidence, and shall 
keep thy foot from being taken. 

27 Withhold not good from them to whom it is 
due, when it is in the power of thine hand to do it. 




Grand Stairway 

The Reverend Doctor Ernest S. Roberts, Vice-Chan- 
cellor of Cambridge University, delivered the invoca- 





Let us pray 

For all churches and all associations united in endeav- 
ors for the amelioration of mankind ; 

For all sovereigns and governors, and especially here 
and to-day for the President of the United States ; 

For all great councils and parliaments that they may 
be wise in legislation and pure in purpose ; 

For all ministers and dispensers of God's Holy 
Word, that in their several stations they may serve 
truly and faithfully to the honor of God and the wel- 
fare of His people ; 

And that there never may be wanting a supply of 
persons duly qualified to serve God both in Church and 
State, let us pray for a blessing on all seminaries of 
sound learning and religious education, especially the 
universities of the world and all centers of higher edu- 
cation and training, and the arts and sciences ; and here- 



in I desire your prayers for the president, the professors 
and the students of the Western University of Penn- 
sylvania, and for the president and trustees of this in- 
stitution, and for all who are to benefit therefrom. 

Pray we likewise for the civil government of this 
city, for the Honorable the Mayor, the aldermen, and 
all that bear office therein. 

Lastly, let us pray for all people of all races in all 
lands, that they may come to live in the true faith and 
fear of God, in dutiful allegiance to their country's 
laws, in sincere and conscientious conmiunication with 
the fellowship of all good men, and in brotherly love 
and Christian charity one toward another. 

And as we pray for future mercies so let us praise 
Grod's most holy name for those that we have already 
received, and in particular here and to-day let us praise 
Him for that He did prompt Andrew Carnegie to lay 
the foundation of this stately establishment, and later 
did put into the heart of the same man. His servant, 
greatly to further that beginning, and generously to 
make provision for the intellectual welfare of genera- 
tions to come. 

These prayers and praises let us humbly offer up to 
the throne of Heaven in the words which Christ Him- 
self hath taught us : 

Our Father, who art in heaven. Hallowed be thy 
Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on 
earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive 



those who trespass against us. And lead us not into 
temptation ; But deliver us from evil : For thine is the 
kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever and 
ever. Amen. 


Mr, S. H. Church then read the following letter from 
the President of the United States, being frequently in- 
terrupted by applause : 



April 11, 1907. 
My dear Sir: 

I am not able to be present myself with you, there- 
fore let me through you express my appreciation of the 
great work done by the founding of the Carnegie In- 
stitute. Wealth is put to a noble use when applied to 
purposes such as those the Carnegie Institute is so well 
designed to serve. Every such institute, every founda- 
tion designed to serve the educational uplifting of our 
people, represents just so much gain for American life, 
just so much credit for us collectively as a nation. The 
success of our republic is predicated upon the high in- 
dividual efficiency of the average citizen ; and the Car- 
negie Institute is one of those institutions which tends 
to bring about this high individual efficiency. Many 
things go to make up such efficiency. There must be a 
sound body; there must be physical hardihood and ad- 
dress in the use of trained nerve and muscle ; there must 



also be a high degree of trained intellectual develop- 
ment, a high degree of that intelligence which can only 
be obtained when there is both power to act on indivi- 
dual initiative, and power to act in disciplined coordi- 
nation with others. And, finally, there must be that 
training on the moral side which means the production 
in the average citizen of a high type of character — the 
character which sturdily insists upon rights, and no less 
whole-heartedly and in the fullest fashion recognizes 
the fact that the performance of duty to others stands 
even ahead of the insistence upon one's own rights. 

Through you I extend my heartiest congratulations 
to Mr. Carnegie, and my wishes that he may have many 
happy returns of this day, together with the acknow- 
ledgment which all of us must make of the public ser- 
vice he so signally renders when he founds institutions 

of this type. 

Sincerely yours, 

Theodore Roosevelt. 
Mr. S. H. Church, 

Secretary^ Carnegie Institute, 

Pittfburgh, Pa. 


President Frew, in presenting Mr. Andrew Carnegie, 
said : "It is unnecessary for me to introduce him to you. 
Mr. Carnegie — '' 

The mention of Mr. Carnegie's name was greeted 
with a great cheer from the audience. When quiet was 
restored, Mr. Carnegie said : 

Mr. President^ Ladies^ and Gentlemen: 
I HAVE been in a dream from the moment I entered this 
Institute yesterday. I have been in a dream all morn- 
ing, and I am not yet awake. [Laughter and applause^ 
I really can not understand it all. I think there is a 
defect in my nature. I confess to you, as I have had 
to confess to several, that I am totally unable to real- 
ize that I have had any part in creating this Institute. 
[Applause^ I have the same feeling about our sum- 
mer home in Scotland. I do not think any man ever 
loved the moors, lochs, and mountains more deeply 
than I, and yet I walk over them and can not feel the 
slightest sense of ownership. I doubt whether there is 
a man or woman living who can really own mountains 
and streams and lochs and miles of heather. I do not 
see how he can grasp the fact that they belong to him. I 
utterly fail. And here I can no more get a conception 
that this Institute, this great and beautiful gem, which 
astonishes Mrs. Carnegie and me alike, is my work. 


^— ^ 


Yesterday, when I was telling Mrs. Carnegie that I felt 
that Aladdin and his lamp had been at work, that genii 
had created the Institute, she said, ''Yes, and we did 
not even have to rub the lamp/' [Laughter'] I assure 
you this is not make-believe. I am truly serious in say- 
ing that I can not feel where my connection with all 
this comes in. I said to myself, "Yes, you gave Mr. 
Frew a little piece of paper addressed to Mr. Franks 
saying that he would honor the draft." Very well, I 
did, but I have never seen the bonds which they tell me 
I possess, — never! [Laughter] I know Mr. Franks 
says he has them, and that is all. Ladies and gentle- 
men, there is no realizing sense of possession possible 
to me under such circumstances. I can honestly ex- 
claim in a sense with Falstaff that "there 's no purchase 
in money." I do not miss what I gave. As far as I 
know there are as many bonds lying in the vault as 
there were before. [Laughter] Therefore, I hope you 
will believe me that all this talk about what I have 
done, and how I must feel about it, is positively with- 
out foundation. I can not feel so. And, ladies and 
gentlemen, with your permission, I propose to dream 
on. [Applause] 

1 made a few notes to which I will refer, because 
there are so many names and so many things which I 
wish to mention, that I would be apt to forget. 

It is just eleven years since I stood here and handed 
over the then Carnegie Institute to Pittsburgh. It was 
a combination, as I believe not before attempted, of 
library, art gallery, museum, and hall of music. The 



city was to maintain the Library, and, let me say in 
passing, most generously has she done so. {^Applause^ 
There are seven branch libraries required for her swell- 
ing population. I congratulate Pittsburgh upon being 
among the foremost cities of the world in public library 
development. [Applause^ She certainly has no su- 
perior, — ^in the presence of gentlemen from many cities, 
I hesitate to say more than that she has no superior, — 
but I think a little. [Applause'] I do not express my 
thought. [Laughter] Mr. Hopkins, the present li- 
brarian, has proved himself a fit successor to Mr. 
Anderson. Higher praise it would be difficult to be- 
stow. [Applause] The Department of Fine Arts, 
Museum, Hall of Music, and Technical Schools, since 
added, were to be endowed by me as unconditional 
gifts to the community. The Library may be considered 
a necessity for the city; the other departments, in our 
day, may be thought of somewhat as luxuries. 

The project took form in this way. A sum was of- 
fered by me for a free library, which the officials of 
Pittsburgh in their wisdom at that time refused. Our 
first home in the new land, Allegheny City, fortunately 
for both parties, recently married to Pittsburgh, then 
asked whether the rejected gift would be given to her. 
I was delighted. The Allegheny Library and Hall are 
the result of what was really Pittsburgh's money, fortu- 
nately now part of the bride's dowry. [Applause] 
The matter was not allowed to rest, for a young, pure, 
and public-spirited citizen, a member of council, moved 
that a committee of three be appointed to confer with 



me upon the subject. The motion carried, and the com* 
mittee came, the chairman being the gentleman who 
presides to-day. [Applause'] It is fortunate that there 
exists in American cities a class which responds to the 
call of duty, and has in all emergencies arisen to hon- 
estly and well serve or save the state. I place in that 
class the Mayor whom you have to-day. [Applause'] 
I said to the committee that the sum I originally pro- 
posed was too small, and instead of $250,000 given to 
Allegheny, I would now give Pittsburgh $1,000,000. 
The matter stood in this position until President Harri- 
son accompanied me here to open the Library and Hall 
in Allegheny. This was too much for Pittsburgh. A 
President had never visited Pittsburgh before for such 
an occasion. To think that the first one should pass 
over the river and visit Allegheny ! The next morning 
that public-spirited citizen, Christopher L. Magee, and 
some councilmen came to see me. They could not stand 
what had happened. My offer was accepted and the 
Institute appeared. [Applause] 

A little bit of history may be told here, since it brings 
into view one of the greatest of modern philosophers. 
I received a letter from Herbert Spencer, who had vis- 
ited Pittsburgh with me just after the Library was 
refused. He was bitter about some letters from cor- 
respondents in the papers, who explained to their own 
satisfaction, no doubt, that my aim was only to erect a 
monument for myself. When I made the larger offer, 
he wrote that after Pittsburgh's former rejection it 
should have been allowed to suffer the consequences, to 



which I replied that if I had offered the gift in order to 
please Pittsburgh or court popularity, or to erect a 
monument, I should probably have felt as he indicated ; 
but as my sincere desire was to promote the good of 
Pittsburgh and not my own good, I was not wounded 
at its refusal, and I rejoiced when Pittsburgh changed 
its mind and was willing to maintain a public library, 
for, ladies and gentlemen, it is not what a man gives, 
but what he induces communities to give, or to perform, 
that produces the most precious fruit. [^Applause^ 
What we do for ourselves is more stimulating than 
what others do for us. In this case Pittsburghers knew 
I was one of themselves, for here it was that fortune 
came to me, and it is as a Pittsburgher I have labored 
for Pittsburgh. This Institute is built by a Pittsburgher 
with Pittsburgh money for Pittsburgh. You all know 
the beneficent results which have followed. 

The Hall of Music, under Mr. Wilson's able control, 
led to the organization of your permanent orchestra, 
how rare an acquisition, of which neither London nor 
New York can boast. There are only three in America, 
and not one in Great Britain; one in Russia; one in 
France; and, I have no doubt, several in that great 
home and birthplace of the musical masters, Germany. 
Pittsburgh, I trust, is not to be deprived of that unique 
distinction. Assuredly such an orchestra, under Mr. 
Paur's fine direction, brings far-reaching and most de- 
sirable fruits in plenteous measure. [Applause'] The 
organ recitals are not to be overlooked. Many are the 
youths of Pittsburgh, who through these will have their 



finer natures touched and attuned, the results being 
lifelong. I attach so much importance to music. I be- 
lieve with him who wrote: "Oh! music, sacred tongue 
of God, I hear thee calling, and I come." Cherish your 
orchestra and develop your musical facilities here. 
Believe me, music is the highest expression which the 
human race has yet attained. [Applause'\ 

The Museum, under the indefatigable Dr. Holland, 
one of yourselves, and a Pittsburgher, can scarcely be 
spoken of in sober terms. With only a small portion of 
the fund enjoyed by two or three similar institutions, 
which I understand will be largely augmented, how- 
ever, by the trustees, it has produced results not less, 
and in some respects even greater, than these larger in- 
stitutions. Indeed, some of the remarkable finds of 
ancient animals have placed it foremost in all the world 
in this department. Dr. Holland's gift of his unsur- 
passed entomological collection was the first chief ac- 
quisition of the Museum, but the Doctor has made a 
much more valuable gift since. He has given himself. 
[Applausel [As Mr. Carnegie continued to mention 
the names of his friends, the audience caught the spirit 
of his amiability and applauded until each one arose on 
the platform and bowed his thanks for the compliment. 
This play between the orator and his audience greatly 
quickened the animation of the speech.] The Museum 
has attained international position as one of the world's 
institutions and reflects infinite credit upon its director 
and his staff. Of Dr. Holland it may be said he grows 
more famous as he travels from home. I am very apt 



to forget what he is, and, while he is with me in New 
York or here, treat him as only one of ourselves. And 
the same way with Professor Brashear, to whom the 
Institute owes much. [^Great applause^ These great 
men are all very modest. You do well to cheer Brashear 
and Holland. It is only when they are met in Europe 
that one is brought to realize the great gulf between 
these two men and the like of me and the others. 

The Boys' Naturalists Club is an outgrowth of the 
Museum, and of much moment. 

Now there comes the Department of Fine Arts, under 
the management of Mr. Beatty, also a Pittsburgher, 
which has also achieved a high position, and reflects in- 
finite credit upon the man who has been its director 
from the beginning. Its annual exhibitions are events 
looked forward to both here and in Europe. Pictures 
are sent here by the first artists of Europe, I am in- 
formed, to a greater extent than to any other American 
exhibition, those of New York not excepted. I often 
hear the story of our jury skying a picture by the great 
Detaille. I should like all these celebrated Frenchmen, 
and all the other gentlemen, to listen to this story. 
There is a lesson in it for all of us : They skied one of 
the pictures by the great Detaille. By the by, I take 
credit myself for just a little artistic sense, and I never 
could favor the pictures by Meissonier ; I always said, 
no, no, Detaille is the greater artist. I only want 
Beatty and these men in the artistic class to know that 
I can't be fooled all the time, that is, I do know a little. 
[Laugh ter"] When the gentlemen of the jury were in- 




formed that they had skied Detaille the reply was su- 
perb. Mr. John Caldwell's jury said: "We can't help 
that; we don't regard names here, but art. It would 
have been the same if it had been painted by Rem- 
brandt." \_Applause and laughter'] I congratulate 
Pittsburgh upon this exhibition of triumphant demo- 
cracy. [Laughter] Pedigree does not count in the 
Pittsburgh Institute ; and the manner in which we elect 
our jury is thoroughly democratic. Every artist who 
exhibits is sent a ballot to vote for eight or nine men for 
a j ury . Those who receive a ma j ori ty of votes are elected 
judges, and they render the verdict. I am bound to say 
it is not always satisfactory to all the exhibitors. Yet, 
I remark, you do not hear any of their complaints 
through the omnipotent press. They are silent. 

Our ceremony to-day embraces the Technical Schools. 
These are part of the Institute, and no mean part. In 
direct practical results, under the magical sway of Dr. 
Hamerschlag, [L^;2^ applause] — it is astonishing what 
good judges this audience is of men! [Laughter and 
applause] — ^perhaps it is to overshadow any other part, 
for it opens to students of both sexes, through the doors 
of knowledge, new and improved scientific modes of 
reaching higher results through better means. It ele- 
vates mere manual labor, making it more the product of 
the brain and less of the hand, of skill rather than of 
force. Based upon science and more refined methods, it 
must create finer tastes. All the Technical students 
have free access to Library, Department of Fine Arts, 



Music Hall, and Museum. Our Technical Schools, 
therefore, while resting upon the severely practical 
foundation of teaching young men and women how 
best to fit themselves to earn their bread by the sweat 
of their brows, may be regarded as also educational in 
esthetic fields in no small degree. Thus, while giving 
them the best of all foundations for building up char- 
acter, there are also the refining and broadening in- 
fluences of culture in other directions. The students 
feel that they are to be no mere drones living upon 
others, but are preparing to become of use in the world, 
winning the respect of others because possessed of their 

I am told there arc to-day thirteen hundred and 
ninety students, young men and young women, and 
several thousands waiting admission. In every depart- 
ment there exist obvious proofs of intense earnestness, 
great esprit de corps^ and a determination to profit by 
the advantages offered. Already there have been de- 
veloped strong feelings of pride in and love for the 

Thus, ladies and gentlemen, wherever we look 
around us, in every branch of the Institute, we find 
success written in large and unmistakable letters. The 
tree has borne good fruit abundantly, year after year 
in the past, and promises to continue to do so increas- 
ingly, year after year, generation after generation. 
The end, no man can foretell. \^Applause\ This 
proves the presence of an able and devoted organizer at 
the head of the Commission to whom especial thanks 



» 1 

^ i 






• I 


are due. Mr. Frew has been a harmonizing and con- [ I 

stnictive force throughout. [^Applause] Hence the | j I' 

success of the Institute. He would be the first to ac- \ 

knowledge the invaluable services rendered by Mr. 
Church, the all-pervading secretary [Applause^ and 
historian, remember, of the Institute. Then there is 
Judge Reed, the treasurer without bond. [Applause] 
Ladies and gentlemen, even all the reports in these days > M 

of failure to perform fiduciary duties have never moved * P 

us to ask a bond from Judge Reed. If he should fall, I 
should feel as Shakspere's Henry V did when he said 
of Lord Scroop: "For this revolt of thine, methink, is 
like another fall of man." Then there is Mr. John 
Caldwell, chairman of the Fine Arts Committee \^Ap- 
plause] ; and my fellow Sunday-school scholar, Charlie 
Mellor. [Applause] We both went to the same church, • ^ ^ 

and I do not believe there is one in a hundred knows . | ||; 

what kind of a church it was we went to. It was the . ? \i 

Swedenborgian. I do not believe Mr. Mellor lives any- 
where else than in the Museum. I hope you will call * ^ i^ 
on him. [Applause] Then there is another man of the 
same persuasion, Mr. Macbeth [Applause] ; and Mr. 
McConway, chairman of the Technical Schools Com- 
mittee, he is another. [Applause] Where is he? He 
is not here. He is out of the city. Well, ladies and 
gentlemen, I will make a graceful bow for him. [Ap- 
plause] [Mr. Carnegie made a deep obeisance amid 
great laughter and applause.] And Mr. Metcalf, 
chairman of the Conunittee of Buildings and Grounds. 
[Applause] Last, Mr. Wasson, of the Music Hall 



- 1/ 


1 ( 





! ■ 

. V 








Committee, a town councilor, whose heart is in this 
work as well. Now, let us call on him. [Applause^ 
Ah, ladies and gentlemen, not one of these men whom I 
have named, the chairmen of the various committees, 
could be induced to take a dollar for all the labor and 
all the thought he has given to this Institute. [Ap^ 
plausel^ I would say to our foreign guests, who read a 
great deal about the troubles we have in this country, 
that our troubles are only skin-deep. Partizanship is 
only skin-deep. Why, deep down below, we are all 
good friends. It is a great country; I am a great optim- 
ist. I can not see anything wrong in the joyous repub- 
lic, and especially, not even with a magnifying glass, 
could I find anything wrong with Pittsburgh ! [Long 

Now, you see, judging by the past, the Institute's 
future promises well. There is no question of Pitts- 
burgh's continued growth, no indications that she will 
not retain her commanding position as a manufacturing 
city, foremost in certain important lines; and in my 
view there is no question of the continued growth and 
usefulness of the Institute. In after days when the 
Founder becomes merely a name, as Harvard and Yale 
and Cornell and many founders are to-day, the future 
Pittsburgh millionaire, loyal to the city where he has 
prospered, will see that his bequests can be best be- 
stowed upon needed extensions or new departments or 
collateral institutions now unthought of. [Applause] 
It will become more and more the fashion, may I not say 
the duty, of Pittsburghers to consider what return they 



can make to the city which has done so much for them. 
[^Applause^ Wealth will be less prized for itself in 
future generations, and the chief aim will be to bestow 
it wisely, and, I may add, justly; for surely the city, 
where wealth is made, has, after the family, the first 
claim. I read a will in your newspapers yesterday, I 
wish I could remember the name, it was familiar. The 
man left his estate to institutions of this city. I hope 
the press will look that up and insert that benefactor's 

A Voice : John Porterfield. [Applause'] 

Yes, that 's it; that was the name, and I knew him. 
Was it Porterfield alone ? 

A Voice : Porterfield and Stevenson. 

Yes, I thought he had a partner. There is an ex- 
ample for you ! [Applause] What a poor legacy does 
a man leave to his children and his children's children, 
who prospers here, and dies without remembering his 
city. [Applause] Oh, I speak now the word of sober- 
ness to you men. Here lies your duty. "For he that 
loveth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he 
love God whom he hath not seen?" I think that is a 
very good text. Now when this fact is realized, Pitts- 
burgh will be abundantly supplied, and this Institute 
will have become the precursor of other institutions, 
the gifts of Pittsburgh men for Pittsburgh. [Applause] 

Now I wish to speak of a very pleasant feature. The 
gifts to the various departments of the Institute have 
already been so nimierous that mention of the donors 
is impracticable. More than twenty have been given 


» \i 


to the Art Gallery; between four and five hundred to 
the Museum, some of the gifts being extremely valu- 
able; no less than seven hundred to the Library; and, 
here is a bright spot, even the Technical School, which 
has just started, has received $15,CXX) to found a schol- 
arship to be given to a poor but worthy student. {^Ap- 
plause^ I was happier when I received that letter than 
I have been for a long time. This, within a few months 
of its creation, is only one of the many proofs that we 
have there the right man in the right place, and that the 
school is to be heard from in the future. [Applause'] 
The names of the donors arc recorded in the annals of 
the Institute, and will furnish pleasant reading to their 
descendants in future generations. These proofs of 
genuine Pittsburgh cooperation are the sweetest of all 
possible rewards. They have enabled me to dwell upon 
the fact that I am not alone in this work, and at inter- 
vals they whisper, "You are not alone, you have Pitts- 
burgh with you," delicious music that comes to my 
heart and makes me glad. 

There is room for many things of the spirit in our 
city. Things material are abundant. Our mills and 
factories are nimierous, large and prosperous, but things 
material, including money itself, should only be the 
foundation upon which we build things spiritual. Our 
mines of iron and coal have not completed their mission 
when transmuted into articles for use; not even com- 
pleted their mission when transmuted into dollars. All 
is still upon the material plane. Not until the dollars 
are transmuted into service for others, in one of the 



many forms best calculated to appeal to and develop 
the higher things of the moral, intellectual and esthetic 
life, has wealth completely justified its existence. [Ap- 
plause^ Dollars are only dross until spiritualized, a 
means to an end ; and miserable is the man, mean and 
squalid his life, who knows no better than to deaden his 
soul by mere possession, counting over the hoard which 
holds him down, or using his faculties in old age in 
augmenting the useless stuff which ministers not to any 
taste worthy of man. [^Applause] 

There is surely to arise from the wealth created here 
a body of men who will find in the distribution of their 
gains where they were made, the genuine reward which 
surplus wealth can give, the knowledge that it is cer- 
tain in after years to elevate, refine, and purify the 
lives of those who succeed us, and that we have left one 
spot of earth at least a little better than we found it. 

There is one body of men to whom the Institute pri- 
marily owes its success : the Commission which has la- 
bored so generously as trustees from the beginning. The 
chairmen of all the conmiittees you have called for and 
thanked. But the silent members of the Commission 
can not even be mentioned here this afternoon. We 
thank them, however, and congratulate them upon the 
crowning success of to-day. [^Applause] 

Now, it has been my rare privilege as years have 
passed to become more and more intimate with the class 
of men whose delight it is to labor not for self, but for 
others ; not for their own gain, but for the gain of the 
conmiunity. Much of self-sacrifice I have seen that 


i f 








elevates human nature. Little does and little can 
the speculator on the exchange, or the mere dollar- 
grabber in any line of activity, know of the higher 
pleasures of human existence. Only when a man labors 
for the general good, and for other than miserable aims 
that end with self, can he know and enjoy the high spir- 
itual rewards of life. We have such men in Pitts- 
burgh, deeply interested in this Institute, a large body 
of them; and also in the Hero Fund and in the Pension 
Fund, and in many other philanthropic fields, men who 
have their hearts in the work. If it were not invidious 
to name some who are exceptional where all have done 
so well, I should like to do so now; but they seek no 
popularity, or other reward, beyond the return received 
from laboring for the general good. Many are the men 
and women in Pittsburgh who are laborers in the vine- 
yards of self-abnegation. The highest type of human- 
ity, believe me, is that which does most to make our 
earthly home a heaven. The highest worship of God is 
service to man. [Applause'\ 

Special acknowledgment is due to the press of Pitts- 
burgh [Applause^ , which has from the inception of the 
Institute been lavish of their space and labor to keep it 
before the people ; and much of the general acceptance 
and popularity obtained has been owing to this. The 
medical profession is justly credited with giving an 
enormous amount of service gratuitously, but I judge 
the press to be abreast of it. Every good non-partizan 
work has its powerful support. All parties are found 
in happy agreement here. 



We wish also to express our thanks to the eminent 
men from many parts of our own country, and from 
many foreign lands, who honor us to-day by their pres- 
ence. [Applause'] Pittsburgh has never seen a gath- 
ering comprising so many distinguished men from the 
Old World. It has welcomed them with pleasure. It 
is highly honored in receiving men whose names are 
household words in both the Old and the New World; 
honored, also, in having so many of our own land whose 
names are known in both, and who have made the world 
their debtor for services rendered. Such assemblages 
presage the coming federation of the world. Many be- 
fore you to-day, ladies and gentlemen, are more than 
Americans, more than Italians, more than Frenchmen, 
more than Dutchmen, more than Germans. They are 
citizens of the world, and the world owns itself their 
debtor. [Applause] It will not be considered in- 
vidious if special mention be made of the interest dis- 
played in our Institute by that remarkable man, the 
German Emperor [Applause]^ very like another re- 
markable man of whom we hear so much in our coun- 
try, — very much alike, these two men are. [Applause] 
We owe the Emperor much for sending General von 
Loewenfeld as his representative, and his Minister of 
State, von Moeller, and other eminent men. I ask 
them to convey to the Emperor the profound acknow- 
ledgment of all interested in the Institute. We ear- 
nestly wish for him a continuance, a long continuance, 
of the reign of peace and prosperity which has so long 
blessed his sway; for, be it remembered to his credit, 


that since he has reigned his hands are guiltless of 
human blood shed in international war. [^Applause'] 
That is the reason I think the Emperor the coming man 
of destiny who will perhaps perform a miracle before 
he passes away. He has it in his power to abolish war 
from this world. [Applause^ He has only to ask 
America, Britain, and France to join with him in creat- 
ing an International Police Force to tell the other lands 
of the world that since it has become interdependent no 
nation has the right to disturb the general peace of the 
world. [Applause'] That is true, — the German Em- 
peror could do that to-day at The Hague Conference, 
and he would find powers that would rally around him 
and say, "Yes, we have had this killing of men by men 
long enough. Let it no longer disgrace humanity." 
[Great applause] We must also remember that our 
Technical Schools have Charlottenburg to follow as 
their model. We can not forget what we owe to Ger- 
many as the teacher of the nation in industrial educa- 
tion. [Applause] Again, we can not omit recognition 
of the valued congratulations brought to us by the 
friends from our sister republic of France, [Great ap- 
plause] to whom this country owes so much. They can 
never be forgotten. One can not imagine the two re- 
publics in variance upon any subject whatever, and as 
we have had Germany as a teacher in industrial devel- 
opment, so we have had for our Art Department the 
guidance of France, the leader in things artistic. [Ap- 

Now, ladies and gentlemen, for the last word. I beg 



your pardon for exercising your patiei 
is present to-day one of my oldest an 
that good Quaker, Joseph Wharton, 
[^Applause"] I ask him to rise. [M 
amid great cheering, and bowed] H 
years ago when I stood here and han 
Institute, and he is here to-day, God 
reminded me the other day in Philadt 
at his house, how I ended my oration- 
is the proper name for it — oration — 
that I made, but which he handled 
such dramatic effect that I can onli 
him. I said, "Those are the very wi 
will close at the forthcoming celebrati 
of the enlarged Institute." I wish he 
say it for you. But I will try to imit 
I can. [Extending his hands, and sp 
solemnity] Take, then, people of P 
stitute from one who owes Pittsburg! 
her deeply, and who would serve her i 

The other addresses of the day wen 
order in which they are here printed : 





In the name of my colleagues, to whom, as to myself, 
has fallen the good fortune to participate in this festive 
occasion as the delegates of his Majesty, the German 
Emperor, I have the honor to express his Majesty's, 
as well as our own, most heartfelt congratulations. 
First of all, these congratulations are due to the mag- 
nanimous founder of the Institute bearing his name, 
the donor of the grand structure, the dedication of 
which has brought us here together. We also congratu- 
late the Board of Trustees of this ingenious creation, 
upon whom devolves the honorable and pleasant, yet 
highly responsible duty of administering this rare com- 
bination of institutes for propagating and popular- 
izing education in the arts and sciences. Theirs it is to 
develop it and make its blessings permanently acces- 
sible to the changing and widening circles of the people 
of this Union. And — last, but not least — we felicitate 
the citizens of Pittsburgh on calling such a magni- 
ficent educational institute their own ; for deriving for 
themselves, at first hand, its beneficial effects; and, 
above all, for having raised within their walls a man 
of such immense energy, of such wonderful success 






and, withal, of such noble munificence, who has not 
only very materially contributed to the astonishing de- 
velopment of your industries, but who, with a clear per- 
ception of his duties toward the conmiunity, has placed 
this rare Institute at the disposal of his fellow-citizens, 
who here may find the means for either supplementing 
and replenishing their education out of the riches of the 
library, the museimis, or through musical performances, 
procure for themselves the intellectual enjoyments in- 
dispensable for their recuperation from the effects of 
their arduous daily work. They, thus, may gather 
strength for keeping up that high degree of activity es- 
sential to life in this wonderful country, which, as it 
has for generations produced treasures without limita- 
tion out of its seemingly inexhaustible virgin soil, 
makes demand upon the working capacity of its in- 
habitants unknown to the Old World, yet undoubt- 
edly as exhausrible as even the best soil. He who thus 
affords mental relief to the worker is, therefore, a bene- 
factor to mankind in a double sense of the word. The 
principal object of the Institute, however, I find in its 
educational establishments of various descriptions, 
which are primarily intended to train ambitious young 
people of either sex for new and remunerative lines of 
human activity, and, by this means, foster the economic 
progress of this country in general. 

To my mind it is a well established fact that, in the 
development of our present era of substitution of me- 
chanical power in the place of human and animal labor, 
with all its wonders of progress, but also with its 



1 1 


estrangement between employed and employers and the 
educated classes in general, the latter have come face to 
face with duties, the discharge of which is not only de- 
manded by the commands of justice, but is one of the 
leading problems with which all nations employing 
modern methods of production have to deal, in order to 
avert the serious conflict between the different classes 
of society which endangers the existence of our modern 

There is still a great diversity of opinions as to the 
proper means to be employed in combating the symp- 
toms of social disease, and it would be out of place 
here to discuss this subject at any length. The fact, 
however, that the conveyance of education to the more 
industrious among the uneducated workers, as a means 
of elevating them into the higher spheres of life and 
finally into the propertied classes, is one of the most 
effective instrumentalities in effacing the existing so- 
cial contrasts, is universally recognized, especially 
among people of a democratic trend of thinking, such 
as the people of this country. In the Old World, too, 
^ the number of those who incline to regard education as 
a privilege of the higher classes only, is becoming less 
and less, until it has almost reached the point of ex- 
tinction. Thus, in Germany, it is to-day considered 
a social obligation of the highest order, devolving 
alike upon conununities and states, to extend the train- 
ing given to the young in public schools, through 
schools for adults, into the first years of their working. 
Attendance upon these schools, at first optional, was 






* ■ 









5 , 
* • 



later, in the case of mechanics at least, made obligatory, 
and the time for instruction, formerly evenings and 

Sundays, transferred into the working hours in order .^ 

not to have overworked pupils, and not to deprive the 
latter of their Sunday's rest. During the first years of 
the new century we have made good progress in that di- 
rection, and the time is not far distant when instruction 
for adults will be obligatory upon all young workers in 
factories who received their first training in public 

schools. The ambitious young man may, at his option, ^ 

still further fit himself for his calling in special and 1 . 

evening classes, which are held with particular refer- 
ence to the peculiar needs of the various crafts and . 
trades. For full-aged laborers there are likewise eve- 
ning courses arranged in connection with the schools for 

special branches of instruction: the middle technical J M 

schools for the building, machinery, shipbuilding, tex- 
tile, and pottery trades, mechanical arts, etc., etc., 
where they may avail themselves of the rich resources 
of instruction of these schools. It has been a source of 
special gratification to me to learn from the brief me- 
morial sent us with reference to the Carnegie Institute, 
that you are proceeding on the same lines as we ; that 
here, too, instruction is given not only in day, but in 
night schools as well, which latter do now, but still 
more in the grand new edifice, place a vast educational 
apparatus at the disposal of the worker of higher as- 

The fact that we thus work harmoniously seems to 
fully justify the encouraging conclusion that our ef- 









forts toward elevating the intellectual level of the 
working classes are moving in the right direction. 

In Germany, municipalities in the first place, and 
the state in a subsidiary way, are held to make pro- 
vision, not only for public, but also for higher schools. 
Our universities and technical high schools are state 
establishments, exclusively. Nevertheless, we, too, 
pride ourselves on possessing educational institutions, 
especially in the field of commercial training, which, 
originated by individual initiative, owe their existence 
to mercantile corporations or chambers of commerce. 
Of that class are numerous schools for adults in mer- 
cantile pursuits : the commercial high school of Berlin ; 
the commercial high school of Cologne, the latter the 
gift of the late Mr. von Mewissen; and the Academy 
of Social and Commercial Science of Frankfort on the 
Main, a donation of Mr. Merton, of the same city. 

In this country, where the work of many centuries 
had to be crowded into the narrow space of little more 
than a hundred years, our gait seemed rather slow, and 
successful men in various walks of life have in numer- 
ous instances anticipated any action on the part of the 
community by erecting and supporting, out of their 
own means, large educational institutions of higher or- 
der. Admiringly we stand here before one of the most 
remarkable illustrations of this generous, high-minded 
spirit among American citizens. 

In order to add our own mite to the treasures of the 
Institute's collections, we have the honor to, herewith, 
offer a series of official publications of the German Em- 



pire, of the Kingdom of Prussia, and of the City of Ber- 
lin, together with a narration, published by the Mining 
Society of Dortmund, of the development of coal-pro- 
ducing in the Rhenish- Westphalian District, and to 
ask permission to present the same at the proper time. 
Our heartiest thanks, in conclusion, are due, above 
all, to Mr. Carnegie and to the trustees of this Insti- 
tute, to whom we are indebted for the opportunity thus 
afforded us to attend this beautiful celebration and to 
visit the city, the rich resources of which have prepared 
the way for the donor of this beautiful edifice to prac- 
tise his most liberal munificence. [Applause] 




M. Paul Doumer was introduced at this moment and 
delivered an extemporaneous speech of great force and 
beauty. He pleaded for the recognition of intellectual 
ideals against the domination of force the world over. 
His discourse, in the French language, was keenly en- 
joyed by the audience, and it is greatly to be regretted 
that M. Doumer declares himself unable to recall the 
speech for the purpose of publication. 


' u 






This Institute which we open to-day does not require 
our eulogy. It is in itself a fact more eloquent than 
words. It is a positive act, an act of faith in the future 
of our civilization. If we try to conceive the amount 
of effort required to realize our common aspirations 
of progress and justice, we perceive only too clearly 
our own weakness ; but if, face to face with these monu- 
ments raised to science by labor, we estimate the diffi- 
culties that have already been surmounted in spite of 
everything, we hail man's work with confidence. Ruins 
may be accumulated on ruins, ignorance and barbarism 
may humiliate us by their return, but in the end reason 
wins the day, and at the very moment when we might 
be tempted to despair, it is preparing its most brilliant 

Where can we find better than in America evidence 
of the constant advance of human activity? In spite 
of the vicissitudes and failures which visit you, as well 
as ourselves, what a decisive lesson of optimism you 
are offering to the Old World ! It is barely six years 
since I made my last trip to America, and yet I find it 
difficult to calculate the services rendered by your 
country to humanity during such a short period. I came 
in February, 1902, visiting Washington, New York, and 



' 1: 

I . 



• 1 


K * 


Chicago, pleading the cause so dear to me, demonstrat- 
ing the need of a new international policy and the 
urgency of an organization of peace. There are suffi- 
cient inevitable catastrophes, like those of Courri^res 
and San Francisco, and so many others, that take us by 
surprise, leaving behind them sorrow and even death, 
for us to abstain from adding wittingly to them other 
calamities, and to induce us to devote to works of life a 
part of the essential resources we now lavish on works 
of destruction. And lo, on every side is beginning to 

appear that organization which was deemed chimerical. l \ 

We can celebrate in advance its success, more or less 
remote. No matter, we are content with the perspec- 
tive of the harvest. To be sure, the cultivator sees with 
pride his ripe corn-fields, ready to be transformed into 
force, wealth, and intelligence; but long before the 
simuner-time he has already tasted a pleasure of quite 
another depth: the joy of triumphant effort over the 
resistance of men and things; victorious over winter 
and ignorance, utilizing the bad days for the prepara- 
tion of good ones, he has seen his fields grow green un- 
der the stormy sky of March. 

It was impossible that America should not contribute 
largely toward this success. She is in full growth, she 
favors the development of new ideas, while Europe too 
often sees in them a menace for what she calls estab- 
lished order. How many noble and fruitful ideas that 
have had their origin in Europe could not exist there ; 
and veritable wandering souls, during years and even 
centuries, surviving the men who conceived them, 


« t 


• « 




\ ' 

i ' 

I \ 


have bided their time around their tombs. How many 
of them are still waiting ! In vain they call — we do not 
hear them, or, if we do, perhaps they wake in us as many 
doubts as hopes. Our history is old, glorious with 
many sublime examples, but interspersed also with 
many injustices; it shows us might trimnphing over 
right with impunity, and such memories are lessons so 
painful as to paralyze our initiative. Your history, on 
the contrary, dates from only the other day, and when, 
in despair, our ideas emigrate and come to your shores, 
they find in America an open field and men freer 
than ourselves to apply them. Thus the scheme of a 
pacific organization, denounced as culpable or ridicu- 
lous in our own old divided European states, was intel- 
ligently received by your own young United States of 
America; your patronage first won for it a certain at- 
tention in our own government spheres. 

Let no one raise against me the fatality of our 
European divisions, since the present regime is per- 
petuating them; since it has not advanced by a single 
hour the Franco-German reconciliation upon which 
the rest depends ; since it has not even revealed the mu- 
tual concessions necessary for this reconciliation. ' An 
improvement, however slow, would be better for every- 
body than the acceptance of such a regime. No, every 
effort in the sense of an improvement has been ham- 
pered. By tacit agreement, the European governments 
organized the boycott of The Hague Tribunal; they 
have not understood the advantage of developing that 
germ. At one time popular enthusiasm was led to be- 



lieve that the burdens of armed peace were going to be 
diminished; the representatives of the governments, as- 
sembled for the first time in a world-assembly, had been 
inspired by generous emulation more, perhaps, than by 
their original instructions. As a matter of fact, the 
work of the Conference of 1899 was not in vain. Al- 
though it did not give the reduction of armaments, it 
finished by establishing a permanent tribunal of arbi- 
tration; all that remained was to provide that juris- 
diction, so eagerly anticipated, with the means of exist- 
ence. It was deprived of them. The governments, 
surprised at its birth, refused to believe in it. None of 
them wanted to intrust it with the slightest litigation. 
Incredible though it may appear, while the baptism of 
the most insignificant of princes is celebrated to the 
sound of ringing bells and salvos of artillery, the Court 
of The Hague was not even inaugurated. 

What a contrast between this chilly reception by the 
public authorities and the aspirations of the whole 
world! I did not believe that this contrast could be 
prolonged without danger, and I and my friends took it 
upon ourselves to oppose to this sterile skepticism what 
I designedly called "the results of The Hague Confer- 
ence.'' Everywhere, throughout France and in the 
majority of European countries, I found the same sym- 
pathy, but nowhere more than among yourselves. 
What a mysterious harmony between French hopes and 
American energies! And it is not the first time that 
the hopes of the two peoples have been associated. 
How living appeared to me the memories of that tradi- 








I Ite 


tional agreement when I was allowed to celebrate on 
your soil the heroic days of your liberation, and of 
uniting in one and the same homage the names of 
Washington and Lafayette ! But what are the duties 
imposed upon us by memories such as these ^ ''Our 
fathers,'" I said at Chicago, "gave to their descendants 
liberty; it is for us to give peace to ours." 

History will award to President Roosevelt the 
honor of having clearly laid down the elements of the 
present problem. I presume that in the first place he 
sought to serve his own country by taking the initiative 
of a rational evolution at the same time as advantage- 
ous and indispensable for the United States as for 
every other power. However that may be, he has given 
the world a fine lesson in true patriotism. He has 
shown that it is not enough to be ready to die for one's 
country, as we all are, but that it is also necessary to 
work toward the development of its progress ; to insure 
its security, not only by the organization and the re- 
newal of its strength, but by avoiding to exhaust or 
compromise it in useless complications; by improving 
its relations with foreign powers; and by preparing a 
long time in advance honorable reconciliations and the 
amicable solution of new conflicts which are always 

President Roosevelt took office at the moment when 
Europe was still mourning over the loss of two of the 
best servants of civilization — Gladstone and Gam- 
betta. Like them he understood the growing solidarity 
which is bringing peoples together, and which, notwith- 




standing the infinite variety of their conditions, even 
the opposition of their interests, is uniting in the same 
superior need for justice and truth; and like them 
too, he had pleaded the great causes, knowing that, 
while a country may be proud of its territorial impor- 
tance and its economic prosperity, it is nevertheless not 
truly great except by the radiation of its thought and 
of its generous activity. 

An elite of the American people seconded President 
Roosevelt in his noble enterprise. I will name only 
those who are no longer with us — the lamented John 
Hay and George Frederick William HoUs. The first 
act of their campaign was the rehabilitation of The 
Hague Court. In the spring of 1902, the government 
of the United States decided to give Europe a good ex- 
ample. In agreement with the Mexican government it 
confided to the new International Tribunal its first case. 
That lesson not being understood, President Roosevelt 
subsequently declined the arbitration submitted to him 
during the Venezuela affair and sent the litigants to 
the Court which they had persisted in wishing not to 
recognize. Mr. Carnegie, for his part, noted the fact 
that The Hague Court had not been provided with a 
home and he therefore endowed it with one. He 
thought to himself, ''poor, it is ignored, but once it is 
luxuriously housed, consideration will come.'' Mis- 
fortune was charmed away. 

On the other hand, a powerful Arbitration Group 
was formed in the French Parliament toward the end 
of 1902, and continued without cessation to bring pres- 


' I 




sure to bear on the different governments. A new at- 
mosphere was created as favorable to the new ideas as 
it had before been contrary to them. Then a decisive 
event occurred. The new sovereign of Great Britain, 
Edward VII, took it upon himself to undertake, in 
1903, his famous visit to Paris, which touched the heart 
of France, and decided the entente cordiale. Treaties 
of arbitration, friendly conventions, settlements, and 
agreements were multiplied, and parliaments ex- 
changed visits and formed relations of friendship. The 
Conventions of The Hague became an unhoped-for re- 
source. Their automatic action sufficed to settle the 
Hull or Dogger-Bank Incident, thus saving civiliza- 
tion from a general conflagration. It is true that the 
world was not saved from trials during this short pe- 
riod. The Russo-Japanese War is an example, out of 
many others, of wars that might have been avoided 
and which broke out notwithstanding everything, be- 
cause the education of public opinion is too imperfect. 
It is nevertheless thanks to American initiative that 
this war was terminated. The Algeciras affair also tes- 
tifies to the instability of the regime of armed peace; 
but it has been possible to settle it without the effusion 
of blood, by means of a species of tribunal composed of 
representatives of the powers. Formerly, and not so 
long since, either, diplomatic conferences met after the 
war to remedy the disasters. Is it not a progress that 
they now unite before, in order to prevent them"? 

There remains the limitation of armaments as well 
as the organization of international justice, and the 



to-day will appear precarious and insufficient to our 
children ; and that which they will prepare in their turn 
will be but steps toward other improvements which, 
too, will doubtless be thwarted, though certain to come. 

Grentlemen, I have now sununarized for you the im- 
provements recently gained. War has ceased to be the 
classic and glorious solution of international conflicts ; 
it is no longer but the barbarous and perilous ultima 
ratio of the oppressor and the last resource of the op- 
pressed. Far from disappearing, we must always be 
prepared for economic antagonisms, arising out of busi- 
ness activities; but a government which allows these 
antagonisms to degenerate into local or national 
hatreds, and, still worse, into racial hatreds, and which 
makes war on the territory of a rival, will arouse 
against it an unexpected solidarity of natural mistrust 
and perhaps hostility. Nolens volens arbitration also 
appears to be the modem solution of the majority of 
conflicts, and the development of arbitration will have 
for its natural corollary the limitation of armaments. 

But arbitration will very soon not be enough; it is 
only a remedy, — ^we ought to prevent the evil. Con- 
ciliation will be the duty of to-morrow. It will in each 
country impose itself more even at home than abroad ; 
a thankless task and a particularly disinterested mis- 
sion, since it consists in preventing difficulties from 
arising, while malevolent people will always be able 
to pretend that these difficulties would never have 
arisen. It is toward that, however, that our principal 
efforts must be directed, and it is that which this ad- 





Institute will teach you. Leave the diplomat- 
ist his role, which will be all the more useful as the 
points of contact between peoples become greater. Let 
us facilitate his task by instructing public opinion. 
This work of education should commence at the begin- 
ning, with the child, the mother, with the schools, form- 
ing masters and men, raising the conscience to a level 
where it can disengage itself from its isolation and 
know itself. In other words, in each country there 
should be groups of men capable of exercising a benefi- 
cent influence on governments and on public opinion, 
and capable of neutralizing Chauvinistic passions. 
That much being done, these national groups should 
be united into one vast International Association. This 
is for our generation the last phase of pacific evolution. 
The international education which we promote can 
only be efficacious on condition that it has its starting- 
point in national education. What good could arise 
from attempting to improve the morals of our time, if 
we neglect the morals of our own country? 

That is why we have come so far and from so many 
different countries to take part in this grand manifesta- 
tion of individual and national initiative to which you 
have done us the honor to invite us, and from which 
we can draw a universal lesson. Elevating the moral, 
intellectual, and material level of a people, is at the 
same time serving that particular people and other 
peoples as well in giving all an example and a guide. 
Creating a library, a museum, a hospital, an institute, 
on any part of the globe is to stir up emulation at thou- 







v • 



■ I 


sands of other points, is to contribute to general educa- 
tion, and to prepare the conciliation, the progress, and 
the peace of the world. 

Such is the work that we honor to-day. The ancients 
considered that they had done their duty toward the 
people in giving them panem et circenses; modern so- 
ciety consecrates to their instruction its most generous 
initiatives and its palaces. [^Applause] 



(A E 





The building which is thrown open to you to-day for 
the first time was designed by Messrs. Alden & Har- 
low, from whom it will always stand as the noble proof 
of a beautiful architectural conception. The style, 
as you will see, is that of the Italian Renaissance. 
The building has a frontage of four hundred feet, and 
a depth of six hundred feet. At either end are steps 
leading into the main halls, these entrances being strik- 
ingly effective with their great bronze figures of Shak- 
spere and Bach at one end, and Gralileo and Michelan- 
gelo at the other. There are also large bronze groups 
representing Art, Science, Music, and Literature above 
the comer piers at the roof, Mr. J. Massey Rhind being 
the sculptor. The frieze which encircles the building 
bears the names of distinguished men. The building 
itself occupies four acres of ground. The beauties of 
the interior you must discover for yourselves. The 
many marble halls, corridors, and stairways, the mural 
paintings, the spacious foyer with its twenty-four col- 
umns of Grecian marble, each twenty-eight feet high, 
and its gilded ceiling, the mighty engine-room, full of 
throbbing energy, and the many other wonders of this 


/ ( 

i < 












great institution will be appreciated better to be seen 
than described. 

At this moment, the Carnegie Institute, embracing 
the five departments, the Library, Fine Arts, Museum, 
School of Music, and Technical Schools under one ad- 
ministration, represents an outlay for cost, equipment, 
and endowment of nearly $20,000,CXX)^a sum stagger- 
ing to the mind, even in this age of great fortunes and 
stupendous gifts. In the Old World, under the slow 
growth of royal patronage and state aid, such an insti- 
tution could not reach so great a mark in less than a 
century. Here in Pittsburgh the loving kindness of a 
single man has created in the short space of ten years an 
institution unique in its great breadth of purpose, and 
already well advanced in its mission for the high ser- 
vice of humanity. 


When the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh was opened 
in 1895 it had one library building, a collection of 
16,000 volumes, a clerical staff of sixteen persons, and 
its annual home circulation for the first year was 1 15,- 
394 volumes. During the year just ended, the Library 
system, with a staff of 135, has occupied its enlarged 
quarters in this building, besides six branch libraries 
housed in convenient and attractive structures, erected 
especially for the purpose, and fourteen deposit sta- 
tions. It has conducted during the year twenty-nine 
home library groups, and fifty reading clubs of boys 



and girls who live in districts remote from the central 
or branch libraries. It has sent collections of books to 
sixty-six schools, and in the summer it supplied four 
playgrounds with small circulating libraries, and assis- 
tants to distribute the books. Through these 170 
agencies, 762,190 books were circulated in 1906, a gain 
of 15.15 per cent, over the previous year, while the 
total number of books and magazines circulated and 
used in reading-rooms was 1,463,207. 

The total number of books in the central and branch 
libraries, and all other parts of the system, is now 250,- 
000. The number of registered borrowers is 63,550, 
with an equal number of unregistered readers. 

The activities of all departments continue to in- 
crease. The number of books purchased by the Library 
was 42,952, which was 14,605 more than ever before. 
The total number of volumes catalogued, 47,063, 
shows an increase of 9332 over any previous year. 


In the Department of Fine Arts, a great hall of archi- 
tecture was established, in which has been arranged an 
inspiring group of architectural casts, representing 
some of the great buildings and temples of antiquity, 
and including examples of the Romanesque, Grothic, 
and Renaissance periods. Behind the columns sur- 
rounding this hall, under the balcony, will be arranged 
a much larger number of casts in chronological order, 



representing the development of the art from the 
earliest period. 

In the hall of sculpture there has been assembled a 
collection of casts, reproducing some of the master- 
pieces of the Egyptian, Chaldean, Assyrian, Persian, 
Grecian, and Roman periods. 

A complete collection of over three hundred repro- 
ductions of the Bronzes found in and near Hercula- 
neimi and Pompeii has been installed. 

The annual international exhibition this year in- 
cludes five hundred and fifteen works, twice as many 
as have been shown heretofore, exhibited in eight gal- 
leries, and representing America, England, Scotland, 
Holland, France, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, and 
Norway. The exhibition is broadly representative of 
the contemporaneous painting of the world, and is the 
most important exhibition ever shown in Pittsburgh. 


The Pittsburgh Orchestra is just completing its 
twelfth season of prosperous work. Some forty-two 
generous men have agreed to continue to provide a 
substantial backing for this organization, which is con- 
stantly going forward to higher artistic achievement 
under its able Director, Mr. Emil Paur. Mr. Hein- 
roth, who has played to-day, is now the organist, and 
he will give the usual free recitals twice every week, 
commencing in the near future. 




The Museum, like the other departments, has already 
won a noble fame. Its activities are very great. It 
has sent thirty expeditions into the western coun- 
try to search for the extinct life of the past. The 
result has been the discovery of many specimens of 
manmials and reptiles new to science, some of them of 
colossal size. Not satisfied with prompting original 
research along these lines in North America, Mr. Car- 
negie has purchased the entire collection of Baron 
Ernst Bayet, of Brussels, containing one hundred and 
twenty thousand specimens in paleontology, and pre- 
sented them to the Museum. 

The collection of birds now numbers twenty-seven 
thousand specimens. The herbarium contains fifty 
thousand species of plants. An almost perfect group of 
models, illustrating the history and development of the 
art of transportation, has been made in the workshops 
of the Museum. The collections illustrating the indus- 
tries of the North American Indians are very extensive. 
The other sections have commenced their development 
on similar broad lines* 

In all, the Museum contains, at the present time, a 
million and a half of objects ranging in size from a 
microscopic beetle to the huge Diplodocus. Among its 
antiquities is a piece of jewelry taken from the mimmiy 
of the second king of the first Egyptian Dynasty, a 
razor with which a cotemporary of Joseph shaved his 



face, and a boat which floated on the Nile sixteen hun- 
dred years before Abraham left Ur of the Chaldees, So 
even in a young country antiquity sometimes touches 
us with its hoar-frost. 






The Carnegie Technical Schools are located adjacent 
to the Carnegie Institute. The city of Pittsburgh has 
provided for them a site of thirty-two acres adjoining 
Schenley Park, Although the first foundations were 
laid only two years ago, the following departments 
have, thus far, been established : 

The School of Applied Science, oflFering day and night 
courses in Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Mining, 
Metallurgical, and Chemical Engineering practice. 

The School for Apprentices and Journeymen, offering 
day and night courses for the training of skilled 
mechanics, journeymen, and foremen in the build- 
ing and manufacturing trades. 

The School of Applied Design, offering day and night 
courses in Architecture and Architectural Design. 

The Margaret Morrison Carnegie School for Women, 
offering day and night courses for the training of 
women for the home, and for distinctly women's 
trades and professions. 

The School opened its doors for students in October, 
1905, and already the total number of students en- 




rolled is nearly fourteen hundred, of whom two hun- 
dred are women students. The geographical distribu- 
tion of the students includes twenty-six states of the 
United States, and approximately one hundred and 
fifty cities. The teaching force exceeds ninety indi- 

A nominal tuition fee is charged all students. The 
chances for employment in an industrial community 
like Pittsburgh affords an opportunity for even the 
poorest boy to secure remunerative work while attend- 
ing school. 


Three years ago, the suggestion was made at this point 
on the program that it might be advantageous to the in- 
terests of the intellectual life to establish an annual cele- 
bration in all the institutions which have been created 
by Mr. Carnegie's generous use of wealth, not to ex- 
ploit the personality of any man, but to discuss simul- 
taneously upon many platforms the ideas which his 
institutions are constantly promoting. It seemed at 
first that the suggestion fell upon unheeding ears, but 
by and by it gained favor, and the trustees of the Car- 
negie Institute have learned that the great themes of 
literature and character and international peace are be- 
ing discussed this afternoon in five hundred Carnegie 
auditoriums in various portions of the world. 

We cannot forget that this splendid creation is the 
rallying-ground for the whole culture of the people of 



this community. The people are thronging through its 
halls to study its paintings, to investigate the wonders 
of its Museum, to listen to its music, and to read its 
books. Besides this, ten thousand boys and girls are 
pleading for admission to its Technical Schools. The 
Carnegie Institute has risen up to stand like a torch of 
light in this community. [^Applausel 

At the conclusion of the speeches, Mr. W. N. Frew,, 
president of the Board of Trustees, announced the fol- 
lowing awards, which were made by the International 
Jury for the six best paintings in the exhibition of 

Medal of the First Class (gold) , carrying with it a prize 
of $15CX), awarded to Gaston La Touche, St. Cloud, 
France, for his painting entitled "The Bath." 

Medal of the Second Class (silver) , carrying with it a 
prize of $icxx>, awarded to Thomas Eakins, Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, for his painting entitled "Portrait 
of Professor Leslie Miller.'' 

Medal of the Third Class (bronze) , carrying with it a 
prize of $500, awarded to Olga de Boznanska, for her 
painting entitled "Portrait of a Woman." 

Honorable Mention, W. Granville-Smith, New York, 
for his painting entitled "The Old Mill." 

Honorable Mention, Maurice Greiffenhagen, London, 
England, for his painting entitled "Portrait of Mrs. 
Maurice Greiffenhagen." 



Honorable Mention, Lawton S. Parker, Chicago, Illi- 
nois, for his painting entitled "An English Girl." 

These announcements were received with great ap- 

Mr. Heinroth then played "Toccato," by Edwin 
Fleuret, on the organ, completing the program for the 






Jhe Hall of Music was occupied by a bril- 
> liant and splendid audience on Thursday 
p\ evening, assembled to hear the per- 
^ formance by the Pittsburgh Orchestra, 
^ which was conducted by the Director, Mr. 
Emil Paur, except that the selection "Variations for 
Orchestra, op. 36," was played under the direction of 
Sir Edward Elgar, the composer. The intermission af- 
forded an opportunity for the citizens of Pittsburgh to 
be introduced to the foreign guests of the Carnegie In- 
stitute in the beautiful foyer. The program of the con- 
cert was as follows : 


Symphonic Poem, "Les Preludes'' Liszt 

Symphony, "Pathetic," No. 6 . . . Hschaikowsky 

Adagio : Allegro non troppo. 
Allegro con grazia. 
Allegro molto vivace. 
Finale : Adagio Lamentoso. 
(By request.) 


Variations for Orchestra, op. 36 Elgar 

(Fint time in Pittsburgh) 
Conducted by the Composer 

Two Preludes, from Acts I and III of 

Waldweben, from "Siegfried 


• • • . 


Ride of the Walkiiries, from "Die Walkiire" 





JLN Friday morning, after the visiting guests 
I had made a most interesting inspection of 
\ the Carnegie Technical Schools, they were 
M escorted to the Hall of Music, where an- 
other great audience awaited their coming 
upon the platform. Representatives were present from 
a very large number of the universities and colleges 
throughout the world, and addresses of congratulation 
and good-will were presented in the following order : 






April 10, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

of the Carnegie Institute 

My dear Mr. Church: 

The dedication of the new building of the Carnegie 
Institute can not be regarded as a merely local event. 
It is an event of national interest and importance. In 
a hundred different ways this Institute, with its greatly 
enlarged and improved equipment, is a contribution to 
the higher life of the country at large. The immediate 
event and the continued influence of which it marks the 
beginning can not fail to quicken the finer artistic ten- 
dencies of our people to the remotest community. I 
believe, accordingly, that the country at large shares in 
the satisfaction which this occasion must bring to the 
people of Pittsburgh. 

With cordial greeting, 

I am, believe me, 

Very truly yours, 
Elmer Ellsworth Brown 

! Commissioner 





Philadelphia, March 18, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 
watching with satisfaction the rapid development of 
scientific and educational activity in the busy center of 
industry at the opposite end of the great state in which 
we are both situated, takes much pleasure in congratu- 
lating the Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh on its past 
contributions to scientific progress, and felicitates it 
on the becoming available of the splendid plant and 
equipment, the dedication of which should stand as a 
milestone in the progress of our nation. 

I have the honor to be, on behalf of this Academy, 

Yours very truly, 

J. Percy Moore 

Corresponding Secretary 




St. Louis, Mo., April i, 1907 

The Academy of Science of St. Louis extends greet- 
ings and sincerely regrets its inability to accept the in- 
vitation of the Trustees of the Carnegie Institute to 
participate in the Dedication of the New Building on 
Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, April the eleventh, 
twelfth, and thirteenth, one thousand nine hundred 
and seven, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

H. Aug. Hunicke 

Corresponding Secretary 

St. Louis, Mo. 




Auburn, Ala., March 20th, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

My dear Sir: 

I am just in receipt of your cordial invitation to the 
faculty and myself to attend the public ceremonies of 
the dedication of the Carnegie Institute, April 11-12- 
13, 1907. In reply, I wish to express to you our appre- 
ciation of the cordial words of your invitation and to 
say that were it in the range of possibility we should be 
greatly pleased to be present on the delightful occa- 
sion. The magnitude of the enterprise is certainly im- 
pressive. It is a colossal monument to the generosity 
of the patron, Mr. Carnegie, and is certainly a colossal 
agency for the betterment not only of the community 
of Pittsburgh but of the entire nation. We wish you 
all success. 


Very sincerely yours, 

Chas. C. Thach 





The faculty of Allegheny College extends hearty con- 
gratulations to the Board of Trustees and Officers of 
the Carnegie Institute upon the dedication of their new 
building. Highly favored with an unusually generous 
foundation, through the liberality of one whose bene- 
factions to the cause of higher education are potent for 
culture and enlightenment, the uplifting and richly 
beneficent influence of your institution is not limited to 
a city or commonwealth ; the entire nation participates 
in your benefits and feels the impulse of your endeavor. 
Our debt as a college is greater, our appreciation of 
your acknowledged ascendency the more vital, by rea- 
son of our proximity; and in consequence we desire, 
upon this occasion, not only to express our pleasure 
over your enlarged good fortune but to acknowledge 
as well, our deep sense of obligation. 

William H. Crawford 


C. F. Ross 


Meadville, Pennsylvania 
April the eleventh 
Nineteen Hundred and Seven 




Braddock, Pa., April i, 1907 
To THE Board of Trustees 

OF THE Carnegie Institute 

On behalf of the public schools of Allegheny County, 
which we have the honor to represent, we beg to offer 
our sincere congratulations upon the completion of the 
Carnegie Institute. 

The public schools make it possible for every child to 
learn to read ; the library makes it possible for each to 
read to learn. The public schools open the way to 
science, art, and culture ; the Carnegie Institute offers 
the best in these fields. The public schools deal largely 
with the knowledge of things essential, practical, and 
useful; the Carnegie Institute offers both culture and 
utility. The public schools need the aid of this Insti- 
tute to open the realms of culture that lie beyond the 
limits of elementary education ; the Carnegie Institute 
needs the aid of the public schools to open the avenues 
that lead to these feeding grounds of culture. Thus, 
the elementary schools and the Carnegie Institute are 
complementary. Each needs what the other can give. 
And, on behalf of the seventeen hundred teachers and 



the seventy thousand pupils in the schools of our 
county, we again offer our congratulations. 

Every man is either a moral beggar or a moral bene- 
factor; he leaves the world poorer or richer than he 
found it. We commend Mr. Carnegie for his altruistic 
efforts. He has maintained his interest in humanity; 
his faith in what knowledge, science, art, and culture 
will do; he has invested his money in this Institute; he 
has recognized one of the many obligations of wealth, 
and our hope is that the angels will write his reward in 
the record of the lives made better by his generosity. 

Sam'l Hamilton 






Washington, D. C, March 14, 1907 

To THE Board of Trustees 

Carnegie Institute 


I wish to extend, on behalf of the American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science, to your Board, to 
the City of Pittsburgh, and to all interested in Amer- 
ican Science and Art, very hearty congratulations on 
the occasion of the dedication of your new building. 
The establishment of your Institute upon such a broad 
basis marks an epoch in the history of American pro- 

Very truly yours, 

L. O. Howard 

Pirmamnt Secntary 




New York, April 2nd, 1907 
To THE Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute 

The American Institute of Electrical Engineers con- 
gratulates the Carnegie Institute upon its opportunity 
to make Pittsburgh as prominent educationally as it is 
industrially, upon the high artistic and scientific ideals 
of its founders, and upon the magnificent equipment 
made available by the wise beneficence of Andrew Car- 

Samuel Sheldon 





The American Museum of Natural History sends its 
greetings to the Carnegie Institute and rejoices that the 
ceremonies of April eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth 
will dedicate to Science, Art, and Education an institu- 
tion that is grand in its conception, wide in its scope, 
impressive in its execution, an agent for the improve- 
ment of men and a fit monument to the wisdom of its 


Morris K. Jesup 


New York 

March thirteenth 

One thousand nine hundred and seven 




The President and Faculty of Amherst College pre- 
sent greetings to the Trustees of the Carnegie Institute 
and tender their congratulations upon the dedication 
of the new and splendid building to be devoted under 
their direction to the promotion of sound learning and 
the advancement of natural science. 

We rejoice that through the munificence of one who 
has already done so much to aid the cause of education 
and the prosecution of scientific research you are en- 
abled to join the group of learned institutions that has 
made your State famous from the foundation of the 

Given at Amherst, Massachusetts, on the eighth day of 
April in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and 

The President and Faculty of Amherst College 


George D. Olds 

Acting President 

Edward Hitchcock 









on the completion of its organization with all its de- 
partments exerting their beneficent influence in pro- 
moting useful knowledge. 

This Society feels pride in the fact that it is one of 
its own members, who, with rare intelligence, conceived 
the Institute and endowed it on a scale of liberality 
which is without parallel in history. 

As the oldest Society in America, itself consecrated 
by the immortal Franklin to the promotion of useful 
knowledge, the American Philosophical Society takes 
pleasure in recording its high appreciation of the mag- 
nificent benefaction, and in expressing the hope that 
the Carnegie Institute through all time may justify the 
high anticipation of its distinguished founder. 

Signed and sealed on behalf of the American Philosoph- 
ical Society held at Philadelphia for promoting Use- 
ful Knowledge, April 5, 1907. 

Edoar F. Smith 



I. Minis Hays 




Chicago, III., March 15, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

My dear Sir: 

The authorities of the Armour Institute of Technol- 
ogy in the City of Chicago desire most cordially to con- 
gratulate you upon the event of dedication, which 
marks so splendidly the progress, and announces so 
fully the hopes, of the Carnegie Institute. Perhaps no 
institution in the Central West will be more intimately 
acquainted with the appeal which the Carnegie Insti- 
tute must make to the young manhood of our country 
than our own Armour Institute of Technology. There 
can be no competition where there is such boundless 
opportunity, save that noble emulation which must be 
forceful in binding two such institutions together in 
the common cause of education, especially in the realms 
we have chosen. 

With the late Mr. P. D. Armour, I surveyed several 
years ago the magnificent field into which you now go 
with such inspiring prospects. His successors and our 




officers hereby congratulate you and rejoice in this 

hour of ahnost unmatched significance to the youth of 

our land. t:^ • i r n 

r aithiuUy yours, 




Chicago, April 9, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

The pleasant duty falls to me of conveying to the 
Carnegie Institute the congratulations of the Trustees 
of the Art Institute of Chicago upon the opening of the 
new building. 

We count upon a continuance of the cooperation be- 
tween the two institutions which has been so agreeable 
and beneficial in the past. 

It can not be doubted that the influence of the Car- 
negie Institute will be increased in proportion to the 
enlargement of its facilities. 

Assurances are not needed of the friendship of the 

Art Institute. 

Yours most cordially, 

W. M. R. French 






To THE Board of Trustees 

OF THE Carnegie Institute 

The President and Faculty of Bowdoin College de- 
sire to offer to the Trustees of the Carnegie Institute 
their cordial felicitations upon the dedication of the 
new building which adds the charm of architectural 
stateliness to the Institute, as well as the promise of in- 
creased efficiency in the work to which it is dedicated, 
and in which it is honorably engaged. 

They embrace the opportunity, also, to express their 
profound appreciation of the generous and noble pur- 
pose of the Founder of the Institute, and of the very 
important service which it has already rendered, and is 
now still better fitted to render, to its students, to the 
public, and to the cause of Art and Learning in this 


William DeWitt Hyde 

President rf Bnodein College 

Brunswick, Maine 
30th March, 1907 




Brooklyn, N. Y., April ist, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

The dedication of the new building of the Carnegie 
Institute marks the beginning of the second decade of 
its existence and the best wish that can possibly be ex- 
pressed is that its progress in the future may be as rapid 
and sure as has been its progress during the past ten 


Sincerely yours, 

Frederic A. Lucas 

CurMfr-in- ChUf 




Providence, R. L, April 4, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

My dear Sir: 

On behalf of Brown University, I beg leave to join 
the representatives of hundreds of educational institu- 
tions all over the world in extending warmest felicita- 
tions to the Carnegie Institute on the occasion of the 
dedication of its new building. Other events may take 
more space in the newspapers, and arouse more public 
discussion ; but no event could possibly mean more for 
the future of education in America. Not only will the 
work done under the roof of the new building be in it- 
self significant, but the influence of that work in 
moulding ideals and conceptions of education through- 
out the country and the world will be most weighty 
and enduring. The Corporation and Faculty of Brown 
University join in wishing to the Board of Trustees of 
the Carnegie Institute all possible success and constant 


Sincerely yours, 

W. H. L. Faunce 





Buffalo, N. Y., April 8, 1907 
S. H. Church, Esq. 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

My dear Sir: 

On behalf of the Directors of the Buffalo Fine Arts 
Academy, I desire to express to your Board the hearty 
congratulations of our institution upon the important 
increase in your facilities for doing good work for art. 
The splendid liberality of Mr. Carnegie should do a 
great deal toward advancing interest in art not only in 
Pittsburgh but throughout the United States. 

Your institution, with its splendid facilities and the 
reputation which it is acquiring by reason of its annual 
exhibition, should be the means of attracting many vis- 
itors to Pittsburgh and of encouraging increased know- 
ledge of and interest in the contemporary art of our 

With the hope that the future efforts of the Carnegie 



Institute may be attended with even greater success 
than that which has crowned them in the past, 

On behalf of the Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, I am. 

Very sincerely yours, 

Charles M. Kurtz 

• Dirui§r 


Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, March 20, 1907 

The Faculty of Bryn Mawr College desires to offer its 
congratulations to the Board of Trustees of the Car- 
negie Institute on the completion of its new building, 
— a notable addition not merely to the magnificent 
equipment of the Institute but to the educational forces 
of the state and the nation. 

In behalf of the Faculty, 

M. Carey Thomas 


Joseph W. Warren 

To the Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute 






The Trustees of the Carnegie Institution of Washing- 
ton extend Greetings and Congratulations to the 
Trustees and the Officers of the Carnegie Institute of 
Pittsburgh on the occasion of the Dedication of their 
New Building and the Celebration of their Eleventh 

Along with sentiments of admiration for the achieve- 
ments of the Carnegie Institute during the first decade 
of its history, all sister organizations must entertain 
confident hopes that this is but the first of many dec- 
ades of notable achievement and progress. 

Animated especially by such sentiments and hopes, 
the Trustees of the Carnegie Institution of Washing- 
ton salute the Trustees and the Officers of the Car- 
negie Institute of Pittsburgh and wish for them and 
their enterprise a prolonged era of prosperity in the 
dissemination of knowledge and in the promotion of 
public good. 

Robert S. Woodward 






Cleveland, Ohio, March 21, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Cam^e Institute 

My dear Sir: 

The Trustees and Faculty of the Case School of 
Applied Science wish to congratulate the Carnegie In- 
stitute upon the completion of its new building. We 
believe that this institute with its various departments 
will appeal to every class of people, and will be the 
means of doing an infinite amount of good. We heartily 
congratulate not only you but the citizens of Pitts- 
burgh upon the magnificent work which you are doing 
and which you will do more eflFectively because of this 
addition to your equipment. 

Very truly yours, 

Charles S. Howe 





Cincinnati, Ohio, 9th April, 1907 

To THE Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sirs: 

On the occasion of the Dedication of the New 
Building of the Carnegie Institute the Cincinnati Mu- 
seum Association tenders its congratulations to the citi- 
zens of Pittsburgh in possessing an institution so effi- 
ciently equipped for the advancement of art and 
science through the public spirit of Mr. Andrew Car- 

Respectfully yours, 

J. H. Gest 





Worcester, Mass., March 14, 1907 
Mil S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Cam^e Institute 

My dear Sir: 

I present to the Carnegie Institute herewith the con- 
gratulations of the Trustees and Faculty of Clark Uni- 
versity upon the inauguration of what promises to be 
the most comprehensive and effective hi^er technical 
school in the world. Your founder has already done 
more for the cause of education both in its special and 
in its popular field, and that for two continents, than 
any man who has ever lived in either. This institution 
is a fit culmination of the educational system of one of 
the greatest industries of the world where mastery of 
technical processes gave our country command in this 
field of the world's market. 

Very sincerely yours, 

G. Stanley Hall 






Clemson College, S. C, March ii, 1907 
President W. N. Frew 

Carafe Institute 

My dear Sir: 

Wc extend to you and the Institute over which you 
so ably preside, our congratulations in the successful 
completion of the new building. You are fortunate in 
having placed under your administration such large 
sums of money for the equipment of the Carnegie Insti- 
tute, and we wish the institution the full enjoyment of 
the bright future before it. 

Very truly yours, 

P. H. Mell 





I HAVE the honor to present to the Carnegie Institute 
of Pittsburgh, standing on the edge of the great valley 
that lies between the mountains, the cordial salutation 
of The College of the City that lies at the eastern gate 
of the continent. 

The future of the Nation is to depend increasingly 
upon its urban populations, and Democracy can not 
triumph except through their enlightening and en- 

I bear the Institute, its founder, its nourishers and its 
teachers the best of good wishes in their great plans and 

John H. Finley 


April 12, 1907 




Colorado Springs, Colo., Mar. 14, 1907 
Mr. W. N. Frew 

President, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

My dear President Frew: 

The Board of Trustees and Faculty of Colorado Col- 
lege extend very warm congratulations to the Board of 
Trustees and Faculty of the Carnegie Institute over 
the completion of their buildings and the great promise 
of usefulness which the institution offers to the whole 
country. Nothing that our great philanthropist has 
done promises more than the creation of this great 

With high regard, 
Believe me. 

Very sincerely yours, 

William F. Slocum 




Golden, Colo., March 15th, 1907 

The Colorado School of Mines desires to express its 
appreciation of the importance of this event — ^the pass- 
ing of another milestone in the upward progress of 
education and civilization — ^and to add a word of com- 
mendation to the generous donor who sees humanity 
writ large. 




New York, April lo, 1907 

Columbia University offers hearty greeting to the 
Carnegie Institute on the occasion of the formal dedica- 
tion of its buildings and equipment to the work for 
which they have been planned. That work is nothing 
less than bringing to a great population, gathered at 
an industrial center of the first magnitude, the re- 
sources of modem science, modem art, and modem 
skill, with a view to preparing better young men and 
women for the actual work of life, and to the develop- 
ment of those traits and characteristics which enter 
most largely into good citizenship and the highest 
personal usefulness. 

Columbia University welcomes this new and power- 
ful agency to affect and uplift the educational system 
of the United States. It offers greeting cordial and sin- 
cere, with every wish for a long career of uninterrupted 
prosperity and usefulness. 

Nicholas Murray Butler 






New Haven, Conn., April 9, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

The President and Council of the Connecticut Acad- 
emy of Arts and Sciences herewith transmit to you their 
hearty congratulations upon the dedication of your 
building. We honor the founder of your Institute, 
welcome you to the circle of learned societies, in which 
we have labored more than one hundred years, and 
wish you the largest measure of success in the work be- 
fore you, which you approach under such happy and 
favorable auspices. 

Respectfully yours, 

John Christopher Schwab 

For the President and Council of the 
Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 




To THE Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute 

Cornell University extends to the Carnegie Institute 
salutations and hearty congratulations. It welcomes 
with high hopes the inauguration of a noble enterprise 
in which the true, the beautiful, and the useful appear 
as parts of one splendid plan. It recognizes with ad- 
miration the munificence and far-seeing purpose of one 
who has done so much for the City of Pittsburgh and 
for the advancement of the higher interests of the 
whole nation. That the Carnegie Institute through 
the centuries may be a benediction to the Republic is 
the ardent wish and confident expectation of Cornell 




Cornell University 
Ithaca, New York 

April 12th, 1907 




Detroit, Mich., April 1 1, 1907 

To THE Trustees 

Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sirs: 

In behalf of the officers and trustees of the Detroit 
Museum of Art, I beg to present to the Carnegie Insti- 
tute of Pittsburgh, the sincere congratulations of this 
institution in having such a magnificent building en- 
dowed with such ample means. 

The City of Pittsburgh is also to be congratulated in 
having among her citizens a gentleman endowed with 
the boundless generosity of Mr. Andrew Carnegie. 

The Carnegie Institute, — among the greatest if not 
the greatest of its kind, — ^is made possible through his 
loyalty to the city where he won success, and in whose 
success he was so large a factor. It is not only a monu- 
ment to Mr. Carnegie, but a monument to the whole 
country, and can not fail to be far-reaching in its in- 
fluence in inspiring others, in other cities, to follow up 

the splendid work that leads to the betterment of man- 

Very respectfully yours, 

A. H. Grifffth 





Carlisle, Pa., March 14th, 1907 

To THE Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute 


As President of Dickinson College, one of the oldest 
institutions of collegiate rank in the country, permit 
me, in the name of the Trustees and Faculty, to extend 
hearty congratulations upon the completion of the 
splendid New Building to be dedicated April 11-13, 
and which will stand as a further illustration of the 
broad public spirit and thoughtfulness of its distin- 
guished donor. 

Very truly yours, 

George Edward Reed 

President §f Diekinson C§llege 




Des Moines, Iowa, April 4, 1907 

To THE Board of Trustees 

Carnegie Institute 

My dear Sirs: 

It is not saying too much to assert that no educa- 
tional institution in the history of the world at the 
time of its dedication has started with such splendid 
equipment and endowment as the Carnegie Institute. 
It is a just source of pride to every citizen of the 
United States that we have among us a man of such 
foresight and ability as Mr. Andrew Carnegie. Per- 
haps from no other private citizen have come such bene- 
ficent gifts to higher education ; nor is it probable that 
in this, his example will be surpassed in the future. 
The Carnegie Institute is one of the greatest monu- 
ments to his name and fame throughout the world. 
The work that it is equipped to do needs to be done. 
The surpassing excellence of the equipment of this in- 
stitution gives assurance that it will be well done. 

Rejoicing in this auspicious occasion, Drake Uni- 
versity felicitates the Board of Trustees of Carnegie 
Institute upon the dedication of one of the most re- 
markable educational foundations that has ever been 
established in any country in all the world's history. 

Very sincerely, 

Hill M. Bell 



- J 



To THE Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute 

The Trustees of the Free Library of Philadelphia, 
beneficiaries of the generous gift of Mr. Andrew Car- 
negie for branch library buildings in Philadelphia, 
ask leave to join in hearty congratulations on the open- 
ing of the new building of the Carnegie Institute of 
Pittsburgh. This munificent endowment will per- 
petuate the name of Mr. Carnegie in the city which 
saw his successful establishment of the great industries 
that have made Pittsburgh famous. Now the Car- 
negie Institute will extend to thousands the benefit of 
manual training and higher education in the arts and 
sciences that owe so much to the wise gifts of Mr. Car- 
negie in this and other countries. 

The Trustees of the Free Library of Philadelphia 
wish the Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh a long and 
prosperous career of usefulness as the best monument 
to its great founder and benefactor. Pittsburgh and 
Philadelphia join in acknowledgment of the debt of 
the people of Pennsylvania to its great citizen, An- 
drew Carnegie. 

J. G. Rosengarten 


John Thomson 

Librarian and Sieretary 




New York, 5 April, 1907 

My dear Sir: 

The Geological Society of America certainly con- 
gratulates the Carnegie Institute most heartily upon 
the completion of its building and the opening of its 
valuable collections to the public. The establishment 
in Pittsburgh of the five great departments in science, 
literature and art provided for through the munifi- 
cence of Mr, Andrew Carnegie has already had a great 
effect upon the encouragement and advancement of 
learning in the world, and the outlook for future good 
from the same endowment seems almost unlimited. 

Expressing thus the felicitations of all the working 
geologists of the country, I am. 

Sincerely yours, 

E. O. Hovey 


Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Camegie Institute 





Washington, D. C, March ii, 1907 

To THE President and Board of Trustees 
OF THE Carnegie Institute 


I am directed by the Board of Trustees and the Fac- 
ulties of The George Washington University to pre- 
sent their congratulations to you upon the completion 
and dedication of the new building, and upon the 
splendid equipment and endowment of the Carnegie 
Institute. The future greatness of your institution 
seems already assured. Its broad and comprehensive 
plans for its departments of Fine Arts, Scientific Mu- 
seum, Public Library, School of Music, and the Car- 
negie Technical Schools will make it one of the great- 
est educational centers in the United States. Surely 
Mr. Carnegie has never been more wise nor more gen- 
erous than he was when he established and endowed 
the Camegie Institute at Pittsburgh. 

On behalf of the University and also personally I 
wish for you the great success to which your equip- 
ment and location entitle you. 

With very great respect, I am, 

Sincerely yours. 

Chas. W. Needham 





Grove City, Pa., March 15, 1907 

To THE Board of Trustees 

OF the Carnegie Institute 


The Trustees and Faculty of Grove City College 
desire to congratulate you on the conspicuous place in 
the great educational world which the institution you 
have the honor to direct has already attained, and to 
assure you of our appreciation of the reflex influence in 
this great educational force upon the smaller and less 
conspicuous schools and colleges of this country. 

We assure you it is our sincere belief that the Car- 
negie Institute will occupy no second place among the 
educational institutions of this country. 

With most hearty felicitations, we are, 

Yours most sincerely, 

Isaac C. Ketler 









We send the congratulations of Harvard University 
to the Carnegie Institute upon the dedication of its Li- 
brary Building and upon the strong foundation on 
which the work of the whole Institute now rests. We 
rejoice that the Institute, enlarged and strengthened, 
has now so great an opportunity to demonstrate the 
saving benefits of education in a democracy and we be- 
lieve that the fruits of that demonstration will be per- 
vasive. The universities and colleges of America have 
already welcomed the Carnegie Institute as a vigorous 
fellow- worker in education; they renew that welcome 
to-day as they see the Institute emphatically proclaim- 
ing, in this presence, its faith in the dependence of a 
people's industrial and social well-being upon their in- 
tellectual and moral progress. 

The President and 
Fellows of Harvard College 

By Jerome D. Greene 

Secretary t» the Cerperatien 


Cambridge, April 12, 1907 




Haverford, Pa., March 12, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carafe Institute 

Dear Sir: 

In common I doubt not with all other men interested 
in education in the State of Pennsylvania, it affords me 
much pleasure to note the approaching public cere- 
monies in connection with the opening of the Camcgie 
Institute. Pittsburgh and the whole State are to be 
congratulated upon the possession of such a beneficent 

Please accept the congratulations of Haverford Col- 

Very truly yours, 

Isaac Sharpless 



The John Herron Art Institute, through the directors 
of the Art Association of Indianapolis, the Institute's 
parent organization, congratulates the Trustees of the 
Carnegie Institute on the noble trust they are called 
upon to administer. The directors of the Art Associa- 
tion express the belief that the hope of the generous 
founder that the art department will direct the Amer- 
ican people to the highest esthetic ideals will be fully 
realized, and that the people of the Middle West will 
especially profit by his great benefaction. 

Indianapolis, Ind. 
April 10, 1907 




The Johns Hopkins University sends fraternal greet- 
ing to the Carnegie Institute, on the day of the auspi- 
cious beginning of a renewed career, with the sincere 
hope that it may, by reason of its comprehensive plans 
and its munificent resources, contribute in an eminent 
degree through all the generations to the progress and 
the welfare of the community in which it is placed, of 
the nation, and of the world. 

Ira Remsen 


Edward H. Griffin 

Secretary $f the Academic Council 

Baltimore, Md. 

March the twenty-second 
nineteen hundred and seven 




The President and Faculty of Lafayette College 
heartily congratulate the Carnegie Institute upon the 
completion of its new building and upon the further 
development of the great work which has been en- 
trusted to its Board of Trustees. Lafayette College 
feels that every advance in the great work of education 
and the cultivation of a higher appreciation of litera- 
ture and art is of great significance to the larger usef ul- 
;iess of the American people. It especially rejoices in 
the combination of departments embraced in the Car- 
negie Institute, so happily joining music and the fine 
arts with science and literature. 

Ethelbert D. Warfield 


Easton, Pennsylvania 
March 16th, 1907 




Appleton, Wisconsin, March 16, 1907 

To THE President and Trustees 

OF the Carnegie Institute 

Lawrence University extends its hearty congratula- 
tions to The Carnegie Institute on the occasion of the 
eleventh celebration of Founder's Day, and the dedica- 
tion of the new building of the Carnegie Library. It 
felicitates the Institute on the great work it is doing for 
society, and expresses the belief that in the domain of 
art and useful learning it occupies an especially con- 
spicuous place. With this new building, erected by the 
munificence of its founder, it is equipped to contribute 
more largely than would otherwise be possible to the 
enrichment of the country's civilization. May the In- 
stitute under the wise management of its officers and 
Trustees attain a prosperity and usefulness that shall 
exceed their greatest expectations. 

Samuel Plantz 






Lehioh University sends cordial greeting to the Car- 
negie Institute on the occasion of the dedication and 
f onnal opening of its New Building. 

To the Carnegie Institute Lehigh is already bound 
by close ties; her sons find honored place among the In- 
stitute's Trustees and teachers, with the educational 
purpose of the Institute the University is in peculiar 
sympathy, and of the bounty of the munificent founder 
of the Institute Lehigh has herself received. These 
ties, and the belief that the work planned and so auspi- 
ciously begun by the Institute will redound, not merely 
to the benefit of the youth of Pittsburgh, but to a larger 
culture and truer ideals of education throughout our 
land, evoke from Lehigh at this time the sincerest con- 
gratulations and heartiest good wishes, and an earnest 
expression of hope that the cordial relations between 
the two Institutions may continue and intensify with 
succeeding years. 

Accepting with much pleasure the invitation of the 
Institute to be represented at the ceremonies, the Uni- 
versity has appointed thereto her President, Henry S. 



Drinker, LL. D., who will convey to the Institute as- 
surance in person of the University's regard and felici- 

Lehigh University 

by Henry S. Drinker 



C. L. Thornburg 

Secretary of the Faculty 


April 12, 1907 




Stanford University, California, March 12, 1907 
Mr. S. H, Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

The Leland Stanford Junior University of Palo 
Alto, California, sends her greetings, her good wishes, 
and her highest hopes to the Carnegie Institute on the 
dedication of her new building. 

Alfred Mosely recently said that the keynote of 
American education is this: It trains for efficiency. 
"What strikes me most," he says, "is that your work- 
shops are filled with college-bred men. In England 
the university man is graduated into a frock coat and 
gloves; here he is educated into overalls.'* 

We of Stanford hope that this statement is true, and 
that through the centuries to come Stanford and Car- 
negie will stand shoulder to shoulder in educating uni- 
versity men into overalls — in training men, not prima- 
rily for culture, nor for erudition, nor for social ad- 
vancement, but for efficiency. 

Very truly yours, 

David Starr Jordan 











The Board of Managers of the Lewis Institute, of 
Chicago, joins with profound pleasure in the con- 
gratulations which are extended to the Trustees of the 
Carnegie Institute on the occasion of the dedication of 
their New Building. The humane enterprise which is 
celebrated in this dedication is worthy of the sanest 
ideals of the great democracy in the midst of which it 
finds a home. It is not too much to say that an adequate 
understanding of the possibilities of this enterprise 
would awaken a thrill of admiration and of aspiration 
in the entire body of this generation of our common 

Chicago, April 5, 1907 




Representing the Lick Observatory and its staflF of 
astronomers, I beg to offer cordial congratulations upon 
the completion of the buildings and organization of the 
Carnegie Institute. The Lick Observatory is in full 
sympathy with the educational purposes of the Insti- 
tute. Whatever investigational work is worthy of the 
astronomer's effort is well worth giving to the people. 

W. W. Campbell 

Director Lick Observatory 
University of California 


The Government and Faculty of the Massachusetts 

Institute of Technology desire herewith to express to 

the Carnegie Institute, to its Founder, its Trustees and 

its Teachers, heartiest congratulations on an auspicious 

opening and best wishes for a splendid and useful 


Henry S. Pritchett 


April 9, 1907 




New York, April 1 1, 1907 

To THE Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute 


The Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 
of the City of New York, on the occasion of the dedica- 
tion of the new building of the Carnegie Institute, de- 
sire most heartily to congratulate the Institute not only 
on the completion of its building, and on the recent 
large increase of its endowment, but on the final con- 
summation of the broadly conceived plans of its gen- 
erous founder. 

The persons most to be congratulated on this occa- 
sion are the people of Pittsburgh and the still wider 
circle of those who avail of the opportunities for use- 
fulness which the Institute affords. The wise and able 
manner in which those opportunities have been placed 


at the disposal of the public hitherto is the best proof 
that the Institute has needed and deserved its present 
enlargement, and the best guaranty of its success in the 
f iiture. For this you may be sure that you have the 
hearty good wishes of all who are working for the de- 
velopment of art as a factor of the educational system 

of this country. 

Robert W. de Forest 

Secretary, Metropolitan Museum 
of Art 




The Board of Control and the Faculty of the Michigan 
College of Mines send greeting and congratulation to 
the Trustees of the Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh on 
the occasion of the dedication of the magnificent build- 
ing which is hereafter to be its home. 

We hereby express our earnest wish that the Insti- 
tute so happily founded and so generously endowed, 
embodying such broad designs for the betteraient of 
human conditions may meet with the largest success; 
and that within its sphere of influence it may widely 
diffuse the higher ideals of American citizenship. 

William Kelly 

Chairman 9f the Board of Control 

F. W. McNair 

Frtsiient of the College 


Houghton, Michigan 
April 5, 1907 









Minneapolis, Minn., April 8, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Cam^e Institute 

My dear Sir: 

On behalf of the Minnesota Academy of Science, 
having its headquarters here in Minneapolis, I wish to 
express the high appreciation of the members of this 
Academy towards the magnificent Art and Science In- 
stitute built in your city through the agency and contri- 
bution of the great fund presented by your illustrious 
citizen, Mr. Andrew Carnegie. As workers in this line 
of public educational facilities which I and my asso- 
ciates have been engaged in seeking to build up and 
make useful to the common citizenship of our common- 
wealth, and from the smaller work which we are able to 
accomplish, we can yet perceive the broad and exten- 
sive range of educational influence that will undoubt- 
edly come from the great institution to be dedicated by 
your Board on the 11 th, 12 th, and 13th of this month. 

On behalf of the Academy, I send our greetings, and 
wish to express our high appreciation of this great insti- 
tution of knowledge and learning, and hope and expect 


for it a w 
better citi 
that will 1 
future gee 
With hi 

My dear S 

tions upoi 
Every Am 




Boston, Mass., April i, 1907 

The Trustees of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston 
have the honor to present to the Trustees of the Car- 
negie Institute in Pittsburgh their cordial congratula- 
tions on the dedication of the new building to its three- 
fold purpose. They welcome the advent of another 
splendid symbol, and abundant source of popular en- 
lightenment in literature, science, and art. To the 
founder of the Institute they wish many years of happi- 
ness in giving happiness, and to his foundation success- 
ful administration in perpetuity. 

For the Trustees, 

Ben J. Ives Gilman 

Temporary Director 





I . 


r . 

: i 


■ ■ 




New York City, April 6th, 1907 
Mr, S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

My dear Sir: 

I sincerely congratulate the Trustees and the City 

of Pittsburgh on the completion of this imposing edifice 

which marks an important step in public education in 

the United States, 

Yours respectfully, 

N. L. Britton 

Direttor-in- Chief 



•» ; 





New York, March 15, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

My dear Sir: 

The Trustees are to be congratulated on the con- 
siunmation of the great work which has been inaugu- 
rated and carried forward under their direction. The 
opportunities which the various departments of the In- 
stitute afford for the training of the mind and hand, 
and for the attainment of knowledge and culture, mean 
an enlarged field of usefulness and a richer life to 
many thousands. Incalculable good will result, not 
only to the City of Pittsburgh, but to the country at 
large, through the philanthropy of Mr. Carnegie. 

Particularly gratifying is the provision made in the 
Carnegie Technical Schools for the teaching of the 
handicrafts, for no small percentage of the youth of 
our land take to the various trades as a means of liveli- 
hood. Owing to the disappearance of the old-time 
system of apprenticeship, it is not only difficult but fre- 
quently impossible under existing trade conditions for 




lads who are mechanically inclined to acquire a trade. 
We do not lack in schools for those who wish to enter 
the professions or who desire to follow a business ca- 
reer, but as yet, little has been done in this country to 
afford practical training to those who must work with 
the hand. 

As a co-worker in the field of trade school endeavor, 
we welcome the Carnegie Technical Schools. 

Very sincerely, 

H. V. Brill 


1 • 

fc « 





New York, April 6, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

New York University, through its Senate, represent- 
ing all the Faculties, rejoices that the intellect which 
has wrought for a generation at Pittsburgh, will now, 
by entering into wedlock with the Carnegie Institute, 
raise up a family of sons to help subdue nature to the 
welfare of man through coming generations. 

f Very truly yours, 

I Henry Mitchell MacCracken 





New York, March 18th, 1907 

To THE Board of Trustees 

OF the Carnegie Institute 


It is the world at large which is to be congratulated 
upon the completion of the Greater Carnegie Insti- 
tute ; but the Founder and the Trustees are entitled to 
the felicitations of all lovers of science, art, and litera- 
ture on this splendid consummation of their labors. 

It is profoundly gratifying to see an institution 

created on a plan of such magnificent scope, and its 

abiding-place fashioned and perfected without a long 

and wearisome delay. It is good to see a great center 

of higher educational development rise full-fledged 

into front-rank existence, and stand forth as a model 

for other Founders and other Trustees to follow. The 

world hopes much of the Carnegie Institute, and is 

bound to offer it perpetual sympathy, good-will, and 


Yours faithfully, 

William T. Hornaday 





. EvANSTON, Illinois, March 22, 1907 

I To THE Carnegie Institute 

The President of Northwestern University, on be- 
half of the University and its Trustees, offers to the 
Trustees of the Carnegie Institute most sincere con- 
gratulations upon the completion of its new building. 
The establishment and endowment of the Institute 
marks an epoch in the history of education. Its prog- 
ress will be watched with great interest by every friend 

of education and culture. 


Abram W. Harris 







Obbrlin, Ohio, March 12, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

Oberlin College is very glad indeed to join in 
heartiest congratulations to the Carnegie Institute 
upon the completion of its splendid new building, and 
the working out of the comprehensive and significant 
plans that must mean so much, not only for Pittsburgh 
and its vicinity, but for the country at large. 

Sincerely yours, 

Henry Churchill Kino 















• I 







■ Salem, Mass., March 21, 1907 

East India Marine Hall 

', j- Board of Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute 

The Peabody Academy of Science sends greetings to 
the Camegie Institute and to its founder whose wise 
benefactions parallel the work of the free public school 
system of the country in the diffusion of knowledge 
among the masses. 

G. A. Peabody 

PreiiJnl, BtMrd »f TrusUtt 

Edward S. Morse 

Direfttr ef tht Muiium 




New York, April 12, 1907 

The Peoples Institute heartily congratulates the Car- 
negie Institute on the splendid gift it has received upon 
its Eleventh Anniversary. 

Any city of the country would be proud and happy 
to possess such rich means for education and inspira- 
tion in all directions as the renewed Institute with its 
Halls, Museums, and, not the least, its abundant facil- 
ities for technical instruction affords. It has been a 
pleasure and a privilege for a representative of the In- 
stitute to participate in the exercises of the festival. 

With the wish that each year may bring increasing 
success to the work so well begun, the Peoples Insti- 
tute rejoices with the Carnegie Institute in the rich 
future opening before it. 

Charles Sprague Smith 

Managing Director 











To the Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh, with its splen- 
did endowment of means and men and ideals, the 
Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn brings cordial greet- 
ing. For the achievements of this foimdation, present 
and to come, the Polytechnic feels admiration and a 
sympathy bom of kindred aims. In the practical phil- 
anthropy here exhibited it recognizes a boon, not only 
to Pittsburgh, but to the country at large. For Amer- 
ica may well rejoice that through the wisdom and munifi- 
cence of one of her sons she is here enabled, in an era 
marked by the development of technical education and 
the upbuilding of an efficient democracy, to realize in 
this great Institute an ideal that can not fail to make 
for the fullest manhood and the finest citizenship. 

Fred W. Atkinson 


April eleventh, 1907 





Brooklyn, N. Y., March 26, 1907 

To THE President and Trustees 

The Carnegie Institute 


In behalf of the Pratt Institute, I beg to extend to 
you our congratulations and best wishes on the happy 
occasion of the dedication of the Carnegie Institute. 
We understand and appreciate the unique opportunity 
that presents itself to you. You have a wonderful 
equipment; you have earnest, intelligent men to direct 
and conduct your work ; and you have in Mr. Carnegie 
a wise benefactor, who has learned to safeguard his 
enthusiasms, and who knows how to give to help and 
not to harm. 

This is an eventful day in the history of art and in- 
dustrial education in this country, and the entire nation 
looks to you for pioneer effort in these two lines of 
work. Pratt Institute believes you will be equal to 
your opportunity and sends you its good wishes for 

your success. 

Cordially yours, 

Frederic H. Pratt 




• • 









j[ The Trustees and Faculty of Purdue University unite 

* in extending to the Trustees of the Carnegie Institute 

t congratulations upon the occasion of the dedication of 

the New Building, and in expressing the hope that the 
great enterprises included in the Carnegie Institute 
may long continue to serve humanity through the me- 
dium of rational education. 
; W. E. Stone 

^ President 

j Lafayette, Indiana 

1 March twentieth 

•^ Nineteen Hundred Seven 







Cambridge, Mass., April 4, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

of the Carnegie Institute 

My dear Sir: 

The Council of Radcliffe College sends congratula- 
tions to the Carnegie Institute, and wishes it all success 
in its great work. 

Yours very truly, 

L. B. R. Briggs 



















Troy, N. Y., Mar. 18, 1907 

The Board of Trustees 

Carnegie Institute 


The Board of Trustees of Rensselaer Polytechnic 
Institute send sincere congratulations to your Board 
upon the occasion of the dedication of the new build- 
ing of the Carnegie Institute. They appreciate the 
wonderful work which the splendid gifts of Mr. An- 
drew Carnegie will permit you and your successors to 
do in the future and recognize the Carnegie Institute 
of Pittsburgh as one more monument among the many 
which this great philanthropist has erected in the 

cause of education. 

Very respectfully, 

Palmer C. Ricketts 





Terre Haute, Ind., April 7, 1907 

Carnegie Institute 
To THE Honorable 


THE Board of Trustees 


The Rose Polj^echnic Institute sends to the Car- 
negie Institute, upon this, the auspicious day of the 
dedication of its buildings. Greeting. 

It congratulates the Institute upon having accom- 
plished so much in its brief history and predicts for it 
in the future far greater usefulness, success, and 

Especially to the Carnegie Technical Schools do we 
oflFer felicitation; engaged in kindred fields of work, 
our greetings are especially fraternal. Through it, 
as well as all departments, will the welfare and happi- 
ness of our people be furthered. The Institute will 
stand for all time a monument in testimony of the 
philanthropy, wise sympathy, and generosity of its 



C. L. Mees 














The Corporation of Simmons College sends its 
heartiest congratulations to the Trustees of the Car- 
negie Institute on the completion of their magnificent 
edifice and wishes for them the greatest success in 
their generous efforts for the encouragement of art, 
literature, science, and industry. 

Transmitted by direction of the Corporation this 
eleventh day of March, one thousand nine hundred 
and seven. 

Henry Lefavour 


Boston, Mass. 







Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

of the Carnegie Institute 

My dear Sir: 

On behalf of the Smithsonian Institution and its 

branches, including the United States National Mu- 
seum, I have the honor and pleasure to express sincere 
congratulations to the Carnegie Institute, which is to 
dedicate its new building at Pittsburgh, April ii, 12, 
and 13, 1907, with imposing public ceremonies. 

It is a subject of universal satisfaction that the mu- 
nificent endowment of the Institute enables it to take 
a place at once in the front rank of establishments de- 
voted to the advancement of Science and Art, and the 
Smithsonian Institution rejoices heartily that the 
founder of the Carnegie Institute has so wisely and 
abundantly equipped the Institute for its great work. 

Very respectfully yours, 

Charles D. Walcott 









HoBOKEN, N. J., April 8, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church, 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

My dear Mr. Church: 

I can not let this occasion go by without attempting 
to convey through you to the Trustees, the Directors, 
and especially to Mr. Carnegie the hearty good wishes 
of the Stevens Institute of Technology, the pioneer 
in the college education in Mechanical Engineering. 
Mr. Carnegie has given you gentlemen of Pittsburgh 
an opportunity to do a work which should be epoch- 
making. I can not help reflecting on the inmiense re- 
sponsibility which will rest upon you gentlemen in 
connection with this colossal benefaction. While we 
at the Institute are concentrating upon a single line of 
effort, you will be called upon to be active along many 
lines of activity, for you have before you the whole 
field of instruction in technology, art, and the applica- 
tion of art to technical work. In this connection you 

will be able to do much towards the solution of the 



problems now facing this nation in connection with the 
relations between capital and labor. 

Stevens Institute wishes you Grodspeed in the work 
intrusted to you. 

Respectfully and sincerely yours, 

Alex. C. Humphreys 



SwARTHMORE, Pa., March 12, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary of the Board of Trustees 

of the Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

Permit me on behalf of Swarthmore College to most 
heartily congratulate the Trustees of Carnegie Insti- 
tute of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on the tremendous 
promise of usefulness of the great institution of learn- 
ing which you are about to dedicate. It will far sur- 
pass, so far as I know, any other such institution in the 
world, and it bids fair to be one of the most useful of 
the many great benefactions of Andrew Carnegie for 
which he has become so justly famous. 


Joseph Swain 





Syracuse, N, Y., March 26th, 1907 

Board of Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 


We all take a deep and lively interest in the great 
Institute and congratulate you upon the extension of 
its facilities by the erection of this new building. 

We feel that something of a kinship is established 
between the Carnegie Institute and Syracuse Uni- 
versity by the erection of a magnificent library upon 
our campus by your renowned founder. 

The character and scope of the Carnegie Institute 
does not only great credit to Mr. Carnegie's philan- 
thropy but also to his clear and broad concept of the 
educational demands of his time and his country. 

Very truly yours, 

James R. Day 





Kansas City, Mo., April 8, 1907 

To Andrew Carnegie, Esq., 

AND THE City of Pittsburgh, 


Accept the unbounded congratulations of the Tech- 
nological Society of Kansas City upon the completion 
of the invaluable Schools for Technical Advancement, 
the opening of which you now celebrate, and the be- 
stowal of which is an act of imparalleled philanthropy. 

Science and art as fostered and developed in your 
new institution are the keystone and pillars of civilized 

Pittsburgh's son, Andrew Carnegie, is strengthening 
his home city by this foundation as perhaps no other 
may do. 

Beneficial results beyond imagination will be the 
heritage of Pittsburgh, and Pennsylvania, and Amer- 
ica, and the whole world from this Fountain of Know- 



















Potsdam, New York, April 1 1, 1907 

The Founders and Trustees of the Thomas S. Clark- 
son Memorial School of Technology extend greetings 
and heartiest congratulations to Mr. Carnegie and the 
Trustees of the Institute upon the opening and dedica- 
tion of its new buildings. 







Trinity College, in Hartford, Connecticut, extends 
its heartiest greetings to the Carnegie Institute of 
Pittsburgh, upon the occasion of the dedication of the 
new building, and the College congratulates the Insti- 
tute upon that most happy union of forces making for 
civilization and progress which the associated depart- 
ments so notably represent. 

From the Library, the Present may gather all that 
is best in the Past, and hand it on, splendidly trans- 
muted, to the Future. The Gallery of Art and School 
of Music will minister perpetually to the influences 
that beautify life, exalt the spirit and ennoble the 
imagination. The Scientific Museum, broadly con- 
ceived, will provide the materials for the study and 
interpretation of Nature in its countless phases. And, 
finally, the Technical Schools, with their high mission 
of applying knowledge to the great problems of civil- 
ization, of dignifying labor and rendering its service 
more and more beneficent and useful, will contribute 
vastly to the betterment of life and living in this our 
nation; for through their development of the genius 
of the great engineer, through their skilled guidance of 



the worker's hand and head, and through their inculca- 
tion of the lesson that to the humblest handiwork the 
highest art may be brought, a nobler ideal of citizen- 
ship will certainly be uplifted before the eyes of all 


Flavel S. Luther 


W. N. Carlton 

Secretary of the Faculty 


April 12th, 1907 




New Orleans, 12 April, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church, 

Secretary, Carnegie Institute 

My dear Mr. Church: 

I am happy to bring from the Faculty of the Tulanc 
University of Louisiana sincerest greetings to the Fac- 
ulty of the Carnegie Institute. I am happy to bring 
from New Orleans congratulations to the great and 
growing city of Pittsburgh, which to-day becomes the 
seat of the most splendidly housed, equipped, and en- 
dowed Institute of Art, Science, and Technology in the 
world. I am happy to bring from the people of the en- 
tire Southland a message of affection and esteem to 
Mr. Andrew Carnegie, the foremost citizen of the 
Anglo-Saxon World, upbuilder of the invisible yet 
ever-advancing, ever-widening, and immortal empire 
of knowledge; the master spirit in the coming Parlia- 
ment of Man, the first real President of the United 
States of the World. 

Very truly yours, 

E. B. Craiohead 





TusKEGEE Institute, Alabama, March 25, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

My dear Sir: 

I have the honor on behalf of the Faculty of the Tus- 
kegee Normal and Industrial Institute to extend most 
cordial greetings to the Board of Trustees of the Car- 
negie Institute on the occasion of the formal dedica- 
tion of the Institute on Thursday, Friday, and Satur- 
day, April 11, 12, and 13, 1907. 

We rejoice with you that that great citizen of the 
Republic, Mr. Andrew Carnegie, has erected at Pitts- 
burgh a monument to education which will for all time 
serve as a torch to enlighten mankind in the arts and 

We heartily congratulate you upon the great oppor- 
tunity for service which has so splendidly been pro- 
vided for you. 

Faithfully yours, 

Booker T. Washington 





Schenectady, N. Y., March 12, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

Union College wishes to have a place among those 
who present their congratulations to the Carnegie In- 
stitute upon the occasion of the dedication of the new 
building. We rejoice in everything that promises large 
usefulness for the Institute, and with these greetings 
we offer our best wishes for the future. 

Yours sincerely, 

Andrew V. V. Raymond 

President Union College 





West Point, N. Y., March 14, 1907 
The Trustees, Carnegie Institute 


On behalf of the Military Academy I beg to offer 
congratulations upon the auspicious occasion of the 
dedication of the magnificent new building of the 
Carnegie Institute, marking as it does a momentous in- 
crease in the educational and scientific equipment of 
the United States. 

Very respectfully, 

H. L. Scott 

Colonel, U. S, Army, 





Annapolis, Md., April 12, 1907 
To THE Trustees 
THE Carnegie Institute 


The United States Naval Academy was one of the 
first organizations of the country to take up the tech- 
nical training of young men for scientific pursuits on 
lines somewhat similar to those adopted by the Car- 
negie Institute, and is at the present time one of the 
largest colleges carrying on such work. 

With such common interests existing between the 
two institutions, I feel warranted in expressing upon 
the auspicious occasion, in behalf of the Faculty of the 
Naval Academy, and its alumni who are engaged in 
applying the science there learned to the arts of ship 
construction and navigation in the various depart- 
ments of the Navy, their congratulations and good 
wishes for the success of this wonderful and beautiful 
"temple of love" which will send forth into the world 
young men who must prove monuments to its great 
and generous founder, Andrew Carnegie — a man that 
will ever be honored and revered as one who has done 





so much for his fellow-men, ennobling their aspirations 
and opening up to them possibilities of unlimited 
knowledge, which means power that may rival in 
strength his own remarkable deeds that have so won 
the admiration of the whole civilized world. 

Colby M. Chester 

RiMr-Admirai, U> S. N. 


The University of California begs to extend to the 
Trustees of the Carnegie Institute its most cordial 
greetings on the occasion of the dedication at Pitts- 
burgh of the new building of the Carnegie Institute. 
It represents one of the most significant contributions 
in the history of man toward the uplifting of society 
and the betterment of human conditions. 

Berkeley, March 16, 1907 





March 8th, 1907 

To THE Board of Trustees of the 
Carnegie Institute 


The University of Chicago begs to extend to the 
Carnegie Institute congratulations and greeting on the 
occasion of the dedication of the new building. The 
Institute is calculated to do a great work for educa- 
tion, and indeed for civilization in its widest sense. 
That this work may be accomplished in the best way 
possible, and that the largest vision of the founder and 
of the trustees of the Institute may be realized, is the 
sincere wish of the University of Chicago. 

Very truly yours, 

Henry Pratt Judson 






CURATORiBus Instituti Carnegiani Salutem Dant 

Plurimam : 

Quod vos supera in annis parte communis siti novo 
Musarum alnmno domnm tantis opibus operibusque 
praeditam estis coUocaturi, ergo, quod bonum felix 
fortunatumquc sit vobis vestroque Municipio, Urbs, 
quae Solis occidui Regina audit, artium technicarum 
alma mater et fautrix, per nostram civicam Universi- 
tatem vobis gratulationes verbis profert ampUssimis. 

Carolus Guilielmus Dabney 








Ann Arbor^ March 8, 1907 
The Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute 


In behalf of the authorities of this University I beg 
to send to the Trustees of the Carnegie Institute our 
hearty congratulations on the completion of your new 
building. The generous endowment which the founder 
has provided for the Institute should make it of great 
service to the nation. We wish the highest success for 
the enterprise. 

Yours respectfully, 

James B. Angell 





Minneapolis, March ii, 1907 

To THE Board of Trustees 

OF THE Carnegie Institute 


The dedication of the new building of the Carnegie 
Institute at Pittsburgh, April nth, 12th, and 13th, 
1 907, is an occasion of such importance to the world of 
learning that it might well gather together representa- 
tives of all the universities and learned societies of the 
world to witness a ceremony in connection with an in- 
stitute that in its endowment, equipment, and prospects 
of usefulness can hardly be equaled by any other insti- 
tution in the world and certainly not by any whose 
field of work is the same as that of the Carnegie Insti- 

The Universitv of Minnesota sends to the Board of 
Trustees of the Carnegie Institute its heartiest congrat- 
ulations on what the Board has already accomplished 
and its best wishes for the perfect realization of the 
great idea of the founder of the institute, and for that 
measure of mighty influence for good which the insti- 



tute was established to accomplish. The University of 
Minnesota welcomes to the field of learning an insti- 
tution which can not fail to exert a powerful influence 
in the special direction in which its efforts will be ex- 

Very truly yours, 

Cyrus Northrop 



Columbia, Mo., 14 March, 1907 

To THE Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute 


In behalf of the University of Missouri, and in my 
own behalf, I congratulate you heartily, and indeed 
our country, upon the progress which you have made 
towards the dedication of the buildings of the Car- 
negie Institute. 

Very sincerely yours, 

R. H. Jesse 





The University of Nebraska heartily joins in the vol- 
ume of congratulations offered to Pittsburgh, to the 
Trustees and friends of the Carnegie Institute, and to 
the entire World of Science, on the completion of the 
Institute's new building, which must increase incal- 
culably its power as a creator of Mentality, Culture, 

and Citizenship. 

E. Benj. Andrews 


Lincoln, Nebraska 
March thirteenth 
Nineteen hundred and seven 




Philadelphia, Pa., March 26, 1907 

The Provost, Trustees, and Faculties of the University 
of Pennsylvania extend Greetings and Felicitations 
to the Board of Trustees of the Carnegie Institute upon 
the occasion of the formal Dedication of the new 
building of the Institute in Pittsburgh, and further ex- 
press their congratulations upon this great achieve- 
ment, and the sincere admiration of the University of 
Pennsylvania for the noble work of the Carnegie In- 

Chas. C. Harrison 


Clayton F. McMichael 

Sigihi Custos 




Knoxville, Tenn., 26 March, 1907 

To THE Board of Trustees, 

The Carneoie Institute 


Allow me to extend the congratulations of the Uni- 
versity of Tennessee on the occasion of the dedication 
of your new building. The magnificent plan on which 
your institution is laid out is one that is almost 
dazzling in its contemplation. The City of Pitts- 
burgh and its environment should be highly apprecia- 
tive of the treasure that it possesses in such an insti- 
tution and of the extraordinary opportunities which it 
offers to its citizens. 

Very truly yours, 

Brown Ayres 

President 9 University of Tennessee 




Charlottesville, Va., March 12, 1907 

To THE Trustees, Carnegie Institute 


The University of Virginia sends greetings of pride 
and faith to the Carnegie Institute. It congratulates 
its far-seeing founder upon the impulse to do this high 
service; the institution itself, upon boundless oppor- 
tunity; and the community, upon the possession of an 
unfailing source of intellectual and moral strength. 

Very truly yours, 

Edwin A. Alderman 





Madison, Wis., April 4, 1907 
President W. N. Frew 

Came^e Institute 

My dear Sir: 

The University of Wisconsin sends wannest con- 
gratulations and felicitations to the Carnegie Institute 
upon the dedication of her magnificent new building. 

It is fortunate that the scope of the Institute is dif- 
ferent from the ordinary college or university. The 
emphasis placed upon the fine arts and music recog- 
nizes the backwardness of America in these fields as 
compared with Europe. The strong development of 
these subjects will fill a pressing need which few insti- 
tutions of the country have been able to meet. The 
interests of the people are recognized by the scientific 
museum, by the public library, and by the technical 

The great Carnegie Institute, supported as it is with 
adequate endowment, can not fail to accomplish a 
mighty educational work for the City of Pittsburgh, 
the State of Pennsylvania, and for the nation. 

Yours very sincerely, 

Charles R. van Hise 



J •• \^i 



WoosTER, Ohio, April 1 1, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church, 

Secretary Carnegie Institute 

My dear Sir: 

The University of Wooster takes this opportunity to 
present to the President and honored members of the 
Board of Trustees of the Carnegie Institute and 
through them to the citizens of Pittsburgh and the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania its most sincere and 
hearty congratulations on this most auspicious occasion. 

You have the honor of being the Trustees of the 
largest single gift made to an educational institution 
in the world. An endowment which usually takes cen- 
turies to gather, the result of the gifts and sacrifices of 
thousands of givers, has come to you in a moment by 
the gift of one of your own well beloved citizens. We 
are proud for you to-day. We salute you, our youngest 
sister, pride of thy father, who has made your cup of 
blessing to be full and running over. We wish you 
every success in your great and world-wide mission. 

We also congratulate the man who has made this an 
auspicious day for the Middle West. We are proud that 
the rich men of America are becoming wise enough to 



be their own executors. Men who have had the brain 
and skill to amass great fortunes should have sense 
above their heirs to dispense them* Blessed is the man 
who is master and not slave of his wealth, who has the 
vision of the seer and uses his wealth to encourage vir- 
tue, reward industry, promote reforms, awaken in the 
undeveloped youth the desire to put his talents at in- 
terest, and places before the poor opportunities which 
will give them an equal chance with the rich to make 
their lives worth the living. All these things Mr. Car- 
negie has done. He is coining his money into character 
for the generations to come. All honor to him. He is 
not only a citizen of Pittsburgh and the Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania, but he has shown himself to be a 
friend and a brother to men of all nations, a citizen of 
the world of whom we are all proud. 

We therefore congratulate the man who to-day 
makes us all happy by the wisdom with which he dis- 
penses his beneficent gifts to all mankind. We honor 
him that he has so multiplied the talents which God 
gave him and while in the full use of all his faculties 
set himself to the task of planning so beneficently for 
the present and future generations of the youth of his 

own country. 

Very truly yours, 

Louis Edward Holden 






Nashville, Tenn., March 12, 1907 
Mr, S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

On behalf of Vanderbilt University I beg to con- 
gratulate the Trustees of the Carnegie Institute on the 
completion of their new building and the successful 
launching of one of the most important educational 
enterprises of the present time. It is rarely the case 
that an institution has an opportunity to begin its work 
with so splendid an equipment and so bright a future as 
the Carnegie Institute now has. Older institutions 
that have had to work their way through difficulties of 
every kind rejoice that your institution will have an 
easier road and be enabled to do its work with greater 
facility and success. May the splendid beginning you 
have made be a prophecy of great achievement and per- 
manent success. 

Very truly yours, 


Chancellor^ Vanderbilt University 




PouGHKEEPSiE, N. Y., March 7, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

On behalf of Vassar College I heartily congratulate 
the Trustees of the Carnegie Institute and the citizens 
of Pittsburgh upon the dedication of the new building 
of the Institute. This unparalleled gift to your city 
is an advantage to our entire nation and is a cause of 
rejoicing on the part of all who are interested in the 
liberal and technical training of Americans. 

Respectfully yours, 

J. M. Taylor 







St. Louis, Mo., March 27, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

Washington University extends its heartiest greet- 
ings and congratulations to the Board of Trustees of 
the Carnegie Institute upon the completion of its new 
building, which is to be dedicated in April. With its 
splendid endowment, its strong Board of Trustees, and 
its young and energetic faculty there can be no doubt 
that the Institute has the brightest future before it. 
Washington University extends its best wishes for the 
rapid and full development of the work of the Insti- 


W. S. Chaplin 





Washington, Pa., April 3, 1907 

The President and Professors of Washington and Jef- 
ferson College offer their congratulations to the Trus- 
tees of the Carnegie Institute upon the completion of 
the splendid group of buildings, which will hereafter 
constitute the home of the Institute, with its literary, 
esthetic, and educational departments. 

We also congratulate the Trustees upon the posses- 
sion of funds so ample that they may work out ideals 
unhampered by the limitations that so often cramp the 
efforts of educational institutions. The munificence 
of the founder has placed it in their power, not only 
to offer to the young opportunities to train themselves 
for a useful life, but to place before all the people the 
higher enjojmients of a cultivated life. 

In behalf of the Faculty of Washington and Jeffer- 
son College, 

James D. Moffat 






Lexington, Va., April 12, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church, 

Secretary, Carnegie Institute 

My dear Sir: 

I desire to say, not merely on behalf of the Washing- 
ton and Lee University, but also on behalf of all the 
universities and colleges of the South, that we con- 
gratulate you and rejoice with you in this splendid 
consummation of civic and educational pride and as- 

This great gift of Mr. Andrew Carnegie is felt and 
appreciated throughout the nation, which has already 
been enriched by the gracious influence and inspiring 
example of his unselfish life. 

Good men everywhere will wish you happiness at 
this hour, and for this institution will arise to-day many 
hopes and prayers that it may prosper in its work with 
an ever enlarging sphere of influence until it shall 
make adequate response to the ideal of its great founder 
and to the needs of this great city. 

I assure you, one and all, that in no section of the 
country does the heart of humanity beat more warmly 





with your heart to-day than in the ancient Common- 
wealth of Virginia which I have the gracious honor to 
represent and whose greetings I bear. 

Very truly yours, 

George H. Denny 



Wellesley, Mass., April 3, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

the Carnegie Institute 

My dear Mr. Church: 

In President Hazard's extended absence abroad I 
have the honor to extend to the Trustees of Carnegie 
Institute the good wishes of Wellesley College, on the 
occasion of the dedication of the new building. 

The Trustees of Carnegie Institute and the citizens 
of Pittsburgh are to be congratulated upon the advan- 
tages which this generous gift offers to the young peo- 
ple of America. 


Very truly yours, 

Ellen J. Pendleton 





Cleveland, Ohio, 13 March, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 


My dear Mr. Church: 

The Trustees of Western Reserve University would 
through me convey to the Trustees of the Carnegie 
Institute heartiest felicitations. The confederation 
of five great departments under one administration 
represents one of the noblest movements of the world 
in educational and administrative affiliation. Such a 
confederation, also, aids each of the affiliating so- 
cieties to become more efficient in the eflFort which it 
makes for human betterment. 

Believe me, my dear sir, with considerations of great 


Very truly yours, 

Charles F. Thwing 





Pittsburgh, Pa., April 12, 1907 

Resolved^ That the Board of Trustees of the Western 
University of Pennsylvania congratulates the Carnegie 
Institute upon the completion and dedication of the 
magnificent new buildings and upon the splendid and 
remarkably successful exercises of dedication ; and upon 
the new gift of six millions made by the founder, 
Andrew Carnegie, to the Institute to enable it the bet- 
ter to carry on its great work in its various depart- 

Resolved^ That representing the Western University, 
an institution of Greater Pittsburgh, now in the one 
hundred and twentieth year of its corporate life, the 
Trustees extend to Andrew Carnegie, a member of this 
Board, a sincere tribute of thanks and appreciation for 
this gift of the Carnegie Institute to the people of 
Pittsburgh and for the generous endowment for carry- 
ing on its work. Already the Institute has made a 
splendid impression upon the community and in the 
years to come the good, in knowledge, culture, and 
skill, will be multiplied. The University joins all the 
people of our city in expressing gratification and ap- 
preciation to the founder for his donation to the city he 





Resolved^ That the Trustees express their appreciation 
of the courtesy of the Carnegie Institute in permitting 
the University to have a part in the program of dedica- 
tion in conferring the degrees on Saturday morning 
and thus enabling the University to honor the distin- 
guished men who have come across the sea. 

Attest, The Board of Trustees 

S. B. LiNHART Alexander Dempster 

Secretary President 




MoRGANTOWN, W. Va., March 1 1, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

Carnegie Institute 

My dear Sir: 

I learn with great pleasure of the approaching cere- 
monies at the opening of your new building, April 1 1, 
12, and 13, proximo. Permit me for myself, and on 
behalf of the West Virginia University, to congratu- 
late the Board of Trustees upon the most auspicious 
opening of the Carnegie Institute. It is a magnificent 
example of the wise and benevolent dedication of 
money to the good of mankind. The Institute will be 
of inestimable value, especially to this active and opu- 
lent region, of which Pittsburgh is the center. Our own 
location makes us at this University especially and per- 
sonally interested in the Carnegie Institute. 

Kindly accept our heartiest felicitations and con- 
gratulations in view of the interesting occasion to 
which I have already referred. 


Very truly yours, 






WiLLiAMSTOWN, Mass., March 30th, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

of the Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

The Carnegie Institute, with its five great depart- 
ments, is one of the crowning and most notable prod- 
ucts of our American civilization. 

The thought which has devised it, the expert skill 
and strong initiative which has set in order its begin- 
nings, and the wise generosity which has provided for 
its continuance, are worthy of all honor. Williams 
College joins in the acclaim of congratulations called 
forth on this Dedication Day. 

With high regards, 

Henry Hopkins 








Williamson School P. O., Pa. 

(Delaware County), 

March 14, 1907 
S. H. Church, Esq. 

Secretary, Board of Trustees 

of the Carnegie Institute 

Dear Sir: 

Our State and country are to be congratulated on Mr. 
Carnegie's noble foundation. Especially are we glad 
that trade schools are to be included in your work. 
There is an overwhelming demand for intelligent arti- 
sans, and our somewhat extended experience clearly in- 
dicates that those given a broad training of ample 
length in schools are best fitted to become America's 
skilled workmen. 

With hearty wishes for the success of the Carnegie 
Institute, I remain. 

Yours very truly, 

John M. Shrigley 





To Carnegie Institute 

The Worcester Art Museum situated in the "Heart 
of the Commonwealth" — one of the best industrial and 
educational centers of New England — sends greetings 
and hearty congratulations to the Carnegie Institute 
of Pittsburgh, on the occasion of its dedication. 

Your field of operations, and your buildings, collec- 
tions, and endowment far surpass ours ; yet the spirit of 
genuine art is one spirit, and we are together seeking to 
serve the great body of the people, by promoting the 
noblest aspirations and standards in the realm of the 

It is significant that, in the midst of our abounding 
material prosperity, the American people, both rich and 
poor, are turning with such enthusiasm to the establish- 
ment of institutions that lift up the highest ideals in 
education, art, and life. 

Among these the Carnegie Institute at Pittsburgh, 
with its great resources, is destined to have a most im- 
portant place and influence. 

Daniel Merriman 

President Wercester Art Museum 

Worcester, Mass. 
April lo, 1907 




I • 



Worcester, Mass, April i, 1907 

Worcester Polytechnic Institute joins with insti- 
tutions of like aim the world over in appreciation of 
Mr. Carnegie's great gift. 

Congratulations to the Carnegie Institute upon its 
splendid opportunity and best wishes for success in the 
accomplishment of the highest purposes. 

Edmund A. Engler 


Mr. S. H. Church, 

Secretary, Carnegie Institute 






New Haven, Conn., April 9, 1907 

To THE Board of Trustees, 

Carnegie Institute 


Yale University takes special pleasure in sending its 
greeting and its representative to the Carnegie Insti- 
tute on the occasion of the opening of its new buildings. 

In common with all other universities, we appreciate 
its importance for the future of education ; and we have 
a special interest in its work in view of the fact that an 
honored graduate of Yale, Mr. William N. Frew, is 
President of the Board of Trustees. 

We sincerely hope and believe that the Carnegie In- 
stitute will become one of the great educational factors 
in this country and add to the well-deserved fame of its 


Very truly yours, 

Anson Phelps Stokes, Jr. 









acad£mi£ imp^riale 




18 Mars, 1907 
Institut Carnegie 

J'ai rhonneur dc presenter a Tlnstitut Carnegie de 
la part de rAcademie Imperiale des Sciences de St.- 
Petersbourg ses sinccres felicitations a Toccasion de 
rinauguration des nouveaux batiments eriges pour 
ITnstitut. Ces temples de la Science et des Arts seront 
la juste gloire de votre grand pays. U Academic Im- 
periale des Sciences souhaite a I'lnstitut des succes 
brillants et une longue prosperitc. 

Serge d'Oldenburg 

Seer hair e Perphuelt Membre di P AcadimU 




University de France, Dijon, France 

universitas divionensis 
carneoiano instituto, 

8. P, D. 

Institute vestro, illustrissimi doctissimique viri, gra- 
tias persolvimus, quod nos certiores feceritis, a vobis 
mox, multis doctarum societatum membris plaudenti- 
bus, solemniter inauguratum iri splendidissima ilia 
aedificia, quae vir scientiae artiumque pulchrarum 
amans in omnium commoda suis sumptibus extrui vo- 

Itaque per has litteras iis, qui f requentes istis f estis 
diebus vobis astabunt, se conjungit Universitas nostra, 
una cum illis res quam prosperrimas vobis exoptans, ut 
scientiarum artiumque lumen in populos late per multa 
secula diffundatis. 

Dabat Divione a. d. VI kal. Apriles MCMVIL 


Divhnensis AcademUe Rict9r, 
Senatus Universitatis Divionensis Praeses 








MoNTPELLiER, France, Ic 8 Mars, 1907 

Le Recteur de l'Acad£mie de Montpellier k 


Au nom de TUniversite de Montpellier, j'ai Thon- 
neur de vous adresser nos plus cordiales felicitations a 
Toccasion de Tinauguration de ITnstitut Carnegie- 
Une vieille ecole telle que la notre, qui travaille pour 
la science plus de six siecles, est heureuse d'envoyer ses 
souhaits de bonheur et de succes aux jeunes ecoles qui 
se f ondent de Tautre cote de TAtlantique. 

Antoine Benoist 

Ricteur, Prisident du Conseil de P Universiti 





Bern, Switzerland, den 16. Marz, 1907 

Im Namen und Auftrag der Universitat Bern gratu- 

liere ich herzlich zur bevorstehenden Eroffnung Ihrer 


Mit grosser Hochachtung, 

Prof. Dr. A. Thurlings 

Rector der Universitat Bern 







Prague, Bohemia, March 27, 1907 

To Carnegie Institute 

I have the honor to send my congratulation to the 
joyful celebration which will be held by opening the 
Carnegie Institute, wishing that this magnificent insti- 
tution should be for all the United States a rich source 
of improvement and of progress for humanity through 
all time. 

I have the honor to be. 

Prof. J. Hlava 

Rector of Bohemian University of Prague ^ 
Austria- Bohemia 





Halifax, Nova Scotia, March 20th, 1907 

To THE President and Trustees 

OF THE Carnegie Institute 


The President and Senate of Dalhousie University 
have heard with the greatest pleasure of the magnifi- 
cent gift of your founder to Education. While they 
rejoice with you most sincerely over the generous pro- 
vision made for your Institute, they are not unmindful 
of the fact that the generosity of Mr. Carnegie has not 
been restricted by local or national boundaries, but has 
ever been animated by the belief, that whatever pro- 
motes the intellectual and social well-being of one na- 
tion or community makes for the uplifting of all and 
the approach of the day of universal enlightenment 
and peace. 

They desire to congratulate you most heartily upon 
the completion of the building of your Institute, and to 
express the hope that the splendid gifts with which 
you have been endowed may result in great and last- 
ing good to the advancement of science and the well- 
being of your people. 

John Forrest 


Walter C. Murray 



I . 



Paris, le 30 Mars, 1907 
Monsieur V Ambassadeur^ 

Monsieur Vignaud a bien me demande d'assurer la 
remise a sa haute destination d'une invitation d'assister 
a Tinauguration de ITnstitut Carnegie que les adminis- 
trateurs de cette Institution adressaient a Monsieur le 
President de la Republique. 

Monsieur le President sous les yeux duquel je me 
suis empresse de f aire placer cette invitation a cte tres 
sensible a Taimable pensee des administrateurs de 
ITnstitut Carnegie et, se trouvant dans Timpossibilite 
d'assister a I'inauguration de cet etablissement, il m'a 
charge de recourir a Tobligeante entremise de Votre 
Excellence pour leur faire parvenir avec ses sinceres 
remerciements I'assurance du vif intcret qu'il porte a 
leur oeuvre. 

Agreez les assurances de la tres haute consideration 
avec laquelle j'ai Thonneur d'etre. 

Monsieur TAmbassadeur, 
De Votre Excellence, 
Le tres humble et tres 
obeissant Serviteur, 


Son Excellence Monsieur White, 

Ambassadeur des Etats-Unis a Paris 






GoTTiNGEN, den 28. Marz, 1907 

Den Trustees des Carnegie Institute 

zu Pittsburgh 

Sprechen Prorektor und Senat der George-August-Uni- 
versitat zu dem Tage, an dem es ihnen vergonnt ist, 
von den herrlichen Raumen Besitz zu ergreifen, die 
ihnen die grossartige Freigebigkeit eines vielbewahrten 
Forderers der Wissenschaften und der Volksbildung 
bereit gestellt hat, ihren herzlichen Gliickwunsch aus. 


An die Trustees des Carnegie Institute 




Paris Ic 27 Mars, 1907 

Lb President db la Commission Administrative Centrals X 

Monsieur S. H. Church, 

Secretaire de Carnegie Institute 

Monsieur le Secretaire: 

Ulnstitut dc France a rcgu la lettrc par laquelle 
vous rinformez que rinauguration du nouveau bati- 
ment de Carnegie Institute aura lieu les 11, 12, et 13 
du mois d' Avril prochain. 

Nous craignons que ITnstitut de France ne puisse 
etre reprcsentc dans cette solennite, mais il s'y associe 
tout entier par la pensee et il adresse ses bicn vives 
felicitations au donateur pour la magnificence de ses 
dons et a la Cite de Pittsburgh qui, devenue une des 
grandes villes du monde, va devenir aussi un des 
grands foyers d'instruction technique et artistique. 

La science et Tart fccondent Tindustrie. UAme- 
rique est heureuse de posscder des citoyens qui le com- 
prennent et emploient une fortune gagnee par le tra- 
vail a developper les forces productives de ses travail- 

Agreez Texpression de notre sympathie. 

Li President de ut Commusion Adminutrativi Centrale di P Institute 
Secrhaire Perpetuel de P Acadimie Franfaiie 

Gaston Boissier 



WiEN, Austria-Hungary, am 15. Marz, 1907 

An die geehrte Carnegie Institute 

IN Pittsburgh 

Wir haben die Ehre, dem sehr geschatzten Carnegie 
Institute anlasslich der Einweihung seines neuen 
Heimes die warmsten und herzlichsten Gliickwiinsche 
der K. Akademie der Wissenschaften auszusprechen. 
Wir geben der Hoffnung Ansdruck, dass die Tatigkeit 
des geehrten Institutes zum Wohle der Wissenschaft 
von den besten Erfolgen begleitet sein und so den In- 
tentionen seines hochherzigen Griinders im vollsten 
Masse entsprechen werde. 

Das Prasidium der 
K. Akademie der Wissenschaften : 

E. Suess, Lang 






Herr Curator C. V. Hartman, 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 

KungL Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, som mottagit 
inbjudning att lita sig representera vid invigningen 
af Carnegie institutets nya byggnad den 11-13 ^pnl 
bar beslutat att utse Eder till sitt ombud vid if rigava- 
rande hogtidlighet samt anhaller att Ni behagade 
framfora akademiens lyckonskningar i anledning af 
f estens stora betydelse. 

Pi KungL Vetenskapsakademiens vagnar. 

Peter Klason 
Chr. Aurivillius 

Stockholm, Sweden 
den 13 mars, 1907 



l'univ£rsit£ d'aix-marseille 

Aix, France, le 22 Mars, 1907 

Monsieur le Secretaire^ 

Notre Univcrsitc vous remcrcie d' avoir bien voulu 
noiis f aire part de la prochaine inauguration de Tlnsti- 
tut Carnegie. Nous saluons avec joie la creation d'un 
etablissement qui jettera un nouvel eclat sur la science 
americaine, et nous vous prions d'agreer nos souhaits 
de glorieuse prosperite. 

Sincerement votre, 



DE l'Institut Carneoib 



l'univ£Rsit£ d£ bordeaux 

Bordeaux, France, le 1 1 mars, 1907 


/ Monsieur le Secretaire de l'Institut Carnegie 

L'Universite de Bordeaux est heureuse de feliciter 
ITnstitut Carnegie, a Foccasion de Tinauguration dont 
il veut bien rinformer. Le Nouveau Monde fait bien 
les choses pour la Science, et les plus riches de ses ci- 
toyens dotent des instituts au lieu de donner des jeux 
comme dans la Rome antique. Ce sont de nobles 
moeurs, dont nos vieilles Universites tiennent aussi a 
vous feliciter. Nous vous envoyons nos vceux pour la 
prosperite de vos etablissements, des maitres et des 

Le Rectiur, Frksiient in Conseil de VlJniversiti 

R. Thamin 




UUnivcrsite de Paris, la plus vieille des Univcrsites 
du monde, adresse a ITnstitut Carnegie son salut et ses 
felicitations, a Toccasion de I'inauguration de ses nou- 
veaux batiments. 

EUe est heurense qu'il ait ete fondc, dans le Nou- 
veau-Monde, un nouvel et puissant organe pour le de- 
veloppement de Tart et de la science. 

EUe est heureuse que cette fondation soit due a la 
liberalite d'un citoyen qui fait de la richesse le plus 
noble des emplois, et donne ainsi au monde entier le 
plus beau des exemples. 

Ayant elle-meme recemment eprouvc la generosite 
d' Andrew Carnegie et son devouement aux intercts de 
la science, elle le salue en mcme temps qu'elle salue son 
ceuvre principale et lui renouvelle publiquement Tex- 
pression de sa reconnaissance. 

Le Vice-Recteur de l'Universit]^ de Paris 

Le 18 Mars, 1907. 




Montreal, Canada, April 3rd, 1907 
To President W. N. Frew, 

Carnegie Institute 

Dear Mr. President: 

In view of the approaching celebrations at Pitts- 
burgh, I have much pleasure, on behalf of this Univer- 
sity, in congratulating the Carnegie Institute on the ex- 
cellence of the material equipment, and the extent of 
the endowment with which it is about to enter on what 
we hope will be a long period of work in the public 

The union of Art, Science, and Literature, in one 
magnificent institution, and under one administration, 
is symbolical of the solidarity of modern educational 
enterprise, and the best possible guarantee that the in- 
terests of each separate department will be worked out 
in relation to all the others. 

Nowhere more than in a great center of industry can 
the modem attitude to education be realized and illus- 
trated. For education, in all its aspects, is part of a 
great social problem which should be dealt with in such 
a way that the corporate life of the conununity may be 



strengthened and uplifted by what is done for the in- 
dividual. Through the generosity of a munificent 
founder, Pittsburgh has been put in possession of 
highly enviable opportunities, and our hope and prayer 
is that the Carnegie Institute may be enabled always to 
turn these to the best possible advantage. 
With all good wishes, I am, 

Dear Mr. President, 

Yours faithfully, 
W. Peterson, LL.D. 

Vue-ChanctlUr rf McGill University 




Kingston, Ont., 28th Feb., 1907 

The Senate of Queen's University desire to congratu- 
late the Board of Trustees of the Camegie Institute on 
the dedication of their very handsome and commodious 
building, and to express the wish that the work of the 
Institute may be carried on with increasing success, and 
with ever growing helpfulness to the nation. 

The erection, equipment, and endowment of the Car- 
negie Institute are a splendid illustration of the wise 
liberality of Mr. Camegie, who has made such munifi- 
cent gifts in the interests of Science, Literature, and 
Art, and from whose generosity this University also 
has received assistance. Such benefactions serve not 
only as an example to the fellow-countrymen of the 
donor; they possess international influence, and help to 
enlist the wealth of other lands in the cause of truth 
and progress. 

The Senate of this University cordially desire that 

the work of the Camegie Institute may abundantly 

realize the highest expectations of its generous founder 

and of its Board of Trustees. 

Daniel M. Gordon 

Principal and Vict'ChaneelUr 





Die RheinischcFriedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat spricht 
dem Carnegie Institute bei Gelegenheit der Einweih- 
ung seines neuen Gebaudes und des Beginnes seiner 
Tatigkeit ihre waraiste Teilnahme und die besten 
Gliickwiinsche aus, in der Hoffnung, dass die erleuch- 
tete Absicht, welche der hochherzigen Stiftung Ihres 
Institutes zu Grunde liegt, sich in voUem Masse er- 

Wir sind uberzeugt, dass von diesem neuen Sitze der 
Studien eine segensreiche Einwirkung auf die Geistige 
Kultur Ihres Landes, die in verwandtschaf tlichen Be- 
ziehungen zu der unseres Volkes steht, ausgehen und 
dadurch nachhaltige Forderung Wissenschaft und 
Kunst zuteil werden wird. 

Der Pr9rtet9r der Rhiinuchen 

Friedruh- Wilkelms- Umversitat, 

H. Jacobi 




Berlin, Germany, den 8 April, 1907 

Sehr geehrte H err en : 

Ich danke Ihnen sehr fiir Ihre liebcnswiirdigc Ein- 
ladung zur Einweihung des Carnegie Institutes; aber 
zu meinem grossen Bedauern ist es mir nicht moglich, 
der Einladung Folge zu leisten. 

Ich wiinsche dem neuen Institut von Herzen eine be- 
deutende, ruhmvolle Entwickelung. 

Mit dem Ausdruck meiner vorzuglichsten Hochach- 


Ihr ganz ergebenster. 

Dr. Richard Strauss 




Roma, Italy, 19 Marzo, 1907 

Caro Signore: 

Ho la compiacenza de dirle che la R. Accademia del 
Lincei desidera di essere considerata come presente in 
ispirito nei giorni solenni dell' inaugurazione del 
nuovo edificio del "Carnegie Institute," ed ammira co- 
desta grande nazione, dalla quale sorgono splendide e 
f econde iniziative private. 

La R. Accademia dei Lincei, il giomo 10 aprile, in- 
viera a V. S. Illma. un telegramma di f elicitazioni ; e 
spera che tutte le pubblicazioni, che emanano dall' at- 
tivita intellettuale di codesto Istituto, possano onorare 
la Biblioteca Accademica. 

Gradisca, illustre Signore, i sensi di def erenza, 

V AccadiMM Segntarh^ 

E. Mancini 


SiG. Sbgretario dell' Ufficio 
DI Amministrazione del 
"Carnegie Institute" 




Caracas, Venezuela, 23 de marzo de 1907 

En nombre de la Univcrsidad, en via cordial i entu- 
siasta f elicitacion al Institute Carnegie, con motivo de 
la dedicacion de su nuevo edificio en Pittsburgh, en 
los dias 1 1, 12, i 13 del proximo abriL 

Con la generosa i esplendida donacion efectuada en 
favor del Institute por el celebre filantropo Carnegie, 
montante a veinte i cinco millones de dollars, el Insti- 
tute que Ueva su nombre, hara de ese suntuoso hogar 
un templo admirable de las Ciencias i de las Bellas 


J£sus MufJoz T£bar 






Havana, Cuba, March 15th, 1907 
Mr. S. H. Church, 

Secretary of the Carnegie Institute 


It is for me, as President of this University, of the 

utmost pleasure while acknowledging receipt of your 

communication of March 2 to congratulate the Board 

of Trustees of the Carnegie Institute by reason of the 

generous gift which the great benefactor Mr. Carnegie 

has made to Pittsburgh, hoping that said Institute will 

be one more to add to so many others you have in your 

country divulging the light of science through all the 


Very respectfully yours, 

Leopolds Berriel 





Rostock, Germany, den 12. Marz, 1907 

Dem Carnegie Institut bringt die Landesuniversitat 
Rostock des Grossherzogtums Mecklenburg-Schwerin 
(Deutschland) zur ErofFnung und Einweihung ihrcr 
Ncubauten die allerherzlichsten Gliickwiinsche dar. 
Mogen diese Raume immerdar zum Fortschritt des 
Wissens auf alien Gebieten beitragen ! 

Professor der Pharmakologie und physiologbchin Chimii, Kaiser lick- Russiscker 

Staatsrat a. D. z. Z. Rektor der Universstit^ 


An den Board of Trustees 

OF THE Carnegie Institute 




Geneve, Switzerland, Ic 22 Mars, 1907 

Le Recteur 
X Monsieur S. H. Church, 

Secretaire de Tlnstitut Carnegie 


L'Univcrsitc dc Geneve, fiUe de rAcademic dc Cal- 
vin, est hcurcuse dc s'associer aux fetes d'inauguration 
de rinstitut Carnegie par le temoignage de sa sym- 
pathie et de ses vceux. Les traditions de TAcadeniie 
et du College de Geneve nous rattachent par des liens 
dcja anciens a la vie intellectuelle des Etats-Unis. 
Toutes les occasions nous sont prccieuscs, qui nous per- 

mettcnt de les renouvcler. 

Transmettez, jc vous prie, au gcncreux fondateur dc 
votre Institut Tassurance de notre haute consideration ; 
a tous ceux qui doivent y enseigncr et y apprendre, 
Texprcssion de notre cordiale sympathie. 

Permcttcz-moi, au nom du Senat dc rUniversitc de 
Geneve, de salucr vos fetes par Tantique formulc hu- 
maniste : 

"Que rinstitut Carnegie vive, croisse, et fleurisse!'' 

Bernard Bouvier 





Bruxelles, Belgique, le 9 Mars, 1907 
A Monsieur S. H. Church, 

Secretaire du Conseil d'administration 

du Carnegie Institute 

Monsieur le Secretaire: 

Vous voulez bien nous convier a prendre part a 
la ccrcmonie de Tinauguration de ITnstitut Carnegie en 
vous envoyant une adresse, et vous nous dites que cet 
Institut comprend un musee de pcinture, un musee 
scientifique, une bibliothcque publique, une ccolc de 
musique et des ccoles professionelles. Semblable eta- 
blissement n'a guere de rapport avec ce que nous enten- 
dons en Belgique par une universitc et aucune des 
branches que nous enseignons ici n'y semble represen- 
tee. C'est trcs volontiers cependant que nous vous 
adressons tous nos voeux pour le reussitc d'unc oeuvre 
qui contribuera, nous n'en pouvons douter, a maintcnir 
et a developper, dans la population de Pittsburgh, le 
gout des plaisirs superieurs de Tintelligence, en meme 
temps qu'elle la mettra a meme de se tenir au courant 
des plus ingcnicuscs inventions modemes et d'en tircr 

Veuillez agreer, monsieur le secretaire, Tassurancc 
de ma consideration la plus distinguee. 

Le Recteur de P Universiti 

A. Lameere 




To THE Board op Trustees op the Carnegie Institute of 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U. S. A. 

The University of Aberdeen offers its most cordial 
greeting and niost hearty congratulations. 

The Dedication of the New Building on the nth of 
April is an event of extraordinary interest and signifi- 
cance. If circumstances had permitted, it would have 
been a high honor and a sincere gratification to the 
Principal, in response to the courteous invitation ex- 
tended to him, to have been associated with the distin- 
guished persons who shall assemble on that occasion, 
to have enjoyed the privilege of admiring the archi- 
tecture and inspecting the divisions of the recently 
erected Palace of Truth, Harmony, and Industry, and 
to have added to many glowing tributes an apprecia- 
tion of the generosity and of the noble aims of the 
Founder of the Institute. 

The Principal having been prevented from carry- 
ing out his own wish, the University Court and the 
Senatus of the University ask the Board of Trustees to 
accept this Address as an expression of their best wishes 
for the success of the Institute. 

Their admiration has been excited by statements and 



reports which have reached thenL They have read of a 
stately edifice, erected at a cost of six millions of dol- 
lars; they have been informed that this edifice, in the 
midst of a city of gigantic industries, is designed to be 
a center of intellectual, artistic, and technical activi- 
ties; they have been told of a vast Library with many 
annexes, of a well-stored Museum, of a splendid Art 
Gallery, of a prosperous School of Music, and of a 
varied and comprehensive scheme of Industrial In- 
struction; they know that the Institute is to be the 
focus and seat of all this organization, attracting to it 
tens of thousands of workers, and aiming at the de- 
velopment of their intellect, their taste, their skill. 
The undertaking is vast. The responsibility of those 
in charge of it is great. May the results be richer with 

benefits than even the most sanguine expectation can 

In Mr. Carnegie, of whose liberality and construc- 
tive genius the Institute is a monument, the Scottish 
Universities have good cause for recognizing a most 
generous benefactor. Pittsburgh has been to him as a 
first charge, and the twenty millions of dollars of ex- 
penditure and endowment of the Institute constitute 
a magnificent donation. But the four Universities of 
Scotland — ^his native country — ^have been as a second 
charge, and for their benefit he has given to the half of 
what he has bestowed on the Institute of the city in 
which he made his fortune. The Trustees may be sure 
that, though the wide Atlantic Ocean separates their 
shores from those of Scotland, there shall be cheers 



from halls and houses in this land, answering to 
those with which Mr. Carnegie shall be received at the 
celebrations in the ensuing April. 

Six months ago, Mr. Carnegie honored Aberdeen 
with a visit when the Quarter-Centenary of the Uni- 
versity was celebrated, and the bright and warm en- 
thusiasm of his manner and his speech are gratefully 
remembered. Now, with all possible emphasis, the 
University sends its salutations to him and to those 
who guide and direct the Institute which he has created. 

Given at the University of Aberdeen this 23rd day 
of March, 1907. 

John Marshall Lang, C.V.O., D.D., LL.D. 

Hci' Chancellor and Principal 




Remarxs of Rev. Dr. £. S. Roberts 


To THE President and Trustees 

OF THE Carnegie Institute 

I HAVE the honor to present an address of congratula- 
tion from the ancient University of Cambridge. The 
address, in accordance with an academic custom, has 
been written by the public orator of the University in 
the Latin tongue and is duly authorized by the grace of 
the Senate and sealed with the common seal of the Uni- 
versity. In this address you are reminded that the 
name of Pittsburgh is to our University no new one. 
Your city as the home of a University of more than a 
hundred years' standing clauns and commands our cor- 
dial friendship. 

And we have endeavored in appropriate language to 
felicitate you on the unparalleled munificence of your 
great benefactor. My University, as is well known, 
has an age-long and time-honored association with an- 
cient studies ; and nevertheless yields to no other seat 
of learning in its prosecution of the highest develop- 



ments of modem science. We are bold enough to think 
that our grand inheritance of the pioneer names of 
Isaac Newton, William Harvey, and Charles Darwin 
justify us in assuring you that in your strenuous en- 
deavors to bring home to the people of your city and 
your country an appreciation of the triiunphs of ap- 
plied science — ^an appreciation inspired and intensified 
by the hiunanizing proximity of literature and the arts 
— ^in your far-reaching scheme inviting to the contem- 
plation of higher ideals those teeming thousands of 
your citizens who are absorbed in the storm and stress 
of a daily life of toil : — in all this you have our whole- 
hearted sympathy and our sincere good wishes for 
the prosperity of your great Institute in ages to come. 
It is then with profound satisfaction that I hand 
over to your keeping this document from my Univer- 
sity, the members of which will rejoice to hear from my 
lips the noble welcome which you have accorded to 
them in my person and the marvels of achievement 
which it will be my duty and my pleasure to report to 
them on my return from your hospitable shores. 



Instituti Carnegiani Praesidi et Fiduciariis 

S. p. D. 
Universitas Cantabrigiensis 

Urbcm vcstram, viri oraatissimi, fluminum magno- 
nim ad confluentes positam, et Senatoris Britannid 
nobilis nomine nuncupatam, f ama certa novimns quam 
inimensa sit, quanta incolarum multitudine floreat, 
quot artium inter se diversanim of&cinis glorietur. 
lUud autem nos profecto vel pluris aestimamus, quod 
urbs tanta, non modo Universitatis abhinc anno plus 
quam centum conditae, sed etiam Instituti novi sedes 
constituta est, quod in posterum tot civium in negotiis 
cotidianis occupatorum mentes ad altiora vocabit, et 
Reipublicae toti doctrinae variae facem splendidam 
praef eret. Instituti vero tanti conditor liberalissimus 
abhinc annos decern, ut accepimus a BibUotheca ma- 
gna condenda exorsus, nunc demum non tantmn Bi- 
bliothecam illam sumptu maximo denuo condidit, sed 
etiam operi tam magno Museum rerum naturae mira- 
culis instructiun, scientiarum musicarum Odeum, ar- 
tium omnium quae ad industriam pertinent Scholam, 
Pinacothecam denique pulcherrimam addidit. Aedi- 
ficium autem ipsum, arcuum et colmnnarum dignitate 
decora conspicuum, sine dubio posteritati serae nomen 
viri illustris tradet, qui vestrarum est (ut Horati ver- 
bis utamur) *grande decus colimienque rerum/ Gra- 



tulamur igitur vobis omnibus quod studiorum vcstro- 
rum omnium patronum tarn munificum estis nacti, et 
patroni ipsius et vestrum omniimi in honore Procan- 
cellarium nostrum, virum sununa dignitate praeditum, 
legatum nostrum mittimus, qui nostrum omniimi no- 
mine Instituto tanto dedicando intersit, et epistola 
nostra vobis reddita nostram in vos omnes, et Rcm- 
publicam vestram maximam, declaret benevolentiam. 

Datum Cantabrioiae 
PRiDiE Kalendas Martias A. S. MCMVII® 





The Senatus Academicus of the University of fklin- 
burgh desire to offer to the Board of Trustees of the 
Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, their cordial congrat- 
ulations on the completion of the magnificent Build- 
ing under the administration of the Board. They feel 
confident that the Institute will wax famous as a 
nursery of Science and Art in the great industrial cen- 
ter in Pennsylvania, and that it will be an enduring 
monument to the benefactor, whose name is indissolu- 
bly associated with the development and prosperity 
of Pittsburgh as one of the most notable manuf actur- 
ing cities in the world. 

The University of Edinburgh is itself deeply in- 
debted to Mr. Carnegie for the munificent endowments 
which have so greatly promoted higher learning in the 
metropolis of his native land, and it regards with pleas- 
ure the corresponding gift which he has bestowed on 
the city of the country of his adoption in which he re- 
sided for so many years. 

The Senatus Academicus ask the Board of Trustees 
to accept this Address as a testimony of their esteem, 



their good wishes, and their S3rmpathy in the great 

educational movement which has this day been so 

auspiciously inaugurated. 

William Turner 


L. J. Grant 

Secretary ef Senatus 


April, 1907 


To THE Board of Trustees 

OF THE Carnegie Institute 

The University of Ghent heartily congratulates the 

Carnegie Institute, and wishes that the torch of Art 

and Science lighted by a great citizen's generous hand 

may blaze forth in honor of your nation through the 

remotest generations. 

H. Leboucq 

The Rect9r 

E. Dauge 

The Academical Secretary 

Ghent, Belgium, 

March the 15th, 1907 




To THE Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute 

The Senatus Academicus of the University of Glas- 
gow presents to the Trustees of the Carnegie Institute 
its cordial greetings and congratulations upon the com- 
pletion of the noble buildings, dedicated to Science 
and the Arts, with which the munificence of a generous 
Scottish benefactor has endowed the City of Pitts- 
burgh. The University of Glasgow has itself abun- 
dant reason to be grateful to the founder of the Insti- 
tute for his liberal benefactions to the cause of learning 
in Scotland; and it rejoices to know that, in connection 
with the ceremonies about to be celebrated in Pitts- 
burgh, many tributes of honour will be offered to his 
name. In these tributes the Senatus desires with all 
sincerity to join, regretting only that, owing to unfore- 
seen events, it is unable to manifest its sympathetic in- 
terest in the proceedings by sending the Principal of 
the University to deliver this letter in person. 
On behalf of the Senatus Academicus, 

Donald MacAlister 


William Stewart 

Clerk 9f Senate 

2 1st March, 1907 




Instituti Carnegiani Pittsburgensis tutoribus et mcm- 
bris rogitantibus, ut aedificium academicum nuper 
pcrfectmn dedicandum Halcnsis quoque Univcrsitas 
piis votis prosequatur, libcntcr morem gcrentes ex 
animi sententia gratulantur, ut nobile illud Institutum 
doctrinae atque humanitatis scgetcm colcre pergat, 
Americse gloriam inter homines politiores augeat, 
laude magistrorum, studio discipulorum semper floreat, 
orant et optant iidem voluntatemque suam testantur 
fausta felicia fortunata omnia precantur Universitatis 
Fridericianae Halensis cum Vitebergensi consociatae. 


Carolus Robert 

Rector^ cum Senatu 

Dabamus Halis Saxonum a. d. 




To THE President and Members of the 

Board of Trustees of the Carnegie Institute 


We, the Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the 
University of Oxford, appreciate very highly your 
courtesy in inviting a representative of our University 
to be present at the dedication of the new buildings of 
the Carnegie Institute at Pittsburgh, on April nth, 

We note with deep interest the immense and rapid 

growth of your great city, the center of manufacturing 
and industrial activity in the United States; and we 
rejoice that this striking commercial development has 
not proceeded without due recognition of the claims of 
Literature, Science, and Art. The establishment of the 
Carnegie Institute, on which we desire to convey to you 
our heartiest congratulations, is a splendid illustration 
of profound sympathy with all that makes for the most 
philosophic research and the loftiest culture. 

This vast and comprehensive Institute, with its Li- 
brary, Museum, Art Gallery, Music Hall, and Tech- 
nical Schools, founded or rebuilt on a grand scale by 
Mr. Andrew Carnegie, stands as a noble monument of 



the unselfish dedication of great wealth to a further- 
ance of the highest education and the widest civiliza- 

We have great satisfaction in sending as our repre- 
sentative at the Inauguration of the Carnegie Institute 
Dr. John Rh^s, Principal of Jesus College and Profes- 
sor of Celtic in the University of Oxford. We feel 
that in making this choice we are commending to you 
an eminent scholar, who has made a deep and sympa- 
thetic study of the progress of education in the United 
States. The interesting report which he presented as a 
member of the Mosely Commission in 1903, is ample 
proof of his appreciation of all that is best in American 
Education, and of his warm recognition of the liberal- 
ity with which it has been endowed. 

Given in our House of Convocation on the fifth day of 
March, one thousand nine hundred and seven. 






Universitas Patavina 

Magnam nupcr cepimus voluptatem, clarissimi Viri, 
cum vestris litteris ccrtiorcs f acti sumus, Vos his proxi- 
mis diebus cum soUemni apparatu, tot illustribus viris 
praesentibus, novas aedes istius praeclarae Academiae 

In quo illud maximc admirabile videtur, quod id 
factum est unius hominis munificentia, qui, dum artcs 
gcneri humano utiles fovet, sibi comparat laudem im- 
mortalem. Vobis igitur gratulamur nee dubitamus 
quin brevi ex praeclara vestra studionim sede flamma 
sapientiae exsistat per totum orbem conspicua. Valete. 

D. Patavio Kal. April. MCMVIL 







Rennes, France, March 14th, 1907 

The Board of Trustees of 

THE Carnegie Institute 


On behalf of the University of Rennes, I desire to 
offer you my warmest congratulations on the occasion 
of the dedication of the Carnegie Institute. I hope 
that the festivities of your celebration will be a success 
and I have no doubt that this new scientific institution 
will be a torch of light for your nation. 

I should be glad if you would consider this address 
as an evidence of the sympathies which link together 
schools of learning throughout the world, and, partic- 
ularly, of the friendly feeling which has always existed 
between our two nations. 

With the very cordial greetings of the University of 
Rennes to your Institute and to the whole Board of 
Trustees, I have great pleasure in subscribing myself, 

Yours very sincerely, 


Rector and President of the Council 
of the University 




Address of the University of St. Andrews 

TO THE Board of Trustees of the 

Carnegie Institute 

We, the University Court and the Scnatus Acade- 
micus of the University of St. Andrews, desire to ex- 
press to you how much we share the satisfaction and 
delight which you feel who take part in the ceremony 
of dedicating the new building of the Carnegie Insti- 
tute on April 1 1, 1907. It seems to us a colossal struc- 
ture, supplied with materials that can minister to the 
highest instincts of man, to the love of nature and in- 
terest in all the forms of animal life, to the enjoyment 
of what is beautiful in music and painting, to the com- 
munion with noble men of all the ages through their 
books, and to the spirit of scientific research. It strikes 
us that this building, with the ample provision made 
for maintaining the various departments contained in 
it, the gift of one man, forms a new era in the history of 
modem times. The temple springs into existence as if 
by the magic touch of one wand, and supplies the in- 
habitants of Pittsburgh with the opportunity of pure 
joys and high culture. The event forms a marked con- 
trast in the history of the institution with which we are 



connected. On February 27, 191 1, we shall have com- 
pleted 500 years of our existence. During this long 
period very many have been trained at our University 
for the highest walks of life. Some of them have done 
notable work in the fields of literature, art, theology, 
and statesmanship, and a very large proportion have 
quietly exercised a beneficent influence on the lives of 
their fellowmen. But most of them had to struggle 
with poverty; they encountered obstacles of every 
kind. They met with opposition in their desire to 
spread the truth, and they had to endure hardship even 
when they had reached the simunit of their ambition. 
Their characters were formed by the severe labors 
which they had to undertake. In your grand new struc- 
ture everything is made smooth. It indicates the re- 
moval of obstacles, and it points forward to great 
enjoyment of the highest kind. A new experiment is 
thus begun. What the result may be no one can pre- 
dict. We are quite sure of this, that if the spirit of the 
founder and donor pervades the operations of the In- 
stitute all will go well. He has been Rector of this 
University for nearly six years. We have come to 
know him well. Amidst enormous wealth he has re- 
mained unspoiled. He is simplicity itself in all his 
habits. He has not been led astray by any of the 
vulgar ambitions that are too frequently associated 
with great riches. He is conscientious in the use of the 
means that come within his power, and his name is 
blessed for the benefits he has conferred in every part 
of the world. If those who take advantage of the Car- 



negie Institute follow the example of the founder, they 
will be rendered wiser, happier, and more benevolent 
by the privileges which the Carnegie Institute offers 
thenL And we trust that the Institute will keep ever 
before it one of the aims which has marked the whole 
career of the founder, the desire for universal peace, 
the creation of confidence between the nations of the 
world, the social elevation of the whole mass of the 
people, the arrival of the time when 

Man to man the warld o'er 
Shall brothers be for a' that, 

and the realization of the poet's dream : 

Till the war-drum throbb'd no longer, and the battle flags 
were furled 

In the Parliament of man, the Federation of the world. 

James Donaldson 

Hce- Chancellor and Principal of the 
University of St, Andrews 






Cancellarius Senatus Praeses 

Universitatis Torontonensis 

Praesidi et Sociis Institutionis Carneols 

S. p. D. 

Mittimus hascc literas, viri illustrissimi, primum ut 
vobis, vestnim templmn et aedem Musanim dedican- 
tibus, amicitiam testemur et ut vos f aciamus certiores 
nihil nobis pulchrius, sapientius, amabilius videri 
quam ita favere et subvenire illis studiis et artibus, 
quae (ut aiunt) adolescentiam agunt, senectutem ob- 
lectant. Laudationis deinde aliquid afferre volumus 
illi viro sapientissimo, fundatori vestro, qui omnium 
hoc aetatis ditissimus, ne dives ipse moreretur, ad doc- 
trinam scientiamque augendam rectisque cultibus fa- 
vendum divitias suas, duce sapientia tam sapienter 
expendit. Hoc tantulum ergo gratulationis a terra 
aliena ilia quidem sed amicissima, ut ad vos afferatur, 
virum gravissimum Johannem Galbraith, qui laetitiae 
intersit vestrae, ad vos mittimus. 

Mauricus Hutton W. R. Meredith 

Praties pr9 temf9re Cancellarius 


Datum ex Aede Academica 



Zurich, March 15, 1907 

To THE Carnegie Institute 

Mr. President^ Gentlemen of the Board of trustees: 

Wc, the Members of the University of Zurich, 
Switzerland, desire to tender to you our most sincere 
congratulations on the opening of the new building of 
the Carnegie Institute. May this new seat of learning, 
erected by the munificent benefactor, whose unsur- 
passed generosity all the world knows, become one of 
the centers of knowledge and research in the Great Re- 
public, with whose noble people and free institutions 
the warmest sympathies will connect us forever. 

For the Rector and Senate of the University of 


Theodore Vetter 

Pr$fiss9r of EngUsb Phihhgj 





London, England, March 21, 1907 

The Zoological Society of London, founded in 1829, 
for the advancement of Zoological Science, has commis- 
sioned Peter Chalmers Mitchell, Doctor of Science of 
the University of Oxford, Fellow of the Royal Society 
of London, and its own Secretary, to convey its greet- 
ings and congratulations to the Trustees of the Car- 
negie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

It welcomes the completion of this magnificent new 
instrument for the increase of natural knowledge, due 
to the generosity of Andrew Carnegie, and confidently 
predicts for it an enduring and faithful career. 

Signed for the Council of the Society. 

P. Chalmers Mitchell 

M.A., D. Sc.» Oxon., F.R.S. 



The Secretary of the Board of Trustees then read the 
following kind and thoughtful communications which 
had just been received by telegraph and cable: 




Caroline Hotel, Pinehurst, N. C, 

April 10, 1907 
S. H. Church, 

Secretary, Carnegie Institute 

The General Education Board tenders cordial con- 
gratulations to the Carnegie Institute on this occasion. 
Technical skill is essential to an industrial nation which 
expects to gain and to keep the world's markets. The 
Carnegie Institute should lead in the most advanced 

training to this end. 

Wallace Buttrick 




Ottawa, Canada, April ii, 1907 

Andrew Carnegie, 


My best congratulations and good wishes on this great 




Chicago, April 1 1, 1907 
S. H. Church, 


Unavoidable adjournment of important conference 
makes it impossible to be present at your interesting 
ceremonies. Kindly present my compliments and re- 
grets to Mr. and Mrs. Carnegie and Trustees, in drink- 
ing whose health, coupled with success to the Institute, 
I will join to-morrow evening although not present in 


Robert S. McCormick 




London, England, April ii, 1907 

Secretary, Carnegie Institute 

All hail to Institute and Carnegie. 


CAPE university 

Cape Town, Africa, April 10, 1907 

Carnegie Institute 

Best congratulations. 

Cape University 

university of christiania 

Christiania, Norway, April 12, 1907 

Carnegie Institute 

Best congratulations from the University of Chris 






Erlangen, Germany, March 4, 1907 

Carnegie Institute 

Beste Gliickwiinschc zur erhebendcn Feicr iibcr- 
sendet der akademische Senat der Universitat Er- 


Paris, April 1 1, 1907 

Trustees, Carnegie Institute 

Rcgrette profondement de nc pouvoir accepter Tai- 
mable invitation des Trustees et presente souhaits sin- 


Mme. Curie 




Helsingfors, Finland, April lo, 1907 

Carnegie Institute 

Novas aedes artibus musis scientiis dedicatas populo 
Americano gratulamur : 

Universitatis Helsingfors 

Rector Magnificus, 



St. Petersburg, Russia, April 10, 1907 
Carnegie Institute 

The Imperial Military Academy of Medicine of St. 
Petersburg offers cordial congratulations to the Board 
of Trustees of the Carnegie Institute. May this splen- 
did pillar of science ever flourish for the benefit of 
mankind and for the glory of the American nation. A 
magnificent monument of a liberal donor. 

President Danilevsky 
Secretary Dianin 





The Hague, Holland, April ii, 1907 

Church, Carnegie Institute 

Hearty feeling for significance of your glorious fes- 
tivities. I regret my absence and oflFer best wishes and 




La Plata, Argentine Republic, April 12, 1907 

Carnegie Institute 

National University of La Plata sends congratula- 
tions day of dedication your new buildings. 

Joaquin V. Gonzalez 





Rome, Italy, April 12, 1907 
Secretario Ufficio, 

Carnegie Institute 

Reale Accadcmia Lincci Roma vuolc csscrc considc- 

rata presente in ispirito alia grandiosa cerimonia del' 

inaugurazione del nuovo f abbricato Carnegie Institute, 

splendido frutto postero, iniziative private, in codesta 

illuminata repubblica. 

Presidente Blaserna. 


Muenchen, Bavaria, April 10, 1907 
Trustees, Carnegie Institute 

Thanks for renewed invitation. Cordial wishes for 


Professor Rontgen 




Caen, France, April lo, 1907 
President, Institute Carnegie 

Univcrsite Caen vous adresse cordiales felicitations 

ct souhaite prosperite. 




Tokyo, Japan, April 10, 1907 
Secretary, Carnegie Institute 
Cordial congratulations. 

President University Tokyo 


At the conclusion of the presentation of addresses, the 
guests of the Institute were taken for an automobile 
ride about the city and through the parks of Pittsburgh, 
after which a visit was made to the Pittsburgh Country 
Club where luncheon was served. 



On Friday afternoon there was a continuation of 
public addresses, in the following order: 




We who have come as delegates from other countries 
to the dedication of the Carnegie Institute at Pitts- 
burgh rejoice to sec how splendidly the generous imagi- 
nation of Mr. Carnegie has been translated into this 
magnificent instrument for the advancement and prop- 
agation of natural knowledge. There is no greater 
gift to mankind than an increase in the peaceful arma- 
ments of knowledge, and we confidently expect that 
this splendid institution will become a new citadel of 


learning, a new brain-center of the world, a new force 
in man's struggle to obtain comprehension and control 
of nature. In the name of the societies and institutions 
of Great Britain and Ireland that have similar objects, 
I offer homage and greeting to the Carnegie Institute. 

At a meeting such as this, where men are gathered to- 
gether from many lands, it is important to turn to those 
modes by which different institutions and countries can 
cooperate in their conunon task. We can rely, for many 
centuries to come, on the continued existence of the 
primordial stimulus of ambitious rivalry; the newer 
and higher factor of international cooperation in work 
still needs to be fostered. I need not argue the point 
that international cooperation in science must aid the 
advancement of science ; but science is only one of the 
modes by which man raises himself from the natal dust, 


divides himself from the ancestral beast. Many of us, 
at the invitation of Mr. Carnegie, are going on from 
Pittsburgh to the Conference at New York on Inter- 
national Arbitration and Peace, and I submit that in- 
ternational cooperation in science is destined to be a 
growing component of the factors that make for peace. 
Put it in the crudest way. Is there a musician or a 
painter, an astronomer or a zoologist here, who, finding 
himself an armed man in the barbaric struggle of war, 
would not hesitate to shoot, were his bullet likely to 
find its billet in another musician who would have 
added to the harmonies of the world, in another painter 
before he had set all his fair dreams on canvas, in an- 
other astronomer who might have pierced still further 



into the silent recesses of space, in another zoologist 
who was elaborating yet another link in the chain of 
evolution? In more general terms — every community 
of interest that binds unit man with unit man of differ- 
ent countries makes it easier to control the sudden 
surges of primeval passion that lead to war, and, if the 
conunon interests transcend the rivalries of nations, if 
our devotion to the arts and the sciences that belong to 
all mankind is stronger than our accidental attachment 
to the race of our birth, then the arts and sciences above 
and beyond their intrinsic value have a supreme im- 
portance as agencies in the consolidation of mankind. 

I propose now to touch briefly on some of the details 
in which increased international cooperation is urgent, 
choosing instances relating chiefly to my own subject of 


The niunber of institutions throughout the world in 
which zoological work is done, and the number of 
languages and periodicals in which such work is pub- 
lished, throw an increasing burden on the worker who 
wishes, as every real scientific worker does wish, to 
make his own investigations fit into the investigations 
of others, to prevent wasteful overlapping and to se- 
cure harmony. So long ago as 1865, when the difficulty 
was less acute, a mmiber of English zoologists, led by 
Dr. Albert Gunther, a name of world-wide honor in 
zoology, founded an Annual Record (published by 



Mr. Van Voorst of London) in which the attempt was 
made to publish the titles and to give a brief indication 
of the a>ntents of the zoological memoirs published in 
every comitry in the preceding year. Although the 
utility of the enterprise was apparent from the outset, 
after the first three years it was only by a great sacrifice 
on the part of the editor and the staff and by a grant 
from the British Association for the Advancement of 
Science, that it survived. The annual volumes VI to 
XXII were published by an association of subscribers, 
aided by grants from the British Association, the Royal 
Society of London and the Zoological Society of Lon- 
don. At the end of 1886 the "Zoological Rea>rd So- 
ciety" failed to secure a renewal of some of these 
grants, and the Zoological Society of London, to save a 
work of great importance to zoologists, undertook the 
financing and production of the Record, and has main- 
tained it in existence to the present day, the forty-sec- 
ond annual volimie having been published early this 
spring. In the meantime, an international enterprise 
of larger scope has come into existence. Professor 
Henry of Washington, U. S. A., at a meeting of the 
British Association held at Glasgow in 1855", had urged 
the formation of a general catalogue of scientific pa- 
pers. The Royal Society of London undertook the task 
and has now nearly completed the huge work of cata- 
loguing under author's names, and of providing a sub- 
ject index to the scientific literature from 1800 to 1900. 
It soon became apparent, however, that the continuance 
of such a work was beyond the resources of any single 


body, and, at the invitation of the Royal Society, a con- 
ference took place in London in 1896, and was at- 
tended by delegates from Canada, Cape Colony, Den- 
mark, France, Germany, Hungary, Greece, India, 
Italy, Japan, Mexico, Natal, The Netherlands, New 
South Wales, New Zealand, Norway, Queensland, 
Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the 
United States. Of this Conference was bom the Inter- 
national Catalogue of Scientific Literature, one of the 
greatest attempts at scientific cooperation of modern 
times. The essential idea of the system is that a local 
bureau, representing each country, should collect and 
index the literature of its own country, and that the 
material obtained in this way should be sent to one 
center, where, under a bureau directed by an Inter- 
national Council, it should be collated to form a series 
of annual volmnes representing the contributions of all 
nations to the different divisions of science. The vol- 
mne relating to zoology naturally covered the same 
ground as that of the Zoological Record of the Zoolo- 
gical Society of London, although there were consider- 
able differences in the details of the arrangement. The 
Zoological Society, although naturally preferring the 
mode of presentment which it had elaborated itself and 
which had become familiar by years of usage, realized 
the importance of preventing the overlapping of effort, 
and, last year, arranged to join hands with the Inter- 
national Catalogue, practically and financially, and 
beginning with the literature for 1906 the zoological 
volumes of the 'International Catalogue" and the 




''Zoological Record" will be identical and will be pro- 
duced by joint effort. The success of such a scheme 
will depend in large measure on the degree to which 
the bureaus representing the different countries work 

I loyally for the common good. In the meantime, Dr. 

I Herbert Haviland Field, an able and devoted Amer- 

ican bibliographer, has founded and brought to a high 
degree of efficiency the ''Concilium Bibliographicum," 

i another international institution which by a different 

method endeavors to place at the disposal of zoologists 
accurate information regarding the annual output of 
zoological literature. I venture to hope that the next 
stage in international cooperation in this subject will 
result in an addition of the methods of the Concilium 
to the methods of the Catalogue and the strengthening 
of the latter by the special experience and devoted ser- 
vice of Dr. Field- Were this final concentration made 
zoologists would then have an Annual Record of zoolo- 
gical work as nearly perfect as may be, in the form of a 
complete Index of Authors and Memoirs, alphabet- 
ically arranged, and an elaborate subject index in four 
languages; the device of the Zoological Record by 
which specialists could obtain the part relating to their 
own subject would be retained, and there would also 

-, be retained Dr. Field's extremely useful prevision by 

which index cards relating to any subject can be sup- 
plied to any worker or institution that orders them. 
For the present the Royal Society of London has ad- 
vanced the capital necessary for the enterprise, and the 
Zoological Society of London, although it has no State 



», . 
•If . 


or other endowments, makes a considerable annual 
grant toward the editorial expenses ; but if the various 
countries and institutions support the undertaking by 
subscribing for a sufficient number of copies, the Rec- 
ord will very soon be entirely self-supporting. 

Looking still further into the future, I hope that the 
International Council, when it has satisfied the 
zoologists of the world by perfecting the scheme of re- 
cording zoological literature, will be able to influence it. 
I do not think that it can be doubted that every de- 
partment of zoology, but perhaps systematic zoology 
in particular, suffers by the diversity in the modes in 
which kindred new facts are given to the world. Dif- 
ferent words are used to express the same zoological 
idea, different scales of measurement or of color are 
employed for the same set of animals, and extremely 
different conceptions obtain as to the use of terms in 
classification, and as to what is sufficient for the diag- 
nosis of new races, species, genera and so forth. An 
International Council that had gained the confidence 
of the zoological world by its mode of recording litera- 
ture might do much, through the editors of the zoolog- 
ical journals, in securing uniformity in these important 


The great task with which the systematists of the day, 
and especially those connected with musetmis, are en- 
gaged is the determination of the different kinds 
(species, sub-species, local races) of animals and plants 








t * 


■ ■■'. ! 

• ■ 

I • 

r. ' 



that people the surface of the globe. There cannot be 
too many persons or institutions engaged in this work, 
for not only is it colossal, but the rapid spread of civil- 
ization is exterminating vast numbers of different 
kinds of animals. We hear of the extinction of the 
great game animals, of beautiful birds or, even, of rare 
butterflies; but as forests are destroyed, as land is 
brought under cultivation, as marshes are drained and 
rivers are danmied, countless numbers of inconspicuous 
forms disappear. And yet these are materials for the 
study of evolution, links that, before we have know- 
ledge enough to understand their importance, may 
have been lost to science. The work of collecting and 
recording them can not go on too quickly. In this mat- 
ter there can not be too much cooperation by the great 
museiuns of the world in lending type specimens, and 
sending out special collections on loan, as, for instance, 
has recently been made possible by Professor Ray 
Lankester, the director of the British Museum of Nat- 
ural History, in the case of the hitherto almost inac- 
cessible collections of that great institution. But prog- 
ress is being delayed by want of uniformity in the rule 
of zoological nomenclature. American zoologists, and 
in particular those who deal with mammals, have been 
boldly wise in seeing that a temporary confusion of 
names, the unpleasant changing of terms with which 
usage has made us familiar, is a small evil if it leads to 
a permanent uniformity. I trust that when the Zoolog- 
ical Congress meets at Boston this August, every zo- 
ologist who shares in the deliberations on the rules of 





nomenclature will be prepared to sacrifice his own 
inclinations and customs to the necessity of a universal 
scheme. Names are but convenient counters, and the 
essence of their convenience is that each name should 
have an indubitable significance. I do not propose to 
enter here on the details of the various possible amend- 
ments to the International Rules of Zoological Nomen- 
clature which will be discussed at Boston. A committee 
of the Linnean Society of London, of which I had the 
honor to be a member, has discussed these at great 
length and will present a summary of their suggestions 
in due course. But one particular matter not included 
in our report, and which may indeed still be a council of 
perfection, I wish to set forth. I dare to suggest that 
one source of difficulty is that in different languages 
the same letters have different sounds, and that within 
one language the same letter has frequently several 
sounds. It appears to me that much confusion would 
be avoided if all scientific names were to be built up 
only from an agreed upon uniform alphabet, such, for 
instance, as that of Esperanto, in which each of the 
twenty-two simple and six accented letters has a dis- 
tinct and invariable sound, and in which there are no 
doubled letters. When an entirely new name is in- 
vented, it should be formed of these letters, pronounced 
in their conventional fashion; when the new name is 
derived from an existing word, as, for instance, when a 
species is named in honor of a person, the author should 
transliterate into the alphabet of, say, Esperanto the 
accepted pronunciation of the parent word. I suggest 




the use of the alphabet of Esperanto, merely because 
diat has been medculonsly compiled and is already 
familiar to many thousands belmiging to different na- 
tionalities and tongues. 

ALPHABET. (Esperanto) 

Ordmify Lettcrt* 





(F«Kk Ennplt) 

(FfchF II |l ) 


a long (Ame) 




ts (xsar) 


trb (rcHeque) 


d (petit) 

£ . 

f closed (iti) 

F /(roit) 



g hard (oant) 


dj (aojutant) 


b aspirated (Haine) 


{cb (German) (docH) 


/ long (tie) 

>, ispat^ 

{j (Spanish) (joCa) 

I (ate) 


J . 

r (aiLLE) 

I (aiL) 


J (jouer) 


k (Kilo) 




/fi (Mon) 


n (NOtrc) 


long (apotrc) 




r (Rirc) 


J sharp (sur) 


cb (cHat) 


/ (xon) 


ou long (voOtc) 


au short (miaou) 


V (voir) 


z (zete) 



To take a few examples : A mouse dedicated to Cail- 
lard would become Mus kajardi, to Chalmers M. cal- 
mersi, to Centaur M. sentauri. It would then be 
possible to apply the so-called one-letter rule in the 
strictest way, as each letter would have a definite and 
invariable significance. I would go still further, and, as 
each existing name became determined by the rules of 
priority, I would have it transliterated into the new 
alphabet, so extending backward the process of simpli- 

The two topics I have selected relate to the mechan- 
ism rather than to the substance of zoology. It is un- 
necessary to do more than name some of the substantive 
problems of zoology for the solution of which interna- 
tional cooperation is necessary. 

In the department of paleontology for instance, it is 
of first-rate importance that a concerted systematic 
effort should be made to explore the surface of the 
earth for fossils. The annual exploration trips of the 
great American institutions bring a magnificent harvest 
of fossil remains to science, and the generosity of the 
Carnegie trustees in distributing casts of their most im- 
portant discoveries is a real aid to international science. 
But only a little portion of the surface of the globe has 
yet been explored, and the recent marvelous results ob- 
tained by Dr. Andrews of the British Museum in the 
Egyptian Fayum show what wonders still remain to 
be discovered. In marine zoology, the problems, 
whether they be purely scientific, or whether they relate 
to the great industry of fishing, are essentially intema- 



tional. Notwithstanding the pioneer work of piscicul- 
turists in America and Europe, the modes of fishing of 
to-day recall the methods of primitive hunters, rather 
than of agriculturists. And yet we know enough to 
reject the old poetical phrase which spoke of the "un- 
vifitageable sea/' The sea can be made to yield a har- 
vest of food for the human race, immeasurably greater 
than it does at present, when, by the joint efforts of the 
maritime nations, its fisheries are controlled and culti- 
vated. But these and the many other problems of zo- 
ology, in particular those relating to the theory of 
evolution, are in themselves so attractive, that I have 
preferred to lay stress on the duller, but vital question 
of method as more urgently requiring consideration at 
international assemblies. \^Applause\ 






Mes dames ^ Messieurs: 

Je tiens a exprimer a mon tour ma reconnaissance et 
mon admiration pour Thomme eminent qui nous a con- 
vies a venir juger de son ceuvre grandiose. Des voix 
plus autorisees que la mienne ont apprecic le cote hu- 
manitaire, pratique, scientifique de cette merveilleuse 
fondation. Le distingue conservateur de notre grand 
musee f rangais des maitres contemporains vous dira ce 
qu'il pense du musee d'art moderne forme ici par les 
soins de Mr. Church et de Mr. Beatty; quant a moi, 
mon domaine est Tart du passe, et il me semble qu'a ce 
point de vue aussi c'est sans reserve qu'il faut f eliciter 
les organisateurs et Teminent fondateur qui peut dire 
avec le philosophe antique ''Homo sum et nihil humani 
a me alienum puto." 

A cote de T admirable bibliotheque qui vient de se 
creer, Tart ancien a ici sa grande et juste place, et les 
hommes de savoir et de gout qui ont su former la selec- 
tion d'exemples que nous admirons ont droit a la recon- 
naissance des amis des arts et de Thistoire. Tout ce qui 
s'est fait de plus beau a ici sa place conune tout ce qui 
peut se fairc de bien, et c'est dans un ordrc a la fois 




harmonieux et methodique que sont presentes les mo- 
deles les plus parfaits des arts antique, medieval et 

Dans cette reunion d'oeuvres doublement impor- 
tantes pour Tart et pour Thistoire, je ne puis qu'ctre 
fier de la place que tient ma patrie, depuis ce portail de 
Saint-Gilles, le plus parfait peut-ctre des monuments 
romans, moule ici pour la premiere f ois avec une remar- 
quable habile te, jusqu'a ce Puits de Moise, de Dijon, la 
sculpture la plus puissante de la dernicre periode go- 

Le choix de ces deux exemples montre bien comment 
nos ancetres ont su ctudier tour a tour ou simultane- 
ment les modeles classiques, si bien adaptes a Saint- 
Gilles, et la nature, etudiee au Puits de Moise dans ses 
moindres details, mais avec une singuliere intelligence 
de TeflFet d'ensemble. 

Un peu plus de deux siecles scparent ces deux oeuvres 
et cette periode est celle de la plus grande vitalite artis- 
tique de la France. Laissez-moi vous dire quelques 
mots de ce passe glorieux. 

Le portail de Saint-Gilles qui reprcsente bien Tapo- 
gce du style roman, a cte clevc entre 1 150 et 1 180 en- 
viron, prccisement a Tepoque ou cet art fut abandonne 
pour le style gothique. On sait que Tart roman, conrnie 
les langues romanes, s'est forme de la tradition romaine 
simplifiee, assouplie aux besoins de temps plus mo- 
dernes et legerement modifiee par quelques elements 
d'origine barbare, qui sont surtout des ornements geo- 
metriques. Mais un element qui n'entre pas dans la 





formation des langues romanes a, au contraire, une 
grande importance dans les arts, c'est Tinfluence byzan- 
tine. On sait qu'aprcs les invasions des IV* et V* 
siecles toute culture intellectuelle se trouva ruince 
dans TEmpire d' Occident, tandis que T Empire d'O- 
rient prosperait, et c'est a Tart byzantin que Charle- 
magne emprunta ses modeles lorsqu'il provoqua cette 
Renaissance des arts qui f ut le point de depart du style 

Du V* au VHP siecle, TEmpire d'Orient a crec un 
style et eleve de nombreux edifices qui en bien des 
points ressemblent a ceux qui furent batis en Occi- 
dent au XIP. Le Marquis de Vogue avait mis ce fait 
en lumiere, et vous savez que la demonstration a ete 
reprise et completee depuis plusieurs annees par la 
mission americaine de S3n:ie : Mr. Edw. Crossby Butler 
a maintenant enrichi nos musees de precieuses collec- 
tions de photographies et de moulages de ces edifices. 

En France, le style roman, forme de la fusion har- 
monieuse des elements romains, byzantins et barbares, 
s'epanouit a la fin du X* siecle et disparait avec le 
XIP. II forme des ecoles tres varices dans nos diverses 
provinces, et Saint-Gilles montre bien la caracteristique 
de Tecole de Provence. Ayant a sa disposition quan- 
tite de beaux modeles d'art romain, elle a plus que 
toute autre serre de prcs Timitation de Tantique, avec 
ses colonnes corinthiennes, ses architraves, ses frontons, 
ses proportions savamment reglees. Mais une fois que 
nos artistes furent devenus assez habiles pour imiter 
avec tant de perfection, ils se sentirent en mesure de 


• i 


crcer, par leurs proprcs moyens, un art original, et c'est 
cc qu'ils firent; cct art, c'est Ic style gothiquc, nc en 
France au cours du XII* siecle, ct dont le succes fut tcl 
qu'en peu d'annees il avait conquis toute I'Europe et 
la plus grande partie de I'Asie Mineure. 

L'art gothique a introduit dans I'architecture et dans 
la sculpture dcs principes tout nouvcaux. Uarchitec- 
ture gothique, dont men confrere et ami, Mr. Moore, de 
rUnivcrsitc de Harvard, a si bien resume les caractcres 
en un petit Uvrc substantiel, est avant tout un systcme 
organique. Voici ses caractcres principaux. 

C'est d'abord I'emploi de la voute d'ogives, qui pcr- 
met, en reportant toutcs les poussccs sur un petit 
nombre de points, d'alleger aussi completement que 
possible le reste de la construction. Pour la premiere 
fois done, les edifices voutes purent etre a la fois spa- 
ciexix, solides et largement eclaires. 

C'est aussi I'emploi de I'arc boutant, coroUairc n^ 
ccssairc dcs grandes voutes d'ogives. L'arc boutant 
consiste en unc demi-arche extcrieure appliquce aux 
points ou se concentrent les poussees et qui les epaule 
puissamment en leur opposant une poussee en sens con- 

Quant a romementation, elle est empruntee directe- 
ment a la nature. Les sculpteurs, en effet, ne se scrvent 
plus alors que tres librement ou tres exceptioncUement 
des modeles antiques et byzantins que copiaient leurs 
prcdecesseurs romans. lis crcent de nouveaux profils 
de moulures, ctudics en vuc de produire des effets d'om- 
bre et de lumicre raisonnes et calcules; ils ne reprodm- 




sent plus reteraelle feuille d'acanthc antique ou by- 
zantine, mais tous les feuillages sans exception; c'est 
sur les plantes vivantes de leur pays qu'ils prennent les 
modeles infiniment varies de leur ornementation vegc- 
tale. Les figures que vous voyez au porche de Saint- 
Gilles sont des agrandissements d'ivoires byzantins ou 
des imitations de modeles gallo-romains ; au contraire, 
les statues que vous verrez aux portails de toutes nos 
grandes eglises au XIIP siecle seront etudiees d'apres 
le modele vivant et la draperie reelle. 

Ces statues dont les plus celebres et les plus belles 
sont celles des portails d' Amiens, en particulier le Beau 
Dieu et le Saint-Firmin ; celles des portails de Reims et 
des portails lateraux de Chartres peuvent parf ois riva- 
liser avec les meilleurs modeles grecs. 

Uevolution de la statuaire grecque et de la statuaire 
f ran9aise est, du reste, tout-a-f ait la meme. 

Dans la transition de Tart roman a I'art gothique au 
milieu du XIP siecle nous trouvons, comme dans Tart 
grec d'Egine, des figures maigres et longues aux yeux 
allonges, au sourire hieratique, couvertes de vetements 
gauf res de petits plis ; au temps de Saint-Louis comme a 
Tcpoquc de Pericles, Tctude trcs savante de la forme se 
rapproche beaucoup plus de la rcalite mais recherche les 
types les plus nobles, les traits generaux, les simplifica- 
tions synthctiques. Cest un art eminemment distin- 
gue, mais il ne s'immobilise pas : depuis la fin du XIIP 
siecle, il tombe dans la recherche du detail et dans le 
manierisme; il prefere la grace a Tausteritc et ressemble 
a la statuaire alexandrine. Enfin, depuis la fin du 









♦ ■ 




XIV^ siecle, on tombe dans le naturalisme, dans la re- 
cherche de I'expression non seulement vraie mais f ami- 
Here et du type individuel ; les artistes reussissent dans 
le portrait a Tcgal de cenx de Tcpoque romaine. 

C'est de cette periode que datent les magnifiques fi- 
gures du Puits de Moise. Ce gout du realisme et du 
style familier n'est pas proprement frangais; c'est le 
debut de ce style flamand que la peinture perpetuera 
jusqu'au XVIIP siecle. A partir du XIV^ siecle, en 
effet, la plupart des statuaires qui se rendirent celebres 
en France furent des flamands: au debut de ce siecle, 
c'est Jean Pepin de Huy, auteur des statues f uneraires 
de Robert d' Artois ; et a la fin du meme siecle Jean de 
Saint-Romain, le statuaire frangais de Charles V, a pour 
emules a Paris et a Bourges le valenciennois Andre 
Beauneveu et Jean de Cambrai, et a la cour de Bour- 
gogne une legion de flamands dont les plus celebres 
sont Melchior Broederlam, auteur du retable de la cha- 
pelle ducale. Jean de Marville, qui travaille aussi a 
Rouen, Jean le Moiturier, qui sculpte egalement en 
Dauphine, coUaborent au portail de la chartreuse de 
Dijon et aux tombeaux des dues; enfin Claus Sluter et 
Claus de Werve, son neveu, sont les auteurs du Puits 
de Moise. 

Ce fut a la meme epoque que Tarchitecture gothique 
f rangaise, lasse de travailler sur les memes themes em- 
prunta de TAngleterre les elements de ce style de deca- 
dence si riche et parf ois si gracieux qu'on nomme style 
flamboyant, et un siecle plus tard, lorsqu'on sera lasse 
aussi des outrances de ce style, on empruntera a un 




autre peuple etranger, aux italiens, ce renouveau des 
formes antiques qu'on nomme la Renaissance. 

Au XVP siccle comme au XIP, les f rangais surent 
faire preuve d'un temperament personnel dans Timita- 
tion de I'art classique, et egaler cependant la perfection 
de leurs modeles. Je n'en veux pour preuve que cette 
oeuvre magistrale des debuts de notre Renaissance qui 
est le tombeau du due Francois II de Bretagne et de sa 
femme, les parents de notre reine Anne de Bretagne, 
sculpte par le plus grand des maitres f rangais du temps, 
Michel Colombe. On Tadmire encore dans la cathe- 
drale de Nantes et sa reproduction, qui est ici, me dis- 
pense de le commenter. 

Mais avant que d'aller chercher des inspirations chez 
ses voisins, la France leur avait donne a tous des en- 
seignements d'art. Son expansion au XIP et au XIIP 
siecles avait ete, en effet, prodigieuse. 

Au XIP siecle dcja, les moines de Cluny avaient 
porte Tart roman du centre de la France dans tout le 
nord de TEspagne et de ITtalie; leur rivaux et succes- 
seurs, les moines de Citeaux, repandirent plus loin en- 
core le style gothique. C'est eux qui Font fait penctrer 
en Italic, a Fossanova, de 1197 a 1208, en Suede, a 
Wamhem; dans File de Gotland, en Danemark; en 
Portugal, a Alcobaga. Partout alors les maitres d^oeu- 
vres de la France etaient appeles et ses principaux edi- 
fices imites. 


La cathedrale de Sienne fut conmiencee par des 
moines de Citeaux dans le style de la Bourgogne. ; 

En Allemagne, au XIIP siecle, une chronique nous 

285 j 


apprend que Tcglisc dc Wimpf en f ut batie a la mode de 
France, opere francigeno^ par un maitre mande de Paris. 

Pen apres, le maitre Gerard donna le plan de la ca- 
thedrale de Cologne. S'il n'ctait frangais, il ctait eleve 
de maitres fran^ais, car Tcdifice est une copie evidente 
des cathedrales d' Amiens et de Beauvais. Une cathc- 
drale quelque pen anterieure, celle de Bamberg, a des 
clochers qui sont une copie flagrante de ceux de Laon, 
et dans les statues de ses portails, le Dr. Weese a re- 
connu I'imitation non moins evidente de la statuaire 
de Reims. 

En Danemark, la cathedrale de Roeskilde imite de 
non moins pres I'ancienne cathedrale d' Arras. 

En Suede, nous savons par une charte authentique 
que le maitre parisien Etienne de Bonneuil f ut appele 
en 1278 pour construire a Timitation de Notre Dame 
de Paris la cathedrale encore existante. 

En Hongrie, le maitre d'oeuvres picard Vilard de 
Honnecourt nous apprend par les notes de son album 
qu'il f ut appele pour batir des eglises vers le milieu du 
XIIP siecle. 

En Angleterre des la fin du XIP siecle maitre 
Etienne de Sens est mande a Canterbury pour con- 
struire la cathedrale a Timitation de celle de sa cite 

En Espagne, la cathedrale de Tolede, oeuvre d*un 
maitre Pierre, f ran^ais, et la cathedrale de Burgos sont 
de trcs proches imitations de celle de Bourges ; celle de 
Leon est du style champenois, avec un porche imite de 
ceux de Chartres et une statuaire toute f rangaise. 





Lc XI V^ sieclc continue ces traditions: en 1363, a la 
cour d' Avignon, Tempereur Charles IV rencontre le 
maitre Mathieu d' Arras et Temmene a Prague, con- 
struire la cathedrale qu'il commence dans un style 
avignonnais tandis qu'a Milan le parisien Pierre 
Mignot execute la meilleure partie de la cathedrale 
commencee jadis sur les plans de son compatriote 

Mais en ce moment meme, la guerre de cent ans 
ruinait la prosperite interieure et le prestige exterieur 
de la France. EUe ne s'e'st relevee que beaucoup plus 
tard, mais elle a repris ses traditions glorieuses : Hou- 
don a laisse en Amerique plusieurs de ses plus belles 
oeuvres; il est venu faire les portraits des heros de Tin- 
dependance, Washington et Tamiral Paul Jones; des 
artistes f ran^ais sont encore aujourd'hui vos botes. 

Avant nos desastres du XV^ siecle, Tactivite artis- 
tique de la France avait depasse les limites de TEu- 
rope. Sans parler de ce maitre orf evre parisien, Pierre 
Bourchier, que Tambassadeur de Saint-Louis trouva 
travaillant a Canton en 1249 pour Tempereur de la 
Chine, on sait qu'au XIP siecle deja le royaume de 
Jerusalem etait une colonie surtout f ran^aise de popu- 
lation, frangaise exclusivement d'art et de langage. 
Plus tard, le royaume de Chypre, fonde en 1191, lui 
survecut trois siecles, et c'etait une colonie si bien assi- 
milee qu'en 1505 un pelerin normand pouvait ccrire 
de ses habitants : 'lis sont aussi bons f ran9ais que nous 
sonmies en France.*' 

Dans cette merveilleuse ile, les monuments f rangais 


l| I 

; 4, 

) ^i 

) 5 

V I 










dcs XIIP ct XIV* siecles, Ics cathedrales de Nicosic ct 
de Famagouste, I'abbaye de Lapais, le chateau de Saint- 
Hilarion ne different pas de ceux de la mere patrie et 
ne leur cedent pas en beaute. 

Quant aux grands chateaux des Croises de Syrie au 
XIP et XIIP siecles, comme Margat et le Krak des 
Chevaliers, ils sont aussi francs mais plus puissants 
encore et plus majestueux que les chateaux de France. 

Notre France du temps de Saint-Louis, Mesdames et 
Messieurs, etait un pays encore jeune, plein de vigueur, 
d'intelligence et d'activite feconde, et Ton peut sans 
paradoxe le comparer a ce qu'est aujourd'hui TAme- 
I i I Non seulement elle couvrait le monde de ses impor- 

tations et conquerait des colonies, mais elle jouissait a 
rinterieur d'une immense prosperite. 

Uaffranchissement des communes y avait fait fleurir 
des libertes et des autonomies que nous n'y connaitrons 
plus; la Foi y imposait une discipline morale qui s'est 
aussi perdue; et le developpement interieur du pays 
n'etait pas moins etonnant que son expansion au 
dehors ; partout s'ele vaient rapidement ces cathedrales 
dont les clochers etaient les skyscrapers de ces temps- 
la. En meme temps sur tout le territoire mais princi- 
palement dans le midi, se batissaient des villes neuves 
ou bastides. Leur plan etait souvent d'une rigoureuse 
I symetrie; et souvent elles avaient pour marraines les 

plus illustres des vieilles villes. Sous ce double rap- 
port, elles rappellent ce qui se fit en Amerique plusieurs 
siecles apres. Cordove, Valence, Vienne, Milan, Flo- 




rence, Damiette, Boulogne, Toumai ont donne leurs 
noms a diverses bastides du XIIP siecle; d'autres, 
oomme Lalinde, Villeneuvc-la-Guyard, portent le nom 
de leur fondateur; d'autres noms, conime Sauveterre ou 
Villef ranche, expriment la securite ou la liberte ; d*au- 
tres bastides se contentent de s'appeler Neuville. 
Quant a la regularite des plans, ceux qui n'ont pas ete 
defigures, comme a Montpazier (Dordogne) surpas- 
sent en symetrie les plans de New York ou de Pitts- 

Dire que la France de Saint-Louis n'etait pas sans 
analogic avec I'Amerique actuelle n'est done pas une 
exageration, et nous pouvons nous reunir, Mesdames et 
Messieurs, pour souhaiter que cette analogic devienne 
plus complete. Dans les fondations interieures et dans 
les colonies de la vieille France, je vous ai dit quelle 
place Tart occupait, et de quelle valeur etait cet art. 
L'Amerique comprend aujourd'hui la place importante 
que doit occuper dans I'education Tart qui ennoblit la 
vie. La bibliotheque et les musees de ITnstitut Car- 
negie nous temoignent assez que tel est le sentiment 
qui regne ici, et un peuple qui possede des statuaires 
comme un French ou un Saint-Gaudens, des peintres 
comme Stuart, des architectes comme Sullivan, pent 
et doit ajouter a ses gloires toutes les splendeurs des 
arts. [^Applause'j 

1 1 






Mr. President^ Ladies and Gentlemen: 
Sixteen miles as the crow flics to the northwest of 
Edinburgh, looking from the Castle Rock, on a day 
when the skies are clear, one can discern on the hillside 
which slopes to the northern shores of the Firth of 
] Forth, a provincial town, in birth a royal city, Scot- 

I land's capital before Edinburgh was, which at once is 

I * both the pride and envy of Scotland. 

\ That city, Dunfermline, is not noted because of its 

extent or population ; but it has a historical past which 
is indissolubly linked with the Scotland of to-day. 

There in the palace were born the kings of past cen- 
turies ; there they ruled, died, and were buried ; there in 
her venerable abbey they worshiped; there, in the 
eleventh century, the saintly Queen Margaret, by pre- 
cept and example, at Malcolm Canmore's Tower in 
PittencrieflF Glen, taught her husband. King Malcolm 
Canmore, as many another noble wife has in later days, 
that moral worth and not physical force must ulti- 
mately prevail, — that, to paraphrase an ancient Greek 
author, well fortified is the city whose destinies are 




guarded by a wall of noble and honorable men and not 
merely by a wall of stone. 

That Dunfermline was in the past the center of civil- 
ization in Scotland is beyond question, and that it is 
destined, thanks to the princely benefactions of its 
loyal and generous son, Mr. Carnegie, to be a powerful 
influence for good, not only in Scotland, but wherever 
her sons may in years to come be located, admits of no 

There are in the lives of all of us, I know, unseen 
powers, whose influence it is impossible for others, aye, 
even for ourselves, to estimate. You, Mr. President, 
and others here who have not had the privilege of being 
bom in that royal city, can scarcely realize what Dun- 
fermline is to its own children. Besides Mr. Carnegie, 
there are here to-day some who, like myself, are native 
bom. Let these visualize here and now the venerable 
abbey, and from its belfry recall the tolling of the cur- 
few bell at eventide, and say if they can do so without 
emotion, without realizing, notwithstanding all that 
there is to enthrall and allure in this wonderful modern 
city of Pittsburgh, that there is, three thousand miles 
away, a provincial city to which they are bound by ties 
which can not be broken. My words, I fear, but feebly 
convey my meaning. But, quoting from memory (and 
he is present here who penned these words, and will for- 
give me if I quote inaccurately), I can give you the 
words of one who is not a mere provincial, as I am, but 
who, while a native of Dunfermline, is a citizen of the 
United States, — in truth, of many countries, because 





his interests are world-wide. These are the word; 
"What Benares is to the Hindu, what Mecca is to tt 
Mohammedan, what Jerusalem is to the Christian, a 
this and more Dunfermline is to me." The man wl: 
wrote these words years ago is Mr. Carnegie. 

For nearly twenty years I have been closely ident 
fied with the civic life of Dunfermline. For four yea 
I have had the honor and responsibility of being tl 
head of the municipality, the Provost of the city. Ii 
vested as I am to-day with these purple and ermit 
robes and this chain of office, I stand here as the accrei 
ited representative of the council and community < 
Dunfermline. I value exceedingly the honor of bea 
ing an address to the Board of Trustees of the Cameg 
Institute of Pittsburgh on this memorable day in t] 
history of your city. 

What Dunfermline owes to Mr. Carnegie is not n 
special province to deal with on this occasion. Bef oi 
however, I present the address, you will perhaps fc 
give me, Mr. President, if I acknowledge in a senten 
what Pittsburgh, I am sure, and what Dunfermline, 
know, owes to Mrs. Carnegie. Strong personality 
Mr. Carnegie is, in whose lips Browning's words, "V 
fall to rise, are baffled to fight better," are most a 
posite, he would be the first to acknowledge that 1 
wife's sweet and gracious personality has been a dor 
nating influence in his life, a power behind the throi 
I do not know how it is with you in the United Stat 
but in Scotland the highest honor which a municipal 
can confer is what is known as the "Freedom of t 


City." That honor has been jealously guarded in Mr, 
Carnegie's native city. When I tell you that the only 
living Freemen of Dunfermline are Lord Elgin, who is 
chairman of the Scots Carnegie University Trust; Mr. 
Carnegie himself; the Prime Minister of Great Britain 
and Ireland, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, and the 
chairman of the Carnegie Dunfermline Trust, Dr. 
Ross, you will at once realize the truth of what I say. 
To that list will shortly be added the name of one who 
is honored and beloved for her own sake by all classes 
of our community, Mrs. Carnegie. And hers will be the 
unique honor of being the first woman to be presented 
with the freedom of that royal city to which, I know, 
she also is devotedly attached. And now it is my 
privilege to present an address from the municipality 
and community of Dunfermline, simple in its language, 
yet an address which I believe will receive a place of 
honor within these walls. 

These are the words I bear to you to-day : 

^o the Board of trustees of the Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh: 

We, the Provost, Magistrates and Councilors of the City of 
Dunfennline, assembled in Council on the twenty-fifth day of 
March, nineteen hundred and seven, desire to address you on the 
occasion of the dedication of the new buildings about to be 
added to the Institute. 

The purpose of the Institute and the various objects of use- 
fulness to which the buildings are devoted excite our liveliest 

interest. We have no doubt the whole scheme has been carefully , 

and skilfully planned with a view to the promotion of the high- 
est welfare of the people. We are aware that the services ren- 






J. ■■' 



I r 


dered by the Institute have already proved of the greatest va 
to the inhabitants of Pittsburgh, while they have at the s^ 
time been instrumental in adding to the sum of human knowle 
available to all mankind. We do not doubt that with the 
quisition of the new buildings the usefulness of the Instl 
will be greatly enhanced. It is a delight to us to hear that 
inhabitants of Pittsburgh have given evidence of a warm 
preciation of the blessings which the Institute is fitted to afi 
and that all classes in your community, especially the yo 
make use of the opportunities given for the increase of knowl 
and for the culture of the mind. 

You will, we feel sure, understand the special interest ^ 
the inhabitants of Dunfermline take in the dedication pro( 
ings. The foimder of your Institute is a native of our city, 
he has conferred priceless benefactions on the place of his I 
while not neglecting the claims of the place where he has i 
his business life. He has thus been the means of linking ] 
burgh and Dunfermline happily together. Our constituent 
joy the outcome of his liberality in schemes too numero 
dwell on in this address, and we can not wish you better 
that the gifts he has bestowed on you, and especially by i 
of the Institute, may have the like beneficial effects as are 
experienced by us. 


( ) We are greatly gratified that our Provost has been invi 

If ) one of your guests at the dedication ceremonials. We 


asked him to accept the invitation with our greatest gooc 

It gives us great pleasure to commit this address to his k< 

and to ask him to deliver it to you with our most friendly 


Jas. Currie Macbeth, Pro\ 

Wm. Simpson, Town Clerk. 

i > [seal] 


I To the care of yourself and your successors in 

Mr. President, I commit the parchment, illumina 




our own city, containing these words of greeting and 
congratulation, and I thank you all most cordially for 
your generous and enthusiastic reception of the message 
committed to my charge. [Applause^ 






As I appear among you as a stranger I feel bound to 
address you in the usual language of conventional 
courtesy as ladies and gentlemen, but I hope soon to 
have your leave to abandon that language and to ad- 
dress you as our good King Edward addresses his no- 
bility as Right Trusty and Bight Well-beloved Cou- 

I have come with my colleagues, Provost Macbeth 
and Mr. Robertson, from Dunfermline in Scotland, 
and we bring with us the greeting of all the inhabitants 
of that ancient city. They desire us to assure you of 
their warm interest in these proceedings, and of their 
earnest desire that the Institute may be characterized 
now and always as a source of blessing to all the in- 
habitants of Pittsburgh. Personally, I have from its 
earliest beginnings felt charmed by the mission of the 
Institute. It has seemed to me a splendid bulwark 
against the material spirit which might possibly have 
inundated your city had it been wholly and uncontrol- 
ledly given over to the great industries from which it 
derives its fame throughout the world. Such industries 
demand untiring energy and devotion and those who 



are engaged in them, either as employers or employed, 
are in danger of forgetting the full import of life, and 
to allow the urgent claims of the body to atrophy the 
less clamant but higher claims of the mind. You have, 
in this great building with its multifarious organiza- 
tions, set up an effectual barrier against the undue en- 
croachment of materialism, and it here stands as an 
effective announcement that man shall not live by 
bread alone, and also as an intimation of the submis- 
sion into which science has brought all material forces. 
Ladies and gentlemen, let me tell you why I think I 
may address you as right trusty and right well-beloved 
cousins. You know that the ground on which we stand 
was 150 years ago in possession, but not in the peace- 
ful possession, of the French. It was much coveted by 
the settlers from Britain, and they were backed by the 
military forces from that country. Your Franklin and 
your Washington were young men at the time and 
eagerly threw themselves into the fray. The king's 
forces were equally eager and these were composed of 
men largely from Scotland. Among the officers there 
were Sir Peter Halket, who had the command of the 
44th Regiment of Foot, and his son, James. This Sir 
Peter was at the time the Provost of Dunfermline, our 
first citizen, the predecessor in office of my companion. 
Provost Macbeth, but he left the charge of our muni- 
cipal affairs and his home, joined General Braddock, 
and he and his son both fell in the unfortunate and 
bloody battle which was fought near where we are as- 
sembled. The next-door neighbor of Sir Peter Halket 








f I ^ 

n ♦ 

. I 


was Colonel John Forbes, the Laird of Pittencrieff, a 
property the name of which I ask you to remember. 
Nothing daunted by the fate of his neighbor, he, three 
years afterward, assumed the command of another ex- 
pedition to avenge the bloody misfortunes of Braddock 
and to wrest this territory from the French. I have 
been reminding our Provost of the diflFerent circum- 
stances under which he and his predecessor have trav- 
eled between Dunfermline and Pittsburgh and the dif- 
ferent errands which brought them hither; one slowly 
and painfully, with certain hardship and possible 
death in view, — the other swiftly and luxuriously with 
no prospect but of friendly greetings and the acquisi- 
tion of increased vigor of body and mind; one on a 
mission of death, the other of life, and yet, who can tell 
how much the pleasures of the one are due to the pains 
of the other- To return to my narrative, Forbes, by 
i \ unparalleled exertions and with the assistance of 

Washington, marched here and captured Fort Du 
Quesne, from which the French had fled, and in com- 
pliment to his friend, that great statesman, the first 
Pitt, changed the name to Pittsburgh. Pitt, in thank- 
ing Forbes for the compliment, well described Pitts- 
burgh as being in the richest and most fertile part of 
North America. Pitt in saying so had a certain amount 
of prescience, but little did he know how literally true 
were the words he was using. Forbes*s health was shat- 
tered by his exertions, and six months later he died in 
Philadelphia. Thus it was that Dunfermline's sons 
won for your fathers and yourselves the territory on 


: \ 






which we stand and gave the name to your city of which 
you are so proud. Of this John Forbes I wish to say a 
few further words. His early biography is recorded on 4- 

a pane of glass in the attic of the Mansion House of *" 

PittencriefF, a name which I have asked you to try and 
remember. It was scratched, I have no doubt, by his 

father, and runs "Jo. Forbes, merry little colt." It > 

was this "merry little colt" who had such grim and 
bloody work to do in founding Pittsburgh and giving 
it a start in life. About eighty years subsequent to the 
death of Forbes another "merry little colt" was bom in 
a humble home near to the Mansion House of Pitten- 
criefF, and he was christened as is attested in the bap- 
tismal register "Andrew Carnegie." Shortly afterward 

another was bom, named Thomas, and a third, a cousin \ 

of the last two, appeared about the same time and was 

named George Lauder. In process of time, but while ^ 

they were still boys, all three left Dunfermline and set- 
tled in this town. They did not bring with them im- 
plements such as were carried by Colonel Forbes, but 
they brought something more powerful — all of them 
were provided with brains. I need not tell you how 
their brains were exercised in the building up of this 
city; you are Pittsburghers, and you know that to tell 
the history of your town is largely to tell the history of 
these three brainy boys. Especially so is this the case 
as to that merry little colt, Andrew. Intrepid and in- 
defatigable, and an untiring worker, he remained and 
still remains, and long may he remain, the merry little 
colt. While other men could let work kill them, he 


. « 

i ^ > 



^ • 






made fun of it and a source of health as well as of 
wealth. And now, having reminded you how Dun- 
f erailine has given you of her best blood and her best 
brains, and how she has contributed to the founding, 
the naming, and the upbuilding of your city, may I not 
claim leave to let aside all conventional terms and af- 
fectionately speak to you in the name of Dunfcrailine 

I as right trusty and right well-beloved cousins? But, 

: cousins, you have not been ungrateful. We of Dun- 

• : * fermline have not been mere givers of gifts to you. 

>r You have returned them manifold. Especially has that 

» I . ■ meny little colt, Andrew, rendered himself your in- 

% strument in redeeming the blood of our Provost and his 

/ ;' son and of his progenitor in the ownership of Pittcn- 

crieff. He has sent many dollars from Pittsburgh to 
Dunfermline, but not before passing over them the 
magician's wand and spiritualizing the cold metal, into 
warm life-blood. I cannot specify all the purposes to 
which these dollars have been applied and will con- 
tinue to be by means of a fund which is to provide a 
constant stream from Pittsburgh to Dunfermline, dur- 
ing many years to come. Suffice it to say that their 6b 
ject is to create in Dunfermline an atmosphere o 
sweetness and light, and the Provost, Mr. Robertso 
and myself are officers of the Trust formed for tl 
purpose. We do not, however, present ourselves to y^ 
as finished specimens of Sweetness and Light, h 
rather as illustrative specimens of the difficulties < 
co-trustees have to encounter in sweetening and 
lightening the average man of Dunfermline. "Wli: 


f ' 







wish more pointedly to say is that one asset of the 
Trast is that estate of Pittencrieff in the Mansion 
House of which the merry little colt, who afterward be- 
came Colonel Forbes, was bom, and which was pur- 
chased and presented to us in trust for the inhabitants 
of Dunfermline by that other merry little colt, with 
dollars earned in Pittsburgh. Cousins, Pittencrieff 
was purchased with Pittsburgh dollars, but it will 
never be sold again, — ^its price will forever be priceless. 
It is a unique possession, lovely in all respects, and as 
the home of King Malcolm Canmore and his sainted 
queen, Margaret, it is enchanted ground to every < 

Scotchman. Thus circles the whirligig of time, and 
thus the blood and brains we gave for Pittsburgh are 

being returned to us with interest manifold. Right \ 

trusty and right well-beloved cousins, let me tell you 
that you all owe a duty to pay homage in Pittencrieff. 
There we have the Tower of King Malcolm to which 
he brought our patron saint. Queen Margaret, our pre- 
cursor in the creation of Sweetness and Light. It was < 
she who taught our king to read and our people to wor- 
ship ; it was she who introduced the love of learning and 
the love of truth; it was within a few paces of her tomb 
where the hero of to-day's proceedings was cradled, 
and it requires little imagination to see the close con- 
nection between King Malcolm's Tower and the Car- 
negie Institute. Right trusty and right well-beloved 
cousins, let me repeat our affectionate greetings, let 
me also enjoin on you to foster the alliance formed be- 
tween us in blood and brains, by visiting your relatives 


' t 




in Dunfermline. If, on your arrival, you see no known 
faces you will only have to give the password "Pitts- 
burgh" and you will have a friend in every man and 
woman you meet. Be sure to announce yourselves at 
the office of the Carnegie Dunfermline Trustees. You 
will be shown how we are continuing the sacred work 
of our sainted Margaret, and how especially we are 
caring for the bodies and minds of every child of the 
community through many beneficent agencies, how we 
are anxious that all of these children physically and 
mentally should, when grown up, bear the Dunferm- 
line mark of honor in uprightness of character and wis- 
dom of conduct. We shall esteem your friendship, we 
shall be stimulated by your criticism, and you and we 
shall, on comparing the work of your Institute with the 
work of our Trust, find that we are seeking the same 
ends, the good of man and the glory of God. [-4/?- 








( ' 







The term Science implies knowledge of the facts and * 

laws of Nature. Engineering is the practical applica- ' 

tion of these laws to the wants, safety, and comforts of * 

man. ^ 

The broad divisions of science are well indicated by 
the various departments of the Carnegie Institute of 
Technology, while the similar subdivisions of engineer- 
ing are shown by the numerous associations which exist 
for the consideration of its well developed branches. ^ 

Matter is that which occupies space and possesses * 

weight and inertia. Energy is that which is capable of '^ 

doing work upon matter: forcing it to move against ; 

resistance. .' 

The conservation of matter and of energy are the 
two greatest generalizations of modern days, for they 
imply that the quantity of each in the universe is fixed 
for ever and that neither is capable of being created or 
of being destroyed. Each can be changed only from 
one form to another. 

The doctrine of everlasting existence is proclaimed 
by these great laws of nature. 








t . 










Wc have recently learned much of the structure and 
mechanics of matter. The reign of the atom as the 
minutest particle of matter has ceased. The corpuscle 
or "electron," infinitely smaller, reigns in its place. 
Radium and its disintegration, together with those re- 
markable rays of Rontgen, which enable us to see our 
own bones, add to our marvels. 

Why did science lie smoldering for sixty centuries 
ere Galileo and Newton defined the laws that deter- 
mine the motion of matter, and that control the stately 
march of the bright orbs of heaven? Why did it only 
in the nineteenth century burst into a flame glowing 
with greater brilliancy every year ? We now see the in- 
visible, we hear the inaudible, we annihilate space, we 
transmit the human voice across great continents, and 
we render transparent the opaque. The dreams of the 
philosopher, the visions of the poet are now the illustra- 
tive facts of the professor. 

The simple answer to the question is : it is the result 
of the unshackling of the mind from the thraldom of 
ignorance, and the freedom of intellectual intercourse 
between all civilized people. Science now knows no 
nationality; it is independent of language; it is the 
property of the whole world. 

What has led to this emancipation? 

First. The cessation of Church domination led in 
Great Britain by Wycliff and Wesley. 

Secondly. The decay of the old abstract philosophy 
which kept civilization in a fog for centuries and the 
growth of modern, organized common sense. 





I Ik'' 



/ : \ ' 



Thirdly. The freedom of speech and the right of 

Fourthly. The growth of education, a free press, 
and pure literature. 

The self-consciousness of man has been elevated 
and he has learnt to observe, to think, to reason, and to 

Thus political and mental freedom aided by clear 
thought and true reason have unfolded nature's laws, 
and the engineer has applied them to expedite trans- 
port, to facilitate communication, to eliminate time and 
to annihilate space. 

The history of engineering did not lag so much as 
that of science. 

Tubal Cain, before the flood, was, according to the 
authorized version, "an instructor of every artificer 
in brass and iron,'' but according to the revised version, 
"the forger of every cutting instrument of brass." 

The ancient Egj^ptians over 5CXX) years ago, reared 
the noble P)rramids that still tower above the Nile. 
The seven wonders of the old world were : 

1. The EgjTptian Pyramids at Gizeh. 

2. The Mausoleum at Halicamassus. 

3. The Temple of Diana at Ephesus. 

4. The Walls and Gardens of Babylon. 

5. The Colossus of Rhodes. 

6. The Statue of Jupiter by Phidias. 

7. The Pharos at Alexandria. 

Five of these wonders appertain to engineering and 
two to Art. The Pyramids alone remain, while rem- 


nants of the Mausoleum and the Temple of Diana are 
found in the British Museum. 

Moses was the greatest sanitary engineer that the 
world has ever known. Archimedes flourished before 
the Christian era, and the works of the Romans are still 
plentiful in Great Britain. The Parthenon of Athens 
remains an object of wonder and delight. The track of 
the conqueror in all ages and countries has been marked 
by the construction of roads for the conveyance of food. 
and the purposes of trade and commerce — the engineer 
has always been in evidence. 

No marked or great progress occurred until "Watt in- 
troduced his steam engine in 1769 — which was not 
matured until early in the nineteenth century — since 
when textile works, steel, steamships, railways, tele- 
graphs, telephones, photography, etc., have revolution- 
ized the world — not in all cases for the better — auto- 
cracy and armed forces still exist as menaces to the 
weak and costliness to the strong. The engineer ha; 
still to apply his knowledge of nature's laws to the de 
struction of human life with the greatest rapidity, an 
at the greatest distance. War still rumbles in tiie ai 
though doubtless its amenities have been softened ai 
its prevalence diminished by the handiwork of the « 

This is accomplished by facilitating rapid comm\ 
cation and thus checking misleading conclusions f" 
imperfect information. The defects of language, i 
reports and the errors of translation are ans\verabl< 
half the political troubles of the world. 


On the other hand the engineer is a great benefactor 
to his race, for he has facilitated and economized the 
transport of raw material and of food supplies. In- 
deed, the railroad and the steamship render famines 
practically impossible. The recent so-called famine in 
India was not due to the want of food, but to the want 
of money to buy food. Many who died were too proud 
to beg or too bigoted to accept aid from Christians. 
They preferred to die rather than acknowledge their 

No one can deny that the engineer has improved the 
condition of life in the civilized world, the mean dura- 
tion of life has increased, and David's limit has been 
raised. In my own experience, we in London have re- 
duced our death rate from twenty-four in a thousand to 
seventeen. Even life itself is forced to help man. 
The biologist finds the germ of disease in bacilli and 
the engineer utilizes feeding bacteria to purify his 
sewage. Thus life itself is made to minister to the ser- 
vice of man. His works are tending much to hasten the 
advent of peace on earth and of good-will among the 

The engineer has become the necessity of the age. 
Hitherto his education has been self-acquired. Inven- 
tion will probably continue to be the result of indi- 
vidual private inquiry, but the great majority of the 
active workers in the field must be educated in their 
science and trained in their art. This is the function 
of technology. Technical education is that mode of 
mental training which prepares the brain to assist the 



hand. Craft — the art of doing — ^is vastly assisted by 
the exercise of thought and judgment. The "reason- 
why" of every tool and every operation is the science 
of the industry. Thus technology is the application of 
science to industrial processes. 

Germany in very early days grasped the necessity for 
technical education, and the United States very speed- 
ily followed her example ; Great Britain is a bad third. 
The fashion in Great Britain is to devote wealth to 
hospitals, churches, public gardens, and art galleries. 
It is difficult to get bequests for technology from pri- 
vate individuals. This is especially the case in Lon- 
don. There is great want of patriotism there. It is a 
city of temporary rest, where all nationalities come, 
flourish, and retire to their coimtries or to their towns 
to enjoy their wealth. Those who are inclined to leave 
money do so for the local wants of their native places 
and not for the scene of their success. It is different ii 
America. We are now taking part in the more commor 
sense method. 

Next to Watt, probably our most inventive engine 
was Bessemer. Here in America counties and tow 
are named after him. His name is scarcely known 
England outside the iron and steel industries. 
Pittsburgh it is a household word. We are only r 
trying to perpetuate his name, by fitting up Memo 
Metallurgical Laboratories in London, Siimingli 
Newcastle, Sheffield, and other places. The resp 
to our appeal has been disappointing. 'We liop 
make the scheme international by establishing 



graduate scholarships in Metallurgy which shall be 
changeable so that graduates of London shall go to 
Pittsburgh for their practical course, and graduates of 
Pittsburgh shall come to England or to one of the 
British colonies for their practical training. 

It is a bold idea and would speedily be realized if the 
American spirit so fully developed by your Camegies, 
Armours, and Rockefellers were the fashion at home. 
At present we can boast of only one educational bene- 
factor — Cecil Rhodes — but a handsome contribution 
was bequeathed by Alfred Beit for technological pur- 
poses in London. London as a whole comes off badly. 
We have to be satisfied with a portion of the taxes on 
whisky and beer, but even that source is on the down- 
ward slope, owing to the very remarkable and satisfac- 
tory growth of temperance. 

I have come over here to learn a lesson from the ex- 
ample of Pittsburgh, and I am anxious to see how you 
have dealt with the relative values of buildings, equip- 
ment, teachers, pensions of technological colleges. 

Our experience in England is that too much inoney 
is spent on buildings, too little on equipment, the en- 
dowment for teachers is in all cases inadequate, and no 
provision is made for the retirement of the teacher 
when played out. The whole spirit and essence of a 
school is to be found in the occupants of the chairs. 
The professors must be kept in touch with their profes- 
sion so as to be maintained in the advances that are so 
rapidly occurring in all branches of engineering. They 
must, therefore, be masters not only of the practical, 



but of the scientific side also, and to induce them t 
give their whole heart to the work they must see bef or 
them the prospect of an adequate retirement allowance 
The Civil Service of Great Britain is manned by th< 
pick of the country. Able men are willing to act fo: 
salaries that are paltry when compared with those giver 
by private enterprise, but their promotion in the Civil 
Service is sure, their pay is known, and they can retire 
at sixty, and must retire at sixty-five, with a pension 
two-thirds of their full pay if they have served forty 
years, or a less sum if they have served a less number of 
years ; the number of years of service being divided by 
sixty to give the ratio. This inducement is a great 
force in determining the selection of that service. We 
want some such system in our education systems all 
over the world to attract the men we want and the only 
men who are competent to teach. The ideal teacher, 
like a poet, is born, not made. He must have enthusi- 
asm in his work and be able to enthuse those he teaches. 
His selection is, therefore, a very responsible business, 
and one requiring much tact. 

I am also anxious to learn how you deal with fore- 
men and workmen, apart from the usual class of gradu- 
ates who are preparing for the positions of supervisors 
and masters. The latter follow the regular curriculum, 
which generally means a continuous four years' course, 
but the former demand special treatment. 

The chief function of the education they require is 
not so much to impart up-to-date knowledge as to dis- 
pel their acquired ignorance. The almost irrepressible 



dominion of evil seems to facilitate the retention of 
ignorance. The great resistance to progress is the de- 
termination to remain ignorant. I have found it most 
beneficial to encourage in every form self-education, 
and to place at the disposal of all inquisitive workmen 
works of reference, apparatus for examination, experi- 
ment and test. A fact 'acquired by experiment or ob- 
servation makes a lasting and indelible impression on 
the workman's mind. Evening classes in England are 
for this reason a great success. Self-acquired know- 
ledge of facts has a very beneficial influence, and lends 
much pleasure to these meetings. 

America, like Great Britain, owes much to the self- 
educated enthusiast. The great iron industry of Penn- 
sylvania, like that of Shropshire, owes much to Parker 
of Coalbrookdale, who, with Rutter in 1720, built the 
first furnace for making pig iron at a village which 
they christened Coalbrookdale. There are several 
places named after Parker, Parkersburgh, Parker's 
Landing, etc. 

We at home have a self-educated genius, Tom 
Parker, of Wolverhampton, who commenced life as a 
foundry boy in Walbrookdale. He revolutionized the 
dynamo, invented the modem electrical production of 
phosphorus, and has now extracted the smoke in- 
gredients from coal and converted them into profitable 
spirits, oils, and pitch. 

Bituminous coal becomes "Coalite," a smokeless 
steam fuel. He has thus developed an oil-spring on 
the surface of the earth. 



The good old practice of apprenticeship for seven 
years has virtually ceased in England. Boys came 
from home to the bench and worked up to the top 
round of their ladder. No finer mechanics could be 
found in the world than the departed British mill- 
wrights, but they have gone with the Tory and the 
Whig. It was their only education, but they were the 
builders of the trade of Great Britain. Schools and 
colleges have superseded apprenticeship to the detri- 
ment of craftsmanship, but to the advantage of mental 
capacity, experienced management, and commercial 

The industrious, thoughtful, judicious workman, 
with true technical training and clearsightedness, has 
his fortune in his hands and the world at his feet. The 
student of to-day commences life with more scientific 
knowledge than Watt, Stephenson, Fulton, or Eads 
ever possessed. The world is his stage and his success 
in it depends entirely on himself. The academical, 
mathematical monist is an interesting fossil. The 
scientific engineer is the great civilizer. He has con- 
structed the swift floating palace. He has pierced the 
Isthmus of Suez, and he will soon pierce that of Pan- 
ama. His nerves of communication rest in the deep 
unf athomed caves of ocean, or wend their undulating 
flight among the gulls and albatrosses in the blue em- 

We in England do not approve of degrees of en- 
gineering being given by our Universities. They imply 
experience which no university can give. The Insti- 


tution of Civil Engineers in Great Britain is alone in 
that country competent to certify to the practical quali- 
fication of a civil engineer. Admission to that body is 
dependent on practice. Excellent systems of examina- 
tion by papers and theses safeguard the qualiiication 
of its members. Degrees of Science are of a different 
class. They imply advanced education. We welcome 
such degrees and allow them to waive preliminary ad- 
missive examinations, but their possession does not 
make an engineer. The diploma of membership of the 
Institution of Civil Engineers is difficult to obtain, and 
its possession is a standard of value. 

It seems ungenerous to say one word in opposition, 
but when we contemplate such disasters as the destruc- 
tion of San Francisco, the blow-up of the Jena in Tou- 
lon, the loss of the Berlin at the Hook of Holland, the 
dreadful floods that have devastated Pittsburgh, we 
must feel that, however much we engineers may boast 
of our knowledge of nature's laws, we are impotent 
when nature proclaims her power in the abrupt earth- 
quake, the furious tempest, the irresistible cloudburst, 
and the invisible operations of molecular energy. 

It is something to have lived through the latter half 
of the last century, and more to have taken part in the 
pioneering of some of the great advances made. I was 
bom when the rushlight was in use, where gas had not 
penetrated; when the fowling-piece was fired by flint 
and steel ; where steam railways were unknown ; where 
the four-horse mail-coach brought the letters, and the 
penny post had yet to come. 



I have seen science, engineering and education grow 
up with such rapidity that it is well-nigh impossible to 
remember what has happened. 

I am glad to have been able to visit America for the 
fourth time and to see with my own eyes the giant 
strides she is making, by the aid of her patriotic and 
successful men of wealth, to solve the great question 
of cementing the connection between science and en- 
gineering. I am an old hand in technical education, 
for I have been actively engaged in teaching, promot- 
ing, and directing it since 1867, when I held the first 
chair in Electrical Engineering in the Hartley College, 
Southampton. I think this was the first of its kind in 
Great Britain. 

I congratulate Pittsburgh on having in their midst a 
nature's gentleman who has solved the difficult ques- 
tion, 'What can I do with my wealth so as to distribute 
the greatest good to the greatest number?" {^Great 






It is with great difBdence that I venture to lay before 
you some views of my own on the modem development 
of architecture in Germany, feeling that as it is not pos- 
sible to give a comprehensive survey of the domain in 
question I must be content to submit to you my con- 
clusions without enabling you to judge whether they 
are sufficiently supported by facts. I am encouraged, 
however, by the belief that it may be of interest to hear 
upon this subject the opinions, not of an art historian 
but of an architect, who has himself passed through 
some of the phases of modem architecture, and who has 
felt the influences that have led to many of its changes. 
Now the future of architecture as a fine art is in- 
separably bound up with the vexed question of archi- 
tectural style, and with regard to the development of 
style a review of what the past century has produced 
would not at the first glance seem to encourage a very 
bright outlook for the future. There is no doubt that 
much of the best artistic power of the nineteenth cen- 
tury was wasted in fruitless search for a style in archi- 
tecture and the industrial arts adapted to the age. 
Though the great inventions of that century brought 



about a more rapid and frequent interchange of 
thought between nations than was ever possible before, 
we have seen in our own time as a consequence of these 
fruitless endeavors a greater diversity in the architec- 
tural aspect of Europe than there was at the close of 
the eighteenth century. No one country has been able 
to establish an acknowledged supremacy in architec- 
ture, as when France at the commencement of the 
Gothic period, Italy during the Renaissance, and 
France again in the eighteenth century, took the lead 
and was more or less closely followed by the rest of 
Europe; nor does any such supremacy seem to be in 
prospect at present. 

It seems strange indeed that a century which has 
contributed more than any other in the world's history 
to the advancement of science, and which has been so 
fruitful in inventions that have inuneasurably in- 
creased the wealth and power of mankind, should have 
been stricken with barrenness in this one domain of 
architectural inventiveness. We architects are accus- 
tomed to be asked reproachfully why our age has pro- 
duced no style of its own, as former periods have done, 
and we are often told that our art has fallen from its 
high estate and that the best among us have sunk to the 
part of more or less conscientious copyists. In my 
opinion this reproach is unjust, and the chaotic state of 
modern architecture may be accounted for without as- 
suming that our architects have been lacking in the 
inventive qualities possessed in former times. The 
unsatisfactory state of things in the nineteenth century 



has been brought about by two causes. First, by the 
destruction of an ancient society and an old accumula- 
tion of wealth by the French Revolution and the Na- 
poleonic Wars, and, secondly, by the sudden growth 
of a new society and new wealth acquired for the 
world by the introduction of steam-power and the in- 
ventions which followed in the wake of this great 
innovation bringing about a sudden demand after a 
long standstill — a demand to which the artistic in- 
ventiveness of no age would probably have been equal. 

A great break in the development of art followed the 
French Revolution and the resulting ruinous wars. 
Both the population and the resources of European 
countries were so reduced that building enterprise was 
for a long time crippled, and the position of the privi- 
leged classes was destroyed or greatly weakened. 

The experienced and fastidious patrons of art being 
no longer able to give employment, the standard of ex- 
cellence in artistic work was necessarily lowered and 
the number of artists and craftsmen was reduced cor- 
responding to the lesser demand, so that a great amount 
of technical and artistic skill acquired in the course of 
many generations and handed down from father to son 
and from master to pupil was lost to mankind. 

For a considerable time the Greek revival, which had 
been brought about by Stuart's work on Athens, pre- 
vailed both in north and in south Germany, its most 
famous representatives being Schinkel in Berlin and 
Klenze in Munich, but during this period the trans- 
formation of society was progressing, and when, after 



the lapse of half a century wealth once more began to 
be accumulated, it was in the hands of new men, and 
the connection with the artistic past had been so com- 
pletely severed that it seemed no more difficult or in- 
appropriate to build in one historical style than in an- 
other, and thus we see attempts in almost every style 
from the Gothic to that of the Eighteenth Century fol- 
lowing each other in a succession too rapid to allow of 
architects or craftsmen acquiring any satisfactory de- 
gree of proficiency. Perhaps the impartiality with 
which different styles were regarded during the lattei 
half of the century was partly due, especially in Ger- 
many, to the influence of the newly founded schools oi 
architecture, and to the scientifically impartial treat 
ment of different periods by art historians. However 
in spite of its architectural errors and shortcomings, f o 
which the course of historical events must be mad 
responsible, it would be a mistake to suppose that dui 
ing the nineteenth century there was no progress i 
architectural style. 

Within the last twenty years the study of style l 
architects has been very much more profound than w; 
the case with former eclectic masters, and the ski 
of craftsmen and their knowledge of ancient metho 
of workmanship has been wonderfully perfectc 
Great influence has been exercised by Semper's book 
Style in the Technical Arts, and by his own work a 

But, above all, general interest in architecture 1 
been awakened, and the artistic education of the pul 




has been much advanced by the study of art collections 
and by travel. It is well to remember that art is not pro- 
duced by the artist alone, but that the public has a large 
share in artistic progress, and that the quality of the 
architect's work must greatly depend on the artistic 
judgment and appreciation of his client. As it was the 
ruin of the more cultivated and artistically apprecia- 
tive classes that brought about the decline of art in the 
first half of the nineteenth century, it has also been the 
gradual ripening of the public judgment that has pro- 
duced a marked progress in our own time. One may 
say that during the nineteenth century a competition 
of styles has been carried on in Europe, a most costly 
competition, in which, not drawings and models, but 
real buildings were submitted to the public. This com- 
petition has not yet come to a close, but many of the 
styles that have competed may be said to have been 
thrown out, so that the choice seems now to be fortu- 
nately limited to few. Speaking of my own country, 
I may say that in bringing about this result the prac- 
tical conmion sense of the public has been chiefly in- 
strumental. There was a time when Grothic competed 
on equal terms with the style derived from classical 
architecture, but the domain of Gothic seems now to 
be limited to ecclesiastical art where ancient forms do 
not clash with modem requirements, and even here it 
seems doubtful whether Gothic will long retain its 
predominance with us, at any rate, for Protestant 
churches. The classical architecture derived from the 
temples of ancient Greece represented the admirable 



and refined solution of comparatively simple architec 
tural problems in a southern clime. But this architec 
ture which was practised in Berlin and Munich fo 
nearly two thirds of the nineteenth century was even 
tually found to be not sufficiently adaptable to th 
needs of our time without losing its best and most chai 
acteristic qualities. 

Travels in Italy, which were long considered to b 
the most essential part of a modem architect's artisti 
education, had led to great admiration for the Italiai 
especially the Florentine Renaissance of the fif teeni 
and sixteenth centuries, but it was ultimately felt I 
a majority of architects that the Italian masterpiec 
most admired owed their most characteristic qualitic 
especially the bold and happy contrasts of wall ai 
windows, to conditions of life and climate that are n 
to be found in our country. 

After the establishment of Grerman unity the st] 
of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in Gi 
many was taken up with great enthusiasm, first 
Munich and south Grermany, and then by the north, 
the hope of developing a peculiarly national style 
architecture. In its application, however, the Genr 
Renaissance presented the same difficulties as the els 
ical style, though in a lesser degree. Low stor: 
small windows, high-pitched roofs over narrow bui 
ings, cramped and inconvenient staircases are chai 
teristic of the period, and when these character! 
features were removed by improvement, the buildi 
thus modified acquired a general aspect very much 



proaching eighteenth century work, from which they 
remained distinguished chiefly by moldings and by 
ornament. Thus it happened that many architects of 
note gradually drifted into the style of the early 
eighteenth century, and it came to be widely under- 
stood that our forefathers had already done much of 
the work which we should have to do in adapting the 
German Renaissance to our wants, especially with re- 
gard to the ample provision of light and air; but not 
less in enlarging the scale of architecture, which dur- 
ing the medieval and the Renaissance period had been 
greatly dependent on the narrow streets and small 
open spaces of our ancient walled cities. Especially 
within the last ten years has there been a decided move 
in this direction. 

In Munich many of the works of Thieroch, Seidel, 
Hocheder, the later works of Hof man, the City Archi- 
tect of Berlin, of Messel and of Kayser and von Gross- 
heim, as well as my own buildings, may be quoted as 
being based on this period of historical architecture. 

At the same time there is a decidedly increasing lean- 
ing toward simplicity, and a tendency to avoid mean- 
ingless decoration and superfluous ornament, which 
correspond to a growing fastidiousness of taste in the 
educated classes. If these lines are followed for a con- 
siderable time, which I think will be the case, and, if 
architects continue to aim at change only in the interest 
of progress and not for the sake of novelty, it may be 
hoped that a style suitable for and peculiar to our time, 
though not necessarily surprisingly novel, may be de- 



veloped as from the fifteenth century to the eighteent 
one style was evolved out of another, in the same mar 
ner in which modem languages have been constant! 
changing even since the period of what is termed the! 
classical literature. But there is a group of moder 
architects chiefly in Germany, in Belgium, in Austrii 
and of late years also in Italy, to whom this system c 
evolution seems too slow, and who have been strivin 
voluntarily to create or to force a new style. T\x 
means are employed for this purpose. Ancient el 
ments of architecture are to be given up as too rigi 
to admit of progress and an entirely new system < 
ornament is to be introduced. Now I object to bo 
these methods. I can not bring myself to believe th: 
one generation or even one century will be able to i 
vent a substitute for the orders of architecture, whi( 
have been modified and perfected through so mai 
ages, though, of course, they may be capable of st 
further modifications; and though I believe that nc 
life may be instilled into ornament by the introducti< 
of new subject-matter, I do not think that a system 
ornament of such meager invention and such barbai 
crudeness as is presented by the innovators, can for ai 
length of time satisfy the cravings of the mind whi 
sees in ornament one of the essential elements of arc] 
tectural beauty. I feel sure, however, that among t 
advocates of this new style, or "Jugendstil," there s 
many architects of considerable talent, though of m 
taken aims, among a host of ungif ted imitators, who s 
working only for sensational efFect, and I hope and 1 



lieve that the former will gradually throw off many of 
their eccentricities and become less radical in their wish 
for novelty at any price. 

Now, apart from architectural detail and from orna- 
ment, the work of the new art group most frequently 
shows more resemblance to the work of the eighteenth 
century, which is everywhere gaining ground, than to 
any other historical period, and there is, therefore, a 
probability that the different currents of modern archi- 
tecture in my country will eventually unite in one com- 
mon channel. 

In Prussia where the greatest patron of architecture 
is the State, the style of public buildings has been much 
influenced and will I hope continue to be influenced in 
the same direction by the great interest which our Em- 
peror takes in architecture. Though his Majesty has 
so much understanding and love for earlier styles that 
he has caused the Gothic castle of Hoh-Konigsburg 
in Alsace to be restored by Ebhard in a most conscien- 
tious and scholarly manner, he has early discerned that 
for the healthy development of style it is most essen- 
tial that the efforts of architects should be as much as 
possible concentrated toward the same aim. 

It is in fact through such concentration of effort, sup- 
ported by stability of taste in the building public, that 
the styles of the past were formed. In Berlin the style 
of the commencement of the eighteenth century repre- 
sents with us the period of the foundation of the Prus- 
sian monarchy, and the adoption of this style as a start- 
ing-point for our modem architecture connects the 



present with our most glorious architectural period, 
that of our greatest architect, Schliiter, and thus may 
contribute to give the city a unity of style which has 
long been, alas, conspicuously absent. 

At the commencement of his reign his Majesty de- 
cided that the buildings to be newly erected in Berlin 
for the Crown and for the State should be designed in 
a style harmonizing with the noble architecture of the 
Royal Palace and of the Arsenal. Among the first 
were works of my own — the new Throne Room in the 
Palace (der Weisse Saal), the Royal stables (Mar- 
stall) and the Museum for Painting and Sculpture 
called Kaiser Friedrich Museum, in memory of our be- 
loved Emperor Frederick. The new cathedral for Ber- 
lin was built by Raschdorff in a classical style from 
designs which had already been submitted to the Em- 
peror Frederick, and to which our emperor considered 
it a filial duty to adhere. At present his Majesty is 
following with the keenest artistic interest the work at 
our new State Library, which I am myself building, 
and which will be one of the most important in the 

Not only the designs for these buildings, but all those 
of great importance for all departments of the State, are 
now regularly submitted for his Majesty's approval, 
and are influenced by his wishes. Continuity of effort I 
believe to be the principal condition of progress in 
architecture, and I consider my country to be most par- 
ticularly fortunate in possessing at this critical period a 
far-seeing patron of art so powerful as to insure steadi- 




ness of purpose so far as monumental architecture is 
concerned. It is therefore a hopeful view which I take 
of the future development of German architecture, and 
there can be no doubt that in Germany the misfortunes 
which caused artistic decline in the nineteenth century 
had a more disastrous effect than in any other country, 
for none had suflFered so severely from the great Euro- 
pean wars. In England and France political unity has 
brought about greater artistic unity. Still, so far as I am 
able to judge, the development of style in both coun- 
tries has been following lines almost parallel to our 
own, the result of a century's trial given to different 
styles being a decided leaning toward the classical 
architecture of the eighteenth century, based as with 
us on a more complete understanding of that style, and 
therefore on a greater mastery with the possibility of 
greater freedom of treatment than ever nineteenth 
century architects attained when attempting to work 
in the style of a former period. 

I may sum up my argument by saying that in my 
opinion there has been in the history of architecture a 
progressive though sometimes interrupted develop- 
ment of style as an expression of the architectural re- 
quirements of society from the fifteenth century up to 
the nineteenth, and that in order to progress still fur- 
ther we must start from the advanced point which had 
been reached before the continuity of progress was 
interrupted. Yet, if we would not stand still, we must 
constantly work at the adaptation of old means to new 
wants which have arisen and are arising in our time. 



In domestic architecture much has been done in this re- 
spect, especially in England, and of late years in Ger- 
many. But in no country is progress more likely to be 
brought about in this manner than in the United States, 
where architects have already shown themselves well 
able to grapple with new architectural problems aris- 
ing from new requirements, as in your admirable li- 
braries, or from new methods of construction, as in 
your giant conunercial buildings ; and where the oppor- 
tunities offered to architects are more frequent and the 
means at their disposal greater than in any other coun- 
try or age. The advancement of art has always been 
promoted by the peaceful rivalry of nations, and I 
therefore feel sure that the art of European countries 
can only gain by our finding, as we certainly shall, in 
the United States of America, a competitor as formi- 
dable in the domain of art as in commerce and in in- 
dustry. [Applause] 





A HIGH honor has been paid to me by the committee of 
the Carnegie Institute. The request has been made 
that I shall take a part in the interesting ceremonies in 
which we have been engaged this week. In response to 
this request I am here to give a brief address on a sub- 
ject which has recently engaged very much attention. 
It relates to the removal of a great scientific diflBculty. 
The difficulty may be succinctly stated as follows : 
A study of terrestrial phenomena shows that the an- 
tiquity of the sun appears to be very much greater than 
would be compatible with the supposition that its heat 
was derived only from contraction on the principles of 

We shall first consider how far the theory of Helm- 
holtz affords an adequate explanation of the suste- 
nance of the solar heat. The theory of Helmholtz sug- 
gests that the heat of the sun is continually replenished 
by its contraction. I need not go into the details of the 
experimental investigation of the present amount of 
solar radiation ; suffice it to say, that, according to the 
determination of Schciner, which is apparently the 



best attainable result, we may make the following 
statement : — 

At a point in open space distant from the sun by the 
earth's mean distance, one square foot exposed per- 
pendicularly to the solar radiation would receive in 
one minute enough solar heat to raise one pound of 
water 14* Fahrenheit. 

The unit of heat we employ in these investigations 
is the quantity of heat which would be given out in the 
combustion of a globe of ordinary coal as heavy as the 
sun. We assume that this coal is supplied with suffi- 
cient oxygen for perfect combustion. To sustain the 
radiation of the sun at its present rate by the combus- 
tion of coal, a quantity of coal would have to be con- 
sumed which would correspond to one unit every 2800 
years. We are, therefore, to remember that a globe of 
coal as heavy as the sun, if burned continuously and 
uniformly, so that it should be all reduced to ashes in 
2800 years, would, during that time, give out just as 
much heat as the sun, radiating at its present rate, 
would give in the same time. 

This statement at least demonstrates that combus- 
tion cannot be the cause of the sustenance of solar heat. 
We know that the sun has been shining as warmly and 
brightly as it does at present for many thousands or 
millions of years. As 2800 years would be the utmost 
limit to the time during which a sun which depended 
only on combustion of ordinary fuel could give out 
heat, we must look to some agent much more powerful 
than combustion for the sustenance of solar heat. 



For the purpose of our illustration we shall suppose 
that a pound weight of the sun was to be dragged to 
infinity against the attraction of the sun. This attrac- 
tion is very considerable. A pound weight on the sur- 
face of the sun would weigh about twenty-six times 
as much as a pound does on the surface of the earth. A 
pound weight on a spring balance would, of course, on 
the earth be indicated as one pound. If, however, 
weight and balance were straightway carried to the 
sun, the balance would then show twenty-six pounds, 
though there was no alteration in the mass it carried. 
To move this body a foot from the sun would therefore 
require twenty-six foot-pounds of work, and to move 
it two feet would require fif ty^two units of work. The 
task of pulling the pound weight away to infinity 
would be an onerous one. The attraction of the sun 
would not appreciably diminish for miles and thou- 
sands of miles, but at last it would be found that the 
weight instead of being twenty-six pounds was only 
twenty-five pounds, and then twenty-four pounds, and 
as the body got further away from the sun's surface the 
attraction would lessen continually, when the body 
was distant from the sun's center about five times the 
sun's radius, the apparent weight would be reduced to 
about one pound; when it was distant ten times the 
sun's radius the apparent weight would be reduced to a 
quarter of a pound ; and in like manner the force neces- 
sary to drag the weight away from the sun would grad- 
ually lessen until it at last became imperceptible. 

The quantity of energy thus employed in pulling 



the body away from the sun can be expressed as a cer- 
tain number of foot-pounds. We might imagine the 
work to be done by a steam-engine, in which case a cer- 
tain quantity of fuel would have to be consumed. We 
can thus conceive that the energy of a certain amount 
of coal would be measured by its capability for the 
task of removing a pound weight from the surface of 
the sun and taking it off to infinity. 

The following is the method by which we can ascer- 
tain what that amount of coal would be. We know 
the speed that would be acquired by an object let fall 
from infinity and traveling direct to the sun. This is 
much the same speed as that which a comet would ac- 
quire when, in being drawn in from an indefinitely 
great distance, it wheeled round the sun, grazing the 
sun, though not exactly falling into it. The speed 
ultimately attained by the comet is about 390 miles a 
second. This will give a sufficiently close determina- 
tion of the speed with which the pound weight, if let 
fall from infinity, would arrive at the sun's surface. It 
is an elementary principle of dynamics that the energy 
which the stone would have when it reached the sun's 
surface would be precisely equal to all the work that 
was required in dragging it away therefrom. If, there- 
fore, we can find the energy with which the stone would 
return to the surface of the sun, we have the measure of 
the energy that would be necessary to withdraw it to 

We know that a stone, or any other object which 
travels at the rate of five miles a second, will possess in 



virtue of that velocity an energy equal to that which is 
produced by the combustion of an equal weight of coal. 
We also know that the energy is proportional to the 
square of the velocity, so that a stone which falls with 
a velocity of 390 miles a second, and which has sev- 
enty-eight times the velocity which we have just con- 
sidered, will have in virtue of that velocity as much 
energy as could be produced by the combustion of 60CX) 
pounds of coal. Here, then, we have an indication of 
the quantity of potential energy possessed by the sun 
when its materials were in a widely expanded nebula. 
To restore the sun to its original condition of a nebula 
at an extremely great distance would require for each 
pound of solar matter as much energy as would be 
yielded by the combustion of tons of coal. Hence, we 
need not feel surprised at the statement that in the 
process of its contraction from infinity to its present 
bulk the sun has yielded 3400 times as much heat as 
could be produced by the combustion of a globe of coal 
the same weight as the sun. This figure, 3400, is no 
doubt not exactly that which was deduced from the 
actual illustration, but it is the correct result after 
various points now overlooked have been attended to. 
Our first consideration at such a statement is one of 
amazement. It is truly astonishing that a mere redis- 
tribution of the materials of the sun into the form of 
a very diffuse nebula should absorb so much heat. In 
this we have taken no account of the temperature of the 
sun. That is obviously of trifling moment in considera- 
tion of the solar heat assets. The sun could be warmed 



from the cold of absolute space up to its present tem- 
perature by the combustion of a quantity of coal which 
would probably be far less than its present weight, so 
that a single one of the coal units would be more than 
sufficient to account for the temperature of the sun, if 
that was all that was involved. What we have now 
seen is that literally thousands of these units are con- 
cerned when we are estimating the quantity of heat 
given out in the course of the contraction from the 

We have seen that one of our coal units will supply 
the sun's heat for 2800 years. We have also seen that 
the whole amount of contraction will produce 3400 
coal units. If we multiply them together we get the 
disappointingly small product, 9,520,000. This tells 
us that if Helmholtz's theory of the source of the sun's 
heat were true, the sun cannot have gone on radiating 
with its present intensity for as long, let us say, as ten 
million years. This result is distinctly disconcerting 
to one who expects to find in Helmholtz's theory an 
adequate explanation of the sustentation of sun-heat. 
Even making every allowance for errors, we must con- 
clude that if these figures are correct the sun's radia- 
tion could not have warmed the earth for such im- 
mensely greater periods of time as those which are de- 
manded by the undoubted evidence of geology, as is so 
ably shown in Professor Patterson's most valuable 

Compare also the figures which resulted from Pro- 
fessor John Joly's investigation of the antiquity of the 



earth as deduced from the salt of the sea. He showed 
that a period of nearly a hundred million years would 
be necessary for the transformation of the sea from 
fresh-water to salt-water. Now this period is ten times 
as long as the total period during which the sim could 
have been shining, if the Helmholtzian view were cor- 

The difficulty which has here been stated can be re- 
moved only in one way. There must be some source of 
energy in the sun beside that arising from contraction^ 
and, indeed, much larger than that due to contraction. 
Until this main source of energy can be pointed out the 
physics of the solar system lie under reproach. 

Happily, we now see a way out of the difficulty. 
The discoveries of corpuscular motion by Professor J. 
J. Thomson have revealed to us movements of matter 
with velocities enormously transcending those with 
which astronomy has made us acquainted. Dr. W. £. 
Wilson has pointed out how a very small percentage of 
radium in the sun would account for the sustentation 
of its heat, and the Hon. R. Strutt has shown how the 
minute quantity of radium in the granites of the earth 
would enormously slow down its rate of cooling. The 
terrestrial indications of actual matter moving with the 
velocity of light have been paralleled and illustrated 
in a striking manner by the astronomical fact that the 
nebula in Nova Persei seemed also animated with a 
velocity of the same order. 

That the nebula from which the solar system orig- 
inated contained particles moving with velocities 500 



times as great as that of the swiftest comet, will now 
be admitted. That an enomious supply of energy 
would be provided by even a very small quantity of 
matter so moving must be admitted. It is to be remem- 
bered that a mass of one pound moving with the ve- 
locity of light would possess in virtue of that velocity 
as much energy as could be produced by the combustion 
of half a million tons of coal. 

Thus the discovery of radium and of the wonderful 
phenomena associated therewith, has provided an 
escape from one of the gravest difficulties in science. 





Mr. President^ Gentlemen of the Board of ^rustees^ 
Ladies and Gentlemen: 

In the first list of the invited guests which was kindly 
sent to us by the Board of Trustees was written under 
my name, "The only soldier/' I am sure many of the 
illustrious participators in to-day's ceremony will have 
thought in reading this remark, "Is Saul also among 
the prophets?" and will have taken it as a new proof of 
the empire of militarism in Germany. I also may reply, 
"Mars Musis Amicus," for an officer, like every other 
well educated man, must be well informed in the pro- 
gress of matters of science and literature. An officer, 
who has the real conception of the task which human 
destiny has imposed upon him, will always be conscious 
that he ought to be, not only a drill-master and a teacher 
of military specialties, but that he also has the noble 
duty of leading his subordinates in the direction of cul- 
ture and civilization. 

From this point of view, I hope you will pardon me 



if in this assembly of representatives of science, art, and 
literature, I dare utter some few words about Ger- 
many's Military Constitution, as it is possible there 
might be some misunderstanding about this matter. 

We shall see that this military constitution is not the 
product of accidental caprice, but on the contrary, truly 
reflects the indigenous character of the nation. By re- 
stricting one's self to reading the daily and periodical 
press it becomes difficult to get a correct insight into our 
military life. They who form their opinions only from 
such articles and compare them with the caricatures of 
the comic papers, and only visit the big towns and 
princely residences of the Fatherland, will probably 
come to the conclusion that the whole of Germany is 
little more than barracks, and they will have a horror of 
walking in the streets where it might be difficult to 
avoid a disagreeable meeting with the extravagances 
and haughtiness of young officers armed with quizzing- 

Of course no reasonable man will deny that in such 
an immense organization as our army, here and there 
may be found some singularities, and we would natu- 
rally deeply regret if these laughable trivialities were 
not slashed up by cunning humorists and witty carica- 

It is not possible to judge a nation, her whole doings, 
and all her exertions in the competitions of the world, 
without studying her history. Therefore nobody can 
understand the essence of German military constitu- 
tions if he does not try to find out the reasons, and how 



Germany was obliged by circumstances to organize the 
national defense as it now is. 

Frederick the Great, King of Prussia, had obtained 
the position of his kingdom against his powerful neigh- 
bors by the same sort of weapons they used against 
him. That is to say, he found no other expedient than 
to form and support an army of enlisted men gathered 
wherever his recruiting officers could get them. The 
more foreigners that could be enlisted, the better for 
his own kingdom; for every man not a Prussian who 
entered the Prussian army made it possible for a child 
of the country to remain at home working at his fireside. 
Prussia being at that time rather thinly populated, it is 
clear that this system was considered a real benefit for 
its development. 

But if we look on the reverse side of the medal we 
see that by this system the Prussian people acquired the 
feeling that all affairs of war were the business of the 
sovereign only. The army was looked upon as an in- 
strument in the hands of the king. He had to pay for it 
as you have to pay for any instrument you use. Pe- 
rusing the private letters of that time, written while 
warlike preparations were going on between armies, 
we are struck with the indifference we find on every 
page in regard to events upon which the existence of 
the whole kingdom was depending. This system of 
an enlisted army was kept up until the beginning of 
the last century. The army and the leading officers, 
resting on the laurels won by the preceding generation, 
were not able to stand the shock of an attack led by the 



genius of a Napoleon. Prussia had to undergo in those 
sad days of October, 1806, a calamity than which a 
severer one can not be imagined. 

But not only was something rotten in the state of 
Prussia at that time, but both the government and all 
classes of the nation had forgotten their duties and 
were not accustomed to regard gigantic events from a 
high point of view. I suppose it will not be possible to 
describe the political apprehension of the whole period 
better than by the following example. 

When the news of the terrible defeat of Jena arrived 
at Berlin the governor published this placard: ''The 
King has lost a battle. Now, the first duty of every 
citizen is to be quiet.'' How mistaken the governor 
was ! Not only the king had lost a battle, but the whole 
nation was defeated in the lost engagement in Thur- 
ingia. It was not inaction that had to be the first task 
of everybody; on the contrary, every man, from the 
lowest to the highest, had at this moment to do all he 
could to assist the general struggle for the reconstruc- 
tion of the destroyed commonwealth. The peace of 
Tilsit, which closed the unfortunate campaign of 1806, 
compelled Prussia to relinquish half of her territory 
and only allowed her to keep in arms quite a small mili- 
tary power. This time of deepest humiliation, when 
the poor and tormented people had yet to feed a whole 
foreign army quartered in their own country, com- 
pelled the leading spirits to investigate the real causes 
of this unexpected disaster. The truth gradually 
dawned upon them that the real reason for a lasting 



success in war does not depend upon the number of the 
fighting men or upon the efficiency of the weapons, but 
upon the superiority of the entire moral qualities of the 
warring nations. This truth once recognized, a strug- 
gle to find the right organization began, not only for 
the armed forces but also for the whole of the public 
service. How these ideas took form, how truly they 
were carried out, is shown by the effects they had. 
From this period of sincere but silent work, we date the 
foundation of our total modern legislation, covering 
among other things the self-government of cities, and 
last, but not least, the founding of the Berlin Univer- 
sity. The king himself gave for this purpose one of his 
own palaces. In this building the university is still 
at work, and in these halls during the last two winters 
the German students had the honor and the enviable 
privilege of attending the lectures of such far-sighted 
and enlightened scholars as the American professors, 
Mr. Peabody and Mr. Burgess. 

In order to bring about a new organization of the 
army King Frederick William III had the talent and 
the good fortune to choose a commission of men who 
clearly understood the necessities of the army as well as 
political economy. The leading genius of this commis- 
sion was General Schamhorst, a son of a simple Han- 
overian farmer. His proposals were adopted and the 
principles he instituted are still — one hundred years 
later — dominant in our whole present military organ- 

The ruling idea of Scharnhorst was, that, instead of 



putting in the ranks only enlisted recruits, every citi- 
zen able to carry arms should be obliged to participate 
in defending his native soil. We ask, where did 
Scharnhorst find his ideas ? Had he taken them from 
ancient Rome at the time of the republic when the 
Roman citizen was hauled from the plow to march di- 
rectly against the invading Carthaginians ? It was not 
necessary to dive so deeply into classic antiquity. 
George Washington had shown to the astonished 
world but a few years before that simple militiamen 
were able to challenge the best drilled and equipped 
regular troops if the militia had only time enough to 
practise before going into the campaign. This system 
proposed by Scharnhorst and adopted by the necessity 
of a bitter political situation, stood the severe test in 
the following decisive wars of 1813-15. 

By Scharnhorst's method little Prussia was at that 
time enabled to equip armies, which, proportionately, 
have never been numerically surpassed by any nation. 
Sixty years later, when our empire united the different 
branches of the German tree, Schamhorst's method was 
embraced by the whole of Germany. 

The principal idea, as I have already said, is that 
every young man has personally to do his best to de- 
fend the Fatherland, and that no influence, either of 
fortune or of erudition, may excuse him, if he be fit, 
from this gallant task. So we find the son of the mil- 
lionaire standing in the same rank, side by side with the 
shepherd, both wearing the same uniform, and al- 
though coming from such different stations in life, yet 



making in their external appearance a similar impres- 
sion. The young soldier, marching for months in the 
same rank with comrades of all social classes, naturally 
gets an idea of the feelings of men bom in quite a dif- 
ferent cradle. The regiments being garrisoned in 
towns, the country recruit gets an impression of town 
life and his horizon is enlarged. On the other hand, 
when in the big manoeuvers the troops cross a province 
from one comer to the other, and are billeted in 
small places or villages, the town recruit is able to 
study the advantages and disadvantages of agrarian 
life. In their whole future most of them will never 
find such a favorable opportunity of coming together in 
such close contact with people in other conditions in 

In regard to the general standard of scientific educa- 
tion, Scharnhorst's system has produced an effectual in- 
fluence. As you know, every child is compelled by our 
government to go to school from his sixth to his four- 
teenth year. After that time his education is no longer 
compulsory. When the recruits are distributed in 
autumn to the different regiments the first thing re- 
quired is that every young soldier shall write his own 
biography without any help. From the published 
statistics based on the summaries of this examination 
we are able to see what percentage the enrolled men 
of every district have retained of what they learned in 
their school-days. 

The result of these publications is bringing about, 
of course, a great emulation between the different prov- 



inces. No district likes to be named as a home of 
ignorance. Not to disturb the studious young men in 
their educational career, such young men are required 
to remain only one year with the colors instead of two 
or three. But in order to get this permission it is indis- 
pensable to prove possession of a certain degree of 
knowledge. This can be evidenced either by a special 
examination or by a certificate which the young man 
must get before presenting himself to the military en- 
rolling commission which is to decide whether he be 
fit or not. I am sure that you will agree with me that 
the ambition to get this one-year certificate is a great 
stimulus for the majority of young men. For I am 
sorry to say that many of them would not, were it not 
for this examination, voluntarily remain in school 
merely from a desire to learn. 

I hope I have depicted plainly enough that our mili- 
tary constitution is founded upon a democratic basis. 
Should a war break out, every one will have a dear 
relation or friend who must hasten to arms. I think 
such a constitution must consequently have an im- 
mensely peaceful influence upon the policy of the gov- 
ernment. Our army in time of war is nothing more than 
an army of citizens. Thanks to this present military 
constitution, it will never happen again that a foreign 
government will be able to hire German regiments, as 
was unfortunately the case during your War of Inde- 
pendence with the poor Hessian and Brunswick mer- 

You may say that it is to be regretted on the whole 




that wc should have to support an enormous army. But 
the necessity for it will remain until the efforts for gen- 
eral disarmament have succeeded. Germany, lying in 
the center of Europe, must not be less prepared for an 
armed decision than her neighbors. 

I fear Polonius would say to my modest address: 
"This is too long." But it was my intention to show also 
that the striking thought which Andrew Carnegie has 
so graphically portrayed respecting the development of 
a man's character can also be applied to the develop- 
ment of a great nation. Happy the man who can look 
back with satisfaction to a hard and struggling youth. 
It was a great blessing for America, as well as for Ger- 
many, that both of them had in their years of political 
foundation to pass through such a series of long and 
bitter troubles. [Great applause] 





Le Musee de Luxembourg, qui a rhonneur et la joie 
d'etre votre bote en la personne de son representant au- 
torise, est la plus vieille galerie du monde. II est beu- 
reux de venir porter son salut f ratemel et ses voeux de 
prosperite a Tun des plus jeunes Musces du Nouveau 
Continent. ^ 

Le baut patronage auquel Tlnstitut Carnegie doit le 
batiment que nous venons inaugurer est pour lui le 
gage sur d'une canicre indefiniment utile et feconde. 
Le nom de Carnegie lui portera doublement bonbeur. 
II est sjmonyme de passion pour la baute culture intel- 
lectuelle et synonyme d'amour de la paix. Or les arts, 
qui sont les fruits de la paix, sont un des plus puissants 
instruments de concorde et d'barmonie a travers les 
bommes. L'Institut Carnegie est appele a realiser le 
double but que son bienfaiteur a assigne a une vie qui 
veut ctre citce en exemple. 

On ne saurait trop, en effet, multiplier les asiles de 
TArt et de la Science. On ne saurait trop attendre de 
leur role social et de TefBcacitc de leur mission. 

Si les temoignages n'en etaient pas manif estes a tons 
les yeux, Tbistoire de ce vieux Luxembourg en four- 
nirait une preuve eclatantc. II a etc, comme vous savez, 



fonde en 1750; Un modeste ecrivain d'art, La Font dc 
Saint- Yennc, dans un opuscule intitule: "Reflexions 
sur quelques causes de Tetat present dc la peinture en 
France," paru en 1747, faisait valoir les avantages 
qu'il y aurait pour les artistes et pour le public a pou- 
voir ctudier les richesses des collections royales, reunies 
dans une Galerie qui leur f ut ouverte. 

Jusqu'alors, il faut le dire, les artistes etaient si de- 
pourvus de moyens de completer leur education devant 
les chefs-d'oeuvre des maitres que le grand Ministre 
Colbert avait du inventer tout expres cette institution, 
devenue glorieuse, de TAcademie de France a Rome, 
Ceux qui avaient etc juges dignes d'encouragements 
pouvaient, enfin, aller achever leurs etudes dans cet 
incomparable Musee vivant de Tltalie. 

L'idee du critique, si simple qu'elle nous semble 
aujourd'hui, parut alors si neuve, si originale et si heu- 
reuse, on Tentrevoyait comme devant etre tellement 
feconde pour les progr^s des arts que chacun en re- 
vendiqua la patemitc. II n'y eut pas jusqu'a la toute- 
puissante favorite, la Marquise de Pompadour, qui ne 
la reclamat pour son compte. 

Le 14 octobre 1750, le nouveau Musee fut inaugure. 
Les bienf aits de son enseignement ne tardcrent pas a se 
fair sentir. Deja la celebre Galerie, dediee a Marie de 
Medicis, qui se deroule aujourd'hui dans toute sa mag- 
nificence et sa gloire sur les parois de notre auguste 
Maison du Louvre, avait etc Tecole la plus suivie de 
nos peintres et Rubens fut tou jours, grace a elle, un des 
principaux directeurs de TEcole frangaise- Jusqu'aux 



heures des grandes luttes qui marquerent les premieres 
annees du XlXme siecle et meme dans les milieux en- 
tierement classiques, son influence y fit constamment 
contrepoids a celle des grands Italiens. 

A partir du jour ou les collections du Cabinet du 
Roi f urent ouvertes au public, le Luxembourg continua 
plus inmiediatement cette mission et devint le veritable 
foyer d'enseignement de Tart, Longtemps recrutees 
d'une maniere presque exclusive parmi les maitres ita- 
liens, et en particulier chez les grands rhetoriciens ou 
les praticiens savants des ccoles de Bologne ou de Na- 
ples, ces collections s'ctaient renouvelces et develop- 
pces, depuis, du cote des petits maitres flamands et 
hoUandais qu'on avait fort dedaignes anterieure- 
ment. C'est devant ces peintures plus intimes, plus 
f amili^res, plus humaines, que se f ormerent les precur- 
seurs obscurs mais clairvoyants qui ont prepare revo- 
lution des caractcres les plus modemes de notre art 
contemporain. C'est devant Ruysdael, Huysmans ou 
Van Goyen, devant Cuyp, Potter ou Berchem, devant 
Ostade ou Teniers, Gerard Dow, Metsu ou Mieris, que 
se f ormerent De Mame, Moreau Taine, Georges Michel, 
Drolling et Boilly, annongant les uns, avant que se f ut 
exercee Tinfluence des Maitres d' Outre Manche,ravcne- 
ment du paysage romantique avec Paul Huet, les 
autres favorisant Teclosion de la peinture d'interieurs 
avecGranet, que sui vit Bon vin, d' autres creant le genre 
ou s'illustrera Meissonier. 

Cest grace a ces petits maitres reunis dans la galerie 
du Luxembourg, que se maintient, derri^re les vastes 



manifestations heroiqucs de la tourmcntc revolution- 
naire ou dc Tepopee impcrialc, un petit courant etroit, 
mais profond, de productions modestes, intimes, plus 
terre a terre: scenes de moeurs, tableaux d'interieurs, 
sujets d'intimitc, aspects de nature, peintures de fleurs 
ou de nature morte. Et ce flot, a travers les angoisses 
des grandes crises qui changerent le sort de la France et 
la face de TEurope, assura la persistance d'un ideal plus 
humain, plus proche^ destine progressivement a sup- 
planter rideal artificiel, fonde uniquement sur la 
mythologie ou sur Thistoire antique, qui regnait alors. 
Tel est le premier bienf ait d'un Musee. 

Le romantisme, vous le savez. Messieurs, vous, les 
citoyens d'un pays ou les grands romantiques fran- 
gais sont si particulierement honores, le romantisme a 
cte la plus eclatante manifestation de cette rupture 
avec le passe immediat— de ce mouvement d'emanci- 
pation de la pensce qui fait de cette epoque comme une 
sorte de Renaissance du XlXme siecle. 

Le principal caractere de cette glorieuse periode f ut 
un eveil comme spontane de curiosite universelle, un 
elan libre et passionne vers toutes les choses de la nature 
et de rhomme. On s'interesse avec une ardeur intense 
a toutes les formes et a tous les ctats de Thumanite, soit 
dans le present, soit dans le passe, mais dans tous les 
passes a la fois. Dans chaque pays ce fut un retour 
sympathique vers les origines nationales et c'est le 
point de depart de la magnifique eclosion historique qui 
se manifesta dans Terudition, dans les lettres, et dans 
les arts. 



Mais, dans Tart il n'y a pas que Tinspiration qui soit 
appclcc a ctrc rcnouvelec, il y a le mode d'cxprcssion, 
car Tart est Tideal realise par la forme. Or, justement, 
pendant ces temps si agitcs, un petit Musce s'ouvrait 
dans la Chapelle des Augustins ou Alexandre Lenoir 
rescueillait pieusement, pour les sauver de la destruc- 
tion, les reliques sacrees de nos vieux monuments fran- 
gais. Et, c'est la, devant ces fragments plus ou moins 
respectes par Touragan revolutionnaire, que prirent 
naissance les premieres etudes attentives de notre passe 
national. EUes aboutirent, en art, a ce mode particulier 
de la peinture de "genre historique" qui va occuper une 
place si importante dans la production de TEcole fran- 
gaise, avant que se furent repandus les romans de 
Walter Scott, et jusqu'aux extremites des deux camps 
hostiles des romantiques ou des classiques. Plus tard, 
en 1830, la fondation d'un autre Musee, le Musec 
Historique de Versailles, contribuera, a son tour, au 
developpement de la grande peinture d'histoire. 

Mais que dire alors de Tinfluence qu'a exercee sur les 
arts notre glorieux Musee du Louvre ? Fondc en pleine 
Convention, il usurpait peu a peu le role primitif du 
Luxembourg auquel il enle vait les collections anciennes 
et qui se limitait desormais a consacrer les chef-d'oeuvre 
de TArt vivant. II y eut, dans Thistoire du Louvre, 
une heure inoubliable : ce f ut celle de Tarrivee de ces 
monceaux de chefs-d'oeuvre, conquis par les guerres, 
assures par les traites, qui reunirent, durant quelques 
annees, a Paris presque tout ce qu'il y avait de plus 
admirable au monde. On ne pent se figurer Timpres- 



sion que produisit cet evenement sur les imaginations 
tnmultuenses des jeunes maitres, Gericault ou Dela- 
croix, qui allaient lever Tetendart de la revoke contre 
les tutelles despotiques et surannees et jeter les bases 
d'un art nouveau, expressif, pathetique, emu, en con- 
f ormite avec les aspirations de la pensee moderne. 

Qu'ajouterais-je encore si ce n'est que le Musce, 
mieux que TEcole, est le veritable educateur ou du 
moins qu'il est, dans bien des cas, non seulement le 
complement, mais le palliatif de I'Ecole. En effet, 
lorsque le culte du beau n'est plus compris que dans sa 
litteralite scolaire, que les plus nobles et les plus sures 
traditions se trouvent denaturees a travers Tetroitesse 
des dogmes pedagogiques, ce sont les Musees qui, 
dresses comme des phares, indiquent la vraie voie aux 
esprits convaincus et clairvoyants. lis garden t le 
depot des grandes traditions sacrees et on doit les 
venerer comme des temples. 

Les chefs-d'oeuvre qu'ils renferment nous ouvrent 
tons les jours les yeux sur la grandeur et la beaute des 
spectacles qui nous entourent dans la realite, en nous 
montrant comment de nobles imaginations les ont com- 
pris et traduits avant nous. Leur action est meme si 
intense que c'est aussi bien devant les tableaux des 
maitres que devant la nature que se sont accomplies les 
revolutions les plus hardies qui ont eu pour but de 
penctrer et de f econder Tart par la vie et de dessiller les 
yeux obstrues par les prejuges. Demandez aux roman- 
tiques les plus f ougueux, a Delacroix, par exemple, ce 
qu'il est alle prendre a Rubens ; demandez aux realistes 



les plus farouches depuis Courbct jusqu'a Fantin- 
Latour tout ce qu'ils doivent aux grands botes du 
Louvre. Demandez meme aux impressionistes, a 
Manet ce qu'il devait a Velasquez ou a Goya, a Claude 
Monet ce que lui dirent Constable et Turner et a ce 
dernier ce que lui avait appris deja Claude Lorrain? 

Telle est, Messieurs, vous le voyez, la mission baute- 
ment educatrice des Musees. EUe n'est point, d'ail- 
leurs, restreinte a I'instruction professionnelle des 
artistes. Son role social est encore plus etendu. Les 
galeries du temps jadis n'avaient ete recueillies par les 
princes, les grands sei^eurs ou les financiers que conune 
des fondations destinees a satisfaire leur plaisir ou a 
flatter leur vanite. La Revolution f rangaise, en redon- 
nant la vie aux Musees, a justement defini leurs devoirs. 
EUe les a qualifies d' "etablissements d'enseignement." 
C'est ainsi desormais que nous les considerons, avec 
rambition d'y enscigner metbodiquement Tbistoire des 
manifestations du Beau, sur tous les modes d'expres- 
sion, et a travers les conceptions les plus diverses des 
races bumaines. C'est ainsi que vous avez compris le 
role de cette auguste maison que nous inaugurons 
aujourd'bui. EUe est largement ouverte a tous, aux 
beureux et surtout aux bumbles, qui ont droit, plus que 
tous les autres, vous Tavez compris, aux joies et aux 
consolations de Tart. Son present repond de son avenir 
et, a cette beure solennelle dans son bistoire, je me sens 
fier et beureux de lui porter les voeux du vieux Luxem- 
bourg en saluant avec reconnaissance et avec respect le 
nom de son f ondateur : Andre Carnegie. \_Applause'] 





Mr. Chairman^ Ladies and Gentlemen: 

There arc some of you who have been here a long time 

and are rather tired. I want you to go out now. 

Voices: No! No! 

Well, then, stop until I finish. [Applause^ I have 
to speak to you upon a subject of the greatest impor- 
tance, and I hope that what I may say may have some 
practical result, so I have done what I never did before 
in my life, I have taken the precaution to write my 
speech, because I have things to say which I know "for 
weal or for woe" will make echoes in the press of the 
whole world. I want to be sure that I say exactly what 
I ought to say, and am not led by any indiscretion to 
say any words that might be stronger or more profane 
than I ought to utter. [Laughter] 

I have just made a journey through ten countries for 
the purpose of finding out what is the next step toward 
international peace. I have seen and talked, con- 
fidentially, with three kings, two queens, one prince 
regent, one imperial chancellor, and all the prime 
ministers, foreign ministers, ambassadors, and public 
men who were worth seeing. [Applause] I found 



them all unanimous upon two points. The first was 
that in whatever country I found myself, the people of 
that country, whether they were the subjects or citizens, 
rulers or ministers, were quite clear that they in that 
countxy were the most devoted to peace of all the peo- 
ples of the world. \^Applause\ None of them would 
answer for the other nine countries, but for their own. 
Whether it was the Kaiser, or our own King, or the 
President of the French Republic, the President of 
your own Republic, [Applause] they were all abso- 
lutely sure that the people at the head of which they 
stand are absolutely devoted to peace. Now, you all 
like that. [Laughter] 

The second point upon which they are all agreed is 
one upon which I wonder whether you will all be agreed. 
The unanunity is quite as great in the one case as in 
the other. They all agreed that the greatest, if not the 
only, danger to the peace of the world lay in the exis- 
tence of a large number of violent, unscrupulous, and 
irresponsible newspapers, which were constantly en- 
gaged in making mischief. The Imperial Chancellor 
of Germany, Prince von Billow, said to me, "The 
Emperor is for peace; the King is for peace; the par- 
liaments are for peace ; the ministers are for peace ; only 
the newspapers are for war. [Applause] We diplo- 
matists have to spend our time in running around with 
pails of water to put out the fires which the newspapers 

Eighteen years ago, when I was at St. Petersburg, I 
met General von Schweinitz, the German ambassador 



at the court of Russia. He said to me, "Mr. Stead, I 
hear you are anxious to preserve peace." "Yes," said I. 
'If so," said he, "I can give you a prescription which 
will secure the peace of the world for all time." "Oh! 
give it to me! quick! quick! quick!" I said, "I want 
the prescription." "It is very simple," he said. "You 
have only to hang twelve newspaper editors, and let 
me choose the editors. [Laughter and applause] I 
would begin with the editor of the 'Cologne Gazette,' 
and the second man whom I would hang would be the 
editor of the London Times.' " [Laughter^ in which 
Mr. C. F. Moberly Bell, of the London '""iifnesr who 
was seated on the platform, joined heartily] I do not 
think General von Schwcinitz was in the habit of read- 
ing American newspapers. I hope none of the honor- 
able fraternity will feel themselves insulted by being 
left out of the first position in the category of the hang- 
man. [Laughter] 

The other day I was in Washington, and an eminent 
American statesman told me that the newspapers in 
the New World, as in the Old, rendered the task of the 
government in maintaining peace very difficult. 
"Have you any remedy?" I asked. "Alas," he said, 
"I see no remedy, excepting the use of the electrocution 
chair." While I am a journalist, proud of the profes- 
sion to which I have devoted nearly forty years of a 
busy life, and yield to no man in my belief in the enor- 
mous usefulness of the press, and regard the freedom of 
the press as the palladium of national safety and na- 
tional progress, partly on that very account I do not 



hesitate to declare that in the discussion of interna- 
tional affairs the liberty of the press, in many scan- 
dalous cases, has degenerated into license, which at this 
moment is the greatest danger which threatens the 
peace of the world. Standing here, as it were, upon 
the housetop of the world, and knowing that my words 
will be heard throughout all the continents, I proclaim 
the truth which all reasonable men recognize, but 
which none dare to declare, that the irresponsible 
license of the modern press is increasing and must be 
abated, not only in the interests of international peace, 
but in the interest of the press itself. {Prolonged ap- 

At Washington, the other day, I was told that in 
Panama you have practically banished yellow and 
malarial fevers from the Isthmus. It used to be 
thought that these regions were cursed by nature and 
doomed to suffer from these pestilences. It always had 
been so, and it was considered a mere fantasy of enthu- 
siasm to imagine that it ever could be otherwise. You 
Americans have discovered that yellow fever can be 
banished if you only extirpate the malaria-bearing 
mosquito. Therein I saw, as in a parable, the way to 
secure peace. There is in my own country — I will not 
venture to say in yours — a plague, not of the yellow 
fever, but of the yellow press ! [Applause^ Thanks 
to its activity, the nations are continually in danger of 
war. What mankind has now to do is to extirpate 
these malaria-bearing mosquitoes of sensational jour- 
nalism. [Applause] Being a merciful man, I do not 



recommend either the gallows or the electrocution 
chair, but it ought not to be beyond the resources of civil- 
ization for laws to be passed which would consign to a 
convict prison every journalist who could be convicted 
by twelve jurors, good men and true, of having pub- 
lished false or misleading statements, in scare heads, 
or in the body of his paper, which were calculated to in- 
flame national animosity against a neighboring peace- 
ful nation so as to endanger the maintenance of peace. 
^Applause'] If this law could be passed it would help 
to restore the somewhat degraded dignity of the press, 
it would be of great benefit to the respectable papers, 
and it would enormously facilitate the tasks of govern- 
ments anxious to maintain peace. It is written, 
"Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called 
the children of God," but I say unto you : "Cursed are 
the mischief-makers, for they are verily and truly the 
children of the devil." ^Applause] 

Your experience in Panama suggests another great 
lesson. The great obstacle to the safe working of that 
great trans-oceanic waterway, is the fact that the river 
Chagres is subject to great floods, which, unless they can 
be dammed back, will certainly wreck the canal. Na- 
tions, especially nations which are cursed with a jingo 
press, are subject to torrential floods of passion, which 
from time to time sweep away all the efforts of their 
governments to maintain peace. The danger is uni- 
versally recognized, and no one attempts any serious, 
earnest eflFort to find a remedy. The last Hague Con- 
ference recognized the peril, and upon the motion of 



Mr. Holls, an American citizen, it requested and ear- 
nestly recommended that hostilities should never be 
entered upon, until opportunity had been a£Forded for 
special mediators chosen by the disputants themselves, 
to ascertain whether or not a peaceful settlement could 
be arranged. It further recommended that a period of 
grace, not exceeding thirty days, should be allowed for 
such special mediators to try and make peace. If this 
recommendation had been acted upon, we should have 
escaped both the war in South Africa and the Russian- 
Japanese war. What the coming Hague Conference 
should do is to transform that recommendation into an 
imperative international law. [^Applause'] There is, 
of course, no absolute remedy, but in nine cases out of 
ten it could be enforced by enacting that if any state 
goes to war without allowing this period of grace for 
special mediation, it should be declared an outlaw and 
placed under an international ban, as an enemy of the 
human race, {^Applause^ to whom it shall not be lawful 
for the citizens or subjects of any other state to lend 
money for the prosecution of the war, \_Applause^ and 
all whose imports shall be declared ipso facto contra- 
band of war. "The power of the press" is often mis- 
quoted as the "power of the sword," and if only Amer- 
ica, Great Britain, and France were to agree to enforce 
this interdict (as they are the three money-lending 
powers of the world) , the nightmare dread of sudden 
outbreak of war without an opportunity being afforded 
for reflection, mediation, or inquiry, would be banished 
from the world. 



There is an admirable bureau at Washington estab- 
lished for the facilitation of friendly and fraternal re- 
lations between the United States and the South Amer- 
ican republics. There ought to be such an interna- 
tional bureau of hospitality in every capital in the 
world, charged with similar duties in relation to all 
foreigners. The coming Hague Conference ought to 
recommend an appropriation for peace by every coun- 
try there represented, to be spent in aiding and abet- 
ting and in promoting international friendship, and in 
developing a system of international hospitality. The 
sum needed would not be large. If, for every ten dol- 
lars voted every year for our armies and our navies, one 
little red cent were voted for peace, it would be quite 
sufficient. [Applause'] Surely that is not an extrav- 
agant demand. 

Another step which ought to be taken at The Hague 
Conference is to make arbitration obligatory upon all 
nations on all questions which do not involve national 
honor or vital national interests. Yet another one is 
to create and maintain at The Hague a small Per- 
manent Board of Peacemakers, say of three members, 
whose duty it would be to take prompt measures to 
bring into operation the peacemaking machinery laid 
down by The Hague Conference. 

These measures are all simple, practical, logical, and 
necessary. But will they be adopted? I will reply: 
It depends solely upon you citizens of America. If you 
are apathetic and do nothing. The Hague Conference 
will do little to achieve these great progressive ad- 



vances toward international peace; but if you arouse 
yourselves to a true sense of the magnitude of this 
opportunity, you may achieve all these reforms with 
more to follow. A great obligation lies upon you to 
make the coming Hague Conference successful. The 
Conference was originally proposed by Mr. Bartholdt, 
a member of the American Congress, the head of the 
American group of the American Interparliamentary 
Union, at the suggestion of that Union's meeting on 
American soil. The assembly or conference was ori- 
ginally proposed by the President of the United States. 
The most important proposal likely to come before 
them is to make obligatory Article Eight, Mr. HoUs', 
or the American article, in the convention of 1899. The 
most important proposal, that of the peace appropria- 
tion to enable the government to promote good feeling 
among nations, and to abate defects of war, also ori- 
ginated in the American brain. The Americans are 
the one great international nation of the world. 
[Applause] The Constitution of the United States 
of America is based upon those principles of liberty 
and law upon which will yet be reared the Consti- 
tution of the United States of the World. [Ap- 
plause'] You are rich, energetic, enthusiastic, and most 
practical withal. It is at once your duty and your 
privilege to take the lead of this human race in this 
great and critical movement. Are you prepared to do 
it? You ask me in reply, "How can we do it?" My 
answer is clear, definite, and practical. Our Secretary 
of State for War said to me before I was starting on my 



journey, "Remember that you are far more likely to 
achieve good results by making your appeal to the peo- 
ples rather than appealing to the governments. The 
governments will do what the people tell them. If the 
people are apathetic, the governments, who are all 
overdriven, weighed down with many burdens, will do 
as little as they can. You will effect nothing of im- 
portance by sending a deputation of one or two or three 
notables to make representations to the Kaiser, or to 
the Czar, or to the King, or to the President of the Re- 
public, unless there is at the back of such deputation 
the manifested determination of the millions to have 
something done and done now. Any proposition to be 
practicable must be in the first instance an appeal to the 
masses of the toilers of the world. Arouse them and 
the rest is easy." Therefore, I propose that the coming 
Peace Conference at New York pick out, let us say, 
twelve representative men and women from among 
the first citizens of the Republic, persons who are not 
in government service, but who are of international 
reputation, and ask them to form the nucleus of a great 
international pilgrimage, with the object of arousing 
the nations of the Old World to appeal with you to 
their own governments to give to their delegates at The 
Hague imperative instructions to carry out some strong, 
practical program, such as I have just outlined. If this 
recommendation is adopted, these twelve pilgrims from 
the New World to the Old would have to be willing to 
devote a month, say from May 15th to June 15th, when 
The Hague Conference will meet, to a tour around 



Europe. They will be joined when they come to Lon- 
don by twelve British pilgrims of similar rank and 
standing, and twelve pilgrims from Scandinavia, 
four from Sweden, four from Denmark, and four from 
Norway. After they had made their appeal to the 
people of Great Britain and addressed themselves to 
his Majesty, the King, whose zeal for peace is equal to 
that of any one in this assemblage or anywhere else, 
\_Applause'\ and after they had waited upon the min- 
isters of the Crown, whose great ambition it is to use 
this Hague Conference for the purpose of creating a 
great league of peace-loving nations, anxious and ear- 
nest to secure for the peoples of the world some relief 
from the heavy burden which weighs upon them so 
much at the present time, they would pass over to 
France, and at Paris they would be received by the 
President of the Republic and the ministers. The 
French people, ever prompt to recognize the lofty ideas 
of the American people, as attested in those times long 
ago when they were with you in war, so they will now 
be with you in peace. l^Applause'l From Paris, the 
pilgrimage, with twelve distinguished Frenchmen 
added thereto, will travel southward toward Italy. At 
Geneva they would pick up four Swiss, and en route 
to some place they would take the representatives of 
Spain and Portugal — Spain, your recent foe, but now 
your firm, prompt, and gallant ally. [Applause'] Last, 
they would reach the Eternal City. There, I can assure 
you, they would receive from every one, from the king 
upon the throne to the poorest in the street, the warm- 



est and the most enthusiastic welcome. I speak of 
what I know, for I have discussed this question with 
the King of Italy. Nowhere on the continent of 
Europe do I find a monarch so passionate for peace, so 
earnest to do everjrthing to give effect to the public 
opinion of the world in the reduction of armaments and 
securing of lasting peace. [Applausell From Rome, 
they would turn northward, passing through Venice, 
reaching Vienna, adding six Austrians there. Then on 
to Budapest to pick up six Hungarians. Then on to 
St. Petersburg, where they would be received by the 
monarch to whose generous initiative we owe the first 
Hague Conference, and to the representative of the 
Russian people in the second Duma, which would prob- 
ably then be in session, and from whom we should 
receive a welcome — the first international welcome, the 
first international greeting from the public of the 
world to the representative assembly of the Russian 
nation. [Applausell With twelve added Russian pil- 
grims we would come back, now one hundred strong, to 
the capital of the German Empire, and there you would 
find a monarch, who has been so worthily represented 
by the general who has addressed you from this plat- 
form to-day, a monarch who has reigned for eighteen 
years over Germany, at the head of the strongest army 
in the world, and who has never made a war. \^Ap- 
plause] In these eighteen years Britain has made war 
in South Africa, you have made war with Spain, Russia 
has made war with Japan, France has made war in 
Madagascar, Italy has made war on Abyssinia, Ger- 



many has made no war. \^Great applause'] And I was 
told by those who knew in Berlin that the proudest am- 
bition, the greatest ambition of the Kaiser is that when 
he should go down to the grave and be gathered to his 
fathers, history might record of him that here lies an 
emperor whose reign was never stained by a single war. 
[Great applause] 

If this pilgrimage is to be a distinctly American 
realization of a distinctively American idea, it must 
be distinctively democratic all through, and especially 
democratic in its finance. [^Applause] Mr. Carnegie 
is a marvelous man. If I may say it in Pittsburgh 
without blasphemy, he is not exactly Grod Almighty. 
[Laughter and applause] But even if he were, he 
would probably act upon the adage that God helps 
those who help themselves. [Great applause] From 
those among you to whom much has been given, much 
naturally is expected. If America has received more 
than any other nation in the world in liberty, in order, 
in prosperity, from you, therefore, much will be ex- 
pected. Now is your opportunity. Remember the 
solemn warning of your American poet : 

If, before his duty, man with reckless spirit stands, 
Ere long the great Avenger takes the work from out 
his hands. 

[Great applause] 

[Mr. Stead being forced to respond to the volume of 
applause, reappeared at the front of the stage and 

said] : 



My friends, what are you clapping for? Do you 
think that every one of you who is clapping would give 
fifty cents for that pilgrimage ? [ Great applause^ 

[The response to the question was a rain of fifty- 
cent pieces upon the floor of the rostrum.] 





My friends, Provost Macbeth and Dr. Ross, have told 
you something of the old gray city from which we come, 
of its long and interesting history, and of its ancient 
and close relations with this great and prosperous city 
in which we are met. 

There is much in its history not mentioned by them 
that would repay your study, and which would perhaps 
induce you to pay it a visit and so afford us an oppor- 
tunity of offering to you a real Scottish welcome, and 
in an humble way reciprocating the magnificent hos- 
pitality which has been so lavishly extended to us. 

May I now in a few words endeavor to give you some 
idea of the aims and efforts of the sister trust founded 
in his native city by Mr. Carnegie ? It is, of course, al- 
ways a great privilege to be born in such a city as Dun- 
fermline, and Provost Macbeth and myself (both of us 
Dunfermline bairns) appreciate the ambition and ex- 
cellent judgment of our friend. Dr. Ross, who, denied 
this privilege, sought to share it by coming when he was 
yet young and settling among us. 

As you may readily guess, he quickly made a place 
for himself in the community of which he is admittedly 
to-day its foremost member. 

The Carnegie Dunfermline Trust, instituted in the 



year 1903, has set itself seriously to secure for the peo- 
ple of Dunfermline the many good things which in his 
broad-minded sympathy Mr. Carnegie has designed 
for them, and which by his unboimded generosity he 
has made possible for them to enjoy. 

In his deed of gift, Mr. Carnegie expressly points to 
the children as being those to whose interest the Trust 
should especially direct its efforts. Following this lead 
the Trust has, with the whole-hearted cooperation of 
the School Board, gone to all the schools, and has 
through its two medical officers. Dr. Ash and Dr. Isabel 
Cameron, with the consent of the parents, examined 
the physical condition of each child. Where, through 
deformity or deficient physique, a child is likely to be 
handicapped in life's battle, special remedial exercises 
are being given with the most gratif jdng results. Un- 
der a highly qualified staff all the school children are 
trained in physical culture. These classes are taught 
in a gymnasium, perhaps the finest in Great Britain, 
which, with the equally magnificent swimming and 
other baths under the same roof, is one of Mr. Car- 
negie's latest and greatest gifts to us. 

The children are also being taught to swim, special 
encouragement being given to the classes for the teach- 
ing of life-saving. I venture to predict that one of the 
distinguishing features of the Dunfermline Trust's 
mark will be on the part of its children, not only an 
ability, but also in case of need, a readiness to render 
speedy and efficient help to any one in danger of death 
by drowning. 



Rcccndy, a well furnished library has been provided 
for each school, greatly to the benefit and pleasure of 
the scholars. 

Dunfermline has always been noted as a musical 
center, and with a desire to discover and develop native 
talent the Trustees have appointed a director of music, 
Mr. Stephen, who, helped by his able assistant, Mr. 
Kerr, is doing excellent work; so that even after only 
two years most striking and satisfactory results are 
being shown. 

The red-letter day of the year with Dunfermline 
children is undoubtedly the Margaret Carnegie Day in 
June, when practically every child in the city able to 
walk goes in procession to Pittencrie£F Glen and holds 
high holiday. In their assembled thousands they never 
forget to send a loving greeting to a certain little lady 
who, although born in this distant land, has been 
taught to know and led to love them and their home. 

For those of older years opportunities are provided 
of improving their musical and artistic gifts. 

The music committee of the Trust arranges for open- 
air music almost daily in the Glen during the summer, 
and in the winter months brings to instruct and enter- 
tain us the most eminent lecturers and musicians. 

Mrs. Carnegie, a lady admired and loved by all who 
know her, has long taken a great interest in stimulating 
the people's love of flowers, and, taking up her work, 
the horticulture committee of the Trust has already 
done splendid service by encouraging a healthy rivalry 
among the working classes as to who can show the 



brightest and best-kept cottage garden. We may al- 
ready claim that in Dunfermline we have flower shows 
equal to any in the kingdom. But perhaps the Com- 
mittee's most promising work is being done among the 
school children to whom many thousands of bulbs 
(hyacinths, tulips and lilies) are supplied at a cheap 
price, and no flower show evokes more interest or pro- 
vokes keener competition than that held in the spring, 
when prizes are awarded to the most successful of these 
young lovers of flowers. 

From a social point of view, perhaps the most inter- 
esting of the Trust's schemes is that of district reading 
and recreation rooms. Included in the burgh of Dun- 
fermline, although situated about one and a half miles 
distant, is the village of Townhill. It is essentially a 
mining village, all the male residents being employed 
in the adjacent coal-mines. It has a population of 
some 2500 souls. In this detached part of the burgh 
the first of these district institutions has been erected. 
Opened only a year ago it has already become the liv- 
ing heart, the inspiring soul of the village life. In the 
words of the schoolmaster, the men of the village are 
already carrying themselves better. If proof were 
needed of this institution's efficiency as a counter-at- 
traction to the public house, I may mention that only a 
few days before I sailed, the village policeman in- 
formed me that he had had only one case since the 
New Year, and that the offender was a stranger. 

Behind the library building is a playing ground for 
young children, and alongside of it a bowling-green, 



made, and, with the assistance of the Trust, managed 
by the men of the village. 

On a summer evening no more pleasing sight can be 
met with than that of the wives and mothers, all with 
their everlasting knitting, seated watching on the one 
side their husbands and on the other side their chil- 
dren at play. In the building spray and slipper baths 
have been provided, a luxury greatly appreciated by 
the village folk, and which they enjoy at the cost of one 
penny — two cents. 

The library has already eight hundred readers on its 
list, and issues about two thousand books a month. The 
success of this first district institution has been so com- 
plete that the Trustees have secured ground, and have 
selected plans for one of a similar kind to be erected in 
the northwest division of the city where already a 
bowling-green has been laid out and will be thrown 
open for play in the course of a few weeks. 

In addition to these we hope to provide plajring 
fields and probably also skating ponds as suitable 
spaces become available. Of all Mr. Carnegie's great 
gifts to his native city, none has given the people more 
true enjoyment and pure delight than the romantic 
glen and lovely park of Pittencrieff. Touching as it 
does the very center of our old town, two of whose ex- 
tended arms embrace it on the north and west, it is the 
constant resort of old and young. 

Without in any way interfering with its natural 
beauties the Trustees are spending much thought and 
work and money in laying out walks and otherwise 



opening up its many charms and improving its amen- 
ities. In the very heart of this Glen stands all that is 
left of Malcolm Canmore's Tower on its rocky founda- 
tion, protected and encircled by the crooked stream, a 
conjunction which gives our old city at once its name 
Dunfermline, "The tower on the hill by the crooked 
stream," and "Esto Rupes inaccessa." "Be thou an 
inaccessible rock/' 

From this hurried sketch of the operations of the 
Carnegie Dunfermline Trust it will be seen that the 
Trustees are striving after the same end and very 
much along the same lines as your larger Carnegie 
Trust here. And this is only to be expected seeing both 
bodies owe their being to and derive their ideals from 
the same inspiring and generous source. [Applause'] 


At the conclusion of the speaking in the Hall of Music, 
the ladies of the party were taken to the new building 
of the Margaret Morrison Carnegie School for Women, 
where tea was served in the midst of a beautiful deco- 
ration of flowers and plants, with the sweet harmony of 
music abiding through it all. Mrs. Arthur A. Hamer- 
schlag was hostess, assisted by the wives of the mem- 
bers of the Faculty of the Carnegie Technical Schools. 




iN Friday evening, a banquet given at the 

I Hotel Schcnley by the members of the 

^ Board of Trustees of the Carnegie Insti- 

H tute in honor of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew 

Carnegie, was attended by all the guests 

who had come to Pittsburgh in connection with the 

dedication ceremonies. The Schenley banquet-hall was 

decorated with the flags of all nations, and when the 

guests had taken their places at the table the scene was 

one of impressive beauty. The spirit of the evening was 

that of the most cordial good humor, and the banquet, 

with its menu and its speeches, was greatly enjoyed by 



ladies and Gentlemen: 

Before the speaking begins, the Founder's Day Com- 
mittee have requested me to make an announcement 


changing the official program. On account of the very 
inclement and cold weather, we have thought it best to 
omit the boat-ride for to-morrow afternoon. There- 
fore, with your kind permission, the official exercises 
will close in the Music Hall to-morrow morning after 
the conferring of the honorai 
be no boat-ride. [Applause I 
dissent from some others. 1 
groans. \Laughter'\ Before 
to Mr. Frew and the Toasti 
requested me to read this ti 
opportunity of reading it. 


Andrew Carnegie, 


Please accept my hearty 
great and good speech on th 
Institute in your home city c 
right ring. I am with you. 
for the success of all your gi 
fellow-men. I hope and trust 
the country over will be stii 
noble example. I believe th: 
suit therefrom. 


And this reply has been taken from the wire : 


« < 


John D. Rockefeller, 

Lake wood, N. J. 

Many thanks, fellow-worker in the task of distribut- 
ing surplus wealth for the good of others. I clasp your 
hand. Your congratulations highly valued. 

Andrew Carnegie 


Ladies and Gentlemen: 

It may be that something of "that tired feeling" has 
crept over you when you see me rising again to my 
feet ; and in my inner consciousness there comes a con- 
viction that possibly you have some grounds for that. 
It may be that I should feel as one who afterward be- 
came a great poet felt when he was a young man, and 
was turning out what at best was rubbish. He rushed 
enthusiastically into the office of an editorial friend of 
his and said, "Charley, have you read my last poem?" 
Charley said : "Yes, I hope so." [Laughter] I want, 
before I sit down, to again express our appreciation of 
your visit, and to tell you how much we have all en- 
joyed the presence here of our guests from this coun- 
try, and from the other side of the water, and especially 
of the ladies, who have risked so much to be here. 

Speaking of the ladies, I am going to appropriate to 
myself a toast in advance of the Toastmaster, to whose 



tender mercies I will deliver you later. It is a toast to 
which I attach a peculiar significance, because I think 
it involves the recognition of much of the good that 
has come to the Carnegie Institute. You may drink the 
health of the Founder, if you will, and I hope you will, 
but I am going to propose the health of the Founder's 
wife, Mrs. Andrew Carnegie. {^Applause'] ' 

[Mr. Carnegie here started the song ''For She ^s 
a Jolly Good Fellow^'' etc.^ in which the banqueters 
heartily joined^ 

And now my labors are about at an end. I can only 
wish that when our friends leave us, they will meet 
with safe and pleasant journeys to their respective 
homes. Now, I hand you over to the Toastmaster of 
the evening, the Honorable James H. Reed. \^Ap- 


The president's remarks remind me of a small girl in 
our neighborhood whom I overheard the other day say- 
ing to another: "Must you go? What 's your hurry? 
Here 's your hat.'' \Laughter'\ I trust I shall have the 
S3anpathy of our guests in the performance of my duties, 
for the lot of a toastmaster is not a happy one, when he 
has to obey orders from a many-sided committee, with 
many minds working in different and changing direc- 
tions under pressure. In sheer desperation the other 
day I said to the committee, and it seemed finally to 
have some effect, that I was in the condition of a dog 



down at the Union Station which a baggage*master was 
seen dragging along by a rope over his ears. Another 
baggage-master said : " Where is that dog going?" He 
said: "I don't know where he is going; he don't know 
where he is going; nobody knows where he is going; he 
ate his tag." [Applause'] The committee had a daily 
lunch for the last week, and ate its tag every day, but 
we have finally, by a series of mishaps, landed at this 
point in our program. I suppose those were the *1iard- 
ships" which the president said that the ladies had 
undergone in coming here. Before I enter upon my 
duties, I want to take this opportunity of seriously ex- 
pressing before this assemblage the very great obliga- 
tion of the Board of Trustees to its president, Mr. 

Mr. Carnegie: "Hear! Hear! Hear!" 


Not simply at this time, but since the organization of 
the Carnegie Library and the Carnegie Institute have 
his tact, sound judgment, and close attention to the 
interests of the two institutions greatly contributed to 
their success, and, given as they were from love of the 
work, they are entitled to the highest commendation. 
He is worthy of everything that you heard Mr. Car- 
negie say about him yesterday, and I hope that he will 
continue to be president of the Board of Trustees of 
these allied institutions for many years to come. 

These exercises must have been of great interest to 
our visiting guests, and, as to-night marks the culmina- 
tion of the exercises of the Institute, it is possibly 
proper to say to you something about the Institute and 



its founder. I am not going to perpetrate a lengthy 
speech. We all know in Pittsburgh the wonderful ef- 
fect this institution has had upon the higher life of the 
city. Before the building of the Carnegie Library, we 
had a habit of making money here, and when I say 
'Ve" I mean the community, and I do not mean all of 
us ; just some of our people; and, when we made money, 
then we made some more money, but such a thing as 
leisure was unfashionable. As a gentleman said to me 
a short time ago, any man stopping work at three or 
four o'clock in the afternoon to take a horseback ride 
was supposed to be in a decline, on his road to the 
grave; and the last thing his doctor could recommend 
to him was to ride horseback, and generally he died 
within five or six months. In other words, no man in 
Pittsburgh, who was supposed to be well and in his 
right mind, ever stopped to take any recreation, and 
even in my own youthful recollection I can remember 
that the man who took a vacation in the winter-time 
was considered to be on the downward road, and his 
business going to the dogs because he did not attend to 
it. He was allowed in the general course of the year 
to have a couple of weeks in the sunmfier, but to take a 
couple of weeks in the winter to go south, showed that 
he was neglecting his business, and sooner or later his 
note would have to be called. Now, however, since the 
opening of these institutions, there has been a distinct 
improvement in the life of Pittsburgh. Interest is 
being evoked in music, and in art, and in reading, and 
all those things which go to make life in a city pleasant. 



This brings me to the founder of this institution, and 
I told him this afternoon, that I was going to have one 
chance to tell the truth about him where he could not 
stop me. I do not intend to flatter him, but his life and 
character must of necessity be of great interest to our 
visitors and guests, and I have no doubt you have 
studied these in the last two or three days as much as 
you have the Institute itself. Mr. Carnegie's business 
life was typical of thousands of similar cases in this 
land of opportunity. Starting in poverty, coming to 
this country to seek advancement, working in the city 
of Pittsburgh as a bobbin boy, as a messenger boy, as a 
telegraph operator, as a railroad superintendent, and 
finally as a small, and then a greater, and still greater 
manufacturer, his career, except in its amazing success, 
has been duplicated time and again in this great coun- 
try. But when he retired from business then his real 
greatness appeared. 

A Voice : "Good r 

It was my province to represent him and his company, 
and to look after the legal affairs in connection with the 
sale of his interest to the United States Steel Corpora- 
tion, and I was with him a great deal at that time, and 
the thing that struck me, and I have never before had 
an opportunity to say it, the thing that struck me as re- 
markable at the time, was that he had no appreciation 
of the money which was coming into his hands. He did 
not, figuratively speaking, stack his dollars up and look 
at them, but his first thought was, '"What good can I do 
with this money?" And in the talks which he had with 



me, that was the whole current of his thought. He did 
not say: "I have so much money, so much more money 
than other people, and I am going to do this and that 
with it for my own benefit," but the first thing he asked 
himself was how he could best distribute this money for 
the good of his fellow-men ; and before the ink was dry 
on the papers he had formulated a princely gift for the 
Carnegie Relief Fund, for the widows and orphans of 
his former employees, that they might be taken care of. 
[Applause'] In that respect he is great and he is unique. 
We have seen men accumulate money, lock it up, die 
and leave it; but we never before have seen a man take 
so much absolute pleasure in giving it away for the 
benefit of other people, as does Mr. Carnegie. [Hear! 
Hear!'] And you saw his happiness yesterday when he 
had succeeded in divesting himself of five or six mil- 
lions more ; and I will venture to say he is already plan- 
ning some other method of depleting his treasury. 
[Laughter and applause] 

I am not going to take up any more time because it is 
late. I could say a great deal more about him. He had 
an awfully bad habit when he was in business : he had 
a reprehensible habit of wanting to have his own way, 
and a worse habit of getting it. To put it in the popular 
saying of the day: "I want what I want when I want 
it." [Applause] And that about describes him in 
business. Since his retirement he still wants what he 
wants, and what he wants is the happiness of his fel- 
low-men. [Applause] Now, I want you to drink to 
his health, his long life, prosperity, and happiness. 



After Judge Reed's opening speech, the guests all 
arose and drank to the health of Mr. Carnegie. The 
orchestra then played the Scotch song, "Will he no' 
come back again?'* 



[Great applause^ cheers^ and waving of handker^ 

Mr. President^ ^ oastmaster^ Ladies^ and Gentlemen: 
This is one of the sweetest of all Scotch songs sung 
in memory of Prince Charlie, a man who has succeeded 
in weaving around himself many of the most exquisite 
songs that any human being has been honored with. 
[Applause] Ah, ladies and gentlemen, it is unneces- 
sary to sing that song for me in reference to Pittsburgh. 
Travel where I may — and I have wandered much, and 
all around this world, have lived in many places — ^my 
heart never wanders from the city where I passed my 
boyhood, right here in smoky Pittsburgh. [Applause] 

Wherever I may be in the world, I can paraphrase an- 
other Scotch song, "My heart 's in old Pittsburgh, my 
heart is not here." I find myself, in foreign places, al- 
ways going back to my boyhood in Pittsburgh, where I 
spent the happiest time of all my life ; where I emerged 
from boyhood at thirteen and became a man ; a bread- 
winner, with my mother and my brother to support. 
Ah ! there is no triumph like that on earth for the young 
boy. [Applause] But every dog has his day, and 



Pittsburgh has had two days already, and I am now 
going to carry you to another town, another city, be- 
cause I see the representatives of my native place here, 
and when I speak fondly of two countries, I find no 
inconsistency between the deep love for the Pittsburgh 
of my manhood, and the filial love for the mother town 
of Dunfermline where I was born. [Cries of "Hear! 
hearri I wander back to Dunfermline, and imagine, 
if you can, the happiness I have in this bond between 
them. You will be amazed to know what Dunferm- 
line is, and in what relation she stands to Pittsburgh. 
Let me recall. You know General Forbes, after Brad- 
dock's defeat, started from Philadelphia with an army 
to conquer Fort Duquesne. You know he cut his way 
through the Alleghany Mountains, some days making 
only a mile or two through the forests ; you know that 
he was carried on a litter most of the way. But he had 
the Scotch blood. No retreat for him! He started 
out for this place and he got here. General Washing- 
ton came from Virginia by an easy trail to join him. 
Forbes captured Fort Duquesne and he wrote to Pitt, 
the great minister of Britain, and, curiously enough, 
the letter was dated on my birthday, the 25th of No- 
vember, and he said to Pitt : "You have been so grand 
a man, you have made your country so great, that I 
have called this place, Pittsburgh, destined to become 
in the future a most important city." [Applause'] 
That is very well, but who was General Forbes ? Gen- 
eral Forbes was born in Dunfermline, as I was. [Ap- 
plause] Ah, more than that. I tell you, it almost looks 



as if it were providential. I choose to call it so because 
it pleases me so much, and that is what we always 
consider providential. \^Laughter'\ You laugh; but 
for anything that does n't please us, we have serious 
doubts upon its origin. Well, General Forbes was 
bom upon an estate called Pittencrieff, where King 
Malcolm built his tower in 1070, or something near 
that, and where he married Queen Margaret, now the 
patron saint of Scotland. Turgot, her confessor, will 
tell you all about her. There they lived. General 
Forbes was Laird of Pittencrieff, including Malcolm's 
tower and Margaret's shrine, when he captured Pitts- 
burgh. I am Laird of Pittencrieff to-day. Through my 
dear friend, counsellor, and guide, John Ross, present 
with us to-night, [Applause'] I have given to the town 
of Dunfermline all of the domain of Pittencrieff for a 
public park, but I hold on to the sacred spot of King 
Malcolm's tower, and to the title of the Laird of Pit- 
tencrieff, who is a great dignitary in Dunfermline. I 
would n't exchange that title, no, not for any title in 
Britain. We were all excluded from Pittencrieff when 
we were children, and especially the children who bore 
the name of Morrison or Carnegie, because my grand- 
fathers and my uncles fought the Laird of Pittencrieff 
then — it was not Forbes, but another — ^because he had 
taken away from the city some of their rights. There- 
fore, the Laird of Pittencrieff declared that no Morri- 
son or Carnegie should ever enter that sacred precinct. 
We were all banished from this paradise, because it 
was to all Dunfermline boys a paradise. Imagine the 



gratification I had, the delight — ^nothing on earth, no 
triumph, can equal this — ^to hand that estate over to 
my native town as a park where you may see thousands 
and thousands of children playing every day, and 
everybody with free access to it. [Applause'l 1 tell you, 
ladies and gentlemen, I never realized so keenly what 
wealth could do before. I want you to mark the inti- 
mate connection between Pittsburgh and my native 
town. [Applause] A man of my native town created 
Pittsburgh. There was no Pittsburgh until he made it. 
And then another came and happened to aid in its de- 
velopment. More than that, at the battle of Braddock's 
defeat two officers fell. Sir Arthur Halket and his son, 
and Sir Arthur Halket was at that time Provost of Dun- 
fermline, whose worthy successor we have here to- 
night — ^James Currie Macbeth. [Applause] Upon 
that very field, Braddock's field, we erected the first 
steel-works of our firm. [Applause] It is clear, I 
think, that Providence really did intend that Dunferm- 
line and Pittsburgh historically should be woven and 
clasped together. [Applause] 

I am not going to make you a speech to-night. You 
have heard a telegram from Mr. Rockefeller, which is 
exceedingly gratifying to me. I congratulated him 
upon his first gift to the Southern Educational Fund. 
And this brings up the problem of wealth. I have 
spoken to you a great deal about Dunfermline. I want, 
before closing, to read you something else from Dun- 
fermline, but, remember this, ladies and gentlemen, 
Dunfermline was the metropolis of Scotland — Sir Rob- 



crt Cranston, ex-provost of Edinburgh, sitting before 
me, will please excuse me for mentioning the fact — ^it 
was the metropolis long before Edinburgh. l^ApplauseJi 
It is the Westminster of Scotland. More royal remains 
are buried around that abbey than in any abbey or any 
place in Great Britain. A halo of romance pervades it. 
The boy bom in Dunfermline walks around that abbey 
where lie the remains of King Robert the Bruce, with 
all the holy fervor of the Catholic counting his beads, 
bowing to the great monument of King Robert the 
Bruce, and is fed on Bruce and Wallace, and oh, the 
vein of Scottish prejudice that may be in a boy of seven 
or eight years of age! When I heard that England 
was bigger than Scotland, I was miserable. {^"'Hear! 
hearT^ When I asked my uncle: "Is England bigger 
than Scotland?" he replied, "No, no, ma' laddie, not if 
you roll Scotland out flat. [Laughter^ And would 
you have it flat like England?" "No, never." [Laugh- 
ter] And there was a balm in Gilead for the young 
patriot. But I heard again England had seven times 
more population than Scotland. Oh, but that was a 
hard blow — more Englishmen than Scotchmen! 
\Laughter'\ What did Providence mean by that? My 
uncle reminded me there were more than seven Eng- 
lishmen at Bannockburn to one Scotchman, and yet the 
Scotch triumphed. [Laughter\ That is the curse of 
war ! It can not but be so. War determines only who 
is strong, never who is right. I hope that day is soon to 
pass away. [Applause] Of course, when boys grow 
up and know what a loving mother England is now to 



her colonies, and see the splendid institutions she 
spreads over the world, and the liberal constitution she 
has just given to the Boers, and see what she has done 
for Canada, the bitter feeling must pass away. There 
is where England shines, [Great applause^ 

Well now, ladies and gentlemen, excuse me, I did 
not intend to enter upon that subject. But here is what 
I want to read you in conclusion. There is a Dunferm- 
line working-man who has written some verses ; for the 
Scotch know the value of education. You would be 
surprised at the books they read in the cottages of the 
Highlands. I don't put Scotland behind any country, 
not even America, in the education of her men and 
women. Now, here is a working-man, a man who 
works every day. I know him to be a hard working- 
man, and here is how he teaches the gospel of the prob- 
lem of wealth. I want you to hear it. It is in the 
Scotch. I will read it for you. It is entitled "Me and 
Andra,'* not "Andra and Me." Do you get that, "Me 
and Andra?" 


We 're puir bit craiturs, Andra, you an' me, 
Ye hae a bath in a marble tub, I dook in the sea. 
Cafe au lait in a silver joog for breakfast gangs to you ; 
I sup my brose wi' a horn spuin, an* eat till I 'm fu*. 

An' there 's nae great differ, Andra, hardly ony, 

My sky is as clear as yours, an' the cluds are as bonnie ; 

I whussle a tune thro' my teeth to mysel' that costs nae money. 



The bobolink pipes in the orchards white, in your hame on the 

ither side ; 
Gray whaups cry up on oor muir t' me, white seamaws soom on 

oor tide. 
An organ bums in your marble hall wi' mony a sough an' swell ; 
I list to the roar o' the wind an' the sea in the hollow o' a shell. 

An' there 's nae great diflPer, Andra— hardly ony ava; 
For the measure that throbs thro' eternal things to me is as 

An' it wafts me up to the gate o' Grod to hear His choir ana'. 

We 're draiglit bit craiturs, Andra, plowterin' i' the glaur, 
Paidlin' ilk in oor ane bit dub, and glowerin' ilk at his star ; 
Rakin' up the clert o' the trink till oor Faither airts us hame. 
Whiles wi' a strap, whiles wi' a kiss, or carryin' us when we 're 

An' there 's nae great differ, Andra, we 're sib as peas in a cod, 
lU-faured weans at the best— the draiglit wi' the snod; 
An' we '11 a' get peyed what we 're ocht, Andra, when we gang 
hame to God. 

What if I win fame of gear, Andra, what if I fail. 

Be gleg as a f umart whitrock, or dull as a snail ? 

It '11 be a' ane in a hxmder year, whether I sally or slide— 

The nicht sits as dark on a brawlin' linn as it broods on a sleepin' 

An' there 's nae great differ, Andra, whether ye bum or bizz; 

If no a wheel ye may be a clink — if we canna pull, we can 


We maim tak' the world as we find it, lad, an' content wi' 't as 
it is. 


That is the philosophy of a working-man who is a 
poet. Now, I will read you my reply. I happened to 



see these verses accidentally in a paper, and I wrote a 
letter to the editor. 

Dear Sir: 

Please tell "R. C/' that I have greatly enjoyed his 
verses. He is both philosopher and poet, but he can 
not know, as I do, how trifling are the advantages of 
wealth. He has to imagine one side. I have lived 
both, and have learned that 

If happiness has not its seat 

And center in the breast. 
We may be wise, or rich, or great, 

But never can be blessed. 

Beyond a competence for old age, and that need not 
be great, and may be very small, wealth lessens rather 
than increases human happiness. Millionaires who 
laugh are rare. This is just as it should be, and "R. C." 
has done a bit of good work (better than most sermons) 
in putting a great truth so vividly before us. 

I hope he has more of such ore to smelt. 

Yours truly, 

Andrew Carnegie 

I wished you to know that the race of poets is not ex- 
tinct yet in Scotland. There is a touch of Burns in 
this. Now, ladies and gentlemen, I have only to say 
farewell for the present, and yet I realize that there is 
no farewell to scenes like these. They linger in the 
memory. We shall travel far, Mrs. Carnegie and I, 



and we shall meet with many people, but be assured 
of this, there is always a warm spot in our hearts for the 
dear old city of Pittsburgh, which we never can forget. 


We are honored to-night by the presence of Baron des 
Planches, the ambassador from Italy to the United 
States, and Dean of the Diplomatic Corps at Wash- 
ington, who has traveled from Washington expressly 
to attend this banquet, and to express his opinions of 
triumphant democracy as exemplified by Andrew 


I WILL not deliver a speech. I will only say a few 
words in my capacity of representative of Italy, of 
whom our very honored host, Mr. Andrew Carnegie, 
appreciates the arts and the beauties, and in my capa- 
city, also, of Dean of the Diplomatic Corps, by which 
I feel authorized to express to him the universal ad- 
miration for the liberalities and benefactions which 
render his name celebrated in all the world, and will 
render it celebrated in all ages. 

A French author wrote, some seventy years ago, that 
social democracy does not develop wealthy and in- 
fluential citizens; that personal influence and wealth 



are only the prerogative of aristocratic countries. The 
United States, as a large human community, and An- 
drew Carnegie, among others, as an individuality, 
have demonstrated the error of that assertion. Some 
moralists object to the accumulation of wealth; An- 
drew Carnegie has effectively demonstrated that 
wealth may be eminently moral, and, when it is placed 
at the service of a bright mind and of a kind heart, is a 
benefit for humanity. 

Personally, I thank Mr. Carnegie for the occasion he 
has offered me by his courteous invitation to live some 
days in his delightful company. Yes, sir ; I am not only 
your guest since yesterday, here, in your own good city 
of Pittsburgh, as affectionately you called her some- 
where; I am your guest since many days, and in debt to 
you for many pleasant hours. Owing to my intention 
to be present at these gatherings, at the solemn meet- 
ings, at this apotheosis, I was anxious to read and re- 
read your books, in which you have put so large a 
part of yourself. I traveled with you "Around the 
World"; I listened to your "Gospel of Wealth'*; I vis- 
ited with you the "Empire of Business" ; I accompanied 
you and the gay charioteers from Brighton to Inverness, 
in your very interesting trip in "Four-in-hand through 
Britain" ; I was, with you, astonished at the progress of 
the "Triumphant American Democracy," a book which 
I considered one of the best, most efficient, most com- 
plete, ever written on this country, comparable with the 
"Democratic en Amerique" of De Tocqueville and 
"The American Commonwealth" of my dear colleague, 



the Hon. James Bryce. Let me object to an emblem 
of the j&rst edition of this last book of yours, the bind- 
ing of which was decorated with a broken scepter and 
an overturned crown. There are thoroughly monarchic 
nations, free and happy, and kings — I know one of 
them — as wise and liberal and broad-minded, as the 
best president in the best republic. [Great applause'] 
Before reading your books, I was acquainted with 
you as every one is : I knew you as a man of strong and 
good will, of high intelligence, of noble character, of 
powerful means; as a magician who once transformed 
iron into gold, and now transforms gold into science, 
into art, into education, into welfare, into heroism, into 
other people's happiness; as a great benefactor of 
humanity; as an apostle of peace. [Applause] But 
there are sides of your mind and of your character I did 
not know. I discovered with utmost pleasure your con- 
soling philosophy: '^Whatever is, is right." I discov- 
ered that you doubt the existence of enemies — ^you 
happy man! — being yourself the enemy of none. 
[Laughter and applause] I read this delicious sen- 
tence, and so true: "The happiness of giving happi- 
ness is far sweeter than the pleasure direct.'* I was 
deeply impressed by your love for your mother, your 
"Queen Dowager," your "Favorite Heroine," and you 
gave me a new evidence of a principle of mine : "In the 
destiny of every great man, seek the mother." [Ap* 
plause] You are a poet by the soul, and you are an 
orator, because you describe the feelings of the orator 
in the precious moment which tells him that the audi- 



ence is his own, as a man who knows that supreme mo- 
ment of life. 

Besides all this, you are a modest man- You could 
pretend to be one of the first in every human aristocracy 
— I take the word in the ancient Greek meaning; yet 
you are the most zealous and fervent in promoting 
equality among men. You despise conventional su- 
periority and are proud to be the equal of all. For all 
those reasons you deserve the admiration, the bless- 
ings, and the love of the world. I convey to you here 
the expression of such feelings, on behalf of Italy, 
and, I may say, of foreign countries. And you know 
that the judgment of those beyond the frontiers is the 
anticipation of the judgment of after life. May this 
life be long and happy for you, for your family, for the 
citizens of your country, for mankindL We enjoy 
seeing you so young, so active, so interested in well- 
doing, and we hope — I specify my wish — that you may 
add many chapters to your master work, in honor of 
this republic, this really "Triumphant Democracy." 
[Great applause] 


Germany has given us a fresh evidence of friendship 
in its delegation which came across the ocean to at- 
tend this celebration. And one of the prominent 
members of that delegation, of whom I may say to 
you, the members of the Conunittee have learned to 



think a great deal for the good-natured way in which 
he has met us in all our efforts, is his Excellency Gen- 
eral von Loewenfeld. I am going to ask him to say 
a few words, and I am going to give him a sentiment, 
which he probably will not follow as a text, but 
which I have taken from the writings of one of the 
great German statesmen: "Germans fear God and 
nothing else in the world, and the fear of God leads 
us to cherish peace/' 


Mr. President^ Mr. Chairman^ Mr. l^oastmaster^ 
Ladies^ and Gentlemen: 
Speaking in a foreign language, and being no lin- 
guist, I am somewhat handicapped. To tell the truth, 
I am rather doubtful if I shall be able to express all that 
my heart feels on this occasion. Of course, my German 
friends and I are inunensely flattered by the distin- 
guished invitation to assist at the dedication of the new 
buildings of the Carnegie Institute. Two years ago 
the Emperor sent me to deliver to the people of the 
United States the statue of King Frederick the Great 
at Washington ; [Applause"] so I dare say I am a little 
more accustomed to American habits than our gracious 
host conceded yesterday. In remembrance of my first 
visit to this hospitable soil, I looked forward with the 
greatest pleasure to this trip, and to my second meeting 
with my good old American friends who, in 1904, did 



everything possible to make me feel at home. My ex- 
pectations of their cordial hospitality have been more 
than realized. The marked attention of the United 
States government in attaching Grcncral Duvall as my 
personal escort during my stay here, has not only facil- 
itated my official functions, but has also given me the 
welcomed opportunity of renewing an old friendship. 
[Applausell My gratitude, and that of my German 
colleagues, has grown deeper through the appreciative 
remarks made by your mayor, Mr. Guthrie, yesterday, 
concerning the policy of King Frederick the Great to 
the young republic of the United States, and still more 
by the sympathetic words that Mr. Carnegie kindly ut- 
tered' yesterday respecting Germany and our beloved 
Emperor. [Applause'] 

I take this opportunity, Mr. President, to repeat once 
more the heartfelt greetings the Emperor charged me 
with in the last audience, when I took leave of him on 
the day before sailing. The Kaiser sends his compli- 
ments to you and to your associates, and wishes the 
greatest success to your Institute, and, to emphasize his 
appreciation of your aspirations and ambitions, he 
entrusted us to deliver to the trustees a collection of the 
latest scientific publications of our government, both 
civil and military. [Applause] 

During my stay in this country I have gotten the 
impression that in America the people were very quick 
to understand and appreciate the Kaiser's personality 
early in his career, and also his loyal intentions toward 
the whole world. [Applause and cries of ^'Hear^ hear^^ 



and '*Tou are right T^ The Emperor's opinion is that 
the nations should not only trade with each other in 
commerce, but should also trade in ideas concerning the 
progress of civilization. [Applause^ A constant intel- 
lectual intercourse would certainly not prevent all fric- 
tions and collisions, but it would tend to improve mat- 
ters and help to avoid awkward misunderstandings, 
and will be an excellent agent in furthering the interest 
of general peace. The man who was the first in this 
country to show a clear understanding of the impor- 
tance of this intellectual exchange was your President. 
Mr. Roosevelt proved this by the sympathy and aid he 
gave in the exchange of American and German profes- 
sors. [Applause^ 

And, by the way, Mr. Carnegie, it might be fitting 
for me to call your attention to a fact sometimes over- 
looked that the nations which possess the greatest mili- 
tary institutions have so infrequently availed them- 
selves of the mighty power which such armaments place 
in their hands. For thirty-six years it has been the good 
fortune of Germany to be involved only in unimpor- 
tant expeditions. For instance, the Chinese expedition, 
when the United States troops were fighting shoulder 
to shoulder with European soldiers for the protection 
of civilization and Christianity. [Applause'] But none 
of those expeditions could justly be dignified with the 
name of war. 

In conclusion, let me repeat that my German friends 
and I do not know how we shall ever repay our indebt- 
edness ; but we shall do all in our power to support and 



promote the high ideals which are illustrated by the 
Carnegie Institute. [Great applause^ Ladies and 
gentlemen, I thank you for your kind attention. 


We all know that Scotland annexed England some 
three hundred years ago. While the English have 
written the histories of England, and of course col- 
ored the facts to suit themselves, [Laugkter'l yet the 
real students of history who have read between the 
lines know perfectly well that Scotland took posses- 
sion of England and has controlled it more or less 
ever since — with occasional help from Ireland. 
[Laughter^ You have heard from one of the domi- 
nant race to-night, and I am going to ask another of 
the dominant race to say a few words. Sir Robert 
Cranston, ex-Lord Provost of Edinburgh, will tell 
us what Mr. Carnegie has done for Scotland. I know 
he can not tell us all, because there would not be 
time enough to-night; but he will give us some of 
the things which Mr. Carnegie has done. 


Mr. President^ Ladies^ and Gentlemen: 

I hope I shall not be thought egotistical when I say I 
am very proud to be present to-night. I am Scotch, and 
I do not think I am going beyond my province in saying 



that Scotland feels very proud of Andrew Carnegie. 
[Applause^ I take away the "Mr.," I take away the 
"Dr." ; for I think the greatest compliment that can be 
paid to a man is that he shall be called by his name, 
Andrew Carnegie, which is a household word over the 
whole of Scotland, and rightly so. [Applause'] I do 
not know what to say. I am the guest of Dr. Carnegie 
and this kind Institute. Will you permit me, on behalf 
of Scotchmen throughout the world, to tender to the 
Institute and to Dr. Carnegie the warmest and best 
thanks for the honor he has done to Scotland by asking 
me to be here this evening. I could not come when I 
was Lord Provost, but the moment that my office had 
ceased to exist I was glad, I assure you frankly, to ac- 
cept the kind invitation, and feel highly honored in 
being asked to Pittsburgh. I have no right to speak on 
behalf of his Majesty, although for many years his 
representative, yet I am sure there is no man to-night 
more proud of a boy born in Scotland than Edward, 
King of Great Britain, is of Andrew Carnegie. [Ap- 
plause'] The king is one of the kindest and best- 
hearted of men, and, I thank God, he makes no differ- 
ence between peer and peasant. He respects them all 
over, he aids them wherever he can, and I am sure to- 
night, that if words could convey to him this banquet 
given in honor of Andrew Carnegie, he would feel more 
proud than ever that he is King of Great Britain, and 
that Andrew Carnegie at least had the honor of being 
bom under his government. 

Speaking on behalf of my own country which I have 



some right to represent, seeing I was elected by them, 
there is no name to-night in Scotland more respected 
or more beloved for what he has done for Scotland than 
the name of Carnegie. Ladies and gentlemen, when I 
tell you that your grand Pittsburgh man has spent 
$15,0CX),0CX), or 3,0CX),CXX) pounds sterling, upon giv- 
ing education to the people of Scotland I need say no 
word more. [Applause'] I had the honor to be one of 
his trustees for some three years, and the sum of 49,0CX} 
pounds sterling was spent yearly in doing, what^ In 
aiding those who were unable to pay their fees in uni- 
versities, and in giving the children of the working- 
man power to reach the higher point, if possible. And, 
although some remarks have been passed, allow me to 
assure you as a trustee, that there has been no money 
spent wrongfully. And he has done a great good to 
Scotland which no man can ever tell. [Applause] 

Then he has spoken about peace. I will cover up 
what decorations and honors I have received as a sol- 
dier, but I know no man who would draw the sword 
quicker than Andrew Carnegie for the freedom and 
liberty of his country. [Applause] 

Mr. Carnegie : "That is correct." 

It is the duty of every soldier, a right and a priv- 
ilege; [Applause] and Scotland — thank God for the 
honor — has been allied in all the past with France, 
which I am as proud to acknowledge as any man could 
possibly be. France and Scotland have stood hand 
in hand, heart by heart, for freedom and liberty in civil 
and religious matters. I know no man that would draw 



the sword more readily than Andrew Carnegie in de- 
fense of freedom and liberty of his civil and religious 
rights. That is no law, that is the right of every man, 
the duty of every man, to protect his home and his coun- 
try to the last drop of blood that remains in his body. 

I do thank you very sincerely for your kind invita- 
tion, and permit me to present to you from your many, 
many friends in Scotland our best, our kindest, our 
most heartfelt wishes for your long life and prosperity. 
You deserve it, for you have done what Burns has said 
is the noblest thing on earth. [Applause^ 


I have pressed into the service one more orator, and I 
am going to ask a representative of that strange land 
of contrasts, Holland, to say a word or two to-night; 
and I think he ought to, because one of Mr. Car- 
negie's numerous shafts has descended upon that 
country in the shape of a temple of peace. You all 
know the gentleman, all the English-reading world 
knows him, and I do not want to take time to say 
more than to present to you Mr. van der Poorten- 
Schwartz, better known as Maarten Maartens. 


Mr. Chairman^ Mr. Carnegie^ Ladies^ and Gentlemen: 

Your toastmaster most courteously commands me ta 

say a few words. I am not going to make a speech. If 



he will allow me to quote him, "I *m in a hurry; you Vc 
in a hurry; where 's my hat?" [Laughter] And when 
I get up to make a speech like this, if I may quote him 
again, "I don't know where I 'm going; you don't know 
where I am going; it 's very late. Somebody has eaten 
my tag." [Laughter] I have not a long speech in my 
pocket, but there are a few words I really would like to 
say now that, for the first and possibly for the last time, 
I am able to speak them in this so strangely foreign, so 
swiftly familiar country, which has been so exceed- 
ingly, so swiftly friendly tome, and to many other guests. 
I am not going to give you any lengthy impressions 
of America. It is too late for that. It is too late in two 
respects for that. I gave them all to the reporters who 
asked me for them as I came over the gangway off the 
steamer at New York. [Laughter] But I was then not 
yet able to express my gratitude and my appreciation 
of the splendid reception we have had here, and I am 
especially glad to say a few words to the Mayor of this 
city, who spoke yesterday far too kindly, and yet so 
justly sympathetic, words of welcome. I have ever 
been proud — as who would not be? — of my country 
and my blood, but I have never been so consciously and 
rationally proud as in this last week since I landed in 
America. It is doubtless true, as Monsieur Paul 
Doimier so eloquently told us yesterday, that the Amer- 
icans are the children of Europe. The greater part of 
Europe — I don't suppose you want to bring in Turkey 
— is their mother, or mothers, a sort of European harem 
of mothers. [Laughter] But, if so, then my little coun- 



try, with its big history of ideals, must be the grand- 
mother; and very kind you are in the memory of the 
dear old lady. For it is true, as you so generously tell 
us, that northern America, as a white state, begins with 
the Dutch settlements. At two supreme stages of your 
country's history, its birth and its majority, you were 
closely allied with us. Your very name, "The United 
States," is ours, and we proudly remember that we were 
first to recognize in your Star Spangled Banner a new 
flag of liberty. {Applausel^ In New York, at any rate, 
these things are remembered. As I told some of my 
friends there on leaving, you say that the population of 
New York is a mixed race. Surely that is a mistake. 
With the exception of the foreign servants, everybody 
I 've spoken to has told me he has Dutch blood in his 
veins. ILaughter^ 

But here in Pittsburgh, if you will spare me just 
one moment more, I have more serious things to say. 
Within five minutes after I had entered the magnificent 
building over yonder, a kindly intuition drew me to- 
ward the impressive presentation of labor which your 
eminent American artist, Mr. Alexander, has immortal- 
ized upon its walls. To me, ladies and gentlemen, it 
seems as if the whole story of the founder's work is 
written there. Mr. Carnegie said yesterday that he 
did n't know whether the building belonged to him; he 
did n't even know whether he had a bond less. Indeed, 
I can tell him that he has many bonds more. To him it 
has been given, not to etherealize labor, not to emas- 
culate it, but to take it up and to infuse into it his own 



life of imagination and love. [Applause] Many an 
honorary title has been given him. I should like to say, 
— the word is n't a good one, but it will serve until you 
give me a better — I should like to say that he has poet- 
ized work. You all know the story of the painter who 
was asked with what he mixed his colors, and he an- 
swered that he mixed them with brains. Well, I think 
Mr. Carnegie has mixed human labor with that highest 
gift of the gods, imagination. He has taken the glass 
of pure water — ^no, not pure, for it is stained with 
himian sweat and material dregs — ^and suffused it with 
the red glow of the poet's and the painter's wine from 
heaven. [Applause'] He has shown us as we have 
never quite been shown before the light there is behind 
the dull, dead dollar. Oh, I know there is many a Mae- 
cenas in our countries, but a Maecenas separates the 
powers which this man has combined. We foreign 
guests who have enjoyed this splendid hospitality, who 
have come here as witnesses of what one great man has 
achieved, — we foreign guests can carry away with us 
this lesson from Pittsburgh, that no work is a drudgery 
unless we make it so. The cloud we have seen hang 
over your city is gilded with the golden glow of en- 
nobled and ennobling wealth. The man who built the 
Carnegie Technical Schools and the Carnegie Hall of 
Music is teaching us the deepest meaning of that won- 
drously blended, divinely philosophic utterance, "Man 
shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of 
imagination, love and duty that proceeds from the soul 
of God." [Great applause] 




And now I have a little surprise for Mr. Carnegie. I 
will next introduce William Archer, the eminent 
English dramatic critic, who has kindly consented to 
read a Scotch poem of which he is the author, and 
which is eminently appropriate to this occasion. 




Man Andra, wi' the guid Scots face ; 

Man Andra, wi' the auld Scots name, 
We Scots, to this f ar-sinder'd place, 

Bring ye kind greeting's ower the f aim. 

Auld Scotland lo'es ye fine, ye ken, 
Her wanderin' son, yet leal an' true ; 

On her lang roll o' guid, great men, 
Tho' latest, no the least are you. 

It isna for yer siller, man. 

It isna for yer guids an' gear, 
Nor yet for yer aye open han', 

Yer native country hands ye dear. 

Siller, nae doot, 's a bonny thing. 

An' gifts — sic gifts as yours — are braw ; 

But greater than the gifts ye bring 
Is the great heart ahint them a*. 



Ithers smelt ore to steel, an' steel 

To gowd — tho' ye were grand at baith ; 

But Scotland kens that ye 're the chiel 
For smeltin' gowd to love an' faith : 

Love for yer neebor, near or far; 

Faith in the future, great an' free ; 
Hatred for nocht, save bluid-red war, 

An' ignorance, an' cruelty. 

A king o' steel they ca' ye, man ! 

In palaces kings cower an' hide. 
Your palaces, f rae Ian' to Ian', 

To a' folk throw their portals wide. 

Here, on Monongahela's shore, 

A kingly palace ye ' ve decreed. 
We bring it brither-blessing's o'er 

Frae Forth an' Clyde, f rae Tay an' Tweed ; 

But chiefly frae Dumf arlane toon, 
Yer mither-toon that lo'es ye weel, 

We hail this latest, greatest boon 
To Pittsburgh frae her king o' steel. 

An' here to you, great man, guid freen', 
We drink a health, wi' three times three. 

Lang life to you, to wife an' wean, 
An' blessin's frae humanity. 




And now I want to return the thanks of the trustees to 
our guests who have done so much to make a success 
of these functions. Your cordial cooperation, and 
your good-natured acceptance of things as they have 
happened, has been greatly appreciated by the trus- 
tees, and with this I will say to you good night. 

Mr. Carnegie then extended his hands on either side 
of him catching hands with his neighbors, and com- 
menced to sing: "Should auld acquaintance be forgot." 
The banqueters joined heartily in the song, and thus 
brought the evening's entertainment with great good 
fellowship to an enthusiastic conclusion. 






ATURDAY morning was the day set apart on 
the official program for the ceremony of 
conferring honorary degrees upon the 
European guests under the auspices of the 
Western University of Pennsylvania, an 
institution venerable in this country by reason of its 
charter which, issued in 1787, makes it, with one excep- 
tion, the oldest institution of learning on the continent 
west of the Appalachian ranges. 

As soon as the doors were opened a large throng of 
interested people began to fill the Hall of Music. The 
students from the University, who had for some mo- 
ments been making the foyer and corridors ring with 
their college cheers, marched to the second balcony, and 
took the seats assigned to them, where their presence 
was quickly indicated to the audience by their rhyth- 
mical applause, punctuated once or twice by the college 
yell, their by-play being much enjoyed by those who 
were seated in other parts of the house. 



The trustees of the Western University of Pennsyl- 
vania led by their president, Mr. Alexander Dempster, 
and the Trustees of the Carnegie Institute, the faculties 
of the University and of the Carnegie Technical 
Schools, together with representatives of other institu- 
tions of learning and the invited American guests, took 
their places upon the platform, and were quickly fol- 
lowed by the distinguished foreign guests, the brilliant 
colors of the academic costumes, as on previous days, 
presenting a most attractive spectacle. 

Just before the moment of assembling on the plat- 
form, the trustees had learned of the intention of one 
of the Grerman representatives to present to the Car- 
negie Institute on behalf of his Majesty, the German 
Emperor, a collection of gifts comprising books, photo- 
graphs, and other important objects; at the same time 
Mr. Carnegie had indicated his desire to present to the 
people of Germany and of France replicas of the great 
Diplodocus, similar to that which had been given to the 
British Museum for the people of England. This 
pleasing episode caused a slight postponement in the 
regular order of the program. When all had been 
seated and the strains of the organ had died away, Mr. 
S. H. Church advanced and said : 

'In the unavoidable absence of our president, Mr. 
Frew, and of our vice-president, Mr. Pitcaim, my asso- 
ciates have asked me to preside for a few moments in 
connection with an incident which has not been set 
down on the program which is in your hands. Our great 
celebration will come to a close this morning. I am 



sure it has been successful. The splendid building 
which has grown up here in these past years has now 
been opened to the world, and all its manifold trea- 
sures belong to the people. It has been an occasion of 
great joy — of very great distinction. The accomp- 
plished men, the charming women, who have come 
here from other lands to meet under our roof with 
those who have won distinction in our own country, 
have given this celebration a renown which can never 
perish. [Applause'] They have all bound themselves 
to Pittsburgh by permanent ties of esteem. I am sure 
they will never forget us, and I know well that we can 
never forget them. You have all seen those wonderful 
mural paintings by John W. Alexander in the next hall 
— ^paintings that teem with all the energy and sweat 
and welter of labor, as we know it in the workshops of 
Pittsburgh, and out of all that riot of toil you see rising 
on the higher panels creations which represent the pur- 
pose and fruition of labor — Pittsburgh in its intellec- 
tual splendor, with figures coming from all directions 
— they must be angels, because they are women — 
.[Laughter and applause] bringing rich gifts to Pitts- 
burgh. This painting is really emblematic of our dedi- 
cation. Men and women have come from all over the 
world, every one of them bringing a rich gift, for the 
richest gift of all is their personal attendance. [Ap- 
plause] But other gifts have come to the Institute. 
Mr. Paul Doumer, distinguished in the statesmanship 
of France, has sent books to the Library. [Applause] 
Our English friends have left similar memorials of 



their good-will. \_Applause'] And now, that good 
friend of America, his Majesty, the German Emperor, 
[Applause'] directs his Minister of State, Mr. von 
Moeller, to convey a gift from his Majesty. I have the 
honor, therefore, to present to you his Excellency Mr. 
von Mceller." 

Mr. von Moeller said : 

''Mr. Churchy and Ladies and Gentlemen: I am 
directed by his Majesty, the Emperor, to deliver to the 
trustees of the Carnegie Institute various books con- 
taining official publications issued by the German gov- 
ernment, photographs of important buildings and 
statues, and other objects named in the following list, 
which I beg you to accept with the compliments of his 
Majesty, the Emperor." 

The list of the gifts presented through Mr. von 
Moeller is published as Appendix A. 

Mr. Church: "Your Excellency, on behalf of the 
Board of Trustees of the Carnegie Institute, I grate- 
fully accept the generous and rich gifts which you have 
just presented from his Majesty, the German Emperor, 
and I beg you to assure your august master that this 
token of his Majesty's kind forethought and courtesy 
will ever be preserved as one of the treasures of the 

Turning to the audience, Mr. Church continued : 
"Mr. Carnegie, who left Pittsburgh this morning for 
New York, has already been apprised of these gifts, 



which have come to us from Germany and from France, 
and he is very desirous to make a reciprocal little gift 
— little in one way, but very, very big in another, as 
you will now learn from Dr. W. J. Holland, who will 
make the presentation in Mr. Carnegie's name.'* 

Dr. W. J. Holland, the Director of the Museum, 
arose, and, addressing his Excellency Mr. Theodor von 
Moeller, Minister of State of Germany, and the repre- 
sentatives from France, at the head of whom stood 
Monsieur Paul Doumer, said : 

"Your Excellency, I am requested by Mr. Andrew 
Carnegie, as his personal representative, and for him- 
self individually, to tender through you and your asso- 
ciates as a gift from himself, a replica of the skeleton 
of the colossal Diplodocus which was discovered in the 
mountains of Wyoming a number of years ago, the re- 
plica being similar to the one which he had the pleasure 
of presenting to the British Museum in the spring of 
the year 1905, at the instance of his Majesty, King 
Edward VII, of England. I am commissioned to say 
that this offer, which Mr. Carnegie makes, is a slight 
token of his appreciation of the interest which your 
august master, the German Emperor, has shown upon 
the present occasion, and his great kindne s in permit- 
ting so many of the distinguished men of the empire 
over which he rules with such signal wisdom, to par- 
ticipate with us in the pleasures of these dedicatory ex- 

Then, turning to the French delegates. Dr. Holland 



"And likewise to you, Monsieur Doumer, and to 
your associates, I am authorized by Mr. Carnegie to 
make the tender of a like gift to the President of the 
Republic of France, to be installed as may seem best to 
the authorities of the republic, in whatever museum 
may be designated^ — possibly the Musee d'Histoire Na- 
turelle in the Jardin des Plantes. But all details in 
reference to the form of installation of the gift tendered 
to you, the distinguished representatives of Germany 
and France, will be left to future correspondence with 
myself as the Director of the Carnegie Museum. 

"To you, gentlemen of the Republic of France, Mr. 
Carnegie desires me to express, as I have already done 
to the gentlemen who represent in our midst German 
culture and achievement, his sincere appreciation of 
your kindness in honoring us by your presence ; and you 
will accept his proffered gift as a slight token of the 
gratitude which he sincerely cherishes on the present 

M. Paul Doumer expressed the grateful thanks of 
the French government and people for the most inter- 
esting gift which Mr. Carnegie had presented. 

Mr. Church then said: "The telegraph acts very 
quickly. The keen interest which his Majesty, the 
German Emperor, has taken in our celebration is shown 
by the fact that a cablegram has this instant been re- 
ceived by his Majesty's representative. General von 
Loewenfeld, and as Mr. Carnegie told me last night 
that I might have full control of his correspondence to- 
day, I give General von Loewenfeld permission from 




Mr. Carnegie to communicate this despatch to you, in 
case he thinks proper to do so." 

There was great applause at this remark, indicating 
the very lively interest with which the audience was 
following the incident. General von Loewenf eld then 
stepped forward and read the following telegram : 

Berlin, 13 April, 07 

Carnegie Institute, for General Loewenfeld, 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Sprechen Sie Mr. Carnegie f lir seine Darbietung die ich 
gerne annehmen will und fiir die mir durch das Ge- 
schenk erwiesene Aufmerksamkeit meinen warmsten 
Dank aus. 



Berlin, April 13, 1907 

Carnegie Institute, for General Loewenfeld, 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Please express to Mr. Carnegie my warmest thanks 

for his offer, which I am happy to accept, and also for 

the attention to me shown by his gift. 


Mr. Church : "It is with very full hearts that we, of 
this Board of Trustees, the whole thirty-six of whom 
have worked so hard — or at least thirty-five have — 
[Laughter] to arrange this important celebration, find 



that our labors are drawing rapidly to an end. It makes 
one wish for that situation which is described in Tenny- 
son's 'Lotus-Eaters/ 

In the af teraoon they came unto a land 
In which it seemed always afternoon. 

"Would that it might always be afternoon here — 
that you in front of us, and these famous men on the 
platform, and these charming women in the boxes who 
have crossed the seas with them, might linger on here 
in a perpetual afternoon ! But the program — ^we must 
no longer invade the fixed order of that! I therefore 
hand over the control of this platform to Chancellor 
Samuel Black McCormick, of the Western University 
of Pennsylvania." To Dr. McCormick: "Dr. Mc- 
Cormick, will you now take charge of it?" \_Great ap- 

Dr. McCormick: 'It is a distinguished privilege 
which is mine to-day, to have a part, as the head of our 
University, in welcoming you, the guests from abroad, 
as well as from at home, to the exercises of this hour. 
The cegion where we meet to-day is historic ground. It 
was once the battle-field whereon nations contended to- 
gether for world-supremacy. It was the French people 
who first brought to the place where we now are the 
light of civilization. The sway of the French yielded 
to that of Great Britain, and this, in the course of time, 
passed over into the hands of a new nation, a composite 
people in whose veins flows the rich blood of Grermany, 
of France, of Holland, and of Great Britain, producing 



in the free, pure air of this broad land a race hardy and 
vigorous, worthy to be heirs of what was best and finest 
in the splendid and glorious peoples from whom we 
have sprung. 

"In 1787, the year of the constitutional convention 
out of which was bom the fundamental law of our na- 
tion, the Western University of Pennsylvania was 
brought into existence by the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania. From that time on, now 120 years, it has 
done its work modestly, quietly, thoroughly. It has 
sent into the professional and business world over 25CX} 
men, of whom many achieved national and some world- 
wide eminence. From time to time it has conferred 
upon distinguished men honorary degrees — one of the 
earliest upon that man, Pittsburgh's great and illus- 
trious son, whose splendid munificence has created the 
institution, the dedication of whose building has gath- 
ered from the four quarters of the world the notable 
men in whose honor we hold the exercises of this hour. 

"It is fitting that Pittsburgh's University should 
honor itself, and honor this great institution whose 
guests we all are proud to be to-day, and honor these 
distinguished men who have come across the sea to 
grace these exercises of dedication by their illustrious 
presence, by conferring upon them degrees of high char- 
acter, in testimony of our appreciation of their merits 
and attainments. 

"Nothing we can do here to-day, no honor we can 
confer, can add to the glory of their achievements, or to 
the splendid luster of their fame throughout the world; 



but we can show that here, in this city, where indus- 
trialism has achieved its most marvelous triumphs, and 
has reared for the future its most enduring monu- 
ments, marking Pittsburgh as the greatest center of ap- 
plied science, in its every form, in all the world, there is 
also high appreciation of learning, of scientific attain- 
ment, and of personal merit. It is fitting that, here, in 
this place, the University which stands for education 
and cultuf e, which stands for intellectual and spiritual 
values, which, in the very midst of the most stupendous 
aggregation of material riches the world has ever 
known, proclaims its conviction that, after all, culture 
and character are things of more enduring and im- 
perishable worth, should confer these insignia upon 
those distinguished sons of the great nations beyond 
the seas. 

"The University especially values this privilege at 
this time, as it stands on the eve of its own new and 
splendid development, all its departments soon, we 
hope, to be gathered upon one campus ; as it looks for- 
ward into the not distant future when new buildings 
will begin to rear themselves in splendid form, to be- 
come the beautiful material manifestation of the spir- 
itual entity which is the real University; as it stands in 
its 120th year, with its seven great departments. Col- 
lege, Engineering, Observatory, Medicine, Law, Den- 
tistry and Pharmacy, with its 150 instructors, its 965 
students, its seven buildings, its $i,250,CX)0 of property 
and endowment, and expects these in time to be in- 
creased and multiplied — as the Western University, 



proud of its history in the past, and splendidly confi- 
dent of a still more glorious future, stands here to-day, 
she deems it a peculiar privilege to join the Carnegie 
Institute in honoring the great men from other lands 
present with us to-day. 

"It is equally appropriate that Dr. William J. Hol- 
land, formerly the honored Chancellor of this Uni- 
versity, now Director of this Museum, whose scientific 
attainments have carried his name to the far parts of 
the earth, and who enjoys the personal acquaintance 
of several of the men who are to be honored to-day, 
should present them at this time. This he will now 
proceed to do." 

Dr. Holland, on behalf of the faculty and trustees, 
introduced the candidates, and as they arose, one by 
one. Chancellor McCormick in time-honored Latin 
phrase conferred upon them their degrees and they 
were forthwith invested by the waiting attendants with 
the academic hoods emblemizing their academic rank. 
The brief introductions made by Dr. Holland were as 
follows : 

Mr. Chancellor : 

On behalf of the Faculty and Trustees of the Uni- 
versity I have the honor of presenting for the degree of 
Doctor of Laws Sir Robert Stawell Ball, Fellow of 
the Royal Society, Lowndean Professor of Astronomy 
and Geometry at Cambridge, Director of the Cam- 
bridge Observatory, whose exact work in astronomy 
has been of the highest order, who has the great gift of 



popularizing the knowledge of his favorite science, and 
who has also distinguished himself in other fields of re- 
search, having been at one time President of the Royal 
Zoological Society of Ireland. In honoring him the 
University honors itself. [Applause'l 

Mr. Chancellor : 

On behalf of the Faculty and Trustees of the Uni- 
versity I present for the degree of Doctor of Laws 
Monsieur Paul Doumer, one of the most famous of 
living Frenchmen, who, in his youth, by his own un- 
aided efforts, attained learning and distinction, rapidly 
rose to leadership in political circles, has twice served 
as President of the Chamber of Deputies, gained dis- 
tinction as Governor-General of French Indo-China by 
his remarkably successful administration of the affairs 
of that vast colony covering a period of six years, a suc- 
cessful author, and one of the most influential leaders 
of political thought in France. [Applause] 

Mr. Chancellor : 

On behalf of the Faculty and Trustees of the Uni- 
versity I desire to present for the degree of Doctor of 
Laws Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d'Estour- 
NELLES, Baron de Constant de Rebecque, once a 
member of the French Chamber, now Senator for 
Sarthe, a most distinguished publicist, and one of the 
most eloquent and potent advocates of universal peace, 
permanent member of The Hague Tribunal of Arbi- 
tration, a man who has distinguished himself as a 



diplomat and as an author. In his absence the degree 
will be received for him by his friend Monsieur Paul 
Doumer. [^Applause'\ 

Mr. Chancellor: 

It gives me real pleasure to present for the degree of 
Doctor of Laws Sir Robert Cranston, Knight Com- 
mander of the Victorian Order, ex-Lord Provost of the 
City of Edinburgh, a man who, in early life, achieved 
distinguished success in mercantile pursuits; who, 
during his tenure of office as the chief executive of the 
capital city of Scotland, introduced many valuable 
administrative reforms; and whose distinguished ser- 
vices to his country in connection with the war in 
Egypt against the Mahdi, and during the recent war 
in South Africa, proved him to be a genuine Scotch 
patriot. [Applause'] 

Mr. Chancellor : 

I have the honor of presenting for the degree of 
Doctor of Laws Sir Edward Elgar, Knight, Doctor 
of Music of the Universities of Cambridge, Oxford, 
and Yale, Professor of Music in the University of Bir- 
mingham, a man from whose brain, attuned to sweet 
harmonies, have emanated some of the very choicest 
compositions which have delighted the ears of men io 
recent years, a prince among musical composers. 

Mr. Chancellor : 

On behalf of the Faculty and Trustees of the Uni- 
versity I have the honor of presenting for the degree 



of Doctor of Laws Heir Ernst von Ihne, Chief 
Architect of the German Emperor, the architect of the 
Kaiser Friedrich Museum, of the castle built by her 
late Majesty the Empress Frederick, of the country 
seat Hemmelmarck belonging to Prince Henry, and 
of the State Library now in process of construction, 
beside a multitude of other noble buildings ; one of the 
most distinguished of living European architects. 

Mr. Chancellor : 

On behalf of the Faculty and Trustees of the Uni- 
versity I have the honor of presenting for the degree of 
Doctor of Laws, Doctor Rein hold Koser, Doctor of 
Philosophy, Privy Councilor, Director-in-Chief of the 
Prussian State Archives, member of the Royal Acad- 
emy of Sciences of Berlin, author of a biography of 
Frederick the Great, editor of the "Politische Corres- 
pondenz Friedrichs des Grossen," in thirty-one vol- 
umes. President of the Central Direction of "Monu- 
menta Germanica Historica"; one of the most distin- 
guished historians of modem Germany. 

Mr. Chancellor : 

I have the honor of presenting for the degree of Doc- 
tor of Laws his Excellency Lieutenant-General Al- 
fred F. J. L. VON Loewenfeld, Adjutant-General of 
his Majesty the German Emperor, who has held many 
most distinguished military positions, and stands in 
close personal and confidential relations to his 



Mr. Chancellor : 

I have the honor of presenting for the degree of Doc- 
tor of Laws Dn Peter Chalmers Mitchell, Doctor 
of Science of the University of Oxford, Fellow of the 
Royal Society, the Secretary of the Zoological Society 
of London, whose researches in avian and mammalian 
anatomy have won him distinction, under whose ad- 
ministration the famous Zoological Society of London, 
one of the greatest institutions of its kind in the world, 
the past record of which has been glorious, promises to 
achieve a record even more glorious. 

Mr. Chancellor : 

On behalf of the Faculty and Trustees of the Uni- 
versity I have the honor of presenting for the degree of 
Doctor of Laws his Excellency Theodor von Mcel- 
LER, of Berlin, Minister of State, who has highly dis- 
tinguished himself in political life, and especially by 
his generous efforts to secure the amelioration of the 
social condition of the working-classes in the German 
empire; one of the most famous of living German 

Mr. Chancellor : 

I have the honor of presenting for the degree of Doc- 
tor of Laws Sir William Henry Preece, Knight 
Commander of the Order of the Bath, Fellow of the 
Royal Society, past-President of the Institution of 
Civil Engineers in England, formerly Engineer-in- 
Chief to the General Postoffice, and Consulting En- 



gineer to the Colonies, who is sometimes styled by 
Pittsburghers "the Westinghouse of England"; a m^ 
whose name is known the wide world over for his dis- 
tinguished ability in applying a knowledge of the laws 
of nature to the advancement of human welfare. 

Mr, Chancellor : 

I have the honor of presenting for the degree of Doc- 
tor of Laws Professor John Rh^s, Doctor of Letters of 
the University of Oxford, Principal of Jesus College, 
Oxford, a distinguished Celt, who has made his race 
glorious by developing our knowledge concerning their 
place in the history of the world. 

Mr. Chancellor : 

I have the honor of presenting for the degree of Doc- 
tor of Laws the Reverend Ernest Stewart Roberts, 
Master of Arts, Master of Gonville and Caius College, 
Cambridge, Vice-Chancellor of his University, who, in 
addition to having achieved a most distinguished re- 
putation as a scholar in one of the most difficult depart- 
ments of Greek research, has also become an authority 
of international repute in all matters touching the ad- 
ministration of the internal affairs of universities and 
kindred institutions. 

Mr. Chancellor : 

I have the honor of presenting for the degree of Doc- 
tor of Laws John Ross, Doctor of Laws of the Uni- 
versity of St. Andrews, member of the Senate of that 
University, who has devoted his life to the welfare of 



the city of Dunfermline, the birthplace of the generous 
founder of the Carnegie Institute in Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Chancellor : 

On behalf of the Faculty and Trustees of the Uni- 
versity I have the honor of presenting for the degree of 
Doctor of Laws Professor Fritz Schaper, Chancellor 
of the Order of Merit for Science and Art, member of 
the Royal Academy of Arts of Berlin, the author of 
many splendid works, among them portrait busts of 
many of the most famous men and women of Germany, 
the heroic figure of Victory, the figure of Christ in the 
new Cathedral at Berlin, and many other works of art 
by which he has greatly adorned the German capital. 

Mr. Chancellor : 

I have the honor, on behalf of the Faculty and Trus- 
tees of the University, to present the name of a gentle- 
man whose determination to visit Pittsburgh was 
formed too late for the authorities of the University to 
communicate with him, but whom they have authorized 
me to present to you for the degree of Doctor of Laws 
— Colonel GusTAv Dickhuth, Chief of the General 
Staff of the Seventeenth Corps d' Armee of the Prussian 
army, lecturer on military topics to the princes of the 
royal household, and to his Majesty the Emperor. 

Mr. Chancellor : 

I have the honor of presenting for the degree of Doc- 
tor of Letters, Mr. Charles Frederic Moberly Bell, 
one of the most distinguished authorities upon the his- 



tory of modem Egypt, the manager of "The 

of London, who represents in his person the majesty of 

the British press. 

Mr. Chancellor : 

On behalf of the Faculty and Trustees of the Uni- 
versity I have the honor of presenting for the degree of 
Doctor of Letters L^once Bi^NfeDiTE, the Conservateur 
of the Musee du Luxembourg, Paris, President of the 
Societe des Peintres Orientalistes Frangais, of the So- 
ciete des Peintres Graveurs Frangais, and of numerous 
other societies founded for the advancement of art. He 
has written many beautiful and important works upon 
modem art, and his later years have been consecrated 
to the cultivation and upbuilding of the interests of the 
great institution over which he presides, and thus of 
promoting esthetic culture among the French people. 

Mr. Chancellor: 

I have the honor of presenting for the degree of Doc- 
tor of Letters Mr. Joost Marius Willem van der 
PooRTEN-ScHWARTZ, kuown to couutlcss admiring 
readers by the easier title of "Maarten Maartens," 
Doctor of Laws of the universities of Utrecht and of 
Aberdeen, who is the sole representative here to-day of 
that brave little kingdom of Holland, whose descen- 
dants in the new world are renewing the world-wide 
fame of their ancestors across the seas. 

Mr. Chancellor: 

I have the honor of presenting for the degree of Doc- 
tor of Letters Mr. William Thomas Stead, whose 



name is known wherever the English language is 
spoken — and elsewhere — as a prince among journal- 
ists, who never has sullied his pen by advocating an 
unworthy cause, who comes to us to plead on behalf of 
the cause of universal peace. 

Mr. Chancellor: 

On behalf of the Faculty and Trustees of the Uni- 
versity I have the honor of presenting for the degree 
of Doctor of Science Herr Friedrich S. Archenhold, 
the Director of the Treptow Observatory, Berlin, who 
has, in addition to his labors in the field of exact 
science, rendered distinguished services by popular- 
izing a knowledge of astronomy among his country- 

Mr. Chancellor: 

On behalf of the Faculty and Trustees of the Uni- 
versity I have the honor of presenting for the degree of 
Doctor of Science Monsieur Camille Enlart, Direc- 
tor of the Trocadero Museum in Paris, whose know- 
ledge of the sciences of archeology and architecture is 
illustrated in numerous beautiful and important works 
which he has published, and whose professional labors 
in various schools in Paris and in the University of 
Geneva have kindled great enthusiasm in a large body 
of eager and delighted students. 






MADB APRIL 11, 1907 





Berichtc iibcr Handel und Industrie. 
Zusammengestellt im Reichsamt des Innem. Vols. IV-IX, 
1903-1906. 8vo, half calf. Berlin, Carl Heymann. 

Internationale Ausstellung in Mailand, 1906. Amt- 
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8vo, blue linen, pp. 192. Berlin, Georg Stilkc, 1906. 

Herausgegeben vom Kaiserlichen Statistischen Amt, Abteilung 
fur Arbeiterstatistik. JahrgJlnge I-IV, 1903-1906. 4to, 
half morocco. Berlin, Carl Heymann. 


Amtlichcr Bericht iibcr die WcltausstcUung in Saint 
Louis, 1904. 

Small folio, linen, pp. 577, profusely illustrated. Berlin, 
Reichsdruckerei, 1906. 

Geschaftsbericht des Reichs-Vcrsichenings-Amts fur 
die Jahre 1894-1905. 

4to, half morocco, bound as one volume. Reichsdruckerei, 
Berlin, 1894-1905. 

Versichenings-Statistik fur 1902-1903 iiber die unter 
Reichsauf sicht stehenden Untemehmungen. 

Herausgegeben vom Kaiserlichen Aufsichtsamte fur Privat- 
versicherung. 2 vols., 4to, half morocco. Berlin, J. Gutten- 
tag, 1905-6. 

Berichte, Denkschriften, und Verhandlungen des 
Fiinften Intemationalen Kongresses fiir Versiche- 
rungs-Wissenschaft zu Berlin vom lo. bis 15. Sep- 
tember, 1906. 

Herausgegeben im Auftrag des Deutschen Vereins fur Ver- 
sicherungs-Wisscnschaft von Alfred Manes, Dr. phil. et jur., 
Gcneralsekretar des Vereins, Greschaftsfuhrer des Kongresses. 
Vols. I— III, 8vo, half morocco. Berlin, Mittler u. Sohn, 1906. 

Guide to the Workmen's Insurance of the German 

Revised edition brought up to date for the Universal Exposi- 
tion at Saint Louis, 1904. Officially compiled by Dr. 2^cher, 
Imperial Privy Counsellor. 8vo, paper, pp. 32, 8 tables. Ber- 
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Die Gewinnbeteiligung der Versicherten bei den im 
Deutschen Reiche arbeitenden Lebensversicherungs- 



Don V. Interaationalen Kongress fur Vcrsichcrungs-Wisscn- 
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Die gebrauchlichsten Sterblichkcitstaf eln der im Deut- 
schen Reiche arbeitendcn Lebensversicherungsunter- 

Heft XI der "VeroflFentlichungen des Deutschen Vereins fur 
Versicherungs-Wissenschaft." 8vo, paper, pp. 112. Berlin, 
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Der Begriff der Erwerbsunfahigkeit auf dem Gebiete 
des Versicheningswesens. 

Im Auftrage des Reichs-Versicherungsamts fur den V. Inter- 
nationalen Kongress fur Versicherungs-Wissenschaft und den 
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Statistik der Arbeiterversicherung des Deutschen 
Reichs fur die Jahre 1885-1904. 

Im Auftrage des Reichs-Versicherungsamts fur die Intematio- 
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Das Gefahrentarifwesen der Unfallversicherung des 
Deutschen Reichs. Mit einem Anhang : Die Umlage- 
beitrage der wichtigeren Gewerbezweige fur das Jahr 

Im amtlichen Auftrage fur die Weltausstellung zu Paris bear- 



beitet von Konrad Hartmann, Kaiserlichcm Geheimem Regie- 
ningsrath und standig^n Mitgliede des Reichs^-Versicheruiigs^ 
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Die Bedeutung des Pramienreservef onds nach dem 
Deutschen Privatversicheningsgesetze. 

Von Dr. Broecker, Kaiserlichem Regieningsrat im Aufsichts- 
amt fur Privatvcrsichening, u.s,w. Paper, 8vo, pp. 20, n. d. 

Die Arbeiterversicherung des Deutschen Rcichs, 

Fur die Weltausstellnng in Saint Louis, 1904, dargestellt vom 
Reidis-Versicheningsamt, u.s.w. Katalog und Fuhrcr. Bear- 
beitct von Dr. jur. G. A. Klein. 8vo, paper, pp. 36, n. d. 

The Workmen's Insurance of the Grennan Empire. 
Catalogue and Guide. 

St. Louis Universal Exposition, 1904. (English translation 
of the foregoing.) 8vo, paper, pp. 36. (Two copies.) 

ie Deutsche Arbeiterversicherung als soziale Ein- 

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den VII. Intemationalen Arbciterversicherungs-Kongrcss in 
Wicn, 1905, bearbeitet von A. Biclefeldt, K. Hartmann, G. 
A. Klein, L. Lass, und F. Zahn. 8vo, paper, pp. 152. Berlin, 
A. Asher & Co., 1905. 

Deutsche Arbeiterversicherung als soziale Ein- 

Vom Reichs-Versicherungsamt fur den V. Intemationalen 
Kongress fiir Versicherungs-Wissenschaft, Berlin, Sept. 10- 
15, 1906, bearbeitet. 8vo, paper, pp. 37. Berlin, A. Asher & 
Co., 1906. (Extract from the foregoing.) 



Leitf aden zur Arbeiterversichening des Deutschen 

Neu zusammengestellt fur die Intemationalen Kongresse fur 
Vcrsichenmgswissenschaft imd Versicherungsmedizin in Ber- 
lin, 1906. Bearbeitet von Dr. Zacher, Prof. Dr. jur. L. Lass, 
und Dr. jur. G. A. Klein. 8vo, paper, pp. 47. Berlin, A. 
Asher&Co., 1906. 

The German Workmen's Insurance as a Social 

G)mpiled for the Universal Exposition at St. Louis, 1.904, by 
order of the Imperial Insurance Office. 

Part II. Statistics. By Dr. G. A. Klein. Paper, 8vo, pp. 
36. Berlin, Reichsdruckerei, 1904. 

Part III. Prevention of Accidents and Workmen's Hygiene. 
By Konrad Hartmann. 8vo, pp. 23. Berlin, 
Reichsdruckerei, 1904. 

Part IV. Workmen's Insurance and National Health. By 
A. Bielefeldt. Svo, pp. 28. Berlin, Reichsdruck- 
erei, 1904. 

Part V. Workmen's Insurance and National Economy. By 
Dr. Friedrich Zahn. 8vo, pp. 36. Berlin, Reichs- 
druckerei, 1904. 

Beitrage zur Statistik der Deutschen Lebens- und 
Fcuerversicherung im Jahrc 1901. 
Herausgegeben vom Kaiserlichen Auf sichtsamte fur Privatver- 
sicherung. Small folio, half morocco, pp. 69. Berlin, J. Gut- 
tentag, 1903. 

Geschaf tsbericht des Kaiserlichen Deutschen Auf- 
sichtsamts fiir Privatversichening, 1902-1905. 

Compiled from the '^er5ffentlichungen." Small 4to, half mo- 
rocco. Berlin, 1903-1906. 




Die Bucher der Chronika der drei Schwestem. By I. 
K. A. Musaeus. 

Illnstrirt von H. Lefler und J. Urban. Querfolio, linen, S5 
pp., edition de luxe. Gedruckt in der Reichsdruckerei. Berlin, 
J. A. Stargardt, 1900. 

Dnickschrif ten des fiinf zehnten bis achtzehnten Jahr- 
hunderts in getreuen Nachbildungen. 

Herausg^geben von der Direction der Reichsdruckerei. Large 
portfolio, full morocco, gilt, silk-lined, with the Imperial Arms 
on the covers. Berlin, 1884-1887. 

Monumenta Germanise et Italic Typographica. Deut- 
sche und Italienische Inkunabeln in getreuen Nach- 

Herausgegeben von der Direction der Reichsdruckerei. Aus- 
wahl und Text von K. Burger, Gustos des Buchgewerbe-Mu- 
seums zu Leipzig. Lieferungen 1—6. 200 plates in two port- 
folios full morocco, gilt, silk-lined, with the Imperial Arms on 
covers. Edition de luxe. Berlin, Reichsdruckerei, 1892— 

The Songs of Selim I, Sultan of Persia. 

Text in Persian. Folio, illuminated borders. Edition de luxe. 
One of a very small number of copies printed at the Reichs- 
druckerei in Berlin for presentation on the occasion of a visit 
of the Sultan Muzaffer-ed-din to Germany. 

Large portfolio, full morocco, gilt, satin-lined, with 
the Imperial Arms on covers. 



Containing 43 facsimile reproductions of copperplates, mezzo- 
tints, and wood-cuts of the old masters from the beginning of 
the 15th to the end of the 18th centuries, and six water-mark 
sheets with portraits of His and Her Imperial and Royal 
Majesties, His Royal Highness Prince Henry of Prussia, and 
of Presidents Washington, Jefferson, and Roosevelt. Reichs- 
druckerei. Edition de luxe. 

Lucas Cranach. Sammlung von Nachbildungen seiner 
vorziiglichsten Holzschnitte und seiner Stiche. 

Hergestellt in der Reichsdruckerei und herausgegeben von F. 
Lippmann, Direktor des Koniglichen Kupferstichkabinets in 
Berlin. Folio, boards, 64 plates. Berlin, 1895. 

ill from the royal prussian ministry of education 


A receptacle, four feet four inches long, three feet six 
inches wide, and twelve and one-half inches deep, 
bound in red morocco, in imitation of a colossal book, 
with brazen bosses on the sides and back, and in- 
scribed in large gilt letters : "Arbeiten aus dem Denk- 
maler-Archiv des Konigl. Preuss. Kultusministeri- 
ums zum 1 1, April, 1907." 

This contains mounted photographs on frames of the fol- 
lowing : 

1. Denkmal des Grossen Kurfursten zu Berlin. 

2. Dom in Limburg a. L. 

3. Erechtheion auf der Acropolis von Athen. 

4. Dom in Worms. 

5. Hagia Sophia zu Constantinopel. 

6. Burg-Eltz am Mosel. 



7. Munster in Freiburg. 

8. Dom in Bamberg. 

9. Liebfrauenkirche in Trier. 

10. Munster in Freiburg. (Interior View.) 

11. Dom in Halberstadt. 

12. Porta Nigra in Trier. 

Das Kastell in Bari. 

Herausgegeben vom Kdniglichen Preussisdien Historischen 
Institut in Rom. Bearbeitet von Arthur HaseloflF. Folio, 
linen, pp. 25, plates I-XIX. Berlin, A. Asher & Co., 1906. 

Adolph von Menzel. Abbildungen seiner Gemaldc 
und Studien. 

Auf Grand der von der Kgl. National-Galerie im Fruhjahr, 
1905, veranstalteten Ausstellung imter Mitwirkung von Dr. 
E. Schwedeler-Mayer und Dr. J. Kem herausgegeben von Dr. 
Hugo von Tschudi. Folio, half vellum, gilt, pp. 454, profusely 
illustrated. Munich, F. Bruckmann, A.-G., 1906. 

Die Deutsche Jahrhundert- Ausstellung, Berlin, 1906. 

Ausstellung Deutscher Kunst aus der Zeit von 1775—1875 in 
der Kdniglichen National-Galerie, Berlin, 1906. Herausge- 
geben vom Vorstand der Deutschen Jahrhundertausstellung. 
Auswahl der hervorragendsten Bilder mit einleitendem Text 
von Hugo von Tschudi. 2 vols., folio, cloth, gilt tops, pro- 
fusely illustrated. Munich, F. Bruckmann, A.-G., 1906. 

Collection Pisani, Palais Pisani, Place Manin, 

G>llection of photographs of important paintings bound sump- 
tuously as an oblong folio volume, green cloth, gilt. 






Denkschrif t liber den Entwurf eines Rhein-Elbe- 

Auf Grund der Vorarbeiten aufgestellt, Berlin, i. Januar, 
1 899, von Prusmann, Koniglichem Wasser-Bauinspektor. Heft 
I, Text; Heft II, Atlas; 4to, cloth. Berlin, B. Gisevius. 

Lichtbilder von der Koniglichen Versuchsanstalt fiir 
Wasserbau und Schiffbau zu Berlin. 

Aufgenommen von Egon Schumann, Koniglichem Wasserbau- 
inspektor. Als Handschrif t gedruckt. 29 plates in blue muslin 
portfolio. Berlin, 1904. 

Die Versuchsanstalt fur Wasserbau und Schiffahrt zu 

Vortrag gehalten in der Sitzung des grossen Ausschusses des 
"Central Vereins fiir Hebung der Deutschen Fluss- und Kanal- 
SchiflFahrt" vom 3. April, 1903, von Wasserbauinspektor Schu- 
mann. Sonderabdruck aus der "Zeitschrift fiir Binnen-Schif- 
fahrt," X. Jahrgang, Heft 8, 1903. Folio, pp. 13, folding 
plate. Berlin, 1903. 

Kommissionsbericht iiber die Wasserstrassen-Vorlage 
des Jahres 1904 mit Ausnahme des Grossschiffahrt- 
weges Berlin-Stettin. 

No. 594, Haus der Abgeordneten, 20. Legislaturperiode, I. Ses- 
sion, 1904-5. Berichtserstatter Abgeord. Dr. am 2^hnhoff. 
Small folio, blue muslin, pp. 351, maps and charts. Berlin, 
W. Moeler, 1904. 


Das Eisbrechwesen im Deutschen Reiche. 

Auf Veranlassung des Koniglichen Preussischen Herm Minis- 
ters der Oeffentlichcn Arbeiten, dargestellt von M. Gorz und 
M. Buchmeisten 4tO| green cloth, pp. 248^ 46 plates. Ber- 
lin, A Asher & Co., 1900. 

Memel-, Pregel- und Weichselstrom, ihre Stromgebiete 
und ihre wichtigsten Nebenfliisse. 

Eine hydrographische, wasserwirthschaftliche und wasser- 
rechtliche Darstellung. Auf Gnind des allerhochsten Erlasses 
vom 28. Februar, 1892, im Auftrage des Preussischen Wasser- 
Ausschusses, herausgegeben von H. Keller, Geheimer Baurath, 
Vorsteher des Bureaus des Ausschusses. 4 vols., small 4to, 
Text; 1 vol., large folio. Maps; cloth. Berlin, Dietrich 
r. 1899. 


Weser und Ems, ihre Stromgebiete und ihre wichtig- 
sten Nebenfliisse. 

Eine hydrographische, wasserwirthschaftliche und wasser- 
rechtliche Darstellung, u.s.w. Herausgegeben von H. Keller, 
Greheimer Baurath, u.s.w. 4 vols., small 4to. Text; 1 vol., 
sm. folio, Tabellen und Anlagen; 1 vol. large folio, maps; 
cloth. Berlin, Dietrich Reimer, 1901. 

Haf en zu Emden. 

Denkschrift uber den weiteren Ausbau des Eitiden Hafens. 
Sm. folio, text and maps; half morocco. Berlin, B. Gisevius, 

Die Neuen Wasserwirthschaf tlichen Gesetzc in 

Im Auftrage des Preussischen Herm Ministers der Oeffentli- 
chcn Arbeiten fur den X. Intemationalen Schiffahrt-Kongress 
in Mailand zusammengestellt von Dr. Ing. S3rmpher, Gehei- 
mer Oberbaurat. 8vo, half morocco, pp. 108. Berlin, Wil- 
liam Ernst u. Sohn, 1905. 



Ingenicurwerke in und bei Berlin. 

Festschrift zum 50-jahrigen Bestehen des Vereines Deutscher 
Ingenieure. Small 4to, cloth, pp. 535, numerous illustrations, 
maps, and plates. Berlin, Julius Sittenfeld, 1906. 

Binnenschiffahrt in Europa und Nordamerika, 

Im Auftrage des Herm Ministers der oflFentlichen Arbeiten 
nach amtlichen Berichten und VerofFentlichungen, bearbeitet 
von Eger, Regierungs- und Baurath. Small folio, half mo- 
rocco, gilt, pp. 142, maps. Berlin, Siemenroth u. Troschel, 

Arbeiten der Rheinstrom-Bauverwaltung, 1851- 

Denkschrift anlasslich des 50-jahrigen Bestehens der Rhein- 
strom-Bauverwaltung und Bericht fiber die Verwendimg der 
seit 1880 zur Regulinmg des Rheinstroms bewilligten ausser- 
ordentlichen Geldmittel, nach amtlichen Materialen bearbeitet 
von R. Jasmund, Regierungs- und Baurath. Folio, liaen, dec- 
orated cover, pp. 242. Leipziger Buchdruckerei, A.-G., vorm. 
Giistav Fritsche, 1900. 

Der Rhein von Strassburg bis zur HoUandischen 

Ein in technischer imd wirthschaftlicher Beziehung unter Be- 
nutzung amtlicher Quellen im Auftrage des Herm Ministers 
der Oeffentlichen Arbeiten bearbeitet im Frfihjahr 1902 von 
E. Beyerhaus, Wasserbau-Inspektor bei der Kgl. Rheinstrom- 
bauverwaltung in Coblenz. Folio, cloth, pp. 128. Profusely 
illustrated with maps and plates. Leipziger Buchdruckerei, 
A.-G., vorm. Gustav Fritsche, 1902. 

Der Bau des Dortmund-Ems-Canals. 

Bearbeitet im Auftrag des Herm Ministers der offentlichen 
Arbeiten. Vol. I, text, small folio, pp. 100, with 124 illustra- 



tions; Vol. II, Atlas, 31 plates, large folio; half moiocco, gilt. 
Imperial Anns on covers. Berlin, Wilhelm Ernst u. Sohn, 

Festschrift zur Eroffnung des Dortmund-Ems- 
Kanals, 1899. 

Folio, linen, pp. 59, numerous photogravures and maps. Ber- 
lin, Gisevius, n. d. 

Dcr Haf en von Dortmund. 

Denkschrift zur Feier der Hafeneinweihung am 11. August, 
1899. Fur die Stadt Dortmimd bearbeitet von Mathies, Re- 
gierungs- und Baurath. Folio, full yellow morocco, pp. 83, 
profusely illustrated with cuts, plates, and maps. Dortmund, 
Fr. Wilh. Ruhf us, n. d. 

Die wirthschaf tliche Bedeutung des Rhein-Elbe- 

Von Sympher, Regierungs^ und Baurath. Band I, Text, pp. 
154; Band II, Anlagen. Small folio, linen limp. Berlin, 
Siemenroth u. Troschel, 1899. 

Die Betriebseinrichtungen des Teltowkanals. 

Von Erich Block. Sonderabdruck aus der "Elektroteknischen 
Zeitschrift," Jahrgang 1906. Folio, half morocco, gilt top. 

Festschrift zur Einweihung des Teltow-Kanals durch 
seine Majestat den Kaiser und Konig Wilhelm 11. 

Im Auf trage des Kreises Teltow verf asst von Christian Have- 
stadt, Koniglichem Baurat, u.s.w. Folio, linen, pp. 104. Il- 
lustrated with cuts, plates, and maps. Berlin, Rohde, 1906. 

Bau und Betrieb der Dampfbagger der Preussischen 

Bearbeitet im Ministerium der offentlichen Arbeiten. 104 Ab- 



bildungen und 7 Tafeln. Small folio, half morocco, gilt top, 
pp. 104. Berlin, Stankiewicz, 1904. 

Statistische Nachweisungen iiber Ausgefiihrte Was- 
serbauten des Preussischen Staates. 

Bcarbeitet im Ministcrium der oflFentlichen Arbeiten von P. 
RoloflF, Regienmgs- und Baurat. Folio, half morocco, gilt 
top, pp. 136. Berlin, Wilhelm Ernst u. Sohn,' 1907. 

Deutsche Wasserstrassen und ihr Verkehr. 

Portfolio, half morocco, containing folding maps published by 
Sympher, and a pamphlet with explanations. Berlin, Julius 
Moser, 1902. 

Kaiser Wilhelm-Kanal. 

Large portfolio, half morocco, with Imperial Arms on side, 
containing 20 large photographs of the Canal, n. d. 


Large portfolio, half morocco, gilt with the Imperial Arms on 
the side, containing 20 photographs of dams (Talsperren) 
erected in different parts of Prussia. Edition de luxe. 

Herrenhaus und Abgeordnetenhaus in Berlin. 

Twenty-five photographs bound as one large folio volume, half 
morocco, gilt, with the Imperial Arms on the covers. Edition 
de luxe. 

Neubauten der Stadt 

Gesamtansichten und Einzelheiten nach den mit Massen ver- 
sehenen Originalzeichnungen der Fassaden und des Innenraums 
so wie Naturauf nahmen der Bemerkenswertesten Teile der seit 
dem Jahre 1897 in Berlin errichteten stadtischen Bauten. Mit 
beschreibendem Text von Stadtbaurat Ludwig Hoffmann. 
Vols. I-V, folio, cloth, 250 plates. Berlin, Bruno Hessling, 



Berlin und seine Bauten. 

Bearbeitet und hcrausgegeben vom Architektenvereinc zu Ber- 
lin iind der Vcreinigung Berliner Architekten. Mit 2150 Ab- 
bildungen im Text, 18 Lichtdrucktafeln, 1 Stichtafel, und 4 
Anlagen. Vols. I— II, half morocco, Wilhelm Ernst u. Sohn, 
Berlin, 1896. 

Large Portfolio. Bound in half morocco, gilt. 

Containing 19 photographs of the Dortmimd-Ems-Canal, the 
Teltow-Canal, and the Home for Seamen near Teltow. 

Large Portfolio. Bound in half morocco, gilt. 

G)ntaining 2 1 photographs of the Harbor of Memel, the Har- 
bor of Pillau, the new n\puth of the Vistula, Ice-breaking on 
the Vistula, the Harbor of Brahemunde, and the Cylindrical 
Watergate at Brahnau. 

Large Portfolio. Bound in half morocco, gilt. 

Containing 20 photographs of the Harbor of Emden, the Har- 
bor of Ruheort, the Harbor of Geestemiinde, the fire-ship 
"Fehraambelt," the Lighthouse at Helgoland, and the dredg- 
ing-ship of the Department of Construction of the River Elbe. 

Large stand of oak with swinging frames containing 
the following mounted photographs : 
Railroad bridge (Kaiser Wilhelm Brucke) near Mungsten. 
Railroad bridge crossing the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal near Le- 

Viaduct on the line from Remscheid to Solingen. 
Viaduct of the Elevated crossing the Potsdam Terminal in 

Railroad bridge crossing the Rhine near Worms. 
Dammtor-Depot at Hamburg. Train-shed. 
Viaduct of the Elevated over the Anhalt-Railroad in Berlin. 



The new Terminal at Frankfurt-am-Main. Middle section of 

the train-shed. 

Railroad bridge (Kaiser Brucke) crossing the Rhine near 

Mainz on the line from Mainz to Wiesbaden. 

Passenger bridge over the classification-yard near Strassburg 


The new Terminal at Altona. Train-shed. 

Railroad bridge crossing the Rhine near Q>blenz-Horchheim. 

The Bellerman Street Bridge crossing the Suburban Station 

Gesundbrunnen in Berlin. 

Die Strassen-Briicken der Stadt Berlin. 

Herausgegeben vom Magistrat. 2 vols., folio, linen, profusely 
illustrated. Berlin, Julius Springer, 1902. 



Bucher-Vcrzeichniss des Vereins fiir die Bergbaulichen 
Interessen im Oberbergamtsbczirk Dortmund zu 

Dritte Ausgabe, Dec. 31, 1904. 4to, buckram. Berlin, H. S. 
Hermann, 1905. 

Die Entwickelung des Niederrheinisch-Westfalischen 
Steinkohlen-Bergbaues in der zweiten Halfte des 
igten Jahrhunderts. 

Herausgegeben vom Verein fur die bergbaulichen Interessen im 
Oberbergamtsbczirk Dortmund in Gemeinschaf t mit der West- 
falischen Berggewerkschaf ts-Kasse und dem Rheinisch-Westfa- 
lischen Kohlensjmdikat. Vols. I -XII. Royal 8vo, linen, 
many maps and plates. Berlin, Julius Springer, 1903—4. 



Jahres-Berichte der Koniglich Preussischen Gcwerbc- 

Jahrgang 1896—1905. 10 vols., 8vo, crushed Levant, full 
gilt, tooled. Edition de luxe. Berlin, W. T. Bruer, 1897— 

Bcricht uber den 9. allgemeinen Deutschen Bcrg- 
mannstag zu St. Johann-Saarbriicken vom 7. bis 10. 
September, 1904. 

Mit 58 Text-Figuren und 10 lithographischen Tafcln. Royal 
8vo, linen, pp. 180. Berlin, Julius Springer, 1905. 

Erster Verwaltungsbericht des Koniglichen Preussi- 
schen Landesgewerbeamts, 1905. 

8vo, full vellum, gilt, tooled edges. Special edition de luxe. 
Berlin, Carl Heymann, 1906. 

vi from the imperial department of war 


Militarische Schrif ten weiland Kaiser Wilhelms des 
Grossen Majestat. 

Auf Befehl Seiner Majestat des Kaisers und Konigs herausge- 
geben vom Koniglich Preussischen Kriegsministerium, Vols. I— 
II. Folio, half morocco, gilt, tooled. Edition de luxe, with 
Imperial Arms on cover. Berlin, Mittler u. Sohn, 1897. 

Die Mobilmachung von 1870-71. 

Mit allerhochster Genehmigung Seiner Majestat des Kaisers 
imd Konigs bearbeitet im Koniglichen Kriegsministerium von 
Gustav Lehmann, wirklichem geheimem Kriegs-Rat imd vor- 
tragendem Rat im Kriegsministerium. Folio, half morocco, 
gilt, pp. 366, plates. Berlin, Mittler u. Sohn, 1904. 



Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung, und Ausriis- 
tung dcs Kaniglich Preussischen Heeres. 

Auf allerhdchsten Befehl Seiner Majestat des Kaisers und Kd- 
nigs herausgegeben von dem Koniglichen Kriegsministerium. 
Erster Teil: Die Infanterie-Regimenter im Jahre 1806; Zwei- 
ter Teil : Die Kurassier- und Dragoner Regimenter seit Anf ang 
des 18. Jahrhunderts bis zur Reorganisation der Armee 1808. 
Bearbeitet von C. Kling. Full morocco, gilt, tooled. Exiition 
de luxe, with Imperial Arms on cover. Weimar, Putze & Hol- 
zer, 1902-6. 

Geschichte der Koniglich Preussischen Fahnen und 
Standarten seit dem Jahre 1807. 

Bearbeitet vom Koniglichen Kriegsministerium. 2 vols. Folio, 
half morocco, gilt. Edition de luxe. Berlin, Mittler u. Sohn, 

Karte des Deutschen Reiches, 1 : looooo. 

Vols. I— II. Two receptacles elegantly bound in full morocco, 
gilt, with the Imperial Arms on the covers, containing 674 
maps of the German Empire as loose sheets. 

Topographische Uebersichtskarte des Deutschen 
Reiches, 1 : 2000CX). 

Receptacle elegantly bound in full morocco, gilt, with the Im- 
perial Arms on the covers, containing 194 topographic maps of 
the German Empire as loose sheets. 

Karte von Ost-China, 1 : lOOCXXX). 

Herausgegeben von der Kgl. Preussischen Landesaufnahme. 
Large portfolio, full morocco, gilt, with the Imperial Arms on 
the covers, containing twelve large maps mounted on muslin. 



vii from the imperial navy department 



Jahrgange XV- XVII, 6 Tcilc, 8vo, blue cloth, gilt tops. Ber- 
lin, Mittler u. Sohn, 1904—1906. 

Deutsches Seemannisches Worterbuch. 

Im Auf trage des Staatssekretars des Reichs-Marine-Amts her- 
ausgegeben von A. Stenzel, Kapitan zur See a. D. Mit 2 
bunten und 7 schwarzen Tafeln, sowie 6 Tafeln und 33 Ab- 
bildungen im Text. Royal 8vo, blue cloth, gilt top. Berlin, 
Mittler u. Sohn, 1904. 

Die Forschungen S.M.S. "Gazelle" in den Jahren 1874 
bis 1876 untcr Kommando des Kapitan zur Sec Frei- 
herm von Schleinitz. 

Herausgegeben von dem Hydrographischen Amt des Reichs- 
Marine-Amts. Vols. I-V, 4to, blue cloth, gilt, many maps, 
charts, and plates. Berlin, Mittler u. Sohn, 1889—1900. 

ie Entwickelung der Dcutschcn See-In tercsscn im 
letztcn Jahrzehnt. 

Zusammengcstellt im Reichs-Marine-Amt. 4to, blue cloth, 
gilt top. Berlin, Reichsdruckerei, 1905. 

Annalen der Hydrographie und Maritimcn Metcoro- 

Vols. XXXII-XXXrV, 1904-1906. Small 4to, half mo- 
rocco. Berlin, Mittler u. Sohn, 1904—1906. 

Nauticus : Jahrbuch f iir Deutschlands Sceintercssen. 

Unter theilweiser Benutzung amtlichen Materials herausge- 


gcbcn. Vols. VI-VIII, 8vo, blue cloth, gilL Berlin, Mittlcr 
u. Sohn, 1904-1906. 

Lehrbuch der Navigation. 

Herausgegeben vom Reichs-Marine-Amt. Zweite umgearbei- 
tete Auflage. Band I. Terrestrische Navigation ; Band II. As- 
tronomische Navigation. 2 vols., 8vo, blue cloth, gilt. Ber- 
lin, Mittler u. Sohn, 1906. 


Segelhandbuch f iir den Atlantischen Ozean. 

Zweite Auflage. Herausgegeben von der Direktion der Dcut- 
schen Seewarte. Mit 61 Tcxt-Figuren und 4 Steindracktafeln. 
Royal 8vo, pp. 598. Hamburg, L. Friedrichsen & Q>., 1899. 

Atlantisdier Ozean. Ein Atlas von 36 Kartcn. 

Zweite Auflage. Large folio. Hamburg, L. Friedrichsen & 
Co., 1902. 

Segelhandbuch f iir den Stillcn Ozean. 

Erste Auflage. Herausgegeben von der Direktion der Deut- 
schen Seewarte. Mit 32 Text-Figuren und 9 Steindracktafeln. 
Royal 8vo, pp. 916. Hamburg, L. Friedrichsen & G)., 1897. 

Stiller Ozean. Ein Atlas von 31 Karten. 

Oblong folio. Hamburg, L. Friedrichsen & Co., 1896. 

Segelhandbuch fur den Indischen Ozean. 

Herausgegeben von der Direktion der Deutschen Seewarte. 
Mit 41 Text-Figuren und 9 Steindracktafeln. Royal 8vo, pp. 
812. Hamburg, L. Friedrichsen & Co., 1892. 


Indischer Ozean. Ein Atlas von 35 Karten. 

Oblong folio. Hamburg, L. Friedrichsen & Co., 1891. 

Aus dem Archiv der Deutschen Secwarte. 

Jahrgang 27-29. 3 vols., 4to, half morocco. Hamburg, 

Tagliche Synoptischc Wetterkartcn fiir den Nordat- 
lantischen Ozcan und die anliegenden Teile dcr 

Herausgegeben von dem Danischen Meteorologischen Institut 
imd der Deutschen Seewarte. XIX. Jahrgang. Folio, half 
morocco. G>penhagen & Hamburg, 1905. 



Containing photographs of Schloss Friedrichshof , the country- 
seat of Her Majesty the Empress Frederick. Built by Emst 
von Ihne, 1889-1893. 


Containing photographs of Haus Sonneck, the seat of Herr 
Henry T. von Boettinger of Elberfeld. Built by Emst von 
Ihne, 1892-1894. 

Six photographs 

Of the interior of the Royal Stables in Berlin. Built by Emst 
von Ihne. Finished in 1903. 




Ulndo-Chine f rangaise. 

Ouvrage couronne par I'Academie f rangaise et la Society de 
Geographie. Second Exlition. 4to, linen, pp. 424, many illus- 
trations. Paris, Vuibert & Nony. n. d. 

Livre de mes fils. 

8vo, cloth, pp. 344. Paris, Vuibert & Nony, 1906. 


Das Wcltall. 

Illustrierte Zeitschrif t fur Astronomic und verwandte Gebiete. 
Herausgegeben von F. S. Archenhold, Direktor der Treptow 
Stemwarte. Jahrgang I— VI, 1900- 1906. Small folio, cloth, 
illustrated. Berlin, Schwetschke u. Sohn. 




Pittsburgh, Penn., May 15, 1907 

To His Majesty William II 

German Emperor, King of Prussia 

Tour Majesty: 

On behalf of the Board of Trustees of the Carnegie 
Institute, we desire to express a deep sense of apprecia- 
tion of Your Majesty's kindness in arranging for the 
attendance, on the occasion of the recent dedication of 
the Carnegie Institute at Pittsburgh, of certain of the 
most distinguished citizens of Germany, whose pres- 
ence added to the charm, while their eloquent felicita- 
tions enhanced the interest, of the occasion. 

We also desire to express our grateful thanks for the 
noble gift of important publications issued by the Ger- 
man Grovemmcnt, which will forever remain in the 
Carnegie Library as a treasured token of Your Maj- 
esty's good will. 

These gracious and generous attentions toward the 


Camegic Institute and the people of Pittsburgh can not 
fail to strengthen the bonds of friendship which have 
always existed unimpaired between our country and 
the German Empire. 

Praying that Your Majesty may long be spared in 
health and strength to lead a prosperous and happy 
people, and assuring Your Majesty of our abiding es- 
teem, we have the honor to subscribe ourselves, on be- 
half of the Trustees of the Carnegie Institute, 

With profound respect, 

W. N. Frew 


S. H. Church 





"The trustees of the Carnegie Art Galleries have put themselves 
at the head of the art movement not only in America, but also in 
Europe. An exhibition so choice, varied, and at the same time 
summarizing so completely the art tendencies of to-day is with* 
out parallel anywhere." — Charles H. Cafpim, in Heirper*s 
Weekly^ November, 1899. 

"This international exhibition of Pittsburgh is the only interna- 
tional art society existing in the United States."— Jean Fran- 
cois Raffaeli, 1899. 

"The exhibition which has just been opened is the best one you 
ever had, and I am disposed to say, one of the best exhibitions of 
the century." — William M. Chase, 1899. 

"Mr. Zorn agrees entirely with me in the opinion that the gen- 
eral average is hi^er than in any collection that has ever come 
before us as jurors."— Alexander Harrison, 1900. 

"The galleries now contiun as high a quality of canvases as has 
ever been gathered together in America, with the exception prob- 
ably of the World's Fair at Chicago."— Ken yon Cox, 1900. 



'The standard of the works sent here for exhibition is, to my 
mind, an exceptionally hi^ one/'— Anders L. Zorn, 1900. 

"The Cam^e Institute is the first institution in the United 
States that has invited the works of international artists to be ex- 
hibited in America, thereby giving the public a fair idea of what 
is being done in the art world" — Robert W. Allan, 1901. 

"Your Loan Exhibition, in representative range and in art value, 
is superb. It has entirely compelled the profound gratitude and 
honor of the nation."— Dr. F. W. Gunsaulus, President Ar- 
mour Institute, Chicago, 1902. 

"You have a very beautiful exhibition— in point of evenness and 
quality, the best in this country."— Childe Hassam, 1903. 

"Considering the size of the display and the number of works 
on view I do not hesitate to pronounce this one of the finest col- 
lections of modem art that I have seen.'' — Alexander Roche, 
Exlinburgh, 1904. 

'The annual shows of the Carnegie Institute are like yearly 
World's Fairs of pictures." — Ernest Knaufft, in Review of 
Reviews^ 1904. 

"The Pittsburgh exhibition expresses in the most remarkable 
manner the present art movement of the world." — Alfred 
EUsT, 1905. 

"The exhibition is very important and interesting in the quality 
of American works and in the great variety of schools of all coun- 
tries represented; and I was greatly impressed by the Institute's 
methods of administration and general organization." — 
Charles Cottet, 1905. 

"The Carnegie Institute's Exhibition of 1907 was the most im- 
portant international exhibition ever made in America, except at 
expositions."— W. M. R. French, 1907. 



Palais du Trocad£ro, 

November 15, 1907 
The architectural collection represents a selection which evi- 
dences indubitable taste. One sees placed in equal relation works 
of the antique, the middle age, the Renaissance, the Grecian, the 
French, and the Italian periods. Such perfect reproductions of 
the best models could not be gathered without great effort. It 
was thus that the magnificent cast of the Porch of St. Gilles, at 
Grard, France, of which no other museum possesses more than a 
third, or some of the smaller parts, was secured, and made an 
imposing background in the grand hall of architecture. Such a 
collection is an incomparable instrument of education, and one 
cannot restrain himself in congratulating the organizers. 

Camillb Enlart, 
Director, Trocadero Museum, France 





Aberdeen, University of, 237 

Abraham, 94 

Academie de Dijon, 213 

Academie Imperiale des Sci- 
ences de St.-Pctersbourg, 212 

Academie de Montpellier, 
France, 214 

Academy of Natural Sciences 
of Philadelphia, 103 

Academy of Science of St. 
Louis, 104 

Adelbert College, 203 

Aix-Marseille, Universitc d', 

Alabama Polytechnic Institute, 

Aladdin, 55 

Albright Art Gallery, 119 

Alden, Frank E., 9, 42 

Alden & Harlow, 89 

Alderman, £. A., 193 

Aldrich, William S., 10, 41 

Alexander, John W., 10, 42, 

399» 407 
Allan, Robert W., 450 

Allegheny College, 106 

Allegheny Coimty Public 

Schools, 107 

Allegheny Library, 56, 57 
Alma-Tadema, Sir Lawrence, 

American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, 109 
"American Commonwealth," 


American Guests, list of, 9 

American Institute of Elec- 
trical Engineers, 110 

American Museum of Natural 

. History, 111 

American Philosophical So- 
ciety, 113 

Amherst College, 112 

Anderson, Edwin H., 56 

Andrews, Dr. C. W., 277 

Andrews, E. B., 190 

Angcll, James B., 187 

Archeniiold, F. S., 18, 39, 423; 
gifts from, 445 

Archenhold, Mme., 45 

Archer, William, 19, 39; poem 
by, 401 

Argentine Republic, guests in- 
vited from, 14 

Armour Institute of Technol- 
ogy, 114 



Armour, Philip D., 309 
"Around the World," 388 
Art Institute of Chicago, 115 
Astrophysical Observatory, 171 
Atkinson, F. W., 10, 41, 164 
Aurivillius, Chr., 222 
Australia, guests invited from, 


Austria-Himgary, guests in- 
vited from, 14 

Ayres, Brown, 192 

Bach, J. S., 89 
Bad^, Souvenir, 30 
Ball, Sir Robert S., 19, 39, 
415; address by, 327 
Balz, Herman, 10 
Banquet, 37 1 
Barr, A. J., v, 43 
Bartholdt, Richard, 10, 40, 

Beatty, John W., v, 38, 60, 


Beaver, James A., 10, 40 

Beit, Alfred, 309 

Belgium, guests invited from, 

Belin, Dr., 223 

Bell, Dr. C. F. M., 19, 39, 

353. 421 
Bell, Mrs., 45 

Bell, H. M., 10, 41, 134 

Benedite, Lconce, 17, 39 

422 ; address by, 344 

Benedite, Mile., 45 

Benoist, Antoine, 214 

Berlin High School, 76 

Berlin University, 339 

Berriel, Leopolds, 233 

Bertram, James, 10 

Bessemer, Sir Henry, 308 

Bible, reading from, 47 

Bigelow, E. M., V, 43 
Billings, John S., 10, 41 
Blasema, Dr., 264 
Boirac, E., 213 
Boissier, (raston, 220 
Bolivia, guests invited from, 

Bordeaux, Universite de, 224 

Boston Museum of Fine Arts, 

Bouvier, Bernard, 235 

Bovey, Dr. Henry T., 15, 41 
Bowdoin G)lleg^ 1 16 
Boys' Naturalists Club, 60 
Boznanska, Olga de, 96 
Braddock, General Edward, 

Brand, William, v, 43 
Brashear, John A., v, 43, 60 
Brazil, guests invited from, 15 
Briggs, L. B. R., 167 
Brill, H. v., 157 
Britton, N. L., 155 
Broegger, Dr., 260 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and 
Sciences, 117 
Brooklyn Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, 164 
Brown, E. E., 10, 40, 102 
Brown University, 118 
Bruxelles, Universite Libre de, 

Bryce, James, 389 
Bryn Mawr College, 120 
Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, 

Buffington, Joseph, v, 43 
Bulgaria, guests invited from. 

Billow, Prince von, 352 
Bumpus, H. C, 10, 41 
Bureau of Education, 102 



Bureau of Ethnology, 171 
Burgess, J. W,, 339 
Butler, E. C, 281 
Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1 29 
Buttrick, Wallace, 258 

Cable, George W., 10, 42 
Caen, University of, 265 
CafBn, Charles H., 449 
Caldwell, John, v, 43, 61, 63 
California, University of, 149, 

Calvin, John, 235 
Calvo, Don J. B., 16, 39 
Cambridge, University of, 240, 

Campbell, W. W., 10, 41, 149 
Campbell-Bannerman, Sir 
Henry, 293 
Canada, guests invited from, 15 
Cape University, 260 
Carlton, W. N., 178 
Carnegie, Andrew; address at 
the dedication, 54; address at 
banquet, 379; gifts to Scot- 
land, 396; references to, 3, 4, 
28, 30, 31, 36, 38, 46, 77, 83, 
93, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 
179, 180, 183, 196, 201, 204, 
210, 217, 228, 232, 233, 238, 
245, 246, 248, 253, 257, 267, 
268, 291, 292, 293, 299, 300, 

309* 343i 344. 362, 364. 365^ 
378, 386, 387. 388, 392, 393» 
394, 396, 397, 399, 400, 401, 
403, 406, 408, 409, 410, 41 1 
Carnegie, Mrs. Andrew, 28, 30, 

3U 36, 45» 54» 55^ 292, 293, 
Carnegie Art Galleries, found- 
ing of, 4; international ex- 

hibitions in, 60; jury system, 
61; gifts to, 66; painting 
awards, 96 
Camegie Dunfermline Trust, 

293. 364 
Camegie Hall of Music, 56, 58 

Camegie Hero Fimd, 68 

Camegie Institute, inception of 
the idea, 3, S5'» gi^^ to, 66; 
organization and endowment 
of, 6; description of, 7, 89-96; 
painting awards by, 96 

Camegie Institution of Wash- 
ington, 121 

Camegie Library, inauguration 
of, 3; gifts to, 66; statistics of 
circulation, 90, 91 ; branches, 
56, 91 

Camegie Museum, foimduigof, 
4; gifts to, 66; description of, 

61, 93 
Camegie Pension Fimd, 68 

Camegie Relief Fund, 378 

Camegie, Thomas, 299 

Camegie, T. Morris, 10 

Camegie Technical Schools, 

founding of, 6; organization 

of, 61, 94; scholarships in, 66 
Camegie University Trust, 293 
Case School of Applied Science, 

Ceska Universita, Prague, 

Bohemia, 216 
Chapin, John H., 10 
Chaplin, W. S., 199 
Charlottenburg, 70 
Chase, William M., 449 
Chester, Rear-Admiral Colby 

M., 10, 40, 184 
Chicagp, University of, 185 
Chile, guests invited from, 16 
China, guests invited from, 16 



Christiania, University of, 260 
Church, S. H., v, 42, 46, 52, 

63* 279, 371, 406, 408, 410, 

41 1, 448; address by, 89 
Church^ Mrs. S. H., 46 
Cincinnati Museum Associa- 
tion, 123 
Cincinnati, University of , 186 
Clapp, George H., v, 43 
Clark University, 1 24 
Clarke, Sir Caspar Purdon, 10, 

Clemson Agricultural College, 

Cohen, Josiah, v, 43 
College of the City of New 

York, 126 
Colombia, guests invited f rom, 

Colorado College, 127 
Colorado School of Mines, 1 28 
Columbia University, 129 
Connecticut Academy of Arts 

and Sciences, 130 
"Connection between Science 

and Engineering," 303 
Corea, Don L. F., 24, 39 
Cornell, Ezra, 64 
Cornell University, 131 
Costa Rica, guests invited 

from, 16 
Cottet, Charles, 450 
Cox, Kenyon, 449 
Craighead, Exiwin B., 10, 41, 

Cranston, Sir Robert, 19, 39, 

417 ; address by, 394 
Cranston, Lady, 45 
Crawford, William H., 10, 41, 

Cuba, guests invited from, 16 
Curie, Mme., 261 

Dabney, C. G., 186 
Dalhousie University, 217 
Danilevsky, Dr., 262 
Darwin, Charles, 241 
Dauge, £., 245 
Davis, William M., 10, 40 
Day, James R., 174 
deForest, Robert W., 150 
Degrees, Conferring of honor- 
ary, 405-423 
"Democratic en Amerique," 388 
Dempster, Alexander, 205, 406 
Denmark, guests invited from, 

Denny, Greorge H., 10, 41, 202 
Department of the Interior, 102 
d'Estoumelles de Constant, 
Baron, 17, 39, 46, 416; ad- 
dress by, 78 
Detaille, J. B. E., 60 
Dethier, Gaston M., 46 
Detroit Museum of Art, 132 
"Development of Architectural 
Style in Germany," 315 
Dickerson, J. S., 10 
Dickinson College, 133 
Dickhuth, Colonel, 18, 39, 42 1 
Dickhuth, Miss, 46 
Dijon, France, Academic de, 

Diplodocus, 406, 409 
d'Oldenburg, Serge, 212 
Dominican Republic, guests in- 
vited from, 1 7 
Donaldson, James, 254 
Doumer, Paul, 17, 39, 46, 398, 
409, 410, 416, 417; address 
by» 77 ; gifts from, 407, 445 
Drake University, 134 
Drinker, Henry S., 10, 40, 146 
Dunfermline, 5, 380, 381, 
383 ; address from, 293 



"Dunfermline's Son," 290 
"Diinfennline Trust," 364 
Duquesne, Fort, 298, 380 
Duvall, General W. P., 10, 

Eads, James B., 312 
Eakins, Thomas, 96 
East, Alfred, 450 
Ecuador, guests invited from, 

Edinburgh, University of, 244 
Edward VII, King, 84, 296, 

352, 359i 360, 395» 409 
Elgar, Sir Edward, 20, 29, 39, 

Elgin, Lord, 293 

Emmert, David, 10, 41 

"Empire of Business," 388 

Endowments, 6, 90 

Engler, Edwin A., 10, 40, 

Enlart, Camille, 17, 39, 423, 

45 1 ; address by, 279 
Enlart, Mme., 45 
Erlangen, University of, 261 
Evans, Thomas C, 11, 41 

Fallieres, President, 218, 352, 

359» 360 
Faunce, W. H. L., 118 
Fay, C. Norman, 1 1 
Field, Dr. H. H., 272 
Fine Arts, Department of, 4; 

description of, 91 
Finley, John H., 1 1, 40, 126 
Fleuret, Edwin, 97 
Forbes, Colonel John, 298, 

299, 301, 380 
Forrest, John, 217 
Founder's Day celebrations, 8, 


"Four-in-hand through 

Britain," 388 
Fox, William Henry, 1 1, 42 
France, guests invited from, 
17; American obligations to, 


France, Institut de, 220 

Franklin, Benjamin, 297 
Franks, Robert A., 11, $$ 
Frederick the Great, 34, 337, 

391* 392 
Frederick William III, King, 

Free Library of Philadelphia, 

French Republic, President of, 

"French Sculpture of the Mid- 
dle Ages," 279 
French, W. M. R., 1 1, 42, 115, 

Frew, William N., v, 28, 31, 
38, 46, 54, S5^ 63, 96, 211, 

372, 373* 375* 406, 448 
Frew, Mrs. William N., 28, 45 

Friday Afternoon, exercises 

on, 267 
Friday Luncheon, 265 
Friday Morning, exercises on, 

Friday Night, Banquet, 37 1 
Frissell, H. B., 1 1 
Fulton, Robert, 312 

Galbraith, Dr. John, 16, 41 
Galileo, 89, 304 
Gambetta, Leon, 82 
Geneve, Universite de, 235 
Geological Society of America, 


Gottingen, 219 



George Washington Univer- 
sity, 137 
Gennan Military G)nstitu- 

tion," 335 
Germany, guests invited from, 
18; her contributions to our 
citizenship, 34 
Gcst, J. H., 1 1, 42, 123 
Ghent, University of, 245 
Gifts received: from F. S. Ar- 
chenhold, 445; from Paul 
Doumer, 445; from the Ger- 
man Emperor, 425-444; from 
Ernst von Ihne, 445 
Gilder, Richard Watson, 11, 

Gilman, B. L, 11, 42, 154 
Gladstone, William E., 82 
Glasgow, University of, 246 
Goetze, Frederick A., 1 1, 41 
Gonzalez, Joaquin V., 263 
Gordon, Daniel M., 228 
Gospel of Wealth," 388 
Gottingen, Georgc-August- 

Universitat, 219 
Granville-Smith, W., 96 
Great Britain, guests invited 
from, 19-21; American ob- 
ligations to, 35 
Greece, guests invited from, 2 1 
Greene, Jerome D., 139 
GreiflFenhagen, Maurice, 96 
Grey, Earl, Govemor-Greneral 
of Canada, 259 
Griffith, A. H., 11, 42, 132 
Grove City College, 138 
Guatemala, guests invited 

from, 22 
Guests, list of, 9-27; program 

for, 28 ; procession of, 37-43 
Gunsaulus, F. W., 115, 450 
Gunther, Dr. Albert, 269 

Guthrie, Hon. George W., offi- 
cial welcome, 31, 36; address 
by, 32; references to, v, 28, 

39. 392, 398 
Guthrie, Mrs. George W., 28, 


Habana, Universidad de la, 

Hadley, Arthur T., 1 1, 40 

Hague Conference, 70, 80, 81, 

83. 356, 357. 358, 359 
Haiti, guests invited from, 22 

Halket, 297, 382 

Halket, Sir, 297, 382 

Hall, G. Stanley, 11, 40, 124 

Halle, Saxony, University of, 

Hamerschlag, Arthur A., v, 37, 

Hamerschlag, Mrs. Arthur A., 

Hamilton, Samuel, 108 

Harlan, Richard D., 11, 41 

Harlow, Albert B., 9, 42 

Harris, A. W., 160 

Harrison, Alexander, 449 

Harrison, Benjamin, 57 

Harrison, C. C, 191 

Harvard, John, 64 

Harvard University, 139 

Harvey, William, 241 

Hassam, Childe, 450 

Haverford College, 140 

Hay, John, 83 

Hays, I. Minis, 11, 41 

Heinroth, Charles, 38, 46, 92, 

Helsingfors, University of, 

Henderson, Miss Helen W., 1 1 
Henry, Prof. Joseph, 270 



Herron, John, Art Institute, 

Heywood, John G., 11, 42 

Hitchcock, Edward, 112 

Hjclt, Dr., 262 

Hlava, J., 216 

Hochschule, Bern, Switzer- 
land, 215 

Hoeber, Arthur, 1 1 

Holden, L. E., 11, 196 

Holland, Dr. W. J., v, 38, 59, 
409, 415 

HoUs, G. F. W., 83, 356, 


Holmes, Joseph A., 11,41 
Hooper, Franklin W., 1 1, 42 
Hopkins, Anderson H., v, 38, 

Hopkins, Henry, 207 
Homaday, W. T., 11, 42, 

Hombostel, Henry, 1 1 

Home, Durbin, v, 43 

Houdon, J. A., 287 

Hovey, E. O., 136 

Howard, L. O., 109 

Howe, Charles S., 11, 40, 122 

Hudson, James F., v, 43 

Humphreys, A. C, 173 

Himicke, H. A., 104 

Hyde, William D., 1 16 

Dme, Ernst von, 18, 39, 418; 

address by, 315 
Ihne, Mme. von, 45 
Imperial Military Academy of 

Medicine, St. Petersburg, 262 
India, guests invited from, 22 
Institut de France, 220 
International Arbitration and 

Peace Conference, 268, 359 
International Exchanges, 171 

International Cooperation in 

Zoology," 267 
International Founder's Day, 

Invocation, 49 

Italy, guests invited from, 22 

Jackson, John B., v, 43 
Jacobi, H., 229 
James, E. J., 11, 40 
Jamison, S. C., v, 43 
Japan, guests invited from, 23 
Jesse, R. H., 189 
Jesup, Morris K., 111 
Johns Hopkins University, 

Jones, Paul, 287 
Jordsm, David Starr, 147 
Joseph in Egypt, 93 
Joubert, Don E. C, 17, 39 
Judson, H. P., 185 

Kaiserliche Akademie der 

Wissenschaften, 221 
Kamebeek, Jonkheer A. P. C. 

Van, 263 
Kates, Charles S., 12 
Kelly, William, 151 
Ketler, I. C, 12, 41, 138 
King, Alexander, 12 
King, Henry C, 12, 40, 161 
Kingston, Ontario, Queen's 

University, 228 
Kirkland, J. H., 197 
Klason, Peter, 222 
Knaufft, Emest, 450 
Kobert, R., 234 
Koch, Theodore W., 12 
Koser, Dr. Reinhold, 19* 39» 

Krehbeil, Henry E., 12, 42 
Kurtz, Charles M., 12, 42, I20 



Lafayette College, 143 
Lafayette, General Marquis 

Lambing, Rev. A, A., v, 43 
Lameere, A., 236 
Lang, Dr., 22 1 
Lang, John Marshall, 239 
Lankester, Prof. Ray, 274 
La Plata, National Univer- 
sity of, 263 
Laronze, Dr., 251 
La Touche, Gaston, 96 
Lauder, George, 299 
Lawrence University, 144 
Leboucq, H., 245 
Lefavour, Henry, 12, 41, 170 
Lehigh University, 145 
Letter of thanks to German 
Emperor, 447 

Macf arlane, James R., v, 43 
Magee, Christopher L., 57 
Mancini, E. 231 
Manion, P. A., v, 43 
Margaret Morrison Carnegie 

School for Women, 369 
Massachusetts Institute of 

Technology, 149 
McClelland, Thomas, 12, 41 
McClure, S. S., 12, 42 
McConway, William, v, 43, 63 
McCormick, Robert S., 259 
McCormick, S. B., 12, 40, 415; 

address by, 412 
McCurdy, George G., 12, 41 
McGec,WJ, 12 
McGill University, 226 
McMichael, C. F., 191 
McNair, F. W., 12, 151 

Lewis Institute of Chicago, 148 "Me and Andra," 384 

Lick Observatory, 149 
Lindsay, Henry D., 41 
Linhart, S. B., 205 
Loewenfeld, General von, 18, 

39, 69, 410, 411, 418; ad- 
dress by, 335 ; address at ban- 
quet, 391 

Lucas, F. A., 12, 42, 1 17 
Luncheon, 265 

Luther, Flavel S., 12, 40, 178 
Luther, Martin, 46 

"Maarten Maartens," see 

Mabie, Hamilton W., 12, 42 
MacAlister, Donald, 246 
Macbeth, George A., v, 43, 63 
Macbeth, J. C, 20, 39, 296, 

297» 364, 382; address by, 

MacCracken, Henry M., 12, 

40, 158 

Mees, C. L., 169 
Meissonier, J. L. E., 60 
Melchers, Gari, 12 
Mell, P. H., 125 
Mellon, A. W., v, 43 
Mellor, C. C, v, 42, 63 
Meredith, W. R., 255 
Merriman, Daniel, 12, 42, 209 
Merton, Mr., 76 
Metcalf, William, Jr., v, 43, 


Metropolitan Museum of Art, 

Mewissen, Mr. von, 76 
Mexico, guests invited from, 23 
Meyer, Annie Nathan, 12 
Michelangelo, 89 
Michigan College of Mines, 

Michigan, University of, 187 

Minnesota Academy of 

Science, 152 



Minnesota, University of, 188 
"Mission of an Art Museum," 

Missouri, University of, 189 

Mitchell, Dr. P. C, 20, 39, 
257, 419; address by, 267 

Mitchell, Mrs., 45 

Moechel, J. R., 175 

Moeller, Theodor von, 18, 39, 
46, 69, 408, 409, 419; ad- 
dress by, 72 

Moffat, James D., 12, 41, 2cx) 

Moncheur, Baron, 15, 39 

Montgomery, Thomas L., 1 2, 

Montpellier, France, Acade- 
mic de, 214 

Montreal, McGill University, 

Moore, J. Percy, 103 

Morris, Harrison S., 12 

Morse, K S., 162 

Mount Holyoke G)llege, 153 

Murray, W. C, 217 

Napoleon, 338 

National Zoological Park, 171 
Nebraska, University of, 190 
Needham, Charles W., 12, 40, 

Netherlands, guests invited 

from, 24; her influence on his- 
tory, 35 
Newspapers, obligations to, 68 
Newton, Sir Isaac, 241, 304 
New York Botanical Garden, 

New York Trade School, 156 
New York University, 158 
New York Zoological Park, 1 59 
"Next Step toward Interna- 
tional Peace," 351 

Nicaragua, guest invited from, 

Nicholas II, Emperor of Rus- 
sia, 359 

Northrop, Cyrus, 189 

North westem University, 160 

Norway, guests invited from, 

Oberlin College, 161 
O'Brien, M. E., v, 43 
Olds, George D., 112 
Oliver, George T., v, 43 
Orchestra, Pittsburgh, 58, 92, 


"Organization of Peace," 78 

Oxford, University of, 248 

Padua, University of, 250 
Palmer, George C, 1 2, 42 
Panama, guests invited from, 

Paraguay, guests invited from, 

Paris, Universite de, 225 
Parker, Lawton S., 97 
Paur, Emil, 29, 38, 58, 92 
Peabody, F. G., 339 
Peabody, G. A., 162 
Peabody Mu^um, 162 
Pendleton, Ellen J., 202 
Pennsylvania, University of, 

Pennsylvania, Westem Uni- 
versity of, 204 ; conferring of 
degrees by, 405-423 
Peoples Institute, New York, 

Persia, guests invited from, 25 
Peru, guests invited from, 25 
Peterson, William, 16, 40, 



Philadelphia, Free Library of, 

Pichon, S., 218 

Pitcaim, Robert, v, 42, 406 

Pitt, William, 298 

Pittsburgh, founding of, 298 

Planches, Baron des, 22, 39 ; 
address by, 387 

Plantz, Samuel, 12, 40, 144 

Polacco, v., 250 

Poland, guests invited from, 25 

Polytechnic Institute, Brook- 
lyn, 164 

Poorten-Schwartz, J. M. W. 
Van der, 24, 39, 422 ; address 

by, 397 
Poorten-Schwartz, Miss, 45 

"Popular Significance of the 

Carnegie Institute," 72 

Porrit, Edward, 13 

Porter, H. K., v, 43 

Porterfield, John, 65 

Portugal, guests invited from, 

Prague University, 216 
Pratt, Frederick B., 13, 41, 165 
Pratt Institute, 165 
Prayer, 49 
Preece, Sir W. H., 20, 39, 419; 

address by, 303 
President of the United States, 

letter from, 52 
Preyer, David C, 13 
Pritchett, Henry S., 13, 40, 149 
Prize Paintings, list of, 96 
Procession, 37-43 
Program of the Celebration, 28 
Purdue University, 166 
Purinton, D. B., 206 

Queen's University, 228 
Quesada, Don G. de, 1 6, 39 

Radcliffe College, 167 
Raffaeli, Jean Francois, 449 
Rais, Jules, 18, 39 
Raymond, A. V. V,, 181 
Reale Accademia dei Lincei, 

231, 264 
Redfield, Edward W., 13 
Reed, George Edward, 13, 41, 

Reed, James H. v, 42, 63* 374^ 

387* 390i 394* 397» 4oi» 403 
Reed, Mrs. James H., 46 

''Relationship of Pittsburg 

and Dunfermline," 296 
Remsen, Ira, 13, 40, 142 
Rennes, France, University of, 

Rensselaer Pol3rtechnic Insti- 
tute, 168 
"Review of the Work," 89 
Rheinische Friedrich-Wil- 

helms-Universitat, 229 
Rhind, J. Massey, 89 
Rhodes, Cecil, 309 
Rh;ys, Dr. John, 21, 39, 46, 47, 

249, 420 
Rh^ Miss, 46 
Ricketts, Palmer C, 168 
Robert, C, 247 
Roberts, Dr. E. S., 21, 39, 46, 

420; prayer by, 49; remarks 

on presentation of address 

from Cambridge University, 

Roberts, Mrs., 46 
Robertson, William, 21, 39, 

296, 3CX) ; address by, 364 
Robinson, Eklward, 41 
Roche, Alexander, 450 
Rockefeller, John D., 185, 309 ; 

telegram to Mr. Carnegie, 




Roma, Reale Accademia dei 
Lincei, 231, 264 
Rontgen, Wilhelm K., 264, 

Roosevelt, President Theodore, 

letter from, 52; references to, 

69, 82, 83, 352, 358, 393 

Rose Polytechnic Institute, 169 

Rosengarten, Joseph G., 13, 

42,135 • 
Ross, Dr. John, 21, 39, 293, 

364, 420; address by, 296 

Rostock, Universitat, 234 

Roumania, guests invited from, 

Russia, guests invited from, 26 

Saint-Graudens, Augustus, 289 
St. Andrews, University of, 

St.-Pctersbourg, Russia, Acade- 

Scottish Guests to Andrew 

Carnegie," 401 
Scovel, S. F., 13, 42 
Servia, guests invited from, 26 
Seven Wonders of the Old 

World, 305 
Shafer, John D., v, 43 
Shakspere, William, 63, 89 
Sharpless, Isaac, 140 
Sheldon, Samuel, 13, 41, 110 
Shrigley, John M., 208 
Shroder, Dr., 219 
Siam, guests invited from, 26 
Simmons College, 170 
Slocum, W. F., 13, 127 
Smith, Charles Sprague, 13, 

42, 163 
Smith, Charles Stewart, 13 
Smith, Edgar F., 113 
Smith, William R., 13 
Smithsonian Institution, 171 

mie Imperiale des Sciences, "Solution of a Great Scien- 

212; Imperial Military Acad- 
emy of Medicine, 262 

Saturday Morning, exercises 
on, 405 

Scaife, W. L., v, 43 

Schaeffer, Nathan C., 13, 41 

Schaper, Dr. Fritz, 19, 39, 421 

Schaper, Mme., 45 

Schamhorst, General G. L. D. 
von, 339, 340, 341 

Schmidlapp, J. G., 13, 40 

Schurman, Jacob G., 13, 40, 

Schwab, C. M., 13 

Schwab, J. C, 130 

Schweinitz, Greneral H. L. von, 

352, 353 . 
Scotland, gifts received from 

Mr. Carnegie, 396 

Scott, H. L., 182 

tific Difficulty,'* 327 
"Some Jewels Set Together," 

Southern Educational Fund, 

Spain, guests invited from, 26 
Spencer, Herbert, 57 
Stanford, Leland, Jimior, 

University, 147 
Stead, Dr. W. T., 21, 39, 422; 

address by, 351 
Stead, Mrs., 45 
Stephenson, George, 312 
Stevens Institute of Tech- 
nology, 172 
Stewart, William, 246 
Stockholm, University of, 222 
Stokes, Anson Phelps, Jr., 211 
Stone, Winthrop E., 13, 40, 



Strauss, Dr. Richard, 230 
Strutt, R., 333 
Stuart, Gilbert C, 289 
Suess, E., 22 1 
Swain, Joseph, 173 
Swarthmore College, 173 
Sweden, guests invited from, 

Swinderen, Jonkheer, 24, 39 

Switzerland, guests invited 
from, 27; Hochschule, Bern, 

Syracuse University, 174 

Taylor, Charles L., v, 43 
Taylor, J. M., 198 
Tea for the Ladies, 369 
Tebar, J. M., 232 
Technological Society of Kan- 
sas City, 1 75 
Tennessee, University of, 192 
Thamin, R., 224 
Thach, C. C, 105 
Thomas, J. F., 13 
Thomas, M. C, 120 
Thomas S. Clarkson Memorial 

School of Technology, 1 76 
Thompson, Dwinel F., 13, 41 
Thomson, John, 13, 135 
Thurlings, Prof. Dr. A., 215 
Thursday afternoon, exercises 

on, 45 
Thursday morning, reception 

of guests, 31 
Thursday night, gala concert 

on, 99 
Thwing, Charles F., 13, 40, 

Tocqueville, A. C. H. M. C. 

de, 388 
Tokyo, University of, 265 
Trinity College, 177 

"Triumphant American De- 
mocracy," 388 

Trustees of Carnegie Insti- 
tute, v; Mr. Carnegie's ap- 
preciation of, 67 

Tulane University of Louis- 
iana, 179 

Turkey, guests invited from, 

Turner, William, 245 

Tuskegee Normal and Indus- 
trial Institute, 180 

Union College, 181 

United States Military Acad- 
emy, 182 

United States National Mu- 
seum, 171 

United States Naval Acad- 
emy, 183 

Universite d'Aix-Marseille, 

Universite de Bordeaux, 224 

Universite de Paris, 225 

Uruguay, guests invited from, 


Vanderbilt University, 197 
Vanderhoef, George, 13 
van Hise, C. R., 194 
Vassar College, 198 
Venezuela, guests invited from, 


Venezuela, Universidad Cen- 
tral de, 232 

Vetter, Theodore, 256 

Victor Emmanuel III, King of 
Italy, 361 

Vienna, Kaiserliche Akademie 
der V^^issenschaf ten, 22 1 

Virginia, University of, 193 

Voorst, Mr. Van, 270 



Wactzholdt, G. D., 13 

Walcott, Charles D., 13, 40, 

Walker, T. B., 153 

Wall, A. Bryan, v, 43 

Walters, E. R., v, 43 

Warfield, E. D., 143 

Warren, Joseph W., 120 

Washington and Jefferson 
College, 200 

Washington and Lee Univer- 
sity, 201 

Washington, Booker T., 13, 
41, 180 

Washington, George, 82, 287, 

297» 34o» 380 
Washington University, 199 

Wasson, J. C, v, 43, 63 
Watt, James, 306, 312 
Welch, William H., 13, 40 
Wellesley College, 202 
Werner, John, v, 43 
Wesley, John, 304 
Western Reserve University, 

Western University of Penn- 
sylvania, 204; conferring of 
degrees by, 405 
Westinghouse, (Jeorge, 14, 40 
Westinghouse, Mrs. George, 46 
West Virginia University, 206 
Wharton, Joseph, 14, 40, 71 

White, Henry, 218 
Whitfield, Henry D., 14 
Willert, Arthur, 14 
William II, German Emperor, 

34* 69, 70, 72, 352> 359» 39^ 
39^» 393» 406, 408, 410; 
cablegram from, 411; gifts 
from, 425-444; letter of 
thanks to, 447 
Williams College, 207 
Williamson Free School of 

Mechanical Trades, 208 
Wilson, George H., 37, 46, 58 
Wilson, W. E., 333 
Wisconsin, University of, 194 
Woodward, R. S., 14, 40, 121 
Woodwell, Joseph R., v, 43 
WooUey, Mary E., 153 
Wooster, University of, 195 
Worcester Art Museum, 209 
Worcester Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, 210 
Wycliff, John, 304 

Yale, Elihu, 64 

Yale University, 130, 211 

Zevort, Dr., 265 

Zoological Society of London, 

Zom, Anders L., 450 

Zurich, University of, 256